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This Day, October 15, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

02:21 AM Monday, October 15, 2018   by melamed&mavin


586 BCE (16th of Cheshvan, 3176): King Zedekiah was blinded and taken into captivity. He was the last king of Judea. Zedekiah’s ("Tzidkiyahu") original name was Matanya. He was torn between the two great powers of Egypt and Babylon. Unfortunately, Egypt under Hopra was no match for Nebuchadnezzar who pushed out the Egyptians and laid siege to Jerusalem. Zedekiah tried to flee from Jerusalem but was captured along with his sons in Jericho. He ended his life in a Babylonian prison.

412: Theophilius passed away clearing the way for Cyril an anti-Semite who had incited a Greek mob to kill Jew to become Patriarch of Alexandria.

912: Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba passed away. Abdullah passed away just when Cordoba was on the brink of becoming a major center of Jewish culture and learning.  Menahem ben Sharuk, the great grammarian was two years old when the Emir passed away and Hasdai Ibn Shaprut would not be born until three years after his birth.  The rise of Cordoba as a Jewish center coincided with its reemergence as a power on the Iberian Peninsula.

1218: Birthdate of Hulagu Khan, the Mongol rule who conquered Palestine in 1260 who showed toleration to all three major religions – Jews, Christians and Moslems – and whose invasion of Persia in 1255 led to the creation of the Ilkhanate, a portion of the Mongol Empire where much to the relief of the Jews “the rulers abolished the inequality of dhimmis, and all religions were deemed equal.”

1485: At Soncino, Italy, Joshua Solomon Soncino printed “The Former Prophets” with a commentary by Kimhi.  [Kimihi probably refers to David Kimihi, the 13th century rabbi known as RaDak.  But it cannot be said with certitude that it does not refer to his father Rabbi Joserph Kimhi and his brother Rabbi Moses Kimhi.] The Soncinos were a family of Sephardic Jews who had begun operating printing presses in the town of Soncino, Italy in 1483.  Yes the town was the inspiration for the last name.

1582: Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year was followed directly by October 15. The change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar helps to explain the challenge in matching dates on the Hebrew calendar with the dates on the civil calendar.

1585: Birthdate of Louis Cappel, the French Huguenot Scholar “accepted the chair of Hebrew at Samur” at the age of 28 who “made a special study of the history of the Hebrew text, which led him to the conclusion that the vowel points and accents are not an original part of the Hebrew language, but had been inserted by the Massorete Jews of Tiberias, no earlier than the 5th century.”

1655(Tishrei, 5416): The Jews of Lublin, Poland were massacred

1733: Birthdate of Raphael Hayyim Isaac Carregal the native of Hebron who is reported to have been the first rabbi to visit the colonies that would become the United States of America.

1737: After a slave denounced them to the Holy Office, Portuguese dramatist António José da Silva and his wife “were both imprisoned on the charge of ‘judaizing’”

1739(13th of Tishrei, 5500): António José da Silva “was garroted and burnt at a Lisbon auto-da-fe.” Born in 1705, he “was a Portuguese-Brazilian dramatist, known as "the Jew" (O Judeu)”

1742: Lea Eleonora Oppenheimer, the wife of Wolf Wertheimer ben Simon passed away today in Vienna.

1764: Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on <u>The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire</u>. In his classic history of the Roman Empire, Gibbon had the following to say about the Jewish people. (Editor’s Note: This long entry has been included to help readers decide if Gibbon was an anti-Semite in the sense that we understand that term.  Also, by reading Gibbon you may gain a greater understanding of the variety of views held by English men women when it comes to the Jewish people.  After all, this is designed as a learning experience, not just a collection of dates.

In Chapter XVI, Gibbon wrote:

“Rebellious Spirit of the Jews: Without repeating what has been already mentioned of the reverence of the Roman princes and governors for the temple of Jerusalem, we shall only observe that the destruction of the temple and city was accompanied and followed by every circumstance that could exasperate the minds of the conquerors, and authorize religious persecutions by the most specious arguments of political justice and the public safety. From the reign of Nero to that of Antonius Pius, the Jews discovered a fierce impatience of the dominion of Rome, which repeatedly broke out in the most furious massacres and insurrections. Humanity is shocked at the recital of the horrid cruelties which they committed in the cities of Egypt, of Cyprus, and of Cyrene, where they dwelt in treacherous friendship with the unsuspecting natives;(1) and we are tempted to applaud the severe retaliation which was exercised by the arms of the legions against a race of fanatics whose dire and credulous superstition seemed to render them the implacable enemies not only of the Roman government, but of human kind. The enthusiasm of the Jews was supported by the opinion that it was unlawful for them to pay taxes to an idolatrous master, and by the flattering promise which they derived from their ancient oracles, that a conquering Messiah would soon arise, destined to break their fetters, and to invest the favorites of heaven with the empire of the earth. It was by announcing himself as their long-expected deliverer, and by calling on all the descendants of Abraham to assert the hope of Israel, that the famous Barchochebas collected a formidable army, with which he resisted during two years the power of the emperor Hadrian

Toleration of the Jewish Religion: Notwithstanding these repeated provocations, the resentment of the Roman princes expired after the victory, nor were their apprehensions continued beyond the period of war and danger. By the general indulgence of Polytheism, and by the mild temper of Antonius Pius, the Jews were restored to their ancient privileges, and once more obtained the permission of circumcising their children, with the easy restraint that they should never confer on any foreign proselyte that distinguishing mark of the Hebrew race.(4) The numerous remains of that people, though they were still excluded from the precincts of Jerusalem, were permitted to form and to maintain considerable establishments both in Italy and in the provinces, to acquire the freedom of Rome, to enjoy municipal honors, and to obtain at the same time an exemption from the burdensome and expensive offices of society. The moderation or the contempt of the Romans gave a legal sanction to the form of ecclesiastical policy which was instituted by the vanquished sect. The patriarch, who had fixed his residence at Tiberias, was empowered to appoint his subordinate ministers and apostles, to exercise a domestic jurisdiction, and to receive from his dispersed brethren an annual contribution. New synagogues were frequently erected in the principal cities of the empire; and the Sabbaths, the fasts, and the festivals, which were either commanded by the Mosaic law or enjoined by the traditions of the Rabbis, were celebrated in the most solemn and public manner. Such gentle treatment insensibly assuaged the stern temper of the Jews. Awakened from their dream of prophecy and conquest, they assumed the behavior of peaceable and industrious subjects. Their irreconcilable hatred of mankind, instead of flaming out in acts of blood and violence, evaporated in less dangerous gratifications. They embraced every opportunity of over-reaching the idolaters in trade, and they pronounced secret and ambiguous imprecations against the haughty kingdom of Edom.

The Jews Were A People Which Followed The Christians, a Sect Which Deserted the Religion of Their Fathers: Since the Jews, who rejected with abhorrence the deities adored by their sovereign and by their fellow-subjects, enjoyed, however, the free exercise of their unsocial religion, there must have existed some other cause which exposed the disciples of Christ to those severities from which the posterity of Abraham was exempt. The difference between them is simple and obvious, but, according to the sentiments of antiquity, it was of the highest importance. The Jews were a nation, the Christians were a sect: and if it was natural for every community to respect the sacred institutions of their neighbors, it was incumbent on them to persevere in those of their ancestors. The voice of oracles, the precepts of philosophers, and the authority of the laws, unanimously enforced this national obligation. By their lofty claim of superior sanctity the Jews might provoke the Polytheists to consider them as an odious and impure race. By disdaining the intercourse of other nations they might deserve their contempt. The laws of Moses might be for the most part frivolous or absurd yet, since they had been received during many ages by a large society, his followers were justified by the example of mankind, and it was universally acknowledged that they had a right to practice what it would have been criminal in them to neglect. But this principle, which protected the Jewish synagogue, afforded not any favor or security to the primitive church. By embracing the faith of the Gospel the Christians incurred the supposed guilt of an unnatural and unpardonable offence. They dissolved the sacred ties of custom and education, violated the religious institutions of their country, and presumptuously despised whatever their fathers had believed as true or had reverenced as sacred. Nor was this apostasy (if we may use the expression) merely of a partial or local kind; since the pious deserter who withdrew himself from the temples of Egypt or Syria would equally disdain to seek an asylum in those of Athens or Carthage. Every Christian rejected with contempt the superstitions of his family, his city, and his province. The whole body of Christians unanimously refused to hold any communion with the gods of Rome, of the empire, and of mankind. It was in vain that the oppressed believer asserted the inalienable rights of conscience and private judgment. Though his situation might excite the pity, his arguments could never reach the understanding, either of the philosophic or of the believing part of the Pagan world. To their apprehensions it was no less a matter of surprise that any individuals should entertain scruples against complying with the established mode of worship than if they had conceived a sudden abhorrence to the manners, the dress, or the language of their native country.

1780: Birthdate of Eva Meijer, the sister of Abraham David Meijer and Jonas Daniel Meijer, the first Jewish lawyer in the Netherlands and a leader in the fight to gain full rights for all Dutch Jews.

1786(23rdof Tishrei, 5547): Simchat Torah

1787: In the Netherlands, the Jews of Amersfort including Benjamin Cohen celebrated today as a holiday because the Orange forces liberated the town.

1794(21st of Tishrei, 5555):Hoshanah Rabah

1809: In Mecklenburg, Jacob H. Marcus and his wife Judy Levi gave birth German lawyer and political leader Lewis Jacob Marcus.

1809: Birthdate of Friedrich A. Philippi, the son of a wealth Jewish banker who converted to Christianity following a pattern similar to that of the Mendelssohn family with which he was friends.

1818(15thof Tishrei, 5579): Sukkoth

1819(30thof Tishrei, 5580) Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1819(30thof Tishrei, 5580): Seventy-seven year old “a Hessian Jew who came to the Thirteen Colonies as part of the British Army that occupied New York and who served as Chazan for Shearith Israel while deciding to stay in the newly created United States where he was a leading member of the New York business and Jewish community passed away today.

1821: Birthdate of German poet Moritz Hartmann.  Hartmann was as well known for his political activities as for his poetry.  He was a liberal and took part in the revolutions that rocked Europe in the 1840’s.  “Hartmann's poems are often lacking in genuine poetical feeling, but the love of liberty which inspired them, and the fervor, ease and clearness of their style compensated for these shortcomings and gained for him a wide circle of admirers.”

1824(23rdof Tishrei, 5585): Simchat Torah

1824: In Mt. Pleasant, NY, Charity and Jacob da Silva Solis gave birth toSarah Miriam Carvalho, the wife of Solomon Nunes Carvalho.

1828: Five days after he had passed away, Joseph Moses, the son Mordecai Moses, was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1829(18thof Tishrei, 5590): Chol HaMoed Sukkoth

1829(18thof Tishrei, 5590): Twenty year old Hindel Henriette Warburg passed away today.

1830: Birthdate of London native Samuel Cohen who migrated to New South Wales in 1853 after which he established a successful business at Ulmarra where he also served as Mayor before returning to Sydney where he served on the Board of Management of the Great Synagogue, the Jewish Board of Education and as President of the Sir Moses Montefiore Jewish Home.

1831: In Alsace-Lorraine, Rabbi Mayer L. Eppstein and his wife gave birth to Elias Eppstein, the Bonn trained student of Rabbi Mertzig and author of “Confirmant’s Guide” and “Bible Evens” who served as rabbi at congregations “in Jackson, Michigan, Detroit, Michigan, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Kansas City, Missouri and Philadelphia, before settling in at Congregation B’nai Shalom in Quincy, Illinois.

1833: In Wurttemberg, Germany, Bernhard Frankfurter, the son of Mirjam Landauer and Moses Levi Frankfurter and Esther Frank gave birth to Wilhelmina Frankfurter

1834: Birthdate of Stuttgart, Germany native Leopold Adler, the husband of Rose Adler, who settled in Chicago, Illinois.

1835(22nd of Tishrei, 5596): Shemini Atzeret

1843(21st of Tishrei, 5604): Hoshana Rabah

1843: Three days after he had passed away, Solomon Rees, the son of Nathan Rees and the husband of Elizabeth Rees with whom he had three children – Abraham, Philip and Maria – was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1844: Birthdate of Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher. According to some Nietzsche was an anti-Semite.  In reality, his big complaint against Judaism was that it gave rise to Christianity.  Nietzsche’s sister and brother-in-law were anti-Semites.  Nietzsche did not approve of them or their politics.  However, the Nazis misrepresented his beliefs.  After Nietzsche’s death, his sister became the keeper of his literary estate and she was only too glad to bend it to fit Hitler’s will.

1849: Three days after he had passed away, Bohemian born Nathan Altman, the husband of “Brina” Altman with whom he had two children – Sampson and Michael – was buried today in the “PlymouthHoe Burial Ground.”

1851: In New founding of Shaare Brocho whose members included Rabbi Gabriel Hirsh, Nathan Weill, Emil Boris, Herbert Dahlman, and Jacob Dankel.

1852: Seventy-four year old Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, one of the “fathers modern gymnastics” who gained infamy in English-speaking countries through the publication of Peter Viereck's Metapolitics: <u>The Roots of the Nazi Mind </u> in which he claimed Jahn was the spiritual founder of Nazism” – a claim that was disputed by  “Jacques Barzun who  observed that Viereck's portrait of cultural trends supposedly leading to Nazism was "a caricature without resemblance" relying on "misleading shortcuts.”

1854(23rdof Tishrei, 5615): Simchat Torah

1855:  The New York Times reported that Mlle. Rachel has returned from performing in Boston and is scheduled at the Academy of Music on nights when the opera is not being performed. Mademoiselle Rachel is Elizabeth-Rachel Félix, the daughter of Alsatian Jews who was prominent actress as well as the mistress to prominent Europeans including at least one member of Napoleon I’s family.

1859: Birthdate of “Austrian physician, medical author and dramatist” Alois Pick.

1861: At their regular meeting which was held today, the Board of Councilmen (of New York City) examined a report from the Board Alderman that favored donating thirty thousand dollars to the Hebrew Benevolent Association “, for the erection of a building for the poor and orphans of that persuasion.” It was opposed by Mr. Lent who contended that the city had already done its share by donating the land on which the building was to be erected. The donation was supported by Mr. Barney, who proposed that the money should be paid in installments based on the progress of construction without more than 25 per cent to be paid at any one time. Following further discussion, the whole subject was referred to the Finance Committee.

1861: Philadelphian Samuel Goodman began serving as a 2nd Lieutenant in Company P of the 28th Regiment.

1861: Jacob Hassler, who rose to the rank of First Sergeant, began a four year hitch with Company D of the 92nd Regiment of the Ninth Cavalry.

1862(21st of Tishrei, 5623): Hoshana Rabah

1862: Birthdate of Odessa native Benjamin Calechman, the husband of the former Miriam Markman and father of Samuel Calechman.

1863: Michael Simeon married August Phillips today.

1863: The Board of Alderman met today and adopted the Report of Committee on Donations and Charities that appropriate steps be taken to ensure that a lot adjacent to the Orphan Asylum of the Hebrew Benevolent Society would become the property of the Hebrew Benevolent Society.

1863: Three days after she had passed away, Lydia Bauman, a toddler who was the daughter of David and Sarah Bauman was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1864(15th of Tishrei, 5625): Sukkoth

1866: In Merkine (Meretz), Hinde Bernstein and Isaac Margolis gave birth to Max Leopold Margolis the Lithuanian-born American philologist whose accomplishments included serving as “editor-in-chief of the Jewish Publication Society's translation of the Bible into English, the finished product being published in 1917.”

1867(16thof Tishrei, 5628): Second Day of Sukkoth

1867(16thof Tishrei, 5628):

1869: Ralph Peixotto and his wife gave birth to American painter Ernest Peixotto. who “studied at the Académie Julien in Paris for five years under Benjamin Constant and Jules Lefèbvre.” After which his was exhibited in the Paris Salon and the 1893 Columbian Exposition..

1871(30th of Tishrei, 5632) Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1871: An article published today entitled “English Jews” reported that the Jews of the United Kingdom are “divided into two sects- orthodox and reformers.” The Orthodox are led by Dr. Nathan Marcus Adler, the Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom who delivered a sermon declaring “that the oral law and written law are equally Divine.  The Reform or Liberal Jews are led by Professor David Woolf Marx.  A smaller group, they use a synagogue in Upper Berkeley Street, Portman Square.  Their numbers are described as “very small” and “the services lifeless.”  According to four speeches given by Professor Marx, the Reform believe in the “sufficiency of the law of Moses as the guide of Israel.”  The article goes on to describe, in some detail, the Jewish dietary laws and Sabbath, which it finds a joyful in event. In the end, among English Jews, their ritual is “little better than an empty shell.” For example Jews pray for next year in Jerusalem but would not move if given a chance to down and Jews pray for blessings on the Royal Family while ignoring the Parliament yet most Jews are Liberals.

1871: Following yesterday’s Shabbat sermon in which Rabbi J.J. Lyons made an appeal for financial aid for those who have suffered during the Great Chicago Fire, a committee is scheduled to meet today at the West Nineteenth Street Spanish-Portuguese Synagogue to discuss how to disperse the expected large number of contributions.

1872: Birthdate of Mrs. John D. Levy the St. Louis native who for two decades was a leading comic opera star performing under the name of Della Fox.

1873: At today’s meeting of the Free Religious Association, Jewish author and editor Moritz Ellinger said that it was “eminently proper that the Jewish religion” should be a part of the association since “it was found upon reason, had not priests, but only teachers.  It had no creed, but simply belief in a creator, and did not point men to a future rewsard, but to a reward on earth.  He argued…that the Jewish religion was not based on miracles.”  Finally like other members of the association, “Jews did not look toward the past for their Savior, but kept their face toward the future.” [The Free Religious Association was formed two years after the Civil War.  Its leaders sought to “emancipate religion from dogmatic traditions” and supernaturalism.  Non-Orthodox Jews were drawn to the organization which included Quakers, Unitarians agnostics and theists.]

1874: Birthdate of Galicia native Selma Kurz, the Austrian soprano who debuted at a concert at Vienna in 1895.

1875(16th of Tishrei, 5636): Second Day of Sukkoth

1875: School Board member Fritz A. Meyer introduced a resolution at tonight’s meeting of the Board of Education in Union Hill, NJ, to abolish the mandatory reading of the Bible at the start of each school day.  Besides raising constitutional issues, the resolution points out the fact that the Bible being used is not the text of the Catholics or the Jews and this makes the activity a matter of sectarian religious practice.

1877: “Fine Arts In America,” an article published today comments on the works of several 19th century artists including Washington Allston’s “Jeremiah” which is owned by Yale University.  The  work has many fine points, but the artist has failed “to express the exaltation of an inspired prophet.” You may judge for yourself at

1878: In New York City, Sarah Weiler or Wheeler, the widow of a rabbi, was tried on charges that she had abducted a 16 year old girl named Mary O’Connor for immoral purposes and had compelled her “to commit an act of self-abasement.”  She was sentenced to two years in the state prison after having been found guilty of one of the two counts of the indictment.

1878: Birthdate of Robert Bloom who made his way from Lithuania to Ireland to Alaska where he “was a founder of Congregation Bikkur Cholim in Fairbanks” and “chairman of Alaska’s Jewish Welfare Board.”

1880: “Whipped With Cat-O’-Nine-Tails” published today described the decision rendered by Justice Kilbreth in the case of Mrs. Lizzie Wenke who was accused of horse-whipping Isaac Stern a fellow Jew living in the tenement at 192 Broome Street.

1881: The London Telegraph reported that the Turkish governor of Jerusalem has received orders from the Sultan to resume work on the restoration of the Temple of Solomon which had stopped five years ago after having been begun by Sultan Abdul Aziz.

1881: “Work of the Young Hebrews” published today provided a summary the annual report issued by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.  The Association has about a thousand members, sponsored 8 lectures and has accumulated a library of 2,016 volumes.  The executive committee called for a fair to raise funds for a new building and “grand Chanukah ball” to be held at the Academy of Music.

1881: It was reported today that in New York, “an assignment for the benefit of creditors, by Hirsch Levy to Isidore Hirsch, with $600 preferences” has been filed in the County Clerk’s office.

1882: “Plays and Actors” published today included a dispute over the portrayal of the Jewish characters in Edward Harrigan’s new play, “Mordecai Lyons.”  A Jewish correspondent disparaged it as “another Jew play” which is coarse at best while others contend that “the Jewish part of this drama” is thought to be “serious and valuable.”

1882: “Varied Old World Topics” published today described conditions in Germany. Surprise was expressed that the “anti-Semitic agitation is gaining ground.”  Some of the support may be coming indirectly from Chancellor Bismarck would be using to it intimidate the Jews “who have been opposing his program on financial matters.”

1882: “Religious Ideas” published today described the anomaly that “Christianity was founded by Jews, preached by Jews and died for by Jews, yet Jews are the only people living directly and always within its influence upon whom, in 1,800 years, that creed has made no impression at all.”

1882: “A Riot Among the Russian Jews” describe events surrounding an outbreak of violence among the 400 Jewish immigrants temporarily housed on Ward’s Island.  The violence broke out during mealtime when Jacob Rabota, a native of Warsaw protested the way they were being fled.  The attack was in reaction to ill-will between the Jews and the staff brought on by mistreatment sanction by the Superintendent and Assistant Superintendent. Rebbec Bochtel told those investigating the matter “a pitiful story of maltreatment” that “was corroborated by other women.”

1882:”Suit About A Play” published today described litigation surrounding “Siberia,” a drama about “the persecution of the Jews of Russia” written by Barley Campbell.  Plaintiffs Imrl and Bolossi Kiralfy claim they provide Campbell with the idea for the play and he agreed to write it so that they could perform it.

1883: Three days after she had passed away, Elizabeth Levy, “the youngest daughter of Joseph Levy and the former Hannah Isaacs” was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1884: It was reported today that Smyrna, which is second only to Constantinople “as an eastern centre of commerce” has population of 250,000, 30,000 of whom are Jews.

1886: In Lithuania, Isaac Margolis and Hinde Bernstein gave birth to Max Leopold Margolis who served as Professor of Biblical Philology at Dropsie Colliege from 1909 until his death in 1932.

1887: Russian native Solomon Altfeld and his wife Eva Levin Alffeld gave birth to Joshua Hensel Altfeld, the husband Goldie Altfeld and older brother of to Emanuel Milton Altfeld, a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1914 to 1916 and a member of the Maryland State Senate from 1930 to 1934 who was the author The Jew’s Struggle for Religious and Civil Liberty in Maryland

1887: It was reported today that another 100 Jewish families have been expelled from Kiev.

1888: Democrat Martin Foran’s victory in the election for the 21st Congressional District from Ohio was reportedly due in part to his Republican opponent having lost the support of Jewish voters in the district.

1889: In Great Britain the press has reported that Baron Hirsch is negotiating with Lord Cholmondeley for the purchase of Houghton Hall estate.  The purchase will probably cost the Baron 300,000 English pounds.  Baron Hirsch's desire to purchase the estate in England may have been stimulated by "the snub he recently received from the French Jockey Club."

1890: Ferdinand Forzinetti was named commandant of military prisons in Paris, a position he held when Captain Dreyfus was imprisoned.  Later Dreyfus would credit him as one of the people who dissuaded him from taking his own life and "who knew how to combine the strict duty of a soldier with the highest feelings of humanity."

1890: Birthdate of Leib Kvitko, the Ukrainian born Yiddish poet who was a member of the Jewish Ant-Fascist Committee, an organization Stalin supported as a vehicle to gain foreign support for the Soviets during WW II.  Stalin repaid him for his efforts by making him one of the victims of the “Night of the Murdered Poets.”

1890: In Teleneşti, Bessarabia Governorate, then a part of the Russian Empire, Simcha Alter and Rivka Gutman gave birth to their fourth child Israeli painter, sculptor, and author Nachum Gutman who moved to Palestine in 1903, attended the Herzilya Gymnasium in 1908 and began studying at the Bezalel School in 1912.

1892: The Sisters of Israel Benevolent Society which meets on the last Sunday of the month was founded today in Portland, OR.

1892: Kinloch Cooke is named editor of the Pall Mall Gazette following its purchase by the Lowenfield syndicate, which according to unsubstantiated rumors is backed by Baron Hirsch.  Furthermore, other rumors include reports of a desire of members of the Jewish community to gain control of this or some other major English publication.

1893: The Jubilee Celebration of B’nai B’rith is scheduled to end this evening with services at Temple Beth-El followed by a business meeting.

1893: Colonel J.E. Bloom, the manager of the Baron de Hirsch Trade School defended his decision to “turn out” five students from their boarding house without warning because they had refused to follow the school’s rules and the school felt no obligation to support young men undermining the school.

1893: A review of “The Woollen Stocking published today described the addition of a “the Jewish politician who ‘pulls together’ with the Irish” as the newest character added to this comedy.

1894(15th of Tishrei, 5655): Sukkoth

1894: “Literary Notes” published today described the publication by A.C. Armstrong & Son of The Historical Geography of the Holy Land  by George Adams which provides an outline of Palestine that includes six maps prepared by John George Bartholomew.

1894: Col. Alfred Dreyfus was first arrested.  This marked the start of what would become known as the Dreyfus Affair.

1894: Birthdate of Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel. Born Moshe Shertok in the Ukraine, Moshe Sharett emigrated to Palestine in 1908 where  his family was one of the founders of Tel Aviv  Sharett was the first Foreign Minister of Israel.  He was a key figure in establishing the Armistice Agreements that ended with a Jewish victory in the War for Independence.  When Ben Gurion resigned as Israel’s fist Prime Minister in 1953, Sharett was the logical choice to succeed him.  He was ousted by Ben Gurion in 1956 and he returned to the Foreign Ministry.  He passed away in 1965.

1894: Justice McMahon dismissed that assault case brought by Nathan Hirsch in Yorkville.

1894: John Shevlin who had been arrested by Officer Grier after he saw him lead a crowd chasing and beating two old Jews was released from custody when the victims could not be found to appear at the Jefferson Market Police Court.

1894: Louis Rothschild was elected treasurer of the newly formed Cloak and Suit Manufacturers Association whose 85 members met tonight and voted not to “entertain any communications from any of the trade unions.”

1895(27thof Tishrei, 5656): Nineteen year old William Nelken, the son of Sam and Sarah Nelken passed away today.

1895: In Ukraine, Jacob and Rose Maidman gave birth to Irving Maidman the husband Byrdie Maidman who settled in the United States and who should not be confused with the real estate mogul of the same name who passed away in 1979.

1895: At a meeting held at Tammany Hall this afternoon, it was agreed that Jacob A. Cantor would be the Democratic Party’s nominee in the Twentieth Senate District.  Before entering politics, Cantor, the son of two Jews from London, was a newspaper man and lawyer.  He would go on to a successful political career that would include serving in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1896: Birthdate of Newark, NJ native, Minna Wright who gained fame as “painter and printmaker” Minna Citron, the wife of businessman Henry Citrion

1897: In Warsaw, Adolph and Natalia Lieberman gave birth American literary agent and accused Soviet espionage agent Maxim Lieber.

1897: Herzl publishes his article "Mauschel" in Die Welt. Die Welt was the name of a weekly publication founded in 1897 by Theodor Herzl in Vienna as organ of the Zionist movement. In the article entitled “Mauschel” Herzl did not deny that the anti-Semitic stereotype of the Jew had a basis in reality.  Rather he identified the stereotype with the Jewish opponents of Zionism and used it against them.

1897: It was reported today that all of the anti-Semitic candidates have prevailed in the “municipal elections in the province of Constantine, Algeria.”

1897: It was reported today that Jewish leaders have “published a formal protest” against a proposed made by the vice mayor of Vienna denying Jewish judges the right to “administer the oath to Christians” because “the Jews were unable to comprehend the moral and religious opinions of the Christian community.”

1898: Birthdate of Boris Aronson, the native of Kiev who became a Tony Award winning scenic designer.

1898: Theodor Herzl was invited to a private audience with Kaiser Wilhelm today when the Kaiser stopped in Constantinople for a State visit. The Kaiser asked Herzl what he wished him to ask of the Sultan:’ “A Chartered Company – under German protection,” was Herzl’s request.

1898: “The new home of the Hebrew Infant Asylum of the city of New York” is scheduled to “be fully furnished and ready for occupancy” today.

1900: Birthdate of Fritz Feilchenfeld, the native of Berlin who gained film as actor Fritz Feld whose career began in Germany and ended in Hollywood.

1900: Birthdate of New York dermatologist Samuel Peck.

1900: In San Francisco, Edna (née Armer) and Harry LeRoy gave birth to director and producer Mervyn LeRoy whose career began in 1923 with a silent film version of “The Ten Commandments” and including directing one of the best films ever made “Mr. Roberts.”

1901: Birthdate of Kiev native Louis “Kid” Kaplan the Connecticut resident who won the World Featherweight Championship in 1925 but was never able to become Lightweight Champion because both of the titleholders refused to fight him.

1903: Alabama born, New York lawyer and judge, Joseph M. Proskauer married Alice Naumberg today after which they had three children – Frances, Ruth and Richard.

1903: The Newark Young Ladies Zion Society met today and elected new officers including “President, Mrs. A.B. Pilpoul; Treasurer Miss Ida Stein; and Recording Secretary Miss Dora Varitz.”

1906; Major Alfred Dreyfus took command of the artillery unit at St. Denis, a northern suburb of Paris.

1906: The Anglican Bishop of Shangai, a convert from Judaism named Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky passed away today.

1906: Bruno Alfred Döblin, a German-Jewish author and doctor best known for his novel Berlin Alexanderplatz took up a position at the Berlin psychiatric clinic in Buch where he worked as an assistant doctor for nearly two years.

1906: The Executive Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis held its second meeting “since the closing of the Indianapolis Convention.”

1907: Birthdate of Varian Fry, known as the American Schindler for his gallant rescue of those fleeing Hitler and the Nazis. . Some of those he saved were Marc Chagall, Hannah Arendt and Alma Mahler. In 1995 Varian Fry became the first United States citizen to be listed in the Righteous Among the Nations at Israel's national Holocaust Memorial, Yad Vashem (in 2006, fellow Americans Waitstill Sharp and Martha Sharp were added to the list). He was awarded the additional honor of "Commemorative Citizenship of the State of Israel" on 1 January 1998. The film Varian’s War provides a cinematic treatment of Fry’s wartime activities

1907(7thof Cheshvan, 5668): Seventy-four year old award winning French astronomer Maurice (Mortiz) Loewy passed away today.

1909(30thof Tishrei, 5670): Mrs. Hinde First passed away today.

1909: Birthdate of American astronomer Jesse Leonard Greenstein.

1909: Birthdate of German-born British-Australian mathematician Bernhard Hermann Neumann.

1910: In their third game of the season, Georgia Tech scored its third straight vicotyr with Albert Lorch “Al” Loe, known as “the Yiddish Wildcat” at “Center.”

1909(30thof Tishrei, 5670): Mrs. Hinde Solomon First passed away today.

1911(23rd of Tishrei, 5672): Simchat Torah

1911: At the request of David Levontin, Director of the Anglo-Palestine Bank, Jews assemble to pray for the welfare of the Sultan and for victory of the Turkish Army. 

1912(3rdof Cheshvan, 5673): Mrs. Elke Jakobsohn passed away.

1912(3rdof Cheshvan, 5673): Max Kohn, “a communal worker from Pueblo, CO” passed away today at Chicago, Illinois.

1912(3rdof Cheshvan, 5673): Fifty-four year old Prussian born “German American organist, conductor and composer” Max Spicker, the choir director for Temple Emanu-El and “an honorary member of the Society of American Cantors” passed away today.

1914: As the Germans and Allies continued their respective “races to the sea” which could have ended the war in weeks instead of years, the BEF clashed with the German 4th Army during the Battle of Amentieres.

1915: Birthdate of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzchak Shamir.

1915: It was announced today that “the Jewish conference called for by the American Jewish Committee to consider…what American Jews may do when the war ends to” ensure the rights of their co-religionists in Europe which was to be held in Washington later this month has been canceled.


1915: “It was announced today that thirty or more ministers” including several rabbis “will visit Public School 45 to examine experimental work under the Gary plan.

1915: In New York, “the New Synagogue” the newest “of the liberal congregations” found in the city is scheduled to hold its first services tonight, erev Shabbat, led by Rabbi Ephraim Frisch.

1915: In Portsmouth, VA, Reb Yisroel Gifter and his wife gave birth to Mordechai Gifter, the future rosh yeshiva of the Telz Yeshiva in Cleveland, Ohio.

1915: Louis D. Brandies of Boston is identified as the attorney leading the opposition to the increase in freight rate charges that the railroads are presenting to the Interstate Commerce Commission.

1916: As of today, “The Joint Distribution Committee of which Felix M. Warburg is Chairman…has to date received more than $5,942,000.

1916: In Boston, “resolutions advocating the establishment of a permanent American Jewish Congress at Washing and demanding that Jewish rights be guaranteed in the peace parliament at the close of the European War were adopted at today’s session of the annual convention of Poalei Zion Association of America.”

1916: U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis was re-elected today President of the Zion Association of Greater Boston” following which the organization pledged a $10,000 fund “for the relief of Jews in Palestine and the maintenance of Jewish institutions in that country.

1916: “The Women’s Proclamation Committee, the national women’s organization for Jewish Relief” which is chaired by Mrs. Samuel Elkes” reported today “that there have been many responses” several of which have been “generous” “to the appeal recently issued throughout the United States.”

1916: “Recent efforts by political supporters of President Wilson to line up the Jewish vote for his re-election” by calling for the creation of a Ten Thousand Club to which each Jew would contribute a dollar for the Wilson campaign have resulted in 26 prominent Jewish leaders, some of whom support Wilson to issue, today, “a protest against such mixing of religion or race and politics.”

1917: In Columbus, Ohio, Arthur M. Schlesinger, the historian who was Jewish and his wife the former Elizabeth Harriet Bancroft who was not Jewish gave birth to historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.

1917: Kaiser Wilhelm whose earlier trips to the Middle East had led to Herzl’s hopes of having him back his Zionist project made his third and final trip to Constantinople.

1917: Rabbi Samuel Schulman, argued against the calling of an American Jewish Congress that would be seeking to protect the rights of Jews at a peace conference ending the World War saying that “America’s victory in the war…will mean a great and friendly help for procuring the rights of Jews all over the world and I consider it the duty of every American who loves his country to follow the counsel of those who intimate that it would be best if the congress were postponed.”

1918: While serving the Headquarters Company, 307th Infantry, Sergeant Max Goldstone overcame the darkness of night, heavy artillery fire and intense machine gun fire, ran a telephone line to Grand Pre making it possible for the units to remain in contact with one another.

1919(21stof Tishrei, 5680): Hoshana Raba

1919(21stof Tishrei, 5680): Ray Perlman, the daughter of Abraham A. Perlman “one of the founders and directors of the New York Uptown Talmud Torah Association and the brother of Jess Perlman the “former Resident Director of the Jewish Educational Alliance in Baltimore” and the current Executive Director of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies in Montreal, passed away today.

1920: “Pogrom Protest” published today described plans for a group of prominent Jewish rabbis and business men to lead a delegation on “pilgrimage to Washington to persuade President Wilson to take effective steps to pogroms in Poland.”

1922(23rd of Tishrei, 5683): Simchat Torah

1922: In Newark, NH, “a homemaker and a businessman” gave birth Lorraine Gordon who gained fame as Lorraine Gordon, jazz aficionado and owner of the Village Vanguard. (As reported by Tim Weiner)

1923: Birthdate of Walter Zacharius, the Brooklyn native, “who rode the passion-swollen wave of romance fiction in the early 1980s to build the Kensington Publishing Corporation into a leading purveyor of bodice-rippers and other romance genres…” (As reported by William Grimes)

1925: In Atlanta, GA, Leon Leo Solomon Hexter, the son of Max and Sarah Hexter and his wife Rachel Schwartz gave birth to Robert Maurice Hexter.

1925: Having blown a three to one lead, the Senators led by infielder Buddy Myer lost the seventh and final game of the World Series.  (The hapless Nats would make it back to the series one more time before drifting into the mediocrity and futility that showed my brother in me when we to games in the 1950’s on Briggs Kids Days)

1926: Birthdate of French philosopher Michel Foucault who would eventually quit the French Communist Party for “its prejudices against Jews and homosexuals.”

1927: Jacob “Little Augie” Orgen was mortally wounded while standing on a street corner during a turf war with Jacob Shapiro and Louis “Lepke” Buchalter.

1928: “The Republic of Flappers” a silent movie directed by David Constantin and filmed by cinematographer Mutz Greenbaum was released today in Jerusalem.

1929: In Terre Haute, Indiana, wholesale poultry dealer Stanley Dreyfus and his wife, the former Irene Lederer gave birth to Hubert Lederer “Bert” Dreyfus, the University of California philosophy professor who wrote <u>What Computers Can’t Do</u>.

1930(23rd of Tishrei, 5691): Simchat Torah

1930(23rdof Tishrei, 5691): Seventy-eight year old Sir Hermann Gollancz, the German born “British rabbi and Hebrew Scholar’ who “was the first Jew to earn a doctor of literature degree from London University” and “the first British rabbi granted a knighthood” passed away today.

1930: Dr. Drummond Shiels, Under-Secretary for the Colonies left Palestine today with “a long memorial” from the Society of Young Christians “in which they protested against Moslem demands for the abolition of the British mandate in Palestine. 

1930: Birthdate of Heiko Augstinus Oberman author of <u>Luther: Man Between God and the Devil </u>who noted that Rabbi Josel of Rosheim’s attempt to get relief from John Frederick’s anti-Jewish decree “as being significant in Luther's attitude toward the Jews: "Even today this refusal is often judged to be the decisive turning point in Luther's career from friendliness to hostility toward the Jews;"yet, Oberman contends that Luther would have denied any such "turning point." Rather he felt that Jews were to be treated in a "friendly way" in order to avoid placing unnecessary obstacles in their path to Christian conversion, a genuine concern of Luther.”

1930: The High Commissioner put an end to the proceedings against six Jews who had been arrested at Tel Aviv for protesting against Dr. Drummond Shiels when he arrived in Palestine last week.  The prisoners were released to a joyful crowd who had been angered by reports that Shiels supported creation of Parliament in Palestine that would guarantee Moslem rule and put an end to the creation of a Jewish homeland as promised by the Balfour Declaration.

1931: Saloonkeeper Heinrich Bowe was shot and killed and three Nazi Storm Troopers were wounded in clash with a group of Communists that would lead to their trial when Hitler came to power and was looking for examples of the threat posed by “Jewish-Marxists.”

1931:In the Bronx, NY, Alfred Epstein, a pharmacist from Poland and Eva Epstein, a former modern dancer from Russia, gave birth to Edmund Lloyd Epstein, “a literary scholar who, as a book editor in the late 1950s, was so taken by a well-reviewed but not especially popular first novel by a largely unknown British writer that he decided to reprint it in paperback, thus enabling the extravagant American success of “Lord of the Flies” and its author, the future Nobel Prize winner William Golding…” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1932(15thof Tishrei, 5693): Sukkoth is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Herbert Hoover.

1935: Former U. of Michigan star football player Harry Newman, “announced today that he had changed his mind and signed a new contract so he could continue playing for the New York Giants.”

1935: Wilhelm Frick, Minister of the Interior called for codifying laws that would impose legal restrictions on Jews taking part in trade and industry.  The Nazi rise to power and the early days of the final solution were all couched in terms of the German legal code.  The Nazis hid their evil behind a façade of laws.

1936: “Great indignation has been aroused” in Bucharest “by the ordinance issued by the anti-Semitic, pro-Fascist Vice Premier Ion Inculetz forbidding any instruction in the Jewish faith in the Rumanian schools.”

1936: As demand for his work dwindled and the Nazis rose to power Hungarian photographer André Kertész arrived in New York today with his wife Elizabeth having decided to accept an offer to work at the Keystone Agency.

1936: Today, “at a luncheon at the St. Moritz Hotel, Israel Silverman, the national chairman of the United Synagogue’s newly organized Committee to Combat Religious Indifference in America” presented “a plan to reawaken religious interest through a national adult and educational program” which will attract more people “will be attacked to the synagogues of America.”

1936: “Armistice in Palestine” published today described a truce that had been reached in Palestine ending “the general strike of Arabs against the British authorities intended to force the discontinuance of Jewish immigration” thanks to the efforts of the “Arab Kings of Iraq, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and the Emir of Trans-Jordan.”

1937: In Portland, Maine, “opera singer” Lucille (née Potter) Lavin and “businessman” David J. Lavin gave birth to comedic actress Linda Lavin who played the wisecracking waitress on the television hit “Alice.”

1937: “Double Wedding” a comedy produced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, with a screenplay by Jo Swerling was released in the United States today by MGM.

1937: David Feuerwerker, French born rabbi and resistance leader began his service in the French Army which would earn him the Croix de Guerre with a bronze star.

1937: “Fit for a King” a comedy produced by David L. Loew was released in the United States today by RKO.

1937: The Palestine Post reported on the end of the temporary cease-fire, and an intense revival of the Arab anti-Jewish and anti-British terror activities throughout the country. Bullets and bombs hit Jewish transport, buses in particular. The Iraqi Petroleum Company pipeline was damaged and the oil flowing from Iraq set on fire near Beit She’an. A passenger train from Haifa and a goods train were derailed. The settlements of Ginegar, Afula, Rosh Pina, and Migdal Tzedek were exposed to persistent firing and 12 Jews were injured. Telephone lines were cut. The authorities closed the Syrian border and imposed a curfew in Jerusalem.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Jewish students in Warsaw went on strike to protest against the

Introduction of the so-called "ghetto benches" on the left side of the lecture halls at Polish universities.

1938: The Pulitzer Prize winning play, “Abe Lincoln in Illinois” directed by Elmer Rice opened on Broadway today at the Plymouth Theatre.

1940: The Great Dictator, a satiric social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin, was released. The film was a satiric attack on Hitler, Mussolini and fascism.  Chaplin felt so strongly about the need to expose the threat posed by the Nazis and their allies, that he was willing to break his film silence.  The Great Dictator was his first “talkie.”

1940: A memorial dedicated today by Henrietta Szold established a clinic at the Children’s Village in hone of Allice Lillie Seligsberg who had passed away in August of 1940.

1941: The Nazis began the first mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern European ghettos.

1941: As of today, “the Nazis had murdered up to 30,000 of the approximately 60,000 Jews that had not been able to flee Latvia before the German occupation.”

1941: According to a proclamation, Jews caught outside the Polish Ghetto walls could be put to death.  I am not sure what this entry really means considering the plight of the Jews of Poland at this time.

1942: An SS Aktion is undertaken against Jews of Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland that would last until October 21.  During this time untold numbers of Jews are shot in their homes and 22,000 are deported to the Treblinka death camp.

1942: The Nazis murdered 2,000 Jews living in the second ghetto at Bar in the Ukraine.

1942: The Nazis murder 25,000 Jews from Brest-Litovsk, Belorussia. Jewish resistance, led by Hana Ginsberg, attempts to fight back.

1943: Birthdate of Stanley “Stan” Fischer, the native of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia who became a leading economist and vice chair of the U.S. Federal Reserve System.

1944: Birthdate of Haim Saban, the native of Alexandria, Egypt whose family moved to Israel in 1956 who became a successful businessman there and the United States.

1944: Joseph Bau, who had been at Gross Rossen, was sent to Brunnitz where he went to work in the Schindler factory which made him one of those on “Schindler’s List.”

1944: Truce talks between the Hungarians and the Allies collapsed.  The Arrow Cross, a Hungarian fascist organization regained power through a coup. A Hungarian Nazi, Ferenc Szálasi, is installed as regent. There are 170,000 Jews still alive in Hungary out of a half million that had been alive at the beginning of the year.  After a three month period without deportations to the death camps, this remnant was once again vulnerable as potential fodder for the Nazi killing machine.

1944: Adolph Eichmann who had been called back to Germany when there was a halt in the deportations of Hungarian Jews, “was back to Budapest” today to finish his original mission.

1944: The Germans emptied Plaszow Camp at Cracow.  Included in the evacuation were 700 of the Jews protected by Oscar Schindler. They were sent to the concentration camp at Gross Rosen. Schindler managed to retrieve these Jews, claiming the essential nature of their contribution to his factory and the war effort. Schindler also fought for release of 300 other of "his" Jews who were sent to Auschwitz.

1945:  Execution of Pierre Laval former premier of Vichy France.  Laval was one of history’s more vile characters.  At the same time, he was the fall guy for Vichy.  Marshall Petain, the famous French Marshall who was the head of the Nazi puppet state was spared.  The French could not bring themselves to punish the hero from World War I.

1945: The Alsos Mission, part of the Manhattan Project, of which Samuel Goudsmit served as the scientific leader came to an end today.

1945: In a press conference at Tel Aviv, David Ben Gurion, chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared that “Judah will arise anew as an independent state and the Jews will return freely to their own land.” In a statement that was construed to mean that the Yishuv was developing a shadow government that would assume official authority when the British left Palestine, Ben-Gurion said “Palestine’s Jews will have ‘to constitute a kind of state before the final and orderly state machinery comes into being.’”

1945: As part of the movement to bring Jewish refugees to Palestine, despite the British blockade, two ships capable of carrying more than 13,000, were in the Black Sea preparing to load Jews from Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary.

1946: Hermann Goering Nazi Reich marshal who had been found guilty at Nuremberg beat his scheduled date with the hangman.  He poisoned himself.

1946: “Child of Divorce,” the first film directed by Richard Fleisher was released in the United States today by RKO.

1946: The Paris Peace Conference came to an end during which the Allies – U.S., U.K., U.S.S.R. and France – “negotiated peace treaties with Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland” but not Germany.

1947(1st of Cheshvan, 5708): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1947(1st of Cheshvan, 5708): Eighty year old Abram I Elkus, a distinguished New York attorney and former ambassador to Turkey passed away tonight. 

1948: Following numerous violations of the UN Truce by Egypt, the Israel Army and Air force took the offensive and launched Operation 'Yoav. Since the UN would not act the Israelis felt compelled.  In addition to the immediate tactical considerations, the strategic goal of Operation 'Yoav' was to open a corridor to the Negev, cut the Egyptian lines of communications along the coast and on the Beersheba-Hebron-Jerusalem road, isolate and defeat the Egyptian forces, and ultimately to drive them out of the country.

1948: “Hostilities began today, when Israeli troops assigned to Operation Yoav took the offensive to the south, opposite Egyptian army positions in the northern Negev.

1948: Yigal “Alon led a flight of three S-199s from Herzliya (four had been planned but one went unserviceable) over the Mediterranean, where they met up with two C-46 bombers and two C-47 bombers (three were planned, but only two had been armed in time). The fighters took up station ahead of and below the bombers as the formation continued out to sea until the shore disappeared from sight. The planes turned south, then back east to approach the the target, Gaza, from out of the sun. The attack run was co-ordinated with two other groups: 103 Squadron's two Beaufighters and an escort of three 101 Squadron Spitfires attacked the Egyptian airfield at Al Arish and 69 Squadron's three B-17s bombed Majdal.”

1948: Gaza, Majdal and Beith Hanun were bombed, and part of the Air Force at El-Arish was put out of action. This action kept most of the Egyptian frontline fighters out of the skies and gave the IDF air superiority for the first time.

1949(22nd of Tishrei, 5710): Shemini Atzeret

1950: David Ben Gurion resigned as Prime Minister of Israel forcing the formation of a new government.

1951(15th of Tishrei, 5712): Sukkoth

1951: Eight months after premiering in the United Kingdom,  “Pandora and the Flying Dutchman, directed and co-produced by Albert Lewin who also wrote the screenplay and featuring Abraham Sofaer was released in the United States today.

1951: During the 1951 general election, Herbert Samuel became the first British politician to deliver a party political broadcast on television when he appeared before the cameras today.

1952: Arthur Laurents’ “The Time of the Cuckoo” directed by Harold Cluman opened on Broadway at the Empire Theater.

1953: Birthdate of actor Larry Miller, the native of New York and husband of Eileen Conn who attended the bat mitzvah of Gail Barnum, the daughter of Joel Barnum and Amy Barnum of blessed memory while he was in Cedar Rapids filming “The Final Season.” (As reported by Joel Barnum)

1954: “Sabrina” a chic comedy produced, directed and co-authored by Ernest Lehman Billy Wilder was released for general showing to theatres across the country.

1956: On the day in which Iraqi troops entered Jordan in what Israel saw as a menacing move, Ben Gurion ordered a partial mobilization of Israeli forces and told the Knesset that “Israel reserves to herself freedom of action.

1958(1stof Cheshvan, 5719): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1958(1stof Cheshvan, 5719): Samuel Bass, the husband of Rena Bass passed away today after which he is buried at the Ahavas Sholom Congregation Cemetery.

1959: Filming of “The Lost World,” the movie version of the novel by the same name, directed and co-produced by Irwin Allen who co-authored the script was scheduled to begin today

1960: Ninety-year old German movie star Henny Porten, who refused to divorce her Wilhelm von Kaufmann her Jewish husband when the Nazis came to power which all but put an end to her career and any chance they had of getting out of the country passed away today.

1962: Louis Katz, who would be known as “Mr. Katz” went to work for the Forward

1964: Sir Gerald David Nunes Nabarro completed his services as an MP for Kidderminster.

1965(19th of Tishrei, 5726): Fifth day of Sukkoth

1965(19th of Tishrei, 5726): Sixty-four year old Israeli mathematician Abraham Frankel, the first Dean of Mathematics at Hebrew University passed away today.

1965: The Dodgers and Sandy Koufax won the 7th game of the World Series.

1965: Stevie Wonder recorded “For Once in My Life” written by Ron Miller, a Jew who had the unlikely claim to fame of having gotten his big break writing songs for Motown.

1966: Broadway composer Moose Charlap and singer Sandy Stewart gave birth to jazz pianist William Morrison Charlap.

1968(23rd of Tishrei, 5729): Simchat Torah

1968: The most popular recording of Ron Miller’s “For Once in My Life” was released today.

1969: Birthdate of game show host Paige Davis.

1970(15th of Tishrei, 5731): Sukkoth

1970: Final day of publication for The American Examiner which traces its origins back to the American Hebrew, which first appeared in 1879.

1971: Premiere of “A Safe Place” directed and written by Henry Jaglom and produced by Bert Schnieider.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, start of the Battle of the Chinese Farm which “was fought in the Sinai, north of the Great Bitter Lake and just east of the Suez Canal near an agricultural research station” which the Israeli soldiers incorrectly thought was the home to equipment from China.

1973:  During the Yom Kippur War, General Arik Sharon led an attack on the Egyptian side of the Suez Canal. Joined by Generals Adan and Magen, within a week the IDF cut off the main road from Cairo to Suez and surrounded Egypt’s 3rd Army. The hold on the West Bank greatly improved Israel's negotiating position with the Egyptians and the morale of the country.  Regardless of how one may feel about Sharon’s politics, he was a bold general.  His successful cross canal attack completely changed the military equation of the Suez War.

1973: Binyamin Livne and Rahamim Sofer were taken prisoner after their F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by either a MiG or Egyptian anti-aircraft fire.  Tragically, Sofer would die while being held prisoner.

1973: For the valor he displayed in destroying an enemy position today in the Sinai, Sergeant Moshe Levi was awarded Israel’s Medal of Valor.

1975: The President of the Soviet continued his visit to Tunisia as part of the Russian plan to increase their influence with the Arab governments dedicated to the destruction of Israel.

1976(21stof Tishrei, 5737): Hoshana Raba

1976:Harlan County, USA, a 1976 Oscar-winning documentary film covering the "Brookside Strike", an effort of 180 coal miners and their wives against the Duke Power Company-owned Eastover Coal Company's Brookside Mine and Prep Plant in Harlan County, southeast Kentucky in 1973 directed and produced by Barbara Kopple” was released in the United States today.

1977: Two people were injured in two bombings today in Jerusalem.

1980: It was reported today that “1,030 Soviet Jews had emigrated from the U.S.S.R during September of 1980: Sixty-two year old Cecil Aonowitz, the son of Morris and Ethel Aronowitz was buried today.

1980: Seventy-eight year old Alexander Mach the pro-Nazi Slovak leader “who was sentenced to thirty years for his collaboration” passed away today. (As reported by Sam Goldpaper)

1981: “The KGB and police conducted searches in the homes of Pavel Abramovich, Natalia Khasina, Yulii Kosharovskii, and Leonid Tesmenitskii, activists involved in teaching and spreading knowledge of the Hebrew language.”

1981: “Forty Moscow Jews appealed to President Leonid Brezhnev demanding the release of all those detained for attempting to pay their respects to Nazi victims at Babi Yar

1981: After premiering at the Cannes Film Festival, “The Evil Dead” a horror film directed by Sam Raimi who co-authored the script was released today in the United States.

1985(30thof Tishrei, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1985(30thof Tishrei, 5764): Fifty-nine year old basketball guard Max Zaslofsky who starred for St. John’s and the professional New York Knicks lost his battle with leukemia today.

1986(12thof Tishrei, 5747): Seventy-seven year old Marcus Samuel, 3rd Viscount Bearsted, the son of Dorothy Montefiore (Micholls) and Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted who succeeded to his father’s titles after going up to Oxford and earning the rank of Major while serving with the Warwickshire Yeomanry during WW II, passed away today.

1987: In Ottawa Canada, former Penn State tennis player Nathan Levine and his wife gave birth to Canadian-American professional tennis player Jesse Levine

1988: The Summer Olympics in which Hagai Zamir competed on the Volleyball Team, opened in Seoul, Korea today.

1989: Having finally been granted an exit visa by the Soviets, refusenik Ida Nudel arrived at Ben Gurion International Airport where she was met by “Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres as well as her sister, Elena Illana Fridman, and thousands of Israelis.”

1989: In Justice v Justice, Bernard Schwartz reviewed <u>The Antagonists: Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter and Civil Liberties in Modern America.</u>

1990: Michael Douglas Bell began serving as Canadian Ambassador to Israel.

1992: Title to Temple Israel in Leadville, CO passed from the William H. Copper Family Trust

1995(21st of Tishrei, 5756): Hoshana Rabah

1999: After premiering two days ago, Rob Reiner’s “The Story of Us” was released to the rest of the United States.

1999:  Marquette University Law School Dean Howard Eisenberg delivers a speech entitled “What's a Nice Jewish Boy Like Me Doing in a Place Like This? Some Thoughts on Spirituality, the Legal Profession and Religious Diversity” at a Law School retreat.

2000(16th of Tishrei); Second Day of Sukkoth; first day for blessing the Lulav & Etrog

2000: The New York Times featured reviews of<u> Bellow: A Biography</u> by James Atlas, <u>Off Camera Private Thoughts Made Public</u> by Ted Koppel and Women and <u>Human Development: The Capabilities Approach</u> by Martha C. Nussbaum

2000(16th of Tishrei, 5761): Second Day of Sukkoth

2000(16th of Tishrei, 5761): Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Konrad Emil Bloch passed away.  Born in Germany in 1912, Bloch fled Nazi Germany in 1934.  He arrived in where he furthered his education while serving on the faculties of Yale Medical School, Columbia, the University of Chicago and Harvard.  He shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1964 with Feodor Lynen for their discoveries related to the regulation of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism.

2003(19thof Tishrei, 5764): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2003(19thof Tishrei, 5764): Fifty-eight year old French Jewish philosopher Benny Lévy, the last personal secretary of Jean-Paul Sartre passed away today.

2003: Academy Awarded nominated “Mystic River,” featuring Emmy Rossum, Ari Graynor and Eli Wallach was released today in the United States.

2003: Golda's Balcony, starring Tovah Feldshuh, opened at Broadway's Helen Hayes Theatre In this one-woman show, Feldshuh plays the role of former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir. Golda's Balcony is set during 1973's Yom Kippur War. It splits between those events and reflections upon Meir's life, from her childhood in Milwaukee to her role in founding the Jewish state. Golda Meir is certainly not the only dramatic Jewish woman that Feldshuh has played during her illustrious Broadway career. Feldshuh has earned three Tony nominations for best actress, including the title role in Yentl (1975). She has also won four Drama Desk Awards, including one for Golda's Balcony. Her roles on television have included a Czech freedom fighter in Holocaust (1978), a role for which Feldshuh was nominated for an Emmy. She has appeared in a number of movies, including Kissing Jessica Stein (2001) and A Walk on the Moon (1999). Feldshuh is also a supporter of Seeds of Peace, a non-profit organization that helps teenagers from regions of conflict. She is a recipient of the Eleanor Roosevelt Humanitas Award, the Israel Peace Medal, and the National Foundation for Jewish Culture's Jewish Image Award.  

2003: Three Americans were killed and one wounded at the Beit Hanoun junction in the Gaza Strip when a massive bomb demolished an armor-plated jeep in a convoy carrying U.S. diplomats and CIA personnel. Both the militant Islamic Jihad and Hamas movements denied responsibility for the attack.

2004: Susan "Susie" Essman “performed at the Friars Club roast of Donald Trump, in which she lampooned the tycoon.”

2004: “Being Julia” directed by István Szabó was released in the United States today by Sony Pictures.

2005:  Haaretz reported that dozens of Jewish worshippers attacked the head of the Israel Defense Forces Manpower Branch Major General Elazar Stern at the Western Wall plaza in Jerusalem on Friday night. Stern was in civilian dress when he came to pray at the Western Wall, accompanied by his family. Worshippers surrounded him, yelling insults, and attempted to prevent him from reaching the wall. Though police officers immediately surrounded him, the worshippers began throwing stones and other objects in his direction. Stern was not hurt, and a police officer lightly wounded in the head did not require medical treatment. The attackers were apparently motivated by Stern's role in Israel's disengagement from the Gaza Strip, completed last month.

2006: Police said that complaints that five women had filed against Moshe Katsav “would not be pursued because the statute of limitations had run out.

2006: Ten years after his death Sam Ash, who 1924 founded what became Sam Ash Music Corp. “the larges family-owned chain of musical instrument stores in the United States” “was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame” today.

2006: The Los Angeles Times book section features a review of <u>The Wicked Son: Anti-Semitism, Self-Hatred, and the Jews</u> by David Mamet.

2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Through The Children’s Gate: A Home in New York</u> by Adam Gopnik and <u>Hubris: The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, and the Selling of the Iraq War</u> by Michael Isikoff and David Corn

2006: “Pelech,” a unique progressive Torah/Talmud based educational opportunity for women in Israel, marks its 40th anniversary.

2006: Professor Robert (Yisrael) Aumann, the Israeli-American scholar who won the Nobel Prize for economics last year, said this week that Israel may not be capable of continuing to exist in the long-term. "Too many Jews don't understand why they are here," said Aumann, who moved from the United States to Israel in the 1950s and helped found the Center for Rationality at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, an interdisciplinary research body that focuses on game theory. "If we don't understand why we are here, and that we are not America or just a place in which to live, we will not survive," he said in a speech at the College of Judea and Samaria in Ariel on Sunday. "The desire to live like all the nations will sustain us maybe another 50 years, if we are still here."

Aumann said one of the primary reasons for the recent war in Lebanon was national fatigue and quoted Prime Minister Ehud Olmert as having said that Israel is tired of wars and sacrifices. "Fatigue, in the State of Israel's situation, will lead to death, as occurs with mountain climbing," said Aumann. "If a mountain climber is caught on the side of a mountain and it starts to snow, if he falls asleep, he will die. He must remain alert." Aumann, who lost his son Shlomo in the first Lebanon war, accused Israelis of being overly sensitive to casualties of war. "We are too sensitive to our losses, and also to the losses of the other side," he said. "In the Yom Kippur War, 3,000 soldiers were killed. It sounds terrible, but that's small change." In addition, said Aumann, last summer's disengagement from the Gaza Strip was a "tactical and ethical mistake" that gave the Palestinians the wrong message and was another factor leading to this summer's Lebanon war. "Looking at the other side is an important element of game theory," he said. "The Arabs' understanding in the wake of the expulsion was that they had succeeded, and that they have to continue on the same path. The expulsion, therefore, brought about the launching of Qassams on Israel and the abduction of the soldiers. The expulsion transmitted the message that we can be moved even from Tel Aviv, and not just from Gush Katif." "Last summer we set back peace and understanding with our neighbors by at least 10 years," said Aumann. "After the expulsion, no words will convince them that we intend to stay here forever."

2007: In Washington D.C., Nextbook Presents: Shalom Auslander, Foreskin's Lament: A Memoir, as part of the Hyman S. and Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

2007: The Nobel Prize in economics was awarded to three Americans Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin, a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., and Roger B. Myerson, a professor at the University of Chicago.

2007: Time magazine reviewed Foreskin’s Lament by Sahlom Auslander.  “Behind the worst title of the year lurks one its best memoirs.…”

2008(16th of Tishrei, 5769): Second Day Sukkoth 

2008: An “article in today’s Washington Postanalyzing the origins of the economic crisis claims that AlanGreenspan vehemently opposed any regulation of derivatives, and actively sought to undermine the office of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission when the Commission sought to initiate regulation of derivatives.

2008: In “Seeking Have on Earth” Mike Boehm previews the performance of The Disappearance by Ilan Stavans.

2008: Today, GMAC, of which Bernard Madoff’s buddy J. Ezra Merkin served as Non-Executive Chairman, “had $173 billion of debt against $140 billion of income-producing assets (loans and leases), some which are almost worthless, in addition to GMAC Bank’s $17 billion in deposits (a liability) which meant that even if GMAC liquidated the loans and leases, it couldn’t pay back all of its debt.”

2009(27th of Tishrei, 5770): Seventy-nine year old toy collector Donald Kaufman passed away.

(As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

2009: The Counter-Terrorism Bureau at the National Security council issued a new, more sever warning today against traveling in India.  The warning comes a month before the anniversary of the November, 2008 Mumbai attacks which an attack on the Chabad House.

2009: The Library of Congress hosts a discussion of the illustrated volume "Herblock: The Life and Works of the Great Political Cartoonist," published to mark the 100th anniversary of the birth of syndicated cartoonist Herbert Block, with its editors Haynes Johnson, the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, and Harry Katz, curator of the Herb Block Foundation Collection and the editor of "Cartoon America: Comic Art at the Library of Congress. The retrospective, published in cooperation with the Library of Congress, coincides with the library's new exhibition, "Herblock!,"

2009: Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett’s “The Diary of Anne Frank” is performed at Kimmel Theatre on the campus of Cornell College in Mt. Vernon Iowa. The production is based on Wendy Kesselman’s acclaimed new adaptation of the play that makes thoughtful use of recently recovered segments of Anne’s diary to deepen our understanding both of the cultural context of the events and to present a much more complex (and less sentimental) Anne.

2009: Israeli poet Efrat Mishor reads at The Mill in Iowa City, IA.

2010: Holocaust historian leads a noon time discussion at the University of Iowa Hillel in Iowa City.

2010: Mort Fertell is scheduled to speak at the Friday night dinner following the MesorahDC traditional Shabbat service at the Historic Sixth & I Synagogue in Washington, DC.

2010: A major Berlin museum is launching an exhibition that seeks to explore how Adolf Hitler won and held mass support among Germans for his destructive regime."Hitler and the Germans — Nation and Crime," which opens today at the German Historical Museum, juxtaposes the Nazis' propaganda images and artifacts such as 1930s Hitler busts with footage and documentation on the regime's brutality and Germans' involvement in it.

2010: It took seven years to write and just a few days to sew together, but today the first Torah scroll written entirely by a group of women was attached to its wooden poles and declared complete. The ceremony was held at Seattle’s Kadima Reconstructionist Community, which sponsored the project.

2010: Tomer Chelouche reviewed <u>The Arab Jew From Algeria</u> by Joanna Paraszczuk

2011(17th of Tishrei, 5772): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2011(17th of Tishrei, 5772): Batsheva Esther Kanievsky, the wife of Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky, oldest daughter of Rabbi Yosef Shalom Eliashiv and granddaughter of Rabbi Aryeh Levin, passed away today.

2011(17th of Tishrei, 5772): Seventy-nine year old super-agent Sue Mengers passed away today (As reported by Michael Cieply)

2011: The Season’s Opening Concert, featuring the “Four Seasons” 1s scheduled to take place at the Eden Tamir Music Center. What better way to celebrate the joys of Sukkoth than to listen to Vivaldi in Jerusalem!?

2011: Israeli gymnast Alexander Shatilov won a bronze medal at the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships in Tokyo this morning, securing a place at the London Olympics in 2012. Shatilov, Israel's leading male gymnast, tied third in floor exercise to Diego Hypolito of Brazil, with a score of 15.466. Japan's Kohei Uchimura, who on Friday night became the first man in history to win three all-around titles, took the floor exercises title with 15.633 points. This was his second gold medal in about 18 hours. Zou Kai, the Beijing Olympic and 2009 world floor champion, won the silver medal with 15.500 points. Shatilov, who won Israel's first-ever World Championship medal in 2009, will be Israel's great Olympic hope, when he sets out for London in 2012.

2011: Hundreds of Israelis gathered in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Kiryat Shmona today, in solidarity with economic demonstrations being held around the world..

2011: The Justice Ministry this evening gave President Shimon Peres' office the list of Palestinian prisoners expected to be pardoned and released as part of the Gilad Shalit exchange deal, with the recommendation of Justice Minister Yaakov Neeman.

2012: The ARZA Board and Leadership Council Annual Meeting is scheduled to come to an end.

2012: As Hadassah members gather to celebrate its 100th anniversary the Keepers of the Gate Reception is scheduled to take place in Jerusalem

2012: The YIVO institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present  a lecture by Victoria Sake Woeste entitled  ” Henry Ford's War on Jews and the Legal Battle against Hate Speech.”

2012: Alvin E. Roth was awakened at the three o’clock this morning by a phone call that told him he was a co-winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science.

2012: Defense Minister Ehud Barak said today that he is currently refraining from drafting into the IDF yeshiva students, who have until now been receiving military service deferrals, until after elections, despite the current lack of any legal framework for them to avoid national service following the expiration of the Tal Law in August.

2013: As part of the Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival, Judy Blume is scheduled to participate in a discussion of Tiger Eyes, the first of her books to be turned into a movie.

2013: A dynamic ensemble comprising strings, winds, harp and piano which is part of the Israeli Chamber Project is scheduled to perform at the Merkin Concert Hall

2013: Glenn Greenwald announced and The Guardian confirmed that he was leaving to pursue a "once-in-a-career dream journalistic opportunity that no journalist could possibly decline.”

2013: Members of the Netzah Yehuda, (Nahal Hareidi) Brigade captured Arab terrorists who had infiltrated the community of Eina.  Troops have been extra vigiliant since the shooting of 9 year old Noam Glick and and the murder of retired IDF Colonel Seraya Opher – events that have taken place within the last ten days.

2013: Bob Filner, the former Mayor of San Diego who was forced to resign because of his outrageous sexual antics pleaded guilty today “to a felony and two misdemeanors for unwanted physical contact with three women at public events.”

2014(21stof Tishrei, 5775): Hoshana Rabbah

2014: “Fury” a WW II epic co-starring Shia LaBeouf, Jon Bernthal and Jason Isaacs was shown for the first time at the Newseum.

2014: The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to present a lecture by Yvette Walczak, “a Polish child survivor who will speak about her experiences growing up in Poland, the Soviet invasion and later her escape with reference to her autobiography <u>‘Let Her Go!’,</u>

2014: “The Kehilla Residential Programme will hold its fourth annual “Sukkahville” international design competition at Nathan Phillips Square in downtown Toronto today to draw attention to the issue of affordable housing in the Toronto area.”

2014: “Bitain’s official Jewish leadership condemned Sir Alan Duncan MP, a former vice chairman of the governing Conservative Party for recent comments in which it said he “likened those expressing any support for settlements to anti-Semites, sexists and homophobes.”

2014: “Thousands of Jews were undeterred by the early pre-dawn hour and cold today as they made their way through the Old City of Jerusalem to the Kotel (Western Wall), for vatikin prayers at dawn on the seventh and final day of Sukkot, Hoshana Raba.”

2015: In Alexandria, VA, Congregation Agudas Achim is scheduled to host a screening of “Above and Beyond” the story how a gusty group of American volunteers helped to found the IAF and provide the IDF with air-cover in the War for Independence.

2015: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host a presentation by Former Treasury Secretary and Harvard University President Lawrence Summers on Academic Freedom and Anti-Semitism.

2015:Hundreds of Palestinians entered the Joseph's Tomb compound in the West Bank town of Nablus late today and set it on fire, severely damaging the Jewish holy site in what Israel called a "despicable" act.

2015: Historian Simon Michael Schama appeared on the British “debate program Question Time.”

2015: “Transforms, a five-part event on fashion, design and art is scheduled to open at the Jaffa Port.”

2015: The Jerusalem Music Center is scheduled to present a Tribute Concert honoring Marcel Goldmann.

2015: As part of B'nai B'rith UK's European Jewish Heritage Days, the Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to host a screening of “David/Daoud.”

2015: In New Orleans, a week-long screening of “Rosenwald” is scheduled to come to an end today.

<u>2016(13th of Tishrei, 5777): Parashat Ha’azinu</u>

<u>2016: In Cedar Rapids, IA seventh grader Leah Dillon is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bat Mitzvah.</u>

<u>2016: In Jerusalem, the Eden Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host its “Season’s Opening Concert”</u>

<u>2016: As part of the “Bridge to Beethoven” program, pianist Shai Wosner, is scheduled to perform at Washington Irving High School.</u>

<u>2016: The West End Synagogue is scheduled to host “a musical celebration of Shabbat” for children featuring Cantor Ayelet Piatigorsky, Rabbi Nadia Gold and a revolving crew of Jewish educators and musicians</u>

<u>2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jews and/or of special interest to Jewish readers includingGrant, a biography about the great Civil War general by Ron Chernow and the recently released paperback edition of ADHA Nation:</u> <u>Children, Doctors, Big Pharma, and the Making of an American Epidemic by Alan Schwarz</u>

2017: Agudas Achim is scheduled to host a housewarming party for Rabbi Hugenholtz is has just completed here first holiday season of services in Iowa and her family.

2017: Miriam Fishkin whose family was deported to Siberia by the Soviet Secret Police during WW II is scheduled to describe her childhood ordeal at the Breman Museum in Atlanta.

2017: The Holocaust Museum and Education Center is schedule to commemorate the 76th anniversary of the Babiy Yar Massacre, with a program featuring music by Fifth House Ensemble, and readings and signings by Survivors featured in Never Heard Never Forget, a new, joint publication of Holocaust Community Services, Illinois Holocaust Museum, and Reklama Media Group.

2017:In the 59th Leo Baeck Memorial Lecture New York Times columnist Roger Cohen is scheduled to discuss “German-Jewish History in the 21st Century.”

2018: In Jerusalem, the Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled the “Concert Lecture Series – Musiversity” featuring pianists Ariel Halevy and Dr. Dror Semmel.

2018: As part of the 25th anniversary celebrations, The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s “community in Chicago is scheduled to host a luncheon featuring an address by “Benjamin Ferencz, Nurember prosecutor” while honoring “Peter Hayes and Father John Pawlikowski with the National Leadership Award for their commitment to Holocaust memory and education.”

2018: The Jewish Federation of Greater Des Moines, IA, is scheduled to host “an evening with Ambassador Daniel Shapiro” who “was named Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Tel  Aviv University’s Institute of National Security Studies in March of 2017.”

2018: The Jewish Book Council is scheduled to host “a discussion between Margalit Fox, author and former NY Timesobituary writer and Ruth Franklin. (Editor’s note – this is must-attend event!  Fox’s obits are literary gems and are truly the “first draft of history.”  On top of this, she is a very patient, kind person who takes the time to answer a reader’s question.)




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This Day, October 14, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

12:26 AM Sunday, October 14, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


680: Wamba, the Visigoth King of Hispania, abdicated.  During his reign, he issued an order expelling the Jews from Spain.  This was part of an on-going policy of abuse, mistreatment and humiliation the Jews suffered under the Catholic Visigoth monarchs.

996: Beginning of the reign of the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim who ordered Christians to put on half-meter wooden crosses and Jews to wear wooden calves around their necks

1066: William and his Norman army were victorious at the Battle of Hastings.  The Jewish community in England dates from the Norman conquest of the British Isles. William brought a group of Jews from Rouen, part of his holdings in Normandy.  That decision probably did not sit well with the Pope.  William probably wanted the Jews to settle in England because of their commercial skills.  The Jews were limited in their activities.  For example, William conformed to the Pope’s decree that Jews were not allowed to keep Christian bondsman or to use Christians as nurses.

1165 (4th Marcheshvan): Maimonides and his family arrive in Jerusalem. When the Almohades, a group of Muslim fundamentalists, conquered Cordoba and threatened the Jewish community, Maimonides’ father decided it was time to leave Spain. The family settled for a while in Fez, Morocco where the Rambam wrote his commentary on the Mishnah and then moved on to Eretz Israel where they lived for a short period before finally settling in Egypt.

1270 (4 Cheshvan 5031): Moses Ben Nachman - known as Nachmanides or as the Ramban, passed away. Born in 1194, Gerona, Spain, Nachmanides was trained as a doctor and served King James of Aragon as court physician.  At the same time the Jews of Spain viewed him as their spiritual leader due to his prowess as a Talmudic scholar and sage The turning point came in his life came when he was forced by the King to defend Judaism in a debate with Pablo Christiani, a heretic Jew, in Aragon 1263.  Nachmanides was so successful that the debate was called off after four days without the usual claim of Christian victory.  Nachmanides was so bold that at one point, in discussing the concept of Jesus as the “peace of prince” that he declared, “from the time of Jesus until the present the world has been filled with violence and injustice and the Christians have shed more blood than all other peoples.:  To make a long story short, the Dominicans forced Nachmanides to flee.  He moved to Eretz Israel where he first settled in Jerusalem in 1267.  After working to refurbish the community there, he moved to Acre where he worked on his extensive Torah commentaries until his death in 1270. Nachmanides was one in long series of great Sephardic teachers, many of whom combined a secular career as physician with the role as scholars and sages.  Some people confuse the Ramban (Nachmanides) with the Rambam (Maimonides).

1494: Based on an edict issued by Grand Duke Alexander Jagellon, “it appears that the customs duties of Brest and its districts were farmed by Jews of Brest and Lutzk.”

1617: “On the death in infancy of his elder brother Henry Willoughby, 4th Lord Willoughby of Parham, Francis Willoughby, under whose leadership a group of Sephardic Jews migrated to Suriname in 1652 and “settled in the Jodensavanne area” succeeded to the title and became the 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham

1633: Birthdate of King James II of England and VII of Scotland.  James reigned during a period when the Jews were trying to gain re-admittance to England, a cause to which he showed some partiality. He ordered his Attorney General not to take any action against the Jews and see to it that they be allowed to practice their religion freely as long as they obeyed the laws of the realm.

1644: Birthdate of William Penn founder of Pennsylvania.  The Quaker leader founded a colony that adopted the Great Law, a humanitarian code which became the fundamental basis of Pennsylvania law and which guaranteed liberty of conscience.  This liberal fundamental law made Pennsylvania an early home to many non-conformists including Jewish settlers.

1663: An entry in the diary of Samuel Pepys describes his visit to a synagogue on Simchat Torah. “…after dinner my wife and I, by Mr. Rawlinson's conduct, to the Jewish Synagogue: where the men and boys in their vayles, and the women behind a lattice out of sight; and some things stand up, which I believe is their Law, in a press to which all coming in do bow; and at the putting on their vayles do say something, to which others that hear him do cry Amen, and the party do kiss his vayle. Their service all in a singing way, and in Hebrew. And anon their Laws that they take out of the press are carried by several men, four or five several burthens in all, and they do relieve one another; and whether it is that everyone desires to have the carrying of it, I cannot tell, thus they carried it round about the room while such a service is singing. And in the end they had a prayer for the King, which they pronounced his name in Portugall; but the prayer, like the rest, in Hebrew. But, Lord! to see the disorder, laughing, sporting, and no attention, but confusion in all their service, more like brutes than people knowing the true God, would make a man forswear ever seeing them more and indeed I never did see so much, or could have imagined there had been any religion in the whole world so absurdly performed as this.” (Editor’s note: I have not been able to find any explanation for the visit.)

1700: After leaving Moravia in 1697 with a group of his followers Judah he-Hasid Segal ha-Levi arrived in Jerusalem today where his 500 to 1000 followers may have more than double the city’s Jewish population.

1740(23rd of Tishrei, 5501): Forty-six year old Grace Mears, the native of Spanishtown, Jamaica and the husband of Moses Raphael Levy passed today in New York City

1753(916th of Tishrei, 5514): Second Day of Sukkoth

1759(23rd of Tishrei, 5520): Simchat Torah

1778(23rd of Tishrei, 5539): Simchat Torah

1780(15th of Tishrei, 5541): Sukkoth

1789: A deputation of six “German Jews from Lorraine” including Berr Isaac Err of Turique, a French financer and member of the city council of Nancy, appeared before the Assembly in Paris to defend the granting of citizenship to Jews of Lorraine.

1792: Birthdate of August Lewald, the Konigsberg native who in 1835 founded the periodical Europa which published the first novel written by his cousin Fanny Lewald.

1799(15th of Tishrei, 5560): Sukkoth

1808(23rd of Tishrei, 5569): Simchat Torah

1808: The Republic of Ragusa including its major city of Dubrovnik, is annexed by France. “The Old Synagogue in Dubrovnik, is the oldest Sephardic synagogue still in use today in the world and the second oldest synagogue in Europe. It is said to have been established in 1352, but gained legal status in the city in 1408.” Jewish merchants living in Ragusa must have been successful since Christian merchants moved to have them expelled during the 16th century.

There are records of Jewish merchants and physicians living in Ragusa as far back as the 16th century. The annexation by the French marked the first time that the Jews of the region enjoyed the rights of full citizenship.  The victory was short lived since when the French were defeated the Austrians took back what the French had given.

1812: Israel Isaacs married Rachel Andrade at the Great Synagogue today.

1814: Birthdate of Solomon Klein, the native of Bishcheim, who served as the “grand rabbi at Comare from 1850 to 1867.

1824(22nd of Tishrei, 5585): Shmini Atzeret

1829: Birthdate of Eduard Lasker, the German Jewish political leader who supported the unification that led to the creation of the modern German state.

1837(15th of Tishrei, 5598): Sukkoth observed for the first time during the Presidency of Martin Van Buren.

1838: In Bendin, Poland, Dobrish Erlich and Rabbi Zev Nachum Bornsztain  gave birth to their first child Avrohom Bornsztain, founder and first Rebbe of the Sochatchover Hasidic dynasty” who was “known as the Avnei Nezer ("Stones of the Crown") after the title of his posthumously-published set of Torah responsa, which is widely acknowledged as a halakhic classic” and whose “only son, Shmuel, author of Shem Mishmuel, succeeded him as Rebbe.”

1843: The Synagogue of Beracha Veshalom Vegmiluth Hasidim (Congregation of Blessing, Peace and Loving Deeds) in St. Thomas holds the first confirmation ceremony for Jewish youth ever in the Western Hemisphere. The St. Thomas synagogue has held a weekly service since it first opened its doors in 1833; reportedly, it's the oldest synagogue in continuous use under the American flag and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. Acclaimed Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro was a member.

1835(21st of Tishrei, 5596): Hoshanah Rabah

1853: During their Friday meeting, the Assistant Board of Alderman voted to accept an invitation from the Directors of the Jews Hospital to attend the cornerstone laying ceremony scheduled to take place on Thanksgiving Day.

1857: Henry Lewis Cohen married Priscilla Joseph at the Great Synagogue today.

1859: Birthdate of producer and author Alfred Bock, the son of a cigar manufacturer from Gieseen and the father of author Wener Bock.

1867(15th of Tishrei, 5628): Sukkoth

1869: In Amsterdam, Karel Abraham Wertheim, the son of Johannes Wertheim and Maria Rosenik and his wife Henriette van Heukelom gave birth to Charlotte Maria Werthiem

1869(9th of Cheshvan, 5630): Solomon Daniel Ghosalker a member of “the 25th regiment of the Bombay native light infantry” who “served in the Scinde campaign in 1843-45, the Indian mutiny, and the Abyssinian expedition of 1867-68” and “rose to the highest regimental rank, that of sirdar bahadur” while being honored with a first-class star of the Order of British India passed away today.

1869: Three days after he “was murdered,” Louis Kyezor was buried at the “Bancroft Road (Maiden Lane) Jewish Cemetery today.

1869: Birthdate of Sir Joseph Duveen, the London native who became one of the most influential art dealers of his time.

1871: During his sermon today, Rabbi J.J. Lyons called upon the members of the West 19th Street Portuguese Synagogue to contribute to aid the people of Chicago who are suffering from the effect of a great fire that consumed much of the city. Since money cannot be handled on Shabbat, a special meeting will be held tomorrow to deal with this.

1871: In Trieste, Italy Michele Levi and Emma Perguia gave birth to Professor Giusepp Levi “a pioneer of in vitro studies of cultured cells.”

1871: In Vienna, Alexander Von Zemlinsky, a Catholic and his wife who converted to Sephardic Judaism gave birth to composer and conductor Alexander von Zemlinsky

1873(23rd of Tishrei, 5634): Simchat Torah

1875(15th of Tishrei, 5636): Sukkoth

1879: In the on-going battle to have the Romanian government honor its promise to grant full rights to the Jews, it was reported today that 58 deputies in Bucharest are opposed to the government’s bill granting emancipation to the Jews.  This has increased fears that the bill will not get the two-thirds majority required for passage.

1881: John W. Carroll, the actor whose fame rested in part for his portray of Fagin, the Jew in ‘Oliver Twist,’” passed away today in New York City at the age of 44.

1881:”Russian Hebrew Exiles” published today described the activities of the committee formed in New York designed to help the newly arrived Jewish immigrants from the Czar’s anti-Semitic empire. The most recent group of arrivals number 120 and plans have already been to send 70 of them to “various sections of the country” since there is no way to find all of them employment in New York.  Committees have been formed in Houston, New Orleans, Louisville, St. Louis and Wilmington, NC to help with the re-settlement plans. (This marked the first year of what prove to be a tidal wave of immigration that would last until World War I.  These well-intentioned plans would soon be overwhelmed by the unprecedented number of immigrants)

1881: “An assignment for the benefit of creditors by Hirsch Levy to Isidore Hirsch with $600 preferences was filed in the County Clerk’s office” today.

1882: It was reported today that “Mordecai Lyons,” a new play Edward Harrigan that features an array of Jewish characters is scheduled to open at the Theatre Comique next week.

1882: It was reported today “there is a singular set of lunatics in England who are devoting all their energies to the rather hopeless tasks of proving that the so-called Anglo-Saxon race is not Anglo-Saxon but Jewish.  They believe that all Englishman belong to the tribe of Manasseh and all Americans to the tribe of Ephraim and that the Irish belong to the rest of the long-lost ten tribes.”

1882: Birthdate of Eamon De Valera, Irish prime minister and president.  As Prime Minister during the 1930’s De Valera modified the Irish Constitution so that it gave recognition to many non-Catholic religious groups including the Jewish community. “The behavior of de Valera's government towards Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust is also controversial. Ireland's Justice Minister Michael McDowell later described the Irish government's treatment of Jewish refugees as ‘antipathetic, hostile and unfeeling’. Dr Mervyn O'Driscoll of University College Cork reported on the unofficial and official barriers that prevented Jews from finding refuge in Ireland: ‘Although overt anti-Semitism was untypical, the Irish were indifferent to the Nazi persecution of the Jews and those fleeing the third Reich’. However, this attitude towards Jewish refugees differed little from other Western Governments - as exemplified by the abject failure of the Evian Conference-who were unwilling to admit Jews fleeing Nazism.”

1882: There was a “serious disturbance” among the Russian Jewish immigrants on Ward’s Island, the New York entry point for those arriving from Europe.

1884: “Funeral of Rabbi Huebsch” published today described the procession for Rabbi Huebsch which began at his home on Lexington Avenue, then moved to Ahavath Chesed, before finishing on Long Island where he was interred at Linden Hill Cemetery.

1886(15th of Tishrei, 5647): Sukkoth

1866: A column styled “Law Reports: Business in the Surrogates Courts" published today reported that will  of the late Solomon D. Moses is among those that have been admitted for probate during this past week. Under the terms of Mr. Solomon's will payments of two hundred dollars are to be made to the Jews Hospital of New York and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum

1888: “Some Glances Backward” published today provided a retrospective on the fight in California to halt Chinese immigration and to ban them from living here including a speech by A.A. Haight the Democratic Governor of California in which he said that the “same argument” made “today in this country against the Chinese were used two centuries ago against the industrious Jews of Europe…. But it did not take” these bigots “a hundred years before they found out their mistake because the Jews too industry along with them and enriched the new countries in which they settled.  It will work with the same with the Chinese. If our laws permit us to drive them from the State.”

1888: “Old World News by Cable” published today described events surrounding the recent death of J.M. Levy whom many mistakenly thought was the founder of the Daily Telegraph. Actually Joseph Moses Levy bought it from the founder in 1855 three months after its opening for $4,000.  “He and his son” then “made it one of the half dozen great newspaper properties of the world.  “A very good man, charitable, just and simple manners and tastes, as was the last professing Jew of his fmily, all of whom now bear the name Lawson.”

1888: “Jews Leaving Russia” published today relied on dispatches from the London Daily News to describe the exodus of nearly 2,500 Jews from Odessa (Russia) during the law three months.  The Jews are leaving because of the Expulsion Law enacted last Spring.  The number of Jews leaving is being swollen by those who are taking advantage of the recent relaxation in the conscription laws which were designed to have just that effect.  Most of them are going to America or England but lack the capital to open business on their own.

1889: Birthdate of cardiologist Aaron Ephraim Parsonnet, the native of Balta Russia and U.S. resident since 1903 who graduated from Loyola Medical School in 1913 and eventually became the Medical Director for the Daughters of Israel Home for Aged in Newark, NJ, http://www.libraries.rutgers.edu/history_of_medicine/manuscripts/parsonnet

1890:  Birthdate of General of the Army and U.S. President Dwight David Eisenhower. In a recently published history about three World War II generals entitled <u>15 Stars</u>, Stanley Weintraub described a hither-to little known story about Ike and the Jewish people.  While serving in the Philippines in 1938 as a Lt. Colonel, “Eisenhower got to know some of the 1,200 emigres who had fled Hitler who could find no sanctuaries in the uncaring West, including his own country.” At this time “he was made a surprising and hugely remunerative offer.  Almost certainly it came from Alex Frieder, one of three brothers from Cincinnati who had opened a cigar factory in Manila, and who played bridge and poker with…Ike.  ‘I was asked to take a job seeking in China, Southeast Asia…and every country where they might be acceptable, a haven for Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany.  The proposed pay would be $60,000 a year with expenses…Te offer was, of course, appealing for several reasons.  But…I had become so committed to my profession that I declined.’” Given other facts of Ike’s life during this period and the revulsion he demonstrated when Allied troops liberated the Concentration Camps, no one should think Ike’s decision was tainted by antipathy toward Jews and that it was made for the reasons he stated. Given the political environment of the 1950’s as a Republican President, Ike was only going to have a limited amount of popularity among Jewish voters.  To his credit, he became the first President to participate in national television show sponsored by a Jewish organization.  In this case it was a program celebrating the 300th anniversary of the American Jewish Community. For many Jews living during the 1950’s Ike was the American President who sided with the Arabs against Israel.  During the Suez Crisis of 1956, the Eisenhower administration threatened Israel with economic ruin if it did not withdraw from the Sinai. This policy had four effects.  It left Gaza as a place from which terrorist could attack Israel.  It gave Nasser a new lease on life thus setting the stage for another decade of un-rest in the Middle East that reached its next crescendo in the Six Day War. During the crisis, the Americans actually sided with the Soviets who threatened the French and the British with nuclear attack if they did not remove their forces from Suez.  From the French point of view, the Americans had shown that the nuclear umbrella did not protect France when she did not agree with the United States, so the French started to build their own independent nuclear force.  This is one of those times where Jewish history is world history and world history is Jewish history.  As is so often the question, where does one begin and the other end?

1890: Chaie X. Hishovitz signed a release in the presence of Mortiz Tolk that stated in consideration of a payment of $8.00 she release Kopel Harris from their marriage, promises not to bring any further legal action against and gives him permission to marry any other person he may so desire.

1891: “The Indictment of Russia” published today speaks approvingly of Harold Fredric’s use of “cold, rigid, facts to present the date relating to the” harsh treatment of the Jews in Russia which some have “transformed into an indictment against the victims” to justify the acts of the Czar’s government.

1891: “The Local Tickets” published today analyzed the Republican and Tammany Candidates in the upcoming New York City elections including  Ferdinand Levy one of the Tammany candidates for Coroner and Meyer S. Isaacs

1892(23rd of Tishrei, 5653): Simchat Torah

1893: Because it is Shabbat, there will be a pause during the day in the festivities marking the Golden Anniversary of the B’Nai B’rith.

1893: This evening in New York five hundred people are scheduled to attend a banquet celebrating the Golden Anniversary of B’Nai B’rith where the guests of honor will include President Cleveland, Governor Flower and Mayor Gilroy.

1894(14th of Tishrei, 5655): Erev Sukkoth

1894: In Braddock, PA, founding of Congregation Agudath Achim which holds services at 7 pm on Friday and 8 am Saturday and owns a cemetery west of Braddoc,

1894: Officer Grier of the MacDougal Street Station arrested 15 year old John Shevlin after he saw him and a group of boys “chasing two old Hebrew men” whose beards they pulled and then kicked after throwing them to the ground.

1894: Marquis du Paty de Clam, a French General Staff officer is designated as Officer of Judiciary Police a position from which he masterminds enquiry against Dreyfus and invents the scenario of his hostile interrogation and handwriting test. His son will be appointed head of Jewish Bureau under Vichy government.

1896: Birthdate of William Shemin, the native of Bayonne, NJ who “was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for bravery in action in Vesle River, near Bazoches, France.”

1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC won its second straight game of the season to go 2 and 0.

1897: In New York City, Felix Mortiz Warburg and Frieda Schiff Warburg gave birth to Frederick Marcus Warburg

1897: One day after he had passed away, 52 year old Aaron Cohen was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”

1898: Jacob C. Rosenbluth, who had served as assistant surgeon aboard the USS Massachusetts during the Spanish-American War made “Passed Assistant Surgeon” today.

1903(23rd of Tishrei, 5664): Simchat Torah

1903: “Dr. Marcus Jastrow” published today reported that among the survivors of the recently deceased rabbi were his two sons, “Morris Jastrow, the widely-known philologist and Joseph Jastrow, the well-known psychologist.”

1906: Today Dr. Bruno Alfred Döblin, the author of the novel Berlin Alexanderplats, “took up a position at the Berlin psychiatric clinic in Buch where he worked as an assistant doctor for nearly two years.

1906: Birthdate of anti-Nazi German historianPrince Hubertus zu Loewenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg, co-founder along with Otto Katz of Hollywood Anti-Nazi League which was unique in that it one of the first organization that at least, superficially, was not tied to the Jews

1906: Birthdate of author and commentator Hannah Arendt.  Many know her for her writings about the Nazis and the originator of the term “the banality of evil.” Living amidst the political turmoil of Europe greatly shaped Arendt's studies and interests. Initially a philosophy and theology student, Arendt shifted her focus to the rising anti-Semitism permeating the German polity in the 1930s. In addition to her writing, Arendt became involved in the German Zionist Organization in 1933 and worked to bring Nazi atrocities to global attention. Arendt was arrested for investigating anti-Semitic propaganda, but befriended a Berlin jailer who enabled her escape. Fleeing to Paris, Arendt worked with Youth Aliyah to help rescue Jewish children from the Third Reich by bringing them to Palestine. While in Paris, Arendt met her second husband and both were sent to internment camps in southern France. In 1941, both were able to reach America and reunite with Arendt's mother. In America, Arendt published numerous articles in Jewish studies journals, and was in charge of Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, a program created by historian Salo W. Baron to recover and restore lost and damaged Jewish archives and cultural markers. The publication of her book The Origins of Totalitarianismin 1951, made Arendt an intellectual celebrity as America, searching for answers to the horrors of World War II, careened into the Cold War. The Origins of Totalitarianism sought to explain the rise and appeal of both Hitler and Stalin. Arendt went on to publish several other books including her most controversial work, <u>Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil </u>in 1963.Arendt taught at the University of Chicago and Wesleyan and was the first female full professor at Princeton. She continued to lecture and teach until her death in 1975.

1910: A Jew, David Effendi Molcho, First Interpreter of Imperial Divan of the Ottoman Empire is appointed member of the Senate. On this same day, Samuel Effendi of Salonica is appointed Chief of Police for the coast districts of Constantinople.

1910: Der unsterbliche Lumpg(The Immortal Blight), an operetta composed by Edmund Eysler “was performed for the first time” today” with great success at the Vienna Bürgertheater

1911: Dr. Alfred Döblin and his girlfriend Friede Kunke gave birth to their son Bodo.

1911: The New York Sun received a cablegram that read: “Fifteen thousand Turkish troops sent to Palestine” during the Turco-Italian War.

1911(22nd of Tishrei, 5672): Shabbat and Shmini Atzeret

1911(22nd of Tishrei, 5672): Holiday services, including Yizkor, began at 9:30 a.m. at the South Side Hebrew Congregation on Indiana Avenue.

1911: In an editorial published in the Outlook, former President Theodore Roosevelt proposed submitting the Treaty of 1832 which was an anathema to Jews to the Hague Tribunal for interpretation

1911: “As a result of the” Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire which claimed so many Jewish lives, “the American Society of Safety Engineers was founded in New York City” today.

1912: Constantin C. Arion, who as the Rumanian Minister of Foreign Affairs would say that his “Government would grant rights to the Jews in accordance with the peace treat” and that the Government “would completely abolish Article 7 of the Rumanian Constitution” which states that “Jews in Rumania are aliens and that naturalization is only possible for them individually” completed his service as Minister of Administration and Interior of Romania.

1912: It was reported that a veritable “who’s who” of American Jewry including Judge Julian W. Make, Justice Samuel Greenbaum, Henry Morgenthau, Cyrus Sulzberger, Louis Marshal and Professor Solomon Schechter, attended the lecture at the Astor Hotel delivered by Israel Abrahams.  The British academic is a firm believer in the need to maintain a strong Jewish identity as the Chosen People develop national identities in the various home-countries.

1914: Sir Alfred Knox, the British military attaché described the condition of the Jews on the Eastern front when he wrote today, “It is said that a Jew was caught carrying a German officer in a sack across the bridge at Ivangorod. Both were hung.  (Jewish misery would only increase as can be seen by the 20 Jews who were killed by Coassacks at pogrom in Lemberg during November or the 64 Jews in Warsaw were arrested and detained as alleged members of a conspiracy to raise prices through speculation.  As was all too common their property was confiscated by the authorities) p 393 Max Hastings.

1914: In Manila, Philippines, Leopold Kauffmann Kahn, French born Manila businessman, the “son of Julieta and Moise Wolf Kahn” and Anacoreta Cortes Villarosa gave birth to Raoul Evaristo (Raoul) Villarosa Kahn

1914: “To Aid Jewish Sufferers” published today described the work of Leon Sanders, the President of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Society to form a special committee that will provide assistance to the Jews trapped on the battlefields of eastern Europe whose members include Jacob H. Schiff, Chairman; Louis Marshal, Cyrus L. Sulzberger, Dr. J. L. Magnus, Samuel Dorp, Dr. Cyrus Adler of Philadelphia and Judge J.W. Mack of Chicago.

1914(24th of Tishrei, 5675): In New York, “Hyman Goldfarb, a manufacturer of women’s hats who had to the United States from Russia 30 years ago passed away today “in his 56th year.”

1914: Louis Marshall wrote a letter to Albert Lucas, the secretary of the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War (CRC) expressing his opposition to the formation of the CRC because it undercut the efforts of the American Jewish Committee to organize “a general committee, composed of Jewish national organizations for the purposed of dealing effectively with the tremendous problem which confronts the Jews of American in respect to granting relief to the sufferers from the European War. (Editor’s Note – With all due respect to Louis Marshall, there are those who would say this was really about a conflict between the old established Jewish community and the newcomers many of whom were immigrants or the children of immigrants

1915: The Kingdom of Bulgaria declared war on Serbia today meaning that it was now one of the Central Powers – a decisions that would lead to 211 Jewish soldiers being recorded as fatalities in WW I.

1915: According to the Maccabean, “a large number of Jewish privates as well as officers have been killed and wounded… at the Battle of Loos” – a three week long British offensive that failed to dislodge the Germans -- which ended today.

1915: In New York, at the 86th Street Temple, Rabbi Maurice Harris officiated at the marriage Charlotte Glendyle Harris whose only attendant was Mrs. Ruth Schram-Rosenfeld and Rabbi Goodman Lipkind whose best man was “Dr. Jacques Zipser and whose ushers were Joseph Kann, Abraham Tobias, and Samuel S. Kogan”

1916: “The Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Williamsburg announced its plans for the upcoming season today which will include a Jewish Congress to be held on the fourth Wednesday of the month, monthly dances, lectures, games and athletic exhibitions.

1916: Felix M. Warburg, the Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee announced today that Nathan Straus has donated $50,000 to the “new fund for the relief of the thousands of Jewish sufferers in the war stricken countries of Europe.”

1916: According to the “military critic of the Overseas News Agency” “British and French divisions with a total of more than 1,000,000 men had been virtually annihilated in the Battle of the Somme while the Russians have lost “about 1,000,000 men from June 1 to October 2.”  (These losses, especially on the part of the French and British, help to explain the oft criticized reluctance of these two nations to fight a war 20 years later.)

1917 (28th of Tishrei, 5678): Over 250 people, including students, faculty and alumni attended exercises marking the formal opening of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.  Dr. Cyrus Adler, acting President of the Seminary gave the keynote address in which he urged everyone “to get behind the Government in the successful prosecution of the war.”  Additional addresses were given by two of the most prominent leaders of the Jewish community - Louis Marshall, Chairman of the Board and Professor Louis Ginzberg.

1917: In Vilna, Dr. Arthur Hantke, the president of the Zionist Federation of Germany addressed “a mass meeting of Zionist on the present state of the Jewish national movement

1917: In a sign of the divisions among the leaders of the American Jewish community, the Executive Committee of the American Jewish Congress held a meeting this afternoon in the Metropolitan Building where it was “decided by a vote of 73 to 31 to refrain from calling the Jewish Congress until peace negotiations were actually under way” saying “that nothing should be done to hold back the unification of the country during the war.”

1917: U.S. premiere of “Cleopatra” starring Theda Bara (Theodosia Burr Goodman) in the title role.

 1918:  “An ‘inter-communal’ Jewish congress was organized in Vienna.” As World War I was coming to an end, it became apparent that the Austro-Hungarian or Habsburg Empire would dissolve into a group of small nations based around national constituencies. “Arriving from the principal Habsburg cities, the delegates elected a Jewish National Council and issued a policy statement that was intended as a message to the Allied Powers.  Whatever the empire’s fate, they declared, the Jews expected to be awarded the identical civil and collective recognition, and the identical protection, extended to any other nationality.

1918: Accompanied by another officer, Major Julius O. Adler was supervising the work of clearing the enemy from St. Juvin where they suddenly came upon a party of the enemy numbering 150. Firing on the enemy with his pistol, Major Adler ran toward the party, calling on them to surrender. His bravery and good marksmanship resulted in the capture of 50 Germans, and the remainder fled (For this he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross)

1919(20th of Tishrei, 5680): Sixth Day of Sukkoth

1919: In Virginia, Governor Westmorland Davis urged “citizens, irrespective of race or creed, to contribute liberally” to the Jewish relief campaign beginning today.

1920: The Bazaar and Fair sponsored by the Kane Street Temple in Brooklyn continued for a third day.

1920: “A Munich dispatch today contradicts the recent report from Berlin of the death of Professor Magnus Hirschfeld, the noted German physiologist, who was said to have in a Munich hospital as the result of a beating given by some anti-Semites because he was a Jew” but who in fact “has sufficiently recovered to have left the hospital.”

1920: “Tributes to the philanthropic work of the late Jacob H. Schiff” were read today at “the first meeting of the Business Men’s Council and Women’s Division of the Federation for Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies” which took place at the “5th Avenue home of Adolph Lewisohn.”

1921: “The Black Panther,” a German silent moved staring Eugen Burg was released in Germany today.

1921: Birthdate of Manchester, UK native Joseph “Joe” Hyman.

1921: In Philadelphia, Morris Sokoloff, an immigrant tailor and his wife, “the former Goldie Levy” gave birth to Dr. Louis Sokoloff, “the Pioneer of Pet Scams.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1923: The American Jewish Congress will meet today in New York.  The congress was originally to meet in Boston.  The meeting was moved to accommodate the schedule of Israel Zangwill whose schedule only had an opening for him to meet in New York.

1923:Tonight, at Carnegie Hall Israel Zangwill, Jewish scholar, author and publicist, in an address which he referred to earlier in the day as "the greatest labor of my life" declared that the Jews must forego their political hopes in Palestine "rather than kindle a conflagration which may ravage the whole world."

1923: Today, in Philadelphia, twenty-three year old Norma, NJ, native Helen Rovine married Benjamin Grossman with whom she had three children.

1924: Birthdate of Leipzig native Leo Sachs, the British educated, prize winning Israel “molecular and cancer researcher.

1929(10th of Tishrei, 5690): Jews observe the first Yom Kippur of what would become the Great Depression

1929: “Louis Fleisher, Harry Fleisher, and Henry Shorr, three members of the Purple Gang attended services at Orthodox Congregation B’nai David in Northwest Detroit.” (As reported by Robert Rockaway)

1930: “Girl Crazy” with music by George Gershwin and lyrics by Ira Gershwin opened at the Alvin Theatre.

1932: “The Big Broadcast,” a comedy produced by Benjamin Glazer and featuring George Burns playing himself was released today in the United States.

1933: Germany withdrew from the League of Nations. This was the first of Hitler’s moves to overturn the Treaty of Versailles, which was in turn part of his plan to create his Jew free Third Reich.

1933: Formation of the 6th Airlift Squadron in which author James Salter would serve following WW II.

1935: ' Barbary Coast,' a Thumping Melodrama of the Gold Rush Days -- 'Charlie Chan in Shanghai’ published today provides a positive review of the Ben Hecht written melodrama produced by Samuel Goldwyn.

1936: “For the second time this week the Montreal riot squad was called out” tonight “to disperse mobs of French-Canadian youths were breaking the windows of Jewish businessmen”

1936: Today, “two years after becoming the rabbi of the Jewish community at St. Anne’s where he was also the shochet, Rabbi Leslie Henry Hardman who in 1945 would be the first Jewish chaplain to enter Bergen-Belsen married his wife Josi today.

1936: Sir Oswald Mosely the British fascist leader who supports Hitler and Mussolini addressed “immense crowds from the top of a loud-speaker truck at Bethnal Green and Lime-house without interruption.

1937: The Palestine Post reported from Warsaw that a new Polish Labor Party resolved to oppose totalitarianism, but to stimulate Jewish emigration.

1937: Seventy-two year old  German banker, liberal politician and Vice Chancellor Bernhard Dernburg, the son of Friedrich and Luise Dernberg who had converted to Christianity and husband of Emma Dernberg passed away today in Berlin

1937: The Palestine Post reported that court proceedings were taken in Romania against Jews guilty of having Jewish National Fund blue boxes in their houses.  Yes, the little blue box that we use to this day was part of a criminal activity in Romania.  Anti-Jewish measures like this provide further proof that the Holocaust was possible, in part, because of pre-existing conditions throughout Europe.

1938: The Jewish-Americans living in Palestine of which there are eight to nine thousand made “plans today for a conference” for all of their number who have made investments in Eretz Israel to let the British and American governments know about their opposition to any move to restrict Jewish immigration into Palestine.  The Jewish-Americans intend to use the conference as a way to remind the British that their investments had been predicated on the pledges made in the Balfour Declaration which were incorporated in the League of Nations Mandate that provides the basis for British rule over Palestine.  These investments have totaled more than forty million dollars.

1938: “A Man to Remember,” a dramatic film direct by Garson Kanin was released today by RKO Pictures.

1938: “L'Osservatore Romano, official newspaper of the Vatican, publishes a story accusing the Nazi Party of being behind the attacks on the Vienna palace of Cardinal Theodor Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna.”

1938: Herman Goering, Hitler’s second in command, announced plans for ghettoizing Jews in all big cities.

1939: Led by team captain Sidney “Spike” Alter Penn St. University played and won its second game defeating Leigh University at New Beaver Field.

1939:  Birthdate of Ralph Lauren. Born Ralph Lifschitz in the Bronx, the famous fashion designer began by working with Brooks Brothers before striking out on his and riding his “polo pony” to fame and fortune. 1939: Dr. Ludwig Halberstädter of Tel Aviv, a Professor of Medicine at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem left the United States today aboard the American export liner Excalibur after having attended the International Cancer Congress at Atlantic City, New Jersey. Ludwig Halberstädter obtained his doctorate in 1901 in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland). From 1901 to 1907 he worked at the surgical clinic in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) under Carl Garré (1857-1928) and then dermatology with Albert Neisser (1855-1916) in Breslau. He was habilitated for dermatology and radiation therapy in Berlin in 1922 and in 1926 became "nicht beamtlicher ausserordentlicher Professor". His interest in irradiation resulted in studies on its effects on lower forms of life and on tissues and cells. He became director of the Radiation Department at the Institute for Cancer Research, Berlin-Dahlem and used thorium in an effort to treat cancer. Halberstädter demonstrated sensitivity of the ovary to irradiation in 1904. In 1907 he was a member of the research expedition on syphilis which went to Java under Albert Neisser’s direction. After 1933 he was one of 276 Jewish dermatologists who were able to leave Nazi Germany. He settled in Palestine that year and became director of radiation therapy at the Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem. He brought with him a tiny amount of radium and opened the first radium and X-ray institute in the Middle East. Working together with cytologist Dr. Leonid Doljansky, he was able to provide the first treatment for cancer in the country.

1939: “L'Osservatore Romano, the official Vatican newspaper, insists that Pope Pius XII really is sorry that the Polish people have lost their country and that they are experiencing such horrible things such as persecution and mass murder” but has nothing to say about the fate of the Jews of Poland.

1940: “Charles Lindbergh delivers his second radio address to promote neutrality and urge America not to enter the European war.” (Lindbergh will join forces with America First which believes that the British and the Jews are among those conspiring to get the United States to enter the war.  Lindbergh will cling to his beliefs until he is embarrassed by having a speech scheduled for December 7, 1941.)

1940: "Four months after they had bicycled out of Paris" Margret and Hans Rey arrived in New York, their new home and the new home for Curious George.

1940: The Nazis move non-Jews out of a designated section of Warsaw, Poland, and import Jews to replace them.

1940: “The Reverend William C. Kernan, chairman of the refugee committee of the Episcopal Diocese of Newark, NJ, is scheduled to make the address at the exercises opening the 19th academic year at the Jewish Institute of Religion” which was founded by Rabbi Stephen S. Wise who is the president of the institute and who will welcome the new students.

1941(23rd of Tishrei, 5702): Simchat Torah

1941: Birthdate of Arthur Louis “Art” Shamsky who played major league ball for seven years and managed the Modi'in Miracle of the Israel Baseball League in 2007.

1941: Karl Bishoff approved the plan of the POW camp at Birkenau today

1941: At the intervention of the Union of Jewish Communities in Romania, an order was given today to stop the deportations of Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina, and the Dorohoi district

1942: One thousand Jews living in Piotrkow, Poland are dragged from their homes in the middle of the night. Those too ill or old to move were shot on the spot. This was first of eight straight days of terror resulting in the deportation of 20,000 Jews. All of them were sent to Treblinka to be killed. The Shtetel of Piotrkow had had a Jewish population since at least the start of the fifteenth century.  At the start of World War II, the Jews made up a third of the town’s population.  After the Holocaust there were so few Jews left that they were less than one percent of the population.

1942: 3rd of Cheshvan, 5703): Twenty year old Charles Abelson of Montreal, a Private serving with the Canadian Army Dental Corps, “was presumed to have died” today “according to an official announcement” when the SS Carbou, aboard which he was traveling was torpedoed and sank. (Canadian Jewish Congress records)

1943(15th of Tishrei, 5704): Sukkoth I

1943(15th of Tishrei, 5704): Led by Alexander Pecherski and a few other Jewish members of the Red Army, a revolt broke out in the Sobibordeath camp when a number of SS guards were killed. Prevented from fleeing through the gates, 130 Jews died trying to escape through the mine fields. Thirty found their way to freedom. The remaining 140 were captured and shot. The camp itself was closed immediately. Yes, you did read a description of the same event on October 13.  Apparently different sources disagree on the date of this heroic act.  If there can be such a lack of agreement on the date of so recent an event, we should not be surprised when we have difficulty providing exact dates for ancient events.

                                                     Or, a different version

1943(15th of Tishrei, 5704): Leon Feldhendler and Jewish Soviet officer Aleksandr Pechersky, interned at the Sobibór death camp since September, instigate an inmate revolt and escape, during which 11 German SS guards and two or three Ukrainian SS guards are killed. Two hundred of 600 Jews in the camp are killed by gunfire and exploding mines; among them is 33-year-old Dutch painter Max Van Dam. Of the 300 who escape, only 100 are recaptured; many of the remaining 200 escapees join Soviet partisan forces. Of these, only 50 to 70, including Pechersky, will survive the war.

1943: Sixteen year old Tomasz Toivi Blatt, a native of Isbica, as Jewish shtetl in Poland whose “parents and younger brother had been gassed six months earlier” took part in the revolt at Sobibor today after which he was “shot in the jaw by a Polish farmer” but was able to survive and eventually settled in the United States where as Thomas Blatt he became a successful businessman and <u>wrote From the Ashes of Sobibor: A Story of Survival</u> with Christopher R. Browning and a memoir <u>Sobibor: The Forgotten Revolt — A Survivor’s Report.</u>

1943(15th of Tishrei, 5704): Dr. Saul Tchernichovsky, the physician-poet who translated Macbeth and The Odyssey into Hebrew died today the age of 68 after settling in Eretz Israel ten years ago after fleeing from Nazi Germany.  According to the New York Times, he was born in the Ukraine, practiced medicine in St. Petersburg and Berlin. “In My Dream,” his first Hebrew poem was published in the United States in a magazine called Hagispah (Summit).  “His original verse and translations made him a leading figure in the world of modern Hebrew literature.  The government of Finland decorated him for translating the Finnish national epic, “Kalevala: and during his later years he won the Bialik Prize for his poetry.”  He also served as one of the governors of Hebrew University.  During the First World War, he “served as a Russian Army doctor on the Eastern Front.  He practiced medicine for a year in Palestine during the middle 1920’s before settling in Berlin where he was a successful physician until the Nazis came to power.

1943: Angelo Donati, an Italian banker and diplomat who has risked his to save Jews in southern France found refuge in Switzerland today after evading the Gestapo which had been ordered to arrest him.

1944:  Soviet Troops entered Riga. Only a handful of Jews survived where there were 30,000 just ten years earlier.

1944: ‘Hans Günther Adler, who wrote under pseudonym H. G. Adler” his wife and his mother-in-law arrived at Auschwitz.

1944: In Hungary, the Horthy government promises to release imprisoned Jewish-Palestinian paratroopers.

1944: As he attempts to negotiate for the safety of Hungarian Jews, Dr. Rudolf Kastner “travelled for the second time to St Margathen.”

1945: Birthdate of Alan Blinder a Professor of Economics at Princeton who served as Vice Chairperon of the Federal Reserve System during the Clinton Administration.

1947: The Palestine Supreme Court ruled that “the government must give Gershon Friedmann of Tel Aviv and his wife Erna, legal status because years ago two certificates had been deducted for them from the official immigration court.”  The decision is “a test case that may provide legal status for more than 2000 Jews who migrated to Palestine without proper certificates.”

1948:Brandeis University opened its doors to its first undergraduate class of 120 first-years.

1948: Birthdate of Minnesota native Dr. Norman J. Ornstein, the political scientist affiliated with the American Enterprise Institute who is a friend of liberal Senator Al Franken, the husband of attorney Judith L. Harris and co-author of <u>One Nation After Trump</u>.

1948: During the War for Independence major fighting between Egypt and Israel resumed.  The Egyptians found out that the Israelis would not be any easier to defeat in “round two” of the fighting.

1949: In the U.K. premiere of “Give Us This Day” with a score by Benjamin Frankel.

1949: In Brooklyn, Basil Pollitt, a Protestant and  a lawyer who championed liberal causes, and her mother, Leonora Levine, a Jewish  real estate agent gave birth to poet, essayist and critic Katha Pollit whose works include <u>Reasonable Creatures: Essays on Women and Feminism</u>  a collection of nineteen essays published in 1949.

1950: In New York City, “Two Flags West” starring Jeff Chandler premiered today at the Rivoli Theatre.

1951: Southpaw Morris "Moe" Savransky was traded by the Buffalo Bisons of the International League to Cincinnati of the National League.

1952: Birthdate of Steve Rothman, who was first elected to Congress from the 9thDistrict of New Jersey in 1997.

1952: “Justine Wise Polier” gave a passionate “speech on justice at Christ Church” today.

1952: Having been trader by the Dodgers to the Cincinnati Reds, outfielder Cal Abrams was traded by the Reds to the Pittsburg Pirates, which at that time meant he had gone from the best in the NL to the worst in the NL in one short year.

1953: Unit 101, together with a unit of regular paratroopers, all under the command of Ariel Sharon carried out a reprisal raid on the Arab village of Kibya on the night after an Israeli woman and her two infant children were murdered by Arab terrorists from Jordan.

1956: After winning their season opener, Sid Gillman’s Los Angeles Rams lost their second game of the season as the Detroit Lions prevailed at home.

1958: Foundation stone of the Knesset laid in Jerusalem.  The Knesset is the Israeli parliament.  Knesset is a Hebrew word that means “meeting.”

1959: Alexander "Alex" Bittelman’s planned memoir was condemned by Gus Hall and other leaders of the Communist Party in the United States.  This was part of Bittleman’s shift in views in the wake of the exposure of Stalin’s crimes and the Hungarian uprising in 1956.

1960(23rdof Tishrei, 5721): Simchat Torah

1961: The National tour of Flower Drum Song, the eighth musical by the team of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II which had opened in May of 1960 came to a close today in Cleveland, “a month before the film version of the musical opened.”

1961: Birthdate of fashion designer Isaac Mizrahi

1962: NBC broadcast the first show of the final season The Dinah Shore Chevy Shoe starring Dinah Shore.

1964(8th of Cheshvan, 5725): Sixty-nine year old Nathan Parnes who had been a co-producer at the Second Avenue Theatre with Molly Picon and been the house manager for the Biltmore Theatre passed away today.


1964: The Episcopal Church cleared Jews of the charge of killing Jesus.  The Roman Catholic Church reached a similar conclusion during this period.  While this action was a cause for optimism about the future of relations between Christians and Jews, recent comments and actions by the Episcopal Church concerning the state of Israel have clouded some of this optimism.

1965:  Sandy Koufax hurled his 2nd shutout of the World Series beating Twins 2-0.  Koufax is still regarded by the greatest southpaw and the leading Jewish athlete of his time.

1967(10thof Tirshrei, 5728): Yom Kippur is observed in a united Jerusalem.

1969: On his 28th birthday, Art Shamsky started in Game 3 of the World Series.

1970: “C.C. and Company” a biker movie brought to the silver screen by executive producer Joseph E. Levine was released today in the United States.

1971(25thof Tishrei, 5732): Seventy-two year old Samuel Spewack, the husband and writing partner of Bella Spewack passed away today.

1971: “The Samuel Freeman House” was added to the National Register of Historic Places today.

1971: “Blood from the Mummy's Tomb” starring Valerie Leon was released today in the United Kingdom.

1972:Lo chiameremo Andrea (We’ll Call Him Andrew) produced by Arthur Cohn was released today in Italy.

1973:David Zeit and Eli Tovel ejected from their F-4E Phantom Jet after it was shot down by either a MiG or a SAM.  Both were recovered by Israeli forces.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, Egyptian tanks mount a major attack against Israeli forces.  Their goal is to seize the Mitla and Gidi Passes in the Central Sinai which will then open the road to eastern Sinai Peninsula and the Negev.  Two thousand tanks were involved in the battle.  This is more tanks than were used in any single battle of World War II except for the great battle of Kursk.  In other words, this was one heck of big fight over a very limited front.  At the end of the day, the Israelis held the line.  That evening, despite the opposition of Moshe Dayan, the Chief of Staff of the Israeli Army ordered Israeli forces to prepare to cross the canal on the following night and begin a major assault on the Egyptian bridgeheads.  He correctly believed that the heavy Egyptian losses had weakened the Arab army.  He also had already been convinced that the only way to end the war was to cut the supply line to the Egyptian forces attacking east of the Suez Canal. Despite the battlefield successes of the last forty-eight hours, moral on the homefront was low as the Israeli casualty lists lengthened and the war moved into its second full week.  To make matters even worse, The Soviets continued to rush tons of supplies by sea and air to both Cairo and Damascus. 

1973: In one of the largest tank-to-tank battles ever fought, Israel is estimated to have lost 10 tanks, the Egyptians anywhere from 250 to 300. Iraq and Jordan send troops to the Golan, in response to appeals for assistance from Syria. (As reported by JTA)

1975: The President of the Soviet Union continued his visit to Tunisia which was part of Russia’s attempt to increase in the Middle East which was detrimental to the survival of Israel.

1977: “Equus” the film version of Peter Shaffer’s play directed by Sidney Lumet was released in the United Kingdom today.

1979(23rdof Tishrei, 5740): Simchat Torah

1980: In something that is unique to Israeli government, MK Yitzhak Yitzhaky left Likud and formed “a one man party called One Israel.”

1981(16thof Tishrei, 5742): Second Day of Sukkoth

1981(16thof Tishrei, 5742): David Nations, “the British water skiing champion in 1955 and 1956 who helped to found the British Water Ski Federation in 1955 passed away today.

1982: “A Kind of Alaska” “a one-act play written by Harold Pinter” premiered in the Cottesloe Theatre in London.

1982: In Manhattan, Mary Amanda Dargan and Steven Joel Zietlen, founder of City Lore gave birth to Benjamin Harold "Benh" Zeitlin “the 2012 recipient of Smithsonian magazine's American Ingenuity Award in the Visual Arts category.”

1983: In the Soviet Union refusnik Iosif Begun went on trial for a third time.

1985(29thof Tishrei, 5746): Ninety-six year old Russian born Pinchas Cruso who came to the United States in 1909, served in WW I and was chairman of the Labor Zionist Movement passed away today.

1986: VHS release of “The Cage” which was supposed to have been the first pilot episode of Star Trek, featuring Leonard Nimoy as “Mr. Spock” and Malachi Thorne as “The Keeper.”

1986: Holocaust survivor and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

<u>1988: “Madame Sousatzka” the movie version of the novel of the same name by Bernice Rubens, directed by John Schlesinger was released in the United States today.</u>

1989: Sixty-three year old German historian and war crimes expert Martin Broszat passed away. (As reported by Eric Pace)

1989:The Syrian fighter pilot who defected to Israel in a Soviet jet fighter said today that his flight was ''a very difficult mission'' since he flew at about 800 miles an hour and was only about 100 to 150 feet off the ground. In a meeting with journalists, the pilot, Maj. Mohammed Bassem Adel, said that the monitors on his Soviet-made MIG-23 showed that Israeli air-defense radar tracked him all along the way, and that he was worried because he knew that ''the section I was crossing is spread all over with missiles.'' But the major said he believed that he was not shot down before he landed because ''a country that has confidence in itself cannot be afraid of one single plane and would take the time to evaluate what was going on before taking action.'' Major Adel, whom the Israelis had initially identified as Maj. Adel Bassem, is balding and has a mustache, and he looks far older than his 34 years. The Israeli military allowed journalists to interview him this afternoon at a military base just north of Tel Aviv. He still wore his deep green Syrian flight jumpsuit. Two dozen Israeli military officers sat in the room as he talked. He said he fled Syria, leaving a family and fiancee behind, because ''I wanted to change my life - I wanted to live in a democratic country where people are free to express their views.'' He would not elaborate. He decided to leave three months ago but did not make his ''operational plans'' until Wednesday morning, he said. He was influenced by what he read of Israel and saw on television. ''I was not in contact with anyone here before I came; no one was expecting me,'' he added. ''I've no connection whatsoever with anyone in Israel before now.'' Before leaving, Major Adel said, he told no one what he intended to do. Once he lifted off from his base in Syria, he said he was in the air 20 minutes, and over Israeli airspace only between three and four minutes, before he landed near the town of Megiddo. On Thursday the military opened an investigation to determine how Major Adel flew into Israel in a potentially hostile fighter plan without interference. He appeared to give much of the explanation today. He said all his active electronic systems were off. Without any of his target radars armed - conditions easily monitored from the ground - air defense officers could probably see he had no immediate hostile intent. He said he did not know where he would land. ''I didn't know if there would be a facility I could land at and thought I might have to land on a highway,'' he said. ''I thought I might be intercepted by Israeli planes. But I kept flying, looking for a place to land.'' After he landed, he waited 20 minutes for security officials to arrive, and in that time he told a ground technician at the airfield that police in Syria had beaten him up after he had asked for better housing several months ago. Today, he declined to discuss his life in Syria. He said his treatment here so far has been ''gentle.'' West Bank and Gaza Killings

1990(25th of Tishrei, 5751): Composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein passed away.  During his 72 years, Bernstein drew on a variety of themes from traditional Judaism to Shakespeare and racial conflicts that divided the teenage gangs of New York. There is no way that this blog can do justice to this musical genius and social icon.  The man who gave the world West Side Story was an ardent supporter in its darkest days. He came to Israel during the War for Independence to perform and his concert on Mt. Scopus after the June War is a treasure in more than one way.http://www.leonardbernstein.com/

1993: The Wldodawa Museum which erected the first monument to Sobibór victims in 1965 “established a separate Sobibór branch today.

1993: In “This Jewish Mom Dominates TV, Too” John J. O’Connor examines this comedic staple in the closing decade of the 20thcentury.

1993: A revival of “Conversations With My Father,” a play that “presents the saga of a first generation of American Jews who came of age in the Depression and were assimilated at a high price during and after World War II” opened today “at the James Doolittle Theatre in Hollywood, CA.”

1994 (9th of Cheshvan, 5755): Nachsho Wachsman, a nineteen year old Israeli soldier who had been kidnapped by Hamas, was killed when Israeli forces attempted to rescue him.  “His father Yehuda was an advocated of improved Jewish-Arab relations, and a supporter of the peace process.’”

1994:  Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

1994: A month after premiering at the Venice Film Festival, the Woody Allen Comedy “Bullets Over Broadway” co-starring Harvey Fiertsein  and featuring Rob Reiner was released today in the United States.

1994: NBC broadcast the first episode of season three of “Homicide: Life on the Street” starring Yaphet Frederik Kotto as “Lieutenant Al Giardello” and Richard Belzer as “John Munch.”

1997(13th of Tishrei, 5758): American novelist Harold Robbins passed away.

1997: First broadcast of “The Dream Team” a British television series with scripts by Noam Friedlander.

1998(24th of Tishrei, 5759): Ninety-three year old New York native Leo S. Palitz the CCNY basketball player and physician who was married to “Lillian Nassau, the doyenne of New York antique dealers” passed away today.

2000(15th of Tishrei, 5761): As Israelis cope with the violence of yet another round of Arab terrorism, the first day of Sukkoth is observed.

2000: Broadcast of the third episode of “A History of Britain” a documentary series “written and presented by Simon Schama.

2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish author or of special interest to Jewish readers including  <u>Will the Circle Be Unbroken</u><u>?:Reflections on Death, Rebirth, and Hunger for a Faith </u>by Studs Terkel.

2001: Delta Flight 458 from Atlanta, Georgia to Newark, New Jersey, is diverted to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport, and passengers are taken off the flight while officials investigate a report of two "Middle Eastern men" making threats in a foreign tongue -- two Orthodox Jews peacefully praying.

2003: Following today’s celebration of the 60thanniversary of the revolt at Sobibór “the grounds of the former death camp received a grant largely funded by the Dutch government to improve the exhibits.”

2004: "FDR's Auschwitz Secret," by Michael Beschloss appears in Newsweek Magazine. The article is an excerpt from Beschloss’ latest book and reveals the fact that it was FDR himself who made the decision not to bomb the Nazi death camp.’

2004: Today, Alfred Freiherr von Oppenheim, whose father,Friedrich Carl von Oppenheim had been posthumously recognized  as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1996, “was awarded the North Rhine-Westphalia Decoration of Honour.”

2005:  As part of an interview with the Israeli Interior Minister, the Jerusalem Post reported that Jewish extremists were continuing with plots against the life of Prime Minister Sharon.  While the capabilities of the Israeli security forces had improved since the murder of Prime Minister Rabin ten years ago, the Jews who are willing to murder other Jews still posed a major threat.  The Interior Minister called for the same kind of Administrative Detention be used in dealing with Jews plotting to kill government officials or blow up the Temple Mount as was used against Arab terrorists.

2006: International Haifa Film Festival comes to a close.

2006: A show featuring the works of Lazar (El) Markovich Lissitzky opens at the Phillips Collection in Washington.   According to an article in the Forwards, the “prints in the Phillips show are from his “Victory Over the Sun” drawings for an opera set.”  Lissitzky was a contemporary of Chagall with whom he was often confused.  The paintings from this period represent Lissitzky’s attempt to break from “Chagall Shadow.”

2006(22nd of Tishrei, 5767): Shemini Atzeret, 5767.

2007: The New York Times cited U.S. and Israeli military intelligence sources saying that the target of the attack in Syria had been a nuclear reactor under construction by North Korean technicians, with a number of the technicians having been killed in the strike.”

2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including  <u>Lost Genius: The Curious and Tragic Story of An Extraordinary Musical Prodigy</u> by Kevin Bazzan which is a biography of pianist Ervin Nyiregyhazi -- pronounced, "air-veen nyeer-edge-hah-zee" – “who was born in Budapest of Jewish ancestry.” 

2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured a slew of reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or that featured Jewish topics including, <u>The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World </u>by Alan Greenspan, <u>The Bulldozer and The Big Tent</u> by Jewish author Todd Gitlin, <u>The Year of Living Biblically</u> by A.J. Jacobs, <u>Lords of the Land: The War Over Israel’s Settlements in the Occupied Territories,1967-2007</u> by Idith Zertal and Akiva Eldar; translated by Vivian Eden and <u>The Castle on Hester Street</u> by Linda Heller, a book for children that is a zestful tale of Russian-Jewish immigration at the turn of the last century.<u></u>

2007: As a sign of the vitality and growth of the Jewish Community, The Washington Post reported that Charles County, Maryland, is getting its first synagogue. Congregation Sha'are Shalom, which has been holding services for the last sixteen years at St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Waldorf, has located an acceptable site after a five year search.  Speaking about the benefits of building a permanent home, congregation treasurer Lee Weinberger said, “With the construction of the synagogue, we will be able to expand our educational and social activities and be able to offer all our activities and services at one location."

2007: The New York Times Magazine featured an article entitled “The SY Empire” describing the growth of the Syrian Jewish Community.

2007: Rabbi Shais Taub of the Chabad Lubavitch of Wisconsin led a group of 10 Orthodox Jewish football fans on a pilgrimage from Milwaukee deep into Green Bay Packerland. They tailgated across the street from Lambeau Field, in a grass-covered parking lot, next door to Kroll's West, where butter burgers - definitely not kosher - are a specialty. They prayed, with some of the men and their sons donning a prayer shawl called a tallit and phylacteries, two small leather boxes containing verses of Scripture. They stood out amid the familiar green-and-gold sea. And they showed that people can find or express their faith at a house of worship or a house of sports. You recite morning prayers in Hebrew, even if a rock band is on a nearby stage blaring "Brown Sugar." "What's the point?" Rabbi Taub said. "Number one, Judaism is not relegated to the synagogue or the study hall. When you're a Jew, you're a Jew everywhere. If a group of Jews want to go to a Packer game, we do it like Jews." "Number two, Jewish pride," he added. "Some Jews should see this and say, 'You know what, there is nothing to hide.' I can be openly and boldly Jewish and do that anywhere on earth and go where I want to go."

2007: Rafael Armament Development Authority Ltd. Changed its name to  to Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.

2008(15th of Tishrei, 5769): First Day Sukkoth

2008: In Canada today, a “Battle of the Booths”; Canada’s Conservative Party chooses to hold elections on the first Day of Sukkoth giving Jews the choice between the voting booths or the Festivals of Booths.  Jews can vote ahead of time, but many Jewish leaders object because holding the election on a Jewish holiday limits Jewish participation in the electoral process.  Others express no objection.

2008: Canter's Deli, a famous Jewish style delicatessen in the Fairfax District of Los Angeles, California, near the border of West Hollywood, celebrated its 60th anniversary today. To mark the occasion, the deli reduced the price of their "famous" corned beef sandwich to its 1948 price of 60 cents, limited to one per customer, for a period of 12 hours.

2008(15th of Tishrei, 5769): Seventy-six year old Irish author and feminist June Levine author of <u>Sisters </u>passed away today.

2009: The Jewish Agency is scheduled to hold citizenship ceremonies for new immigrants on the roof of a Yeshiva overlooking the Western Wall.  Up until today the ceremonies had been held at the Western Wall plaza.  The agency changed the location for the ceremony because the rabbi responsible for the site “had demanded gender separation at the ceremonies.” 

2009: The UN Security Council is expected to meet today instead of October 20 and is expected to discuss the Goldstone Report which reported on Israeli actions during the anti-terrorist incursion into Gaza known as Cast Lead.

2009(26th of Tishrei, 5770): Sixty one year old investment banker Bruce Wasserstein passed away today.

2009: The Center for Jewish History and Leo Baeck Institute present: Music in the Age of the Wittgensteins, Part 1. The Wittgenstein Century began in the early 19th century and ended after WWI. During this period the dynasty rose from humble origins to become the wealthiest family in Austria-Hungary and produced one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein.  Great music accompanied this remarkable family all along its historical trajectory. The Wittgensteins included performers, like Paul Wittgenstein, who became known for his ability to play piano with just his left hand, after losing his right arm in World War I.  The household was frequently visited by prominent cultural figures, among them the composers Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler, Josef Labor and Richard Strauss, with whom the young Paul played duets. They studied under great composers, hosted the greatest musicians of the time at their Musikaals, and commissioned masterpieces. This four-concert music series will present music from the gestalt of Wittgenstein family.

2010:Two Thousand Years of Jewish Life in Morocco” an exhibition sponsored by American Sephardi Federation that tells the story of one of the oldest Jewish communities in the world is scheduled to open in New York.

2010: “Surveying Judy Chicago: 1970-2010,” a one-woman exhibit, opens at the AC Galleries, in New York.

2010: Rabbi Joseph Ehrenkranz, was presented with CCJU's prestigious Nostra Aetate Award for "his outstanding contributions to a world at peace."

2010: In an article entitled Vague, Opaque and Ambiguous: Israel’s Hush-Hush Nuclear Policy, Ethan Bronner reviewed <u>The Worst-Kept Secret: Israel’s Bargain With the Bomb</u>by Avner Cohen

2010: According to reports published today, “The world's youngest billionaire, Dustin Moskovitz, is 26, born just eight days after his former Harvard roommate and Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg. While Zuckerberg is no longer the youngest member of the Forbes 400, he is this year's biggest percentage gainer: His net worth has jumped to $6.9 billion from $2 billion. The third Facebook billionaire, 28-year-old Eduardo Saverin, left the company in a legal dispute, settled with Saverin reportedly getting a 5% stake in the company.”  All three are Jewish.

2010: The Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust, the city’s second Holocaust museum was dedicated today at Pan Pacific Park in the city’s heavily newish Beverly-Fairfax neighborhood.

2010(6th of Cheshvan, 5771): Eighty-five year old “maverick mathematician” Benoît B. Mandelbrot passed away today. (As reported by Jascha Hoffman) http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/17/us/17mandelbrot.html

2010(6th of Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety-two year old legal scholar Louis Henkin passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes) http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/17/us/17henkin.html

2011(16th of Tishrei, 5772):  Second Day of Sukkoth      

2011(16th of Tishrei, 5772):  Eighty-seven year old Morris Chaftez, the first director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)


 2011: “The Big Year” a comedy directed by David Frankel and co-starring Jack Black was released today by

2011: Following Friday night services at Auguda Achim in Iowa City, IA, congregants are scheduled to view “Ushpezin,” a comedy in which an impoverished Jerusalem couple is visited by a pair of escaped convicts “become their guests (ushpezin) in the Sukkah”

2011: The disagreements and tensions within Hamas over the Gilad Shalit prisoner swap are reportedly pitting group detainees against each other in Israel's prisons. A website affiliated with Fatah reported today that great tensions emerged between Hamas prisoners from the West Bank and their counterparts from the Gaza Strip as result of the swap's characteristics.

2011: Bereaved families filed a petition with the High Court of Justice today, the first against the Gilad Shalit deal which will see 1,027 Palestinian prisoners being released in exchange for the Hamas-held soldier. They are claiming the deal is a "wholesale release of murderers" and have asked that the implementation of the exchange be delayed.

2012: The Jewish Historical Society is scheduled to sponsor a walking tour of Downtown Jewish Washington that will include a look at “the historic 7th Street, NW neighborhood from 1850 to 1950.”

2012: “Outsiders in Israel” and “Who Shot My Father” are scheduled to shown at the Syracuse (NY) Film Festival.

2012: History of Jewish Giving: Jews and Charity, a “symposium organized by Debra Kaplan, Yeshiva University and Judah Galinsky, Bar-Ilan University” is scheduled to take place in New York City.

2012: Today, the cabinet approved a resolution calling for new elections to be held in 101 days, on January 22, 2013.

2012: The Hezbollah drone that infiltrated the Negev last week beamed back live images of secret Israeli military bases, the Sunday Times reported today. According to the report, the drone was airborne for three hours before being intercepted by an F-16I jet. It is believed to have transmitted pictures of preparations for Israel's joint military exercise with the US, as well as ballistic missile sites, airfields and, perhaps, the nuclear reactor in Dimona, the Sunday Times reported.

2012(28th of Tishrei, 5773): Eighty-two year old Arlen Spector, long-term senator from Pennsylvania passed away today.

2012(28th of Tishrei, 5773): Eighty-seven year old broadcast magnate and philanthropist Joseph Rosenmiller passed away today. (As reported by Leslie Kaufman)

2012: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>I’m Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen</u> by Sylvie Simmons, <u>The Machine That Kills Secrets:</u><u></u><u>How WikiLeakers, Cypherpunks, and Hacktivists Aim to Free the World’s Information </u>by Andy Greenberg and the recently released paperback edition of <u>The Quest: Energy, Security and the Remaking of the Modern World </u>by Pulitzer Prize winner Daniel Yergin.<u></u>

2013: In Manhattan, the Israel Real Estate Exhibition is scheduled to come to a close.<u></u>

2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “Creating Identity: Yiddish across a Spectrum of Jewish Communities Today” featuring Isabelle Barrière and Sarah Benor

2013: Maj.-Gen. (res.) Eli Marom, who served as the commander of the Israeli Navy during Operation Cast Lead and during the raid on the Gaza-bound Mavi Marmara vessel, was held for questioning at around noon today at London's Heathrow Airport upon his arrival in Britain (As reported by YNet)

2013: Ten Jewish men were detained by police after they were accused of praying and bowing inside the Temple Mount enclosure on Monday morning (As reported by Stuart Winer)

2014: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center of Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Ray of Hope Concert” with Alika Hope and Ray Morant.

2014: Tziporela, the award winning Israeli theatre is scheduled to perform its latest production, “Odd Birdz.”

2014: The Wiener Library is scheduled to host Hitler’s First War: Adolf Hitler and the First World War during which author Thomas Weber will present a picture of the German dictator’s military service which is at odds with the myth he created.

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “The Haunted Sukkah.”

2014: “From Moses to Moses,” a three week course taught be Dr. Maurice Mirahi is scheduled to begin tonight at the JCC of Northern Virginia.

2014: <u>Tel Aviv Noir</u>, an anthology of Gadi Taub’s short stories published by Akashic Books is scheduled to go on sale today.

2014: In the first move to rebuild Gaza fifteen trucks of cement (600 tons), ten of steel (400 tons), and 50 of gravel  along with trucks from the West Bank filled with dates and bananas entered the coastal enclave today from Israel.(As reported by Avi Issacharoff and Marissa Newman)

2014: Sixty-two year old Berry Freundel the long-time rabbi at Kesher Israel Congregation in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C. was arrested this morning and charged with voyeurism; a charge stemming from reports that he had placed a camera in the women’s mikvah.

2014: “A letter purportedly penned by slain journalist Steven Sotloff days before his murder was published in an Islamic State publication today, as the jihadists addressed the hostage’s Jewish identity for the first time connecting his death with his religious beliefs. (As reported by Marissa Newman)

2015(1stof Cheshvan, 5776): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

2015(1stof Cheshvan, 5776: Ninety-four year old publisher Gerald Gross, the Jewish WW II veteran who is best known for his connection with Nazi leader Albert Speer passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2015: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “the first official event of Hilary, Toast the Term.”

2015: As part of the Tulane University Jewish Studies Speaker Series, Professor Ilan Tojerow is scheduled to speak in New Orleans.

2015: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present a Book Talk featuring Seth M. Siegel, author of <u>Let There Be Water: Israel’s Solution For A Water-Starved World</u>

2015: This date is “a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA)” honoring Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky the Lithuanian born Jew who became “Anglican Bishop of Shanghai.”

2015: The Museum of Jewish Heritage is scheduled to host “The Picture – A Cinematic Concert.”

2016: In a testament to the vitality of small town Judaism in Iowa, at Agudas Achim, Boaz Abramoff is scheduled to participate in Erev Shabbat services as part of his “Bar Mitzvah weekend” while at Temple Judah Leah Dillon is scheduled to participate in Erev Shabbat services as part of her “Bat Mitzvah weekend.”

2016: “Carmel Shama HaCohen, Ambassador of Israel to International Organization wrote to Andres Roemer, Mexico’s ambassador to UNESCO, expressing appreciation for his opposition to the resolution denying the Jewish connection to Israel and his willingness to walk out rather than vote for the resolution.

2016: Trumpeter Avishai Cohen is one of the musicians scheduled to perform the works of Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Mongo Santamaría, and Thelonious Monk at Lincoln Center.

2016: Four days after premiering at Gruman’s Chinese Theatre, “The Accountant” a crime thriller with a twist co-starring Jeffrey Tambor and Jon Bernthal premiered was released in the United States

2016: The “US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation,” a national coalition of anti-Israel organizations, whose co-founder Anna Baltzer who “has declared that she is not opposed merely to any supposed Israeli occupation but to the very existence of Israel itself” is scheduled to begin it annual conference in Arlington, VA.

2016: Michael Worbs, “the chair of UNESCO’s Executive Board said” today that “he was sorry about the resolution passed by UNESCO” yesterday “ignoring Jewish ties to Jerusalem’s sites.”

2017(24th of Tishrei, 5778): Bereshit – The cycle begins again

2017: In the UK, The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host Shacharit Services followed by a Shabbat luncheon.

2017: Dance Tel Aviv is scheduled to host the second performance by Compagnie Thor “directed by Belgian dancer Thierry Smits.”

2017: Theo Epstein’s Chicago Cubs take on the Dodgers in their quest to get to the World Series where they will hope to prove that last year’s victory was not a fluke.

2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center and the Chicago YIVO Society are scheduled to host “Grand Tango Duo: From Tango to Klezmer,” a “special concert honoring the memory of Chicago music teacher, Sarah Lazarus, featuring a performance by Carl Algermissen, piano, and Ethan Lazarus, cello.”

2018: The Breman Museum is scheduled to a preview reception for its newest exhibition, “Vedem Underground: The Secret Magazine of the Terezin Ghetto (1942-1944)”.

2018: In Portland, ME, “the Cantor Kurt Messerschmidt Memorial Fund and the Jewish Community Alliance” are scheduled to “present DIVAS ON THE BIMA Live in concert.”

2018: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Your Duck Is My Duck</u> by Deborah Eisenberg and <u>Deviation</u>by Luce D’Eramo


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This Day, October 13, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

02:05 AM Saturday, October 13, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin



54: Roman Emperor Claudius passed away.  For Jews, Claudius has to rate as one of the best of the Roman rulers. Among other things, he took the side of the Jews when they were attacked in Alexandria; he maintained a genuine friendship with Agrippa and allowed the Jews to elect their own high Priest while refraining from tampering with the Temple treasury.

54: Nero ascends to the Roman throne. Nero would appoint four increasingly incompetent and venal governors whose misrule would play a key role in the outbreak of the Great Revolt.  When the Jews did rebel, Nero appointed Vespasian to put down the revolt.

1307: In France, Phillip IV ordered the arrest of hundreds of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.  What Phillip was really after was control of the wealth of the Templars.  A year earlier, he had expelled the Jews from France after stripping them of their wealth.  Philip’s behavior is just one more example of greed hiding behind a façade of religious belief.

1398:Richard Whittington was elected Lord Mayor of London. Whittington was one of those who defied the ban on Jews living in England when it suited his purposes. He brought a physician named Samson de Mirabeau into the realm for care for his wife in 1409.  Whittington was in good company when it came to ignoring the ban since King Henry IV brought Elias Ben Sabbetai from Bologna to serve as his physician in 1410.

1483: Isaac Ben Judah Abravanel (also spelled Abarbanel) started his exegesis on the Bible. Born in Portugal 1437, Abravanel was one of the most colorful and interesting characters of the final decades of during which Jews lived in Spain and Portugal. He was part of a distinguished family and he was well educated in Jewish and secular studies.  Abravanel was a financier, tax collector and advisor to the King Alfonso of Portugal.  When Alfonso died, Abravanel had falling out with his successor.  It was at this time that Abravanel decided to give up his political duties and devote himself to writing commentaries.  For reasons that are too complex for this brief entry, Abravanel was forced to flee to Spain where he returned to his tax collecting duties.  He left Spain in 1492 and ended up in Naples where he ended up as financier and tax collector again.  He passed away in 1503 leaving behind a body of commentaries on the Torah and the Prophets. According to some authorities, his work is solid, but not original.  He is, however seen as being the last in a long line of Jewish commentators and philosophers who were part of the Sephardic culture that flourished from the 8thto the 15th centuries.

1534: Papacy of Paul III began. In response to the threat of the Protestant Reformation, Paul “established a system of tribunals, administered by the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Universal Inquisition’, and staffed by cardinals and other Church officials. This system would later become known as the Roman Inquisition.”  Unfortunately for the Jews, this iteration of the Inquisition also dealt with the “crimes” relating to Judaism including the attempts by Jews who had been forced to convert to return to the faith of their ancestors.

1605: Eighty-six year old French Protestant theologian Theodore Beza, the successor to John Calvin at Geneva and like Luther was a believer “that Christian churches were largely responsible for the current unbelief among the Jews and “that there would a large-scale conversion of the Jews” while still acknowledging “the Justice of divine anger the Jewish people” passed away today.

1639(Tishrei, 5400): Simcha Heller Kahana, the son pf of Yaakov Yosef Heller Kahana and Raizel Segal Kahana passed away today.

1654: (2nd of Heshvan 5415): On this date Isaac Rodriguez Cunha, a citizen of Curacao, writes a letter which is addressed “to the illustrious Gentlemen, the Mahamad of the Holy Congregation Mikvah Israel, Curacao.” This is one of the first written pieces of evidence used in fixing the dates for the founding of the Jewish community and the synagogue in Curacao. Mahamad is a term used for the “board of directors of a Spanish-Portuguese Congregation

1753(15thof Tishrei, 5514): Sukkoth and Shabbat

1753: In Philadelphia, Mathias and Tabitha Bush gave birth to Solomon Bush who will rise to the rank of Lt. Colonel during the American Revolution.

1759(22ndof Tishrei, 5520): Shemini Atzeret

1773: It was reported today that “a gentleman” who has “returned from the interior parts of North America, beyond the Ohio,” claims to have discovered “a nation of Jews” living among the Indians, “who call themselves Naphthali.” (Naphtali was the second son born to Jacob the concubine Bilhah)

1788: In Kremenetz, Judah Levin, a grandson of Jekuthiel Solomon and his wife gave birth to Isaac Baer Levinsohn a leader of the Haskalah movement

1789(23rdof Tishrei, 5550): Simchat Torah

1791 :( 15th of Tishrei, 5552): Sukkoth

1797(23rdof Tishrei, 5558): Simchat Torah

1796: Censorship of Jewish books in Russia became official policy.

1801: Birthdate of Emil Roediger the German orientalist and Hebrew linguist who edited books on Hebrew grammar.

1808(22ndof Tishrei, 5569): Shmini Atzeret

1815: Eliza and Lewis Solomon, the parents of Henry, Louis and Esther Solomon, were married today at the New Synagogue.

1816: In New York, Michael and Elizabeth Daly gave birth to Judge Charles Patrick Daly author of <u>The Settlement of the Jews in North America</u>.

1820: Birthdate of Sir John William Dawson the Canadian geologist who “traveled extensively in Egypt and Syria” and whose works included “Archaia” Studies on the Cosmogony and Natural History of the Hebrew Scriptures.

1821: Birthdate of Rudolf Virchow, the German biologist and anthropologist whose family may have at one time been Jewish and who studied the biological characteristics of thousands of Jewish schoolchildren as part of his attempt to “provide a rational for the sense of Jewish acculturation” even though “he still assumed that Jews were a separate and distinct racial category.”

1823: Francis Ephriam Cohen who would change his name to Francis Palgrave married Elizabeth Turner following his conversion to Anglican Christianity, a move that no doubt advanced his career as an historian and archivist.

1839: Isaias and Elisabeth Popper gave birth to the firs child Simon Popper

1843: B'nai Brithwas founded under the leadership of Henry Jones at Sinsheimer's cafe on Essex Street in New York. Its original mission was the maintenance of orphanages and homes for the elderly and widows. It extended its work to many spheres of American Jewish life, including combating anti-Semitism. (A.D.L.) and working with students on campus (Hillel).

1844: An election was scheduled to be held today to choose the Orthodox Chief Rabbi of the British Empire.  The election was won by Dr. Nathan Marcus Adler who held the position from 1845 until his death in 1890.

1846(23rdof Tishrei, 5607): Simchat Torah

1846: Birthdate of Hebrew poet and Yiddish author Isaac Rabinowitz the native of Kovno many of whose works can be found in Zemirot Yisrael and who passed away in the New York City where he went to join his children.

1847(3rdof Cheshvan, 5608):Rabbi Jizchok Arye, (Isaac Loew Matthes Wormser) also called the Wonder Rabbi Michel city and Baal Shem of Michel City passed away today.

1851: Three days after he had passed away, 61 year old  Solomon Lucas, a native of Kent and the husband of Elizabeth Lucas was buried today at the “Chatham Jewish Cemetery.”

1853: “Hebrew Ceremonial” published today reported that the Jews were absent from their businesses on New York City’s Chatham Street yesterday because they were observing the “Day of Atonement, which the Hebrew still duly celebrates though three thousand years have elapsed Moses delivered his Levitical command” concerning this Fast Day.  It is the “same statute” the Jews have observed “by the rivers of Poland, in the streets of York, in the valleys of the Aragon” or now “by the banks of the Hudson” river.

1858: Birthdate of Pauline Ehrlich, the second wife of Biblical commentator and scholar Arnold Ehrlich whose daughter Olga was born in 1881.

1862: In Manchester, Rabbi Gustav Gottheil and his wife gave birth Birthdate of Rabbi Richard James Horatio Gottheil

1864: Henry Berg who had begun his service with Company G of the 108th Regiment in 1862 was wounded at Richmond as the Union Army besieged the Confederates.

1864: In Keokuk, Iowa, “Mr. Falk handed in his resignation as schochet for the congregation” and he was replaced by “Mr. Berman” after he sharpened his ritual knife to remove “all of the rough edges making it sharp and smooth”

1865(23rd of Tishrei, 5626): Simchat Torah

1867: In Syracuse, NY, David Stoltz and Regina Straus gave birth to Benjamin Stoltz the graduate of Columbia University Law School and husband of Rose Landsberg who was the director of the Hebrew Free Loan Association and a trustee of the Jewish Orphan Asylum Association of Western New York.

1871(28th of Tishrei, 5632): Fifty-eight year old Moses Millaud, French banker, businessman and founder of Le Petit Journal passed away today.  He was a supporter of Louis Napoleon (Emperor Napoleon) and was involved in some of the more infamous financial scandals of his time.

1873(22ndof Tishrei, 5634): Shemini Atzeret

1873: Today, the Hebrew Society of St. Joseph, MO, sent five hundred dollars to aid people in Memphis, TN caught in the grips of a Yellow Fever Epidemic.

1875(14thof Tishrei, 5636): Erev Sukkoth

1875: Two days after he had passed away, 51 year old Hyman Davis, the husband of Isabella Davis, with whom he had eight children, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1875(14thof Tishrei, 5636): Sixty-four year old Judah Leib "Leopold" Löw, the Hungarian Rabbi who incorporated elements of modernity in his Orthodox world passed away Szeged where he had been leading the community since 1850 despite many offers to lead large communities including Bucharest.

1875: It was reported today that a survey expedition composed of English officers and soldiers was attacked by marauders at their camp at Ain el Beida in Palestine. The group was conducting a triangulation exercise in western Palestine, specifically the Galilee and most important of all Safed “one of the ‘Holy Cities’ of the Jews’…” According to the report, Lieutenant Kitchener was of the English officers who was involved in this minor skirmish. [History would come to know him as Lord Kitchener, who was involved in all of those 19th British Imperial Campaigns from Egypt, to Sudan, to Khartoum to South Africa. He played a critical role in Britain’s early war effort in WWI before being drowned while on his way to Russia.  But all of that began here, in Palestine, when a 24 year old lieutenant faced an armed enemy for the first time.]

1876: In New York, Clara Koffman and Joseph B. Bloomingdale gave birth to Rosalie Stanton Bloomingdale.

1877: It was reported today that New York State Supreme Court Judge Barrett has turned down the application of Rabbi Ash of the Ludlow Street Synagogue to be given the $200 that had belonged to the late Abraham Weisberg so that he could send it to a rabbi the Polish village where the descendant’s children live.  Under the law, Barrett said that a guardian for the minor children would have to appointed before he could take action. (This is an example of the myriad conflicts that arose from the fact that fathers and husbands came to the U.S. ahead of their families with the intent to bring them to America once they had earned enough to pay for passage.)

1878(16thof Tishrei, 5639): Second Day of Sukkot

1878(16thof Tishrei, 5639): Twenty three days before his 71st birthday Seligman Baer Bamberger who was serving as the rabbi of Wurzburg passed away today.

1878: “Lord Beaconsfield’s Policy” published today, claimed that Great Britain has shifted her foreign policy for the first time in over 135 years to one of annexation and aggressive imperialism.  This change is the result of Beaconsfield’s ability to dissemble and confuse the English people which is due, in part, to the fact that he is a Jew.

1880: Birthdate of Sasha Cherny, the pen name of Russian poet and satirist Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg

1881: Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends decided to speak Hebrew exclusively, marking the beginning of the revival of the language in modern times.  Born Eliezer Perlman in Lithuania, Ben- Yehuda is proof that one person can make a difference.  As a youngster, a rabbi gave Ben-Yeuda a Hebrew translation of Robinson Crusoe.  That experience convinced him that Hebrew should be a modern, spoken language as well as a language of prayer.  He devoted the rest of his life to the idea of living in the land of Israel where Hebrew would be the spoken language.  He arrived in Jaffa with his bride in 1881 and he became associate editor of a Hebrew Language journal.  His task of creating a modern Hebrew language was not an easy one.  He was attacked both in print and physically by those who thought he was desecrating the holy tongue.  At the same time, he had to keep inventing words since much had happened since Hebrew was last an active language.  Life was a real challenge for his children.  It was difficult for them to have playmates since they were the only people who spoke Hebrew.  Ben-Yehuda did not give up his dream.  He lived to see Hebrew become one of the three official languages of Palestine under the Mandate after World War I.  Such was his success that by the time he died in 1922, a majority of the Jews in Palestine listed Hebrew as their native tongue on the census forms.

1884: “Two Love-Sick Ducks” published today described an altercation between a Jew and a Gentile who were competing for the affections of Jewish widow living in St. Mark’s Place. The two became so violent that they ended up in front of a Judge who agreed to release them “with the hope that Providence will improve the quality of your brains.

1884: Funeral services were held today for Rabbi Adoph Huebsch at Ahavath Chesed in New York City.  The overflow crowd included numerous Jewish leaders from across the United States the most prominent of whom was Rabbi Wise of Cincinnati, the leader of the Reform Movement in the United States. Rabbi Theodore Guenzberg, Huebsch’s assistant, led the worship service.  Temple Emanu-El’s Rabbi Gottehiel delivered a sermon in German.  Rabbi Jacob delivered the English language sermon.  Following the funeral services the rabbi was interred in Linden Hill Cemetery on Long Island. 

1885: Harry Hershfield who has been described as “the Jewish Will Rogers” was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

1885:  The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), home of the Yellow Jackets, is founded in Atlanta, Georgia. Today, Tech’s undergraduate and graduate population of 19,000 includes approximately 600 Jewish students.  There are several Jewish organizations on campus including AEPi Fraternity, Hillel and Jackets for Israel which co-sponsors the annual Israel-fest.

1888: At the insistence of his future wife, Otto Pierre Siegelstein married Mary Bubis at City Hall; a fact that he would later contest in his attempt to have the marriage annulled.

1891: As the famine in Russia worsens, it was reported that “the destitute Jews who have expelled from Kiev, Moscow and Odessa are swelling the ranks of the famished” populated primarily by Christian peasants.

1891: Three days after she had pass away, thirty year old Annie Gertrude (nee Earle) Newmann, the husband Isaiah Alfred Newmann with whom she had two children – “Percy and Winnie” – was buried today Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1891: Birthdate of Jennie Loitman Barron, judge, lawyer, and suffragist. Born in Boston's West End, Barron attended Boston University where she earned her BA, LL.B, and LL.M. degrees and was active in Boston University's League for Equal Suffrage. Barron started her own law firm after graduation and created a new firm with her husband Samuel Barron, Jr. when they married four years later. Barron was elected president of the Massachusetts Association of Women Lawyers and campaigned for uniform marriage and divorce laws, as well as for women's right to serve on juries. She also worked to mobilize women to exercise their newly established right to vote. Barron began her thirty-five year career as a judge in 1934 when she was appointed by the governor as a special justice of the Western Norfolk District Court. In 1937, she was named to be an associate of the Boston Municipal Court. She left this position when she became an associate of the Massachusetts Superior Court in 1957 -- the first woman to hold this position. Throughout her career, Barron remained active in the Jewish community serving as the first president of the Women's Auxiliary of Boston's Beth Israel Hospital, on the first board of Brandeis University National Women's Committee, and as the first president of the New England Women's Division of the American Jewish Congress. Barron died in March 1969, one year after her husband's death. (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archive)

1892(22ndof Tishrei, 5653): Shemini Atzeret

1892: Isaac Issacs, the deposed Secretary of the League of Republicans who is Jewish said that the Jews would not accept an apology from Mr. Blake, the campaign manager for Major Warner, the Republican candidate for governor of Missouri. “The only thing that will conciliate the Jewish vote will be the removal of Mr. Blake.

1892: “A Republican Insult To Jews” published today described the problems facing William Warner, the Republican candidate for Governor of Missouri, following the denouement of Isaac Isaacs, the Secretary of the League of Republican Clubs and the “roasting” of the Jews  by his personal manager John T. Blake.

1893: Edward Everett Hale delivered an address at the Lake Mohonk Conference of Friends of the Indians in which “he spoke of the great success of Massachusetts in assimilating the Hebrew immigrants by breaking up their clannishness and scattering them among the American populations and asked why the same principle should not apply to the Indian.”

1893: The Hebrew Journal express praise for the opposition of the New York Times to an upcoming prize fight between and American and an English man which is supported by powerful interest in New York and Brooklyn.

1893: Congressman Rayner of Maryland gave a speech in the House of Representatives expressing his views on the Geary Chinese Registration and Exclusion Act which “closed with a fervid appeal…to not commit a great national crime, as gross and wicked as the treatment accorded by Russia to the unfortunate Jews in her dominion and against which our own Government had protested.”

1893: “Curious Coincidences” published today described recently discovered connections between Columbus and the Jewish people including evidence that “Hebrews were among the sailors that composed crews of the three vessels,” the role of Luis de Toress and the evidence produced by Dr. Moses of Kayserling of Budapest that Columbus set sail on the 9th day of Av and made landfall in the New World on the “Seventh Day of the Jewish Feast of Tabernacle, the da of the great Hosanas.”

1893: Because it is erev Shabbat, there will be a pause in the festivities marking the Golden Anniversary of the B’nai B’rith.

1893(3rdof Cheshvan, 5654): Eighty-one year old Major Raphael J. Moses, CSA the Confederate officer who “pioneered the commercial growing of peaches in “the Peachtree State” passed away today in Belgium after which he was buried at the Esquiline Cemetery in Columbus, GA.

1894: “A Bully’s Career Ends in Death” published today described the demise of Otto Slimbach a Brooklyn bully who on the night he was mortally stabbed by an unknown party had beaten his mother and gone through the Jewish neighborhood indulging “in Jew-baiting for his further amusement.”

1894: In New York, Police Inspector Williams began an investigation into charges that the police had beaten the striking cloakmakers many of whom were Jewish including Israel Groman.

1894: Alfred Dreyfus is arrested by Commandant du Paty de Clam, an assistant to the Army Chief of Staff and charged with treason.  Dreyfus was left alone with a pistol, having been encouraged to do “the honorable thing.”  When Dreyfus refused he was marched off to prison where he would be kept in solitary confinement for the next five days.

1895(25thof Tishrei, 5656): Seventy-seven year old Jacob Reifrman the native of Opatow who wrote Hebrew poetry and was the son-in-law of Joseph Maimon passed away today.

1898:The Zionist Delegation including Joseph Seidener, Moses T. Schnirer, Theodor Herzl, David Wolffsohn and Max Bodenheimer takes the Orient Express to Constantinople as they pursue Herzl’s dream of top-down Zionism.

1899: Two days after he had passed away, 82 year old Abraham Hyams was buried today in the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”

1900: Birthdate of New Yorker Ida Klein Clurman, the husband of Sam Clurman whom she married in 1921.

1903(22nd of Tishrei, 5664): Shemini Atzeret

1903: In Brooklyn, Abraham Isaac Shiplacoff and Yetta Ettel Itta Shiplacoff” gave birth to William Morris Shipley

1903(22nd of Tishrei, 5664): Dr. Marcus M. Jastrow a noted Hebrew scholar and educator who was  rabbi emeritus of Rodef Shalom, a synagogue in Philadelphia, PA, passed away today at his home in Germantown, PA.  Born in Pozen in 1829 he graduated from the University of Berlin.  He came to the United States in 1866 and became the Rabbi at Rodef Shalom, a position he held until his retirement in 1892.  His major literary work was “A Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Babli, Talmud Yerushalmi and Midrashic Literature.”

1904: Birthdate of Isidore Grünbaum one of the last Jewish inhabitants of Kleinsteinach who in 1942 was deported to either Izbica or Theresienstadt.

1905: Sixty-seven year old Sir Henry Irving the British actor manager whose first great career success came with his portrayal of Mathias in “The Bells” (an adaptation of “Le Juif Polonais” and whose portrayal of Shylock provided him with a dignity not usually seen in other actors, passed away today.

1905: Birthdate of Alice Vantochová the residence of Prague was murder at Ujazdow in 1942

1909: In Chicago, Theresa Lupe Block and David Julian Block, a Jewish chemist and electrical engineer gave to Herbert Lawrence Block,  the Pulitzer Prize winning political cartoonist who gained fame as Herblock and set the standard by which all practice this genre are evaluated.

1910(10th of Tishrei, 5671): Yom Kippur

1911: Following the outbreak of war between Turkey and Italy, “fourth thousand Italian subjects, nearly all of whom were Jews” began leaving Salonica because they feared expulsion by the Ottomans

1911: Multiple telegrams were received in London from Malta, Gabes and Djerba, appealing for help for the many thousands of Jewish refugees from Tripoli.

1912: Birthdate of Hugo David Weisgall, the Moravian born American composer and conductor “who served as aid-de-camp to General Patton” during WW II.

1912: Ludwig Teller, the son of Isak and Anna Teller, who was married twice and was the father of three children, was buried today in his home town of Vienna.

1912: In Philadelphia, PA, Max and Olga Hirsh gave birth to “photographer and filmmaker” Hyman “Hy” Hirsch.

1912: Israel Abrahams, a Reader in Rabbinics at the University of Cambridge and a leader of the UK’s liberal Jewish movement addressed a meeting held in his honor at New York’s Astor Hotel.  Dr. Henry M. Leipziger, President of Judeans, presided over the meeting and introduced Mr. Abrahams.  Among the other speakers were Rabbi Joseph Silverman of Temple Emanu-El and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of the Free Synagogue.  Oscar S. Straus, Progressive Party candidate for Governor of New York, who was to have delivered an address, sent a message expressing his regrets at having been unavoidably detained. Abrahams spoke about a favorite topic of the time “The Jewish Problem.”  In a unique twist, Abrahams defined it as “The eternal question of living two lives harmoniously.”

1913: According to legend, German-Jewish philosopher Franz Rosenzwieg attended Yom Kippur services for what he thought would be his last visit to a Jewish house of worship before converting to Christianity.  “But that prayer service moved him so profoundly that he gave up the idea of converting and became a committed Jewish philosopher, who saw his religion as preferable to Christianity.

1913: One day after she had passed away, sixty-five year old Russian-born Annie Summ, the wife of Joseph Summ with whom she had three children – “Tilly, Alexander and Samuel” – was buried today in the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.”

1914(23rd of Tishrei, 5675): Simchat Torah

1914(23rd of Tishrei 5675): 50 year old Mrs. Rose Baruch Streng, the wife of Bernard Streng, a native of Landau, Germany passed away at her home on West 143rd Street in New York.

1914(23rd of Tishrei, 5675): Abram Scholomir, the son of Jakob Scholmir passed away today.

1914: “Russian Treaty Approved” published today described the decision of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations to approve a peace treaty with Russia which might be a prelude to the signing of new treaty of commerce “to take the place of the treaty of 1832 abrogated by the United States because of Russia’s treatment of American Jews.”

1914: “Foreign Legion Of Jews published today provides Israel Zangwill’s view that Jews support the Allies over the cause of the Kaiser as can be seen by the number of Jews who have tried to enlist in the Jewish Territorial Organization which is a Zionist organization under the misconception that it is part of the British Army – proof that “it would be easy to form a foreign legion of Jews grateful for Britain’s sympathy” as can already be seen by the thousands of Jews already serving in the military.

1914: “15 Poisoned at Feast” published today described the unfortunate events at the Sukkoth Meal eaten by the large family of Samuel Horowitz where several of the attendees came down with ptomaine poisoning after having eaten some tainted fish.

1914: Judge Leon Sanders, the President of the Hebrew Shelter and Immigrant Aid Society, has organized “a special Relief Committee for the Jewish suffers in all of the nations at war, following an appeal sent to the Austro-Hungarian Legation in New York by Jews in Austria.

1915: A famous Russian Revolutionary who has recently returned to European Russia from Siberia was reported today to have said he regretted that the “abolition of restrictions endured by the Jews had not been removed a year ago” because “it might have save millions of Russian lives.”

1915: “A dispatch from Petrograd published today in The Daily Telegraph in London said that “Alexander Volzsin who “is credit with the initiator of the recently adopted statute extending residential rights to Jews” has been appointed “the new Procurator-General of the Holy Synod.”

1916: It was reported today that former New York State Assemblyman Aaron J. Levy had told a Columbus Day gathering that “he lived in expectation of the time when there be a more wholesome respect in the heart of every man for the religion of his fellow man.”

1916: “Dr. Magnes Reaches Warsaw” published today described the arrival of the Brooklyn born rabbi in the Polish capital city where he will be distributing money raised by American Jews to aid Jews suffering from the war.

1917: “In order to relieve the destitution of hundreds of Jews who are stranded in Yokohama, the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society announced” today that “it has forwarded to B.J. Fleisher, publisher of the Japan Advertiser of Yokohama , $3,000 with which to lease a suitable building for an immigrant station and that it will shortly send to the Far East a representative to superintend the caring for those in need” many of whom are Russian Jews who are trapped there because of the war.

1918: Today, “after being on duty continuously for thirty-six hours” Corporal Louis Sorrow with Company B, 307th Field Signal Battalion, “volunteered to repair telephone lines which had been cut by shell fire” and after working all night repairing breaks to the line made it possible for “constant communication” to be resumed with forward regiments.

1918: “Dies of Influenza” published today recounted the accomplishments of Reverend Madison Clinton Peters who in addition to his work as a minister, social reformer and advocate for defeating the Kaiser in the World War wrote several books including <u>Justice to the Jews, The Wit and Wisdom of the Talmud</u>, <u>The Jews as a Patriot</u> and <u>The Jews Who Stood By Washington</u>.

1920: In Berlin chess champion Mimi (née Heller) and psychiatrist Harry Marcuse gave birth to Albert Marcuse who was raised as a Lutheran because “his family considered their Jewish heritage a liability” and who gained fame as American composer and actor Albert Hague.

1920: The Bazaar and Fair sponsored by the Kane Street Temple in Brooklyn continued for a second day.

1921: “In San Salvador, Argentina, north of Buenos Aires”, Russian immigrant, small store owner and horse herder Mauricio Minuchin and “the former Clara Tolachier gave birth to Dr. Salvador Minuchin, a cutting-edge American psychotherapist. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1922: “Sodom and Gomorrah” an “epic film” directed by Michael Curtiz who also wrote the script was released in Austria today.

1922: “According to a German police report written today: "The fact cannot be denied that the anti-Semitic idea has penetrated the widest levels of the middle class, even far into the working class. It is clear that this movement [the NSDAP]...is gaining increasing ground and that it has a future."

1924(15th of Tishrei, 5685): Sukkoth

1925: Birthdate of Lenny Bruce. Born Leonard Alfred Schneider he was a controversial comedian and satirist. He passed away in 1966

1925: Birthdate of Brooklynite film editor Ralph Rosenblum.

1927: “In Chicago, Illinois, Hungarian born Jewess Rosika Schwimmer, an internationally known feminist, author, and lecturer, is denied American citizenship by Federal Judge George Albert Carpenter because she is a pacifist.”

1927: Birthdate of Lee Konitz, the native of Chicago who became one of the leading “Jazz-men” of the 20th century.

1928(29thof Tishrei, 5689): Seventy year old German Jewish otolaryngologist Wilhelm Fliess passed away today

1929(9thof Tishrei, 5690): Erev Yom Kippur

1929: In Manhattan, Joseph and Sylvia Slifka gave birth to twins – Barabara and Alan Bruce Slifka, “a New York investment manager who used his fortune to promote harmony among Israeli Arabs and Jews and to give the Big Apple Circus its start.” (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

1930: “Darling of the Gods” “a German music written by Robert Lieberman “premiered at the Gloria-Palast in Berlin” today.

1935: “Barbary Coast” produced by Samuel Goldwyn, written by Ben Hecht, co-starring Edward G. Robinson and with music by Alfred Newman was released today in the United States by United Artists.

1936: Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau (FDR’s Jewish neighbor at Hyde Park)  pointed out that “the tripartite agreement between the United States, France and Great Britain published” today which was designed to promote the stabilizing of the three nations’ currencies and foreign exchanges” could “on twenty-four hours’ notice be revoked or altered” which an observer might have quickly deduced meant that problem of currency stability that had been a cause and result of the Great Depression has not been addressed.

1937: Birthdate of Parisian actor Samuel “Sami” Frei whose movie career began in 1960 with an appearance “The Truth.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that a slight earth tremor was felt in Jerusalem. It lasted about a second, and caused in some cases a definite sway of upper stories of buildings. There were sporadic Arab attacks, accompanied by heavy firing, at Hadera, Safed and on Kibbutz Gordonia. A curfew was imposed on Safed. Robbers operated in the no-man's-land between the Palestinian and Lebanese French border posts at Nakura. The attackers were protected by other well-armed men in surrounding area.

1938: Hans and Lotte Liebermann boarded a ship today and left Germany for the United States where their son Hans had found refuge in June of 1938.

1938: German mathematician Fritz Noether who had immigrated to the Soviet Union after the Nazis came to power and destroyed his career and had been convicted of being a Nazi spy in a trial where the charges were based on “trumped up evidence” was sentenced to twenty five years in prison today by the Soviets who had originally welcomed him with open arms.

1939: Chaim Kaplan, the director of a Hebrew School in Warsaw, described the Jewish reactions to the Soviet occupation of Poland with the following diary entry: “The Jews there looked upon the Bolsheviks as redeeming messiahs.  Even the wealthy, who would become poor under Bolshevism, preferred the Russians to the Germans.  There is plunder on the one hand and plunder on the other, but the Russians plunder one as a citizen and a man, while the Nazis plunder one as a Jew.  The former Polish government never spoiled us, but at the same time never overtly singled us out for torture.  The Nazi is a sadist, however.  His hatred of the Jews is psychosis.  He flogs and derives pleasure from it.  The torment of the victim is a balm to his soul, especially if the victim is a Jew.

1939: New York premiere of “Babes In Arms,” a musical produced by Arthur Freed with songs by Richard Rogers, Lorenz Hart, Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg.

1939: NBC radio made its first attempt to cancel The Guiding Light, a soap opera created by Irna Phillips.

1939: In “the Nazi Amtsleiter in Łódź appointed Chaim Rumkowski the Judenälteste ("Chief Elder of the Jews"), head of the Ältestenrat ("Council of Elders").

1940: Jews from Warsaw's suburbs were ordered into the Warsaw Ghetto.

1940: On his 55th birthday, humorist Harry Hershfield, the Cedar Rapids, IA native, in making a reference to the inclusive of American society  was quoted as saying, “The is the only country in the world where they would allow Columbus Day to fall on Yom Kippur.” 

1940: “In a plea for tolerance” the leader of the Knights of Columbus in New York was quoted as having taken notice of the fact that this year Columbus Day and Yom Kippur were celebrated on the same day this year.

1940: Having been snuck across the border between Nazi-occupied France and Spain by American diplomat Varian Fry, Franz Werfel and his wife, Anna Mahler, arrived in New York on ship that had sailed from Lisbon.

1941(22ndof Tishrei, 5702): Shemini Atzeret

1941: “Odilo Globocnik, SS and Police Leader of Lublin, is ordered by Heinrich Himmler to begin constructing the Belzec extermination camp and launch a program to Germanize the region.”

1942: In Newark, NJ, Louis Simon “a college professor, upright bass player, and dance bandleader who performed under the name "Lee Sims" and his wife Belle, “an elementary school teacher” gave birth to America’s troubadour, Paul Simon.

1942: It was reported today that “Len Levy, the former star for the University of Minnesota will be playing right guard when the Great Lakes Bluejackets” square off against the University of Wisconsin Badgers at Soldiers Field in Chicago.

1943: One hundredth anniversary of the founding of B’nai B’rith

1943: A revolt took place in Camp Number I at Sobibor.  Alexander Pechersky distributed knives and hatchets to other prisoners. Nine SS and two Ukrainians were killed in the fighting. Three hundred of the prisoners from Camp Number I' escaped. The other 300 would be killed. However, as a result of this revolt, Sobibor ended its operation.

1944: In San Francisco, “Edward and Dorian (Goldman) Goldstein, both of whom were jewelers” gave birth cultural “impresario” Sydney Goldstein. (As reported by Katharine Q. Seelye)

1944: Hans-Jürgen Graf von Blumenthal “a German aristocrat and army officer” who began working with the anti-Hitler resistance in 1942 was executed today for his part in the plot to assassinate Hitler.

1944: The Soviet Troops entered Riga. Only a handful of Jews had survived in city where there were 30,000 Jews just ten years earlier.

1944: “The special People’s Court sentenced “Hans Neumann, Leo Drabant, his wife along with eight other resistance members” “to death because they had ‘attempted to destroy the resistance of the German People…”

1945 (6th of Cheshvan, 5706):  On Shabbat, Leon Recanati, Sephardic leader of Palestine and formerly of Salonika passed away. Recanati was a "happy admixture of a learned Jew with his Biblical wisdom on the one hand and a man of affairs with a sense of reality on the other."

1945: “Star in the Night” which marked the directorial debut of Don Siegel, with a script by Saul Elkins and which “won an Academy Award in 1946 for Best Short Subject” was released in the United States today.

1946: “Three masked gunmen” believed to members of the Irgun “escaped with $12,000 after a daring daylight robbery in down town Tel Aviv.

1946: Members of Hashomir Hatzair (Young Guard), a left-wing Zionist organization, “distributed pamphlets in Tel Aviv calling on the Jewish community in Palestine to take ‘active measures’ against Jewish terrorist organizations.”

1948(10th of Tishrei, 5709) Yom Kippur

1948: An Israeli army unit held Yom Kippur services on Mt. Zion, right outside the [then] sealed Zion's Gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. There they blew the Shofar, the closest place to the Western Wall they could get.

1948: U.N. “observers reported that the Arabs had fired with automatic weapons ‘for several hours, from an area under UN supervision, and with any provocation by Jewish Forces.’”

1949: Birthdate of Marc Mandel, the son of a New York taxi driver who was nicknamed “Babaloo” by his “longer-time writing partner Lowell Ganz.”

1949: Having been confirmed by the United States Senate yesterday to serve as on Judge on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois, Casper Platt received his commission today.

1950: U.S. premiere of “All About Eve,” a drama written and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz with music by Alfred Newman.

1950: Birthdate of Montreal native and Canadian Conservative Party Leader Hugh Segal who left politics to serve as “Master of Massey college in the University of Tornoto.”

1950: “Harvey” a film version of the Broadway comedy directed by Henry Koster (Hermann Kosterlitz) was released in the United States today.

1952(24th of Tishrei, 5713): Samuel Bortzell, the native of Russia who moved to Sydney before World War I, enlisted with the ANZACs in 1915 and served at Gallipoli and on the Western Front before being discharged in September of 1918 passed away today leaving behind a his second wife Zena Ardon and his daughter Reva whose mother Eileen Harwood had passed away in 1931.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the cabinet had appointed a seven-member Board of Directors of the German Reparations Purchasing Company. The board was responsible, through Foreign Minister Levi Eshkol, to a five-man ministerial committee which was aided by a 13-member Planning Committee and an Advisory Council of 25 members. You might recognize the name of Levi Eshkol.  He would be Prime Minister in June of 1967 when Israel defended itself against its Arab neighbors and reunited the city of Jerusalem

1953(4th of Cheshvan, 5714): “Arab terrorists called Fedayeen, infiltrate into the Israeli village of Yahud and kill Suzanne Kinyas and two of her children (the youngest of which was only 18 months old) in their sleep bringing the toll of Israeli civilian victims to 124.

1954(16thof Tishrei, 5715): Second Day of Sukkoth

1954(16thof Tishrei, 5715): Sixty-nine year old Viennese born soprano and music teacher Emily (Emilie) Heim who found ultimate refuge from European anti-Semitism in Canada passed away today in Toronto.

1954: “A 60-minute adaptation of “The Man Who Came to Dinner” by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart was aired today on the CBS Television series The Best of Broadway

1955: Premiere of “Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter” written by George Axelrod, whose father was Jewish.

1955: “The Pajama Game,” the Richard Adler and Jerry Ross musical opened in London, UK today for the first of 588 performances.

1957(18thof Tishrei, 5718): Sukkoth IV

1957: CBS television broadcast the final episode of “You Are There” a half-hour program of historical re-enactments created by Goodman Ace that included appearances by Paul Newman and Martin Gable.

1957(18thof Tishrei, 5718): Sixty-four year old literary critic and philologist Erich Auberbach passed away today.

1959: CBS television broadcast a live version “The Jazz Singer” with Jerry Lewis starring the “Al Jolson” role and featuring Molly Picon and Alan Reed.

1960(22ndof Tishrei, 5721): Shemini Atzeret

1960: Birthdate of Ari Fleischer, former Press Secretary for President Bush

1960: In the seventh game of the World Series, as future hall of famer Bill Mazeroski rounded first base after having hit the series winning home run, he runs past first base coach, Lenny Levy, the Pittsburgh native who spent most of his life serving in some capacity with the Pirates organization.

1961(3rd of Cheshvan, 5722): Sixty-six year old Hungarian born “screenwriter, director and producer” Zoltan Korda  part of the trio of Korda brothers (the other two being Alexander and Vincent ) whose works include the anti-war “The Four Feathers” and the WW II classic “Sahara” passed away today. (Editor’s note – these three brothers are fascinating, worthy of at least one of those big biographies as well as one or more epic film like the ones they used to make.)

1962(15thof Tishrei, 5723): Sukkoth

1967(9thof Tishrei, 5728): Erev Yom Kippur

1968: B’nai B’rith celebrates its 125th anniversary

1968: “A Birthday Today For B’nai B’rith” published today traces the history and contributions of the Jewish fraternal organization from its inception during the Presidency of John Tyler to the middle of the twentieth century.

1969: Episode 5 of My World…and Welcome to it created by Melville Shavelson and co-starring Harold J. Stone was broadcast today.

1971(24th of Tishrei, 5732): Fifty-seven Phoebe Ephron, part of a noted artistic family passed away today in New York City.

1971: Birthdate Sacha Baron Cohen, the British born comedian who first gained fame portraying his highly successful comedy character Ali G.

1973: Jordan entered the Yom Kippur War.  Thinking that initial Arab victories would spell the demise of Israel, King Hussein thought he would get back the West Bank and east Jerusalem.  In the end he lost again and ended up having to surrender his claims to these lands to the PLO.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, Egyptian reinforcements continued to cross the Suez Canal and began attacking Israeli forces. 

1973:  Israeli forces confronted large numbers of Iraqi tanks both on the road to Damascus and on the Golan Heights.  In both battles, Israeli forces destroyed considerable number of the Iraqi tanks while sustaining minimal losses.  Israeli aircraft refrained from shooting down the Soviet transports that were landing at Damascus.  However, Israeli forces did destroy at least two Soviet craft once they had landed sparking threats from Moscow. 

1973:  After much hesitation and despite opposition from America’s Western Allies, President Nixon ordered a massive airlift of supplies for the IDF.  The material helped offset the tons of modern weaponry being shipped into the region by the Russians.  Many Jews shifted their allegiance to Nixon and the Republicans based on the airlift.  However, they seemed to have forgotten that if the Nixon administration had not kept the Israelis from conducting a pre-emptive strike against the Egyptians before they crossed the Canal, none of this would have been necessary in the first place.

1973: Avraham Lanir was scrambled for a reconnaissance mission deep in Syrian territory. During his return to Israel, Lanir was caught in a missile ambush and his Mirage was hit in the rear, forcing him to eject. The wind carried the parachuting pilot back over the border into Syrian territory and he landed in the area of Mazra'at Beit Jinn. Israeli Armor Corps soldiers witnessed him land and attempted to rescue him, but he was captured by a Syrian jeep patrol that reached him first. Lt. Col.  Lanir was tortured to death by his Syrian captors. His body was finally returned by the Syrians in 1974. “Former Israel Air Force Commander Mordechai Hod noted that Lanir had information that would have placed the existence of Israel at risk had he revealed it to the Syrians.”

1973: Ady Bnaya and David Ya'ir made it back safely to Israeli lines after their F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by Syrian anti-aircraft fire.

1973: Iftach Zemer and Itzhak Amitai returned safely to Israeli lines when they were forced to eject from their F-4E Phantom Jet after it suffered a technical malfunction.

1973: After his Phantom F-4E Jet fell victim to “friendly fire,” Uri Bakal safely ejected and made it back to Israeli lines.

1974(27thof Tishrei, 5735): Eighty-year old Romanian born Israeli artist Reuven Rubin who returned to his native land to serve as Israel’s first ambassador passed away today.

1974: Seventy-two year old Austrian conductor Josef Krips, whose father was Jewish which meant he had to leave his native land to pursue his career while the Nazis were in power, passed away today.

1976: In Livingston, NJ, “Mike and Sandi Friedman” gave birth to Duke University left guard “Leonard Lebrecht Friedman” whose pro career included stops with the Broncos, Redskins, Bears and Bears.

1977: The Jerusalem Postreported that US President Jimmy Carter welcomed the Israeli cabinet's approval of a "working paper" on procedures for reconvening of the Geneva Middle East peace conference. "I am pleased with that," he said. His officials explained that what the US had in mind was the creation of some sort of a Palestinian "borough" on the West Bank and in Gaza which would be linked with Jordan. Asked directly whether he advocated an "entity," Carter simply replied, "I have never advocated an independent Palestinian state."  These negotiations of 25 years ago provide a tragic-comical backdrop to the so-called peace negotiations that have been taking place since the Camp David Meetings hosted by President Clinton.

1977: Four Palestinians hijacked a Lufthansa Airlines flight to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction. Yes, twenty-five years ago, terrorists were interconnected, often sharing resources, training facilities and killing assignments.

1975: As the Russians worked to increase their influence in the Middle East, Soviet President Zhivkov began a visit to Tunisia.

1979(22ndof Tishrei, 5740): Shemini Atzeret combines with Shabbat

1980: Eric Levin examined the reasons for the longevity of 67 year old Garson Kanin’s marriage.

1985(4thof Cheshvan, 5646): Eighty-four year old Sidney R. Rabb, the Boston born third generation philanthropist and grocery store chain executive passed away today.         

1986:Rita Levi-Montalcini’s pioneering work on nerve growth earned her the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Born in Turin, in northwestern Italy, on April 22, 1909, Levi-Montalcini had begun her research on nerve cells at the University of Turin. Banned from the university in a purge of Jews in 1938, and then forced to hide during the Nazi occupation of Italy, she immigrated to the United States and joined the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri in 1946. Levi-Montalcini went to St. Louis at the invitation of embryologist Viktor Hamburger; his support helped her to continue her work at a time when very few women worked in basic science research. It was at Washington University, in 1951, that Levi-Montalcini first hypothesized the existence of the nerve growth factor. Between 1953 and 1959, she worked with collaborator Stanley Cohen to identify nerve growth factor as a protein. For this work, Levi-Montalcini and Cohen shared the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Their work had significant effects on cancer research, and has also been important in work on Parkinson’s disease. Levi-Montalcini retired from Washington University in 1977. Beginning in the 1960s, she also held an appointment at the National Laboratory for Cell Biology in Rome. After the Nobel Prize, Levi-Montalcini won many other honors. In 1986, she and Cohen were awarded the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award. The following year, she received the National Medal of Science, America’s highest scientific award. She also became the first woman ever named to membership in the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in Rome. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archive)

1987(20th of Tishrei, 5748): Sixth day of Sukkoth

1987(20th of Tishrei, 5748): Ninety-seven year old Albert Lorch “Al” Loeb who played center from 1910 through 1913 for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets where he was known as the Yiddish Wildcat passed away today.

1988(2nd of Cheshvan, 5749): Seventy-five year old Melvin Frank who wrote the screenplay for one of my favorite movies “Mrs. Blandings Builds His Dream House” passed away today.

1989: “Look Who’s Talking” a comedy-fantasy directed by Amy Heckerling and featuring George Segal and Abe Vigoda was released today in the United States by Tri-Star Pictures.

1989: Israeli soldiers killed an 18-year-old Palestinian in a West Bank village, Qalqilya, after they were attacked by masked youths.

1989: “Crimes and Misdemeanors” directed and written by Woody Allen co-starring Martin Landau as “Judah Rosenthal” and Claire Bloom as “Miriam Rosenthal” was released in the United States by  Orion Pictures.

1990: Syria invaded Lebanon killing over 500.  There was no noticeable protest from Arab states or the U.N.

1990(24thof Tishrei, 5751): Eighty-five year old German-born Dutch mathematician Hans Freudenthal who survived the Holocaust thanks to his wife who was a non-Jews passed away today.

1992: Charlotte “Pomerantz's story ‘The Piggy In The Puddle’ was featured today on Reading Rainbow, where it was retold using a claymation process

1993: 150thanniversary of the founding of B’nai B’rith.

1993: U.S. Premiere of the Notre Dame football film “Rudy” co-starring Jon Favreau with music by Jerry Goldsmith

1994: Fifty thousand Jews gathered at the Wailing Wall to pray for the life of Nachshon Wachsman, a nineteen year old Israeli soldier who had been kidnapped by Hamas.

1995(19th of Tishrei, 5756): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1995(19thof Tishrei, 5756): Eighty year old Rena Galibova who is buried in Mt. Carmel Cemetery passed away today.

1995(19th of Tishrei, 5756): Eighty-nine year old Henry Roth, author of <u>Call It Sleep</u>passed away. Born in 1906, Roth was ignored for most of his career and was reduced to holding a variety of jobs since he could not support himself as a writer.  Later in life, he enjoyed a re-birth of interest which continued for at least a decade after his death. (As reported by Richard Nicholls)

1996: After 196 performances at the Shubert Theatre the curtain came down n “Big, the musical” which featured the music of David Shire.

1997:  Syria Invaded Lebanon again.  Actually, Syrian troops had occupied parts of Lebanon since 1977.  Lebanon is more like a satellite of Syria, than a truly independent nation.  The late President Assad had a vision of ruling Greater Syria – nation that would include Syria, parts of Jordan, Lebanon and Israel.

1997: In “A Shrine to Books Past Clings to Independence” Dinitia Smith described the history and status of The Argosy Book Store which is operated by Ruth Shevin Cohen, the 90 year old widow of the founder Louis Cohen and their three daughters – Judith Lowry, Naomi Hample and Adina Cohen.

1998(23rdof Tishrei, 5759): Simchat Torah

1999: U.S. premiere of “The Story of Us” directed, produced and written by Rob Reiner.

2002: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of special interest to Jews including<u>The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature</u>, by Steven Pinker, <u>Jackie Robinson and the Integration of Baseball</u> by Scott Simon and <u>Rereading Sex: Battle Over Sexual Knowledge and Suppression in Nineteenth-Century American</u> by Helen Lefkowitz

2004(28th of Tishrei, 5765): In London, Bernice Rubens passed away at the age of 76.  The prolific British novelist drew on her Jewish upbringing to tell stories of vice and grimness with warmth and humor.  “She won Britain’s’ prestigious Booker Prize for fiction in 1970 for <u>The Elected Member</u>, the story of a Jewish family whose secrets drive one son insane.”

2005(10th of Tishrei, 5766): Yom Kippur is observed by Jews all over the world.

2006(21st of Tishrei, 5767): Hoshana Rabah

2006: “Stage Killing: Solving an Attempted Murder” published today provides Faith Jones account of the love triangle surrounding David Levinson, Morris Finkel and Yiddish theatre star Emma Thomashefsky Finkel.

2006: <u>The End</u>, Lemony Snicket’s final novel is scheduled to come out today.

2006: Daniel Handler, who wrote under the penname Lemony Snicket “appeared on the Today show today “as Lemony Snicket's representative.”

2007: Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, 5768(Second Day) – First of Cheshvan

2007: Yaakov Katz the military correspondent and defense analyst for The Jerusalem Post, the Middle East's leading English daily speaks at Agudas Achim in Iowa City, IA.

2007: Haaretz reported that in Lakewood, New Jersey, a man wielding an aluminum baseball bat attacked an Orthodox Jewish rabbi walking to synagogue critically injuring the 53-year-old man and threatening to strain the already tense ethnic relations in a New Jersey city, officials and residents said. The beating of Mordechai Moskowitz, reportedly at the hands of an African-American man, has put residents on edge in Lakewood, a diverse city of 70,000 near the Jersey Shore that is home to a large Orthodox Jewish population, as well as black and Hispanic communities.

2008: Paul Krugman, the Princeton University scholar and New York Times columnist, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his analysis of how economies of scale can affect trade patterns and the location of economic activity

2008(14th of Tishrei, 5769): Erev Sukkoth

2008: As reports multiplied of Harvey Weinsten’s ruthless and aggressive behavior continued to multiply, today Newsweek magazine ran a story accusing him of “"hassling Sydney Pollack on his deathbed" about the release of the film The Reader.

2009(25th of Tishrei, 5770): Seventy-seven year old producer Daniel Melnick passed away today.

2009: Publication of “Chronic City,” a novel by Jonathan Lethem, was published today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2009: Assaf Ramon, the son of Colonel Ilan Ramon who died on the Columbia in 2003, was commemorated today during a military rememberance ceremony marking the 30-day anniversary of his death.

2009: Former Agriproccessor executive Shlomo Rubashkin is scheduled to go on trial in St. Louis, MO.

2009: Channel Two reported that Dalia Itzik spent NIS 75,000 of taxpayers' money on an unnecessary hotel upgrade during a 2006 4-night trip to Paris, France.

2009: The Library of Congress opens a new exhibition "Herblock!," highlighting the life and works of the great political cartoonist.

2009: A Massachusetts judge has denied a motion by Brandeis University to dismiss a lawsuit brought by three overseers of the school’s Rose Art Museum who are seeking to stop the university from closing the museum and selling its works..

2009(25thof Tishrei, 5770): Seventy-seven year old movie producer and studio executive Daniel Melnick passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2010(5thof Cheshvan, 5771): Eighty year old lexicographer, author and tenured member of Olbom (On Language’s Board of Octogenarian Mentors) Sol Steinmetz passed away today.  (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2010: David Grossman and Nicole Krauss are scheduled to talk about their new novels, <u>To the End of the Land </u>and <u>Great House</u> at the New York Public Library.

2010: Among the 20 finalists for the National Book Awards that were announced today was Nicole Krauss for her third novel, <u>Great House</u>,  a sprawling story of memory and loss

2010: Ron Charles reviewed “The Finkler Question” the Howard Jacobson comic novel about anti-Semitism which just won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in London.

2011(15thof Tishrei, 5772): Sukkoth

2011(15thof Tishrei, 5722): Yahrzeit of William Schueller, husband of Eleanor Schueller and father of Deb Levin

2011: The National Basketball Association “formally approved” the purchase of the Philadelphia 76ers by an investment group that included David S. Blitzer, Art Wrubel, Adam Aron, Martin J. Geller and managing partner Joshua Harris.

2011: Milan's La Scala opera house said today that Israeli pianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim would serve as its new music director from December for the next five years.

2011: IDF Chief of General Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz met with Noam and Aviv Schalit this evening, confirming that their son Gilad Schalit would be returning to Israel on October 18, Channel 2 reported.

Gantz told the Schalits at their home in Mitzpe Hila that on October 18 Gilad would be flown from a military base in Egypt to the Tel Nof Air Force Base near Rehovot. According to the report, Noam and Aviva Schalit will have their first meeting with Gilad at Tel Nof.

2011:  Hamas-affiliated media outlets began today publishing names of imprisoned terrorists who will reportedly be set free by Israel in exchange for captive soldier Gilad Schalit. The list, which has not been confirmed by Israel as of tonight, contains the names of terrorists behind painful images of death and destruction.

2012: Six13 “a six-man vocal band that brings an unprecedented style of Jewish music to the stage” is scheduled to appear in the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia Performing Art Series.

2012: Israeli films “Chasing A Star” and “One Day After Peace” are scheduled to be shown at the Syracuse Film Festival in Syracuse, NY.

2012: Tosha Skolnik, an 8th grader at Alice Deal, is scheduled to be called to the Torah as Bar Mitzvah at Adas Israel in Washington, DC.

2012: Seventy year old Barbra Streisand is scheduled to “return to her roots” with a concert at Barclays Center in Brooklyn, NY.

2012(27thof Tishrei, 5773): The cycle begins again as Jews all over the world read Bereshit.

2012: One man was reportedly killed and two others were injured tonight in an IAF attack in Jabalia, in the northern Gaza Strip. The strike targeted Islamic Jihad members who had reportedly planned to carry out an attack against Israelis during the Sukkot holiday. They were said to belong to the Mujahideen Shura Council, an armed group linked to al-Qaeda.

2012: Iran hinted today that it was responsible for a drone that flew deep into Israel on October 6, before being shot down by the Israeli Air Force.

2013: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>The Devil That Never Dies: The Rise and Threat of Global Anti-Semitism</u> by Daniel Johnah Goldhagen and <u>the Kraus Project: The Essays of Karl Kraus</u> translated and annotated by Jonathan Franzen as well as an interview with Scott Turrow whose latest work is<u> Identical.</u>

2013: “Passages through the Fire: Jews and the Civil War” is scheduled to open today at the Maryland Museum of Jewish History

2013: “Her” starring Puerto Rican born Jewish actor Joaquin Phoenix is scheduled to debut at the New York Film Festival.

2013: The Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to host a Local Author Fair featuring Melissa Ford, author of <u>Measure of Love</u>and David Bruce Smith, author of American Hero: John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States

2013: After almost a year, “It’s a Thin Line: The Eruv and Jewish Community in New York and Beyond comes to an end at the Yeshiva University Museum

2013: “Skokie: Invaded, But Not Conquered” is scheduled to shown this afternoon at the Illinois Museum and Education Center.

2013: Led by Amy Barnum, Hadassah is scheduled to hold its annual dinner at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

2014: In Scarsdale, NY, the funeral for Edward M. Davidowitz, retired Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York is scheduled to be held Westchester Reform Temple

2014: As part of its series on the Jewish Experience in the Trenches and at the Homefront” during WW I, the Center for Jewish History is scheduled to show La Grande Illusion (The Grand Illusion), a 1937 French war film directed by Jean Renoir

2014: “The principal photography” for “Get Ready For Ricki,” a cultural-wars comedy featuring Ben Platt and Charlotte Rae “began today in Rye, NY.

2014: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host a presentation by Bill Schneider entitled 2014 Election – Viewpoint from the Nation’s Electionmeister.”

2014: British lawmakers voted today to recognize Palestine as a state in a debate unlikely to change government policy but laden with political symbolism. The ayes carried the vote with 274 votes, against only 12 nays. (As reported by Lazar Berman)

2014: “Dozens of Arab rioters, primarily young men, were holed up today in the Al-Aqsa Mosque atop the Temple Mount.”

2014: According to a report made public today one of the few remaining Jewish families in Syria “was secretly smuggled into Israel several months ago with the aid of a network of Israeli businesspeople and has begun a new life in the Jewish state.” (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

2015(30thof Tishrei, 5775): Rosh Chodesh 1 Cheshvan

2015(30thof Tishrei, 5775): Eighty-eight year old commercial real estate mogul Julien Studley passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

2015: Richard Larkin “an American educator who marched for civil rights in the 1960s and advocated coexistence between Muslims and Jews when he moved to Israel” was mortally wounded today “when two Palestinians boarded a bus in Jerusalem and began shooting and stabbing passengers.”

2015: The Center for Jewish History, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and Fordham University are scheduled to mark the 50th anniversary of the issuance of “Nostra Aetate” at the Second Vatican council with a screening of “Ida followed by discussion with Magda Teter, Fordham University; Jonathan Brent, Executive Director of YIVO, and Father Guy Massie, Chair, Catholic-Jewish Relations for the Diocese of Brooklyn.”

2015: LBNY Productions is scheduled to present a performance by “Ehud Banai who will perform inspiring songs that became Israeli rock n' roll anthems.”

2015: In the UK, Rabbi Jonathan Romain is scheduled to lecture on “Royal Jews – Jewish Life in Berkshire from the Readmission till Today.”

2015: Violinist Gil Shaham is scheduled to perform this evening with the Philadelphia Orchestra.

2016: The chief Sephardi rabbi of Israel, the President of the Sharia Court of the Palestinian Authority and two rabbis from a West Bank yeshiva’ were among the guests who attended a meeting this evening at the home of Israel’s president.

2016: “Bob Dylan was named the winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in literature today, in a stunning announcement that for the first time bestowed the prestigious award to someone primarily seen as a musician.”

2016: As Jews transition from Yom Kippur to Sukkoth, The London Jewish Cultural Centre is scheduled to host “an interactive learning experience” in which Dina Brawer will present “the underlying theme behind each of the festivals.”

2016: At a meeting in Paris, a committee of UNESCO approved a “resolution sponsored by several Arab countries that referred to the Temple Mount and Western Wall…only by their Muslim names and condemned Israel as ‘the occupying power’.”

2016: “Mexico supported a resolution on Jerusalem at UNESCO’s executive board that Israeli and Jewish leaders decried as denying the Jewish people’s historic connection to the ancient city and to the Temple Mount, or Al-Haram Al-Sharif, as most Muslims refer to the site.”

2016(11thof Tishrei, 5777): Ninety-three year old socially conscious and documentary photography Louis

Stettner passed away today.”

2016: “Wallflower” “a collaboration project between Inbal pinto and Avshalom Pollak is scheduled to open at the Kay Theatre in College Park, MD.

2016: Having defeated the Giants, the Chicago Cubs led by Theo Epstein the Jewish baseball executive who worked miracles for the Boston Red Sox, turn their eyes to the East and West coasts to see if they will be facing the Dodgers or the Nationals in the next leg of their quest to break the World Series jinx.

2016: The American Jewish Historical Society and Center for Jewish History are scheduled to sponsor a Fathers and Sons concert featuring the Phoenix Chamber Ensemble playing music by Rimsky-Korsakov, Shostakovich and Weinberg.

2017(23rd of Tishrei, 5778): Simchat Torah

2017: Once again the Children of Israel deal with the question of Jews and Friday the 13th.

2017: “In a New York Times op-ed titled ‘Being a Feminist in Harvey Weinstein’s World’ published today, Jewish actress Mayim Bialik said she was shocked by the scope of Holly producer Harvey Weinstein’s predatory behavior toward women…but was not surprised by the fact he abused his position of power to do so.”

2017: The Irish Times reported today that “according to the 2016 census” the country’s “Jewish population rose by 573 people to 2,557 since 2011.”

2017: Dance Tel Aviv is scheduled to host the first performance by Compagnie Thor “directed by Belgian dancer Thierry Smits.” 

2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a Shabbat service followed an hour later by a Shabbat Dinner.

2018: At Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA, Joseph Heeren is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah. (Editor’s note – this is a cool kid who is one of the most regular attendees of Shabbat services in the world)

2018: In Jerusalem, the Eden-Tamir Concert is scheduled to host “We Love Tchaikovsky,” the season’s opening concert.

2018(4thof Cheshvan, 5779): Parashat Noah; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/










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This Day, October 12, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

03:28 AM Friday, October 12, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


539 BCE: The Persian armies of Cyrus the Great captured Babylon.  Within the year, Cyrus would make it possible for the Jews to return to their homeland.

1129: The tombstone of Elijah ben Simon dated October 12, 1129 is among the oldest evidence of the Jewish settlement in Nuremberg goes back to the 12thcentury.

1285: The Jews of Munich (Germany) were caught in a claim of blood libel which resulted in the death of most the Jewish community.  When 180 Jewish survivors refused baptism, they were burned alive in their synagogue.

1366:  In Sicily, Jews were forbidden to decorate the outside of their houses of worship.

1491: During the Blood Libel tied to the Holy Child of La Guardia, inquisitors arranged for a meeting between Yucef Franco and Benitor Garcia, the two Jews accused in this event.

1492: After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, which led him to believe he had reached East Asia. His expedition, including Hebrew speaker Luis de Torres (the translator) went ashore the same day and claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find a western ocean route to China, India, and the fabled gold and Spice Islands of Asia. Louis de Torres, a Marrano, was the first member of Columbus’ expedition to set foot in the Western Hemisphere. He discovered and introduced tobacco into Europe. According to one legend he saw a bird he thought to be a peacock and called it a "tuki" (Hebrew for peacock - I Kings X22). Today that bird is known as a turkey. (There are those who say that the story of the Turkey is pure fiction.  All that I can say is “Of this I do not know.”)

1504: Thirty-one year old John Corvinus, the pretender to the Hungarian throne who expelled the Jews from Tata where they had lived since the second of the 11th century, passed away today.

1576:  Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor passed away. Maximilian reversed the decree that had banished the Jews from Prague. Furthermore, he allowed them to return to other towns in Bohemia and to settle in Austria.  The life of the Jews in these domains was far from tranquil thanks to pressure from the Catholic Church.  But under Maximilian II it was better than it had been under his predecessor Ferdinand.

1589(2nd of Cheshvan, 5350): Rabbi Samuel ben Moses Medina (RaShDaM) passed away in Salonica.  Born in 1505, his disciples included Abraham de Boton and Joseph ibn Ezra and his grandson was Samuel  Hayyun, author of “Bene Shemuel “

1711: Charles VI who sought to limit the number of Jews living in Austria and Hungary began his reign as Holy Roman Emperor. Among his subjects was Ḥayyim Judah Löb Ettinger, the Austian Rabbi who was the son of Eliezer ha-Levi Lichtenstein Ettinger and the brother-in-law of Chaim Cohen Rapport, who served as a rabbi in Lemberg.

1759(21st of Tishrei, 5520): Hoshanah Rabah

1772(15th of Tishrei, 5533): Sukkoth

1775: The Continental Congress creates the United States Navy. Some of the famous Jews to serve in the U.S. Navy include: Commodore Uriah P. Levy who played a key role in ending flogging as a punishment for seamen; Admiral Hyman Rickover, the father of the Nuclear Navy; Admiral Jeremy Michael Boorda, Chief of Naval Operations.

1778: In Denmark, Philip Hartvig Rée and Hanna Hartvig von Essen gave birth to Hartvig Philip Ree.

1781: Birthdate of Ludvig Mariboe, one of a small number of Jewish converts to Christianity who had settled in Norway in the first decade of the 19th century when Jews were not accepted as citizens.

1789(22nd of Tishrei, 5550): Shemini Atzeret is observed for the first time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1783: Rachel Pinto, a Loyalist who had taken the oath allegiance sought “to attempt to obtain indemnification from the British government” for having billeted the King’s troops in her home.

1793:  The cornerstone of Old East the oldest state university building in the United States is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  This is an important date in Jewish history because my sister, Judy Sharon (Levin) Rosenstein, of blessed memory was a Tar Heel Grad.  She met her husband, Larry Rosenstein of blessed memory, at Chapel Hill.  All three of their sons are also Carolina grads. Of such moments are real Jewish history made.

1796(10th of Tishrei, 5557): Yom Kippur is observed for the last time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1796: Birthdate of “educator, poet and mathematician” Jacob Eichenbaum, the native of Galicia who was “one of the pioneers of modern education among the Russian Jews.”

1796: Israel Baer Kursheedt observed Yom Kippur as the only Jew aboard an American sloop sailing to the United States from Hamburg.

1797(22nd of Tishrei, 5558): Shemini Atzeret

1797: In Charleston, SC, Solomon and Rebecca Moses Harby gave birth to George Washington Harby, “a writer and teacher like his older brother Isaac,” the founder of “a boy’s school in New Orleans” and the husband of Mary Olivia Lucas and then the husband of New Orleanian  Marie Ulaine Pouillott.

1800(23rd of Tishrei, 5561): Jews celebrate Simchat Torah for the first time in the 19thcentury and for the last time during the Presidency of John Adams.

1810: Today’s marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese of Bavaria marked the start of the first Oktoberfest.

1814: Peter Simeon married Sarah Rees at the Great Synagogue today.

1819(23rd of Tishrei, 5580): Simchat Torah

1822: Birthdate of Seligman Solomon, the German born American businessman and philanthropist best known for his support of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York City

1830: Birthdate of Antony Mayer de Worms, a London born descendant of Amschel Moses Rothschild and Schoenche Lechnich

1831: Joel Coleman Joel married Sophia Samuel at the Great Synagouge today.

1837(13th of Tishrei, 5598): Seventy-five year old Talmudist, interpreter of Halacha and moel Rabbi Akiva Eger passed away today in Poznan

1838(23rd of Tishrei, 5599): Simchat Torah

1842: In Reckendorf, Bavaria, Nathan and Rosa Walter gave birth to Moritz Walter the husband of Sophie Walter

1843: Abdallah Ben Cassan married Mary Ann Talbot in London today.

1845: Abraham Einstein and Helene Moos gave birth to Heinrich Einstein one of the six siblings of Albert Einstein.

1848(15th of Tishrei, 5609): Sukkoth

1852: In Minsk, Joseph Dubov and his wife gave birth to Marcus H. Dubov who served congregations in Grodno, Russia; Graudenz, Prussia; Sioux City, Iowa; and Canton, Ohio before becoming Rabbi of Congregation B’nai Moshe in Evansville, Indiana

1853(10th of Tishrei, 5614): Yom Kippur

1853: Rabbi Raphall led services today at the Greene Street Synagogue in New York.

1854: Birthdate of Ida Kuhn, the daughter of Clara Regina Kuhn who became Ida Cohen after marrying Eduard Cohen

1864: The General News column reported today, Wednesday, that Monday’s livestock market was fairly active despite “the absence of the Hebrews, who” were “observing the Day of the Atonement, one of their principal fasts.” Tuesday’s market was more active than usual, in part, because “on account of the numbers of Jews present.”

1864: In Iowa, “a dozen raiders disguised as Union soldiers terrorized Davis County, where they looted residences and kidnapped and murdered three Iowans near Bloomfield.”

1865: In a column styled “Our London Correspondence,” The New York Times reported that, “If you want a present proof that Mammon rules here, take the fact that yesterday Mr. PHILLIPS, a gentleman of the Hebrew persuasion, was elected Lord Mayor of London. Not that a Jew has not teeth, hands, organs, dimensions, and all that, as well as any other man; but, in the face of English prejudice, money and money alone could make a man who is a Jew by birth and religion, member of Parliament or Lord Mayor.” “Mr. Phillips” referred to Benjamin Samuel Phillips, a prominent British citizen and leader of the Anglo-Jewish community who had been elected Lord Mayor in September of 1865.  He served with such distinction that Queen Victoria knighted him for his service. Phillips was the second the Jew to hold the post; the first being David Salomons.  His son, Sir George, would also serve as Lord Mayor. The level of anti-Semitism displayed in this items stands in stark contrast with the detailed and sympathetic description of Jewish holidays that this paper was publishing in the 19th century.

1865(22nd of Tishrei, 5626): Shmini Atzeret

1866: Birthdate of Morris Aaron who would  be buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA when he passed away in 1943.

1872(10th of Tishrei, 5633): Yom Kippur

1873(21st of Tishrei, 5634): Hoshanah Rabah

1873: “Curiosities of Superstition” published today traces the history of “host desecration” including a description of the 38 Jews who were burned to death in 1510 “because they had tortured the consecrated host until bled.”

1875: Birthdate of Yaakov Ben Zion Morein who gained famed as Rabbi Yaakov Ben Zion HaCohen Mendelsohn who served a congregation in Glasgow, Scotland before settling in the United States where he founded “his own shul, Congregation Beis Hamedrash Hagadol.”

1877: An application was made to Judge Barrett on behalf of the two children of the late Abraham Weisberg to order the Public Administrator to turn the two hundred dollars that constituted his estates to Rabbi Ash of the Ludlow-Street Synagogue so that he could send the money to the children living in Poland.  Weisberg was a Jewish peddler who had been murdered two years ago in New York’s Westchester Country.  The judge denied the application saying a guardian for the minor children would have to be appointed before going forward with the dispersal of funds.

1876: Two days after he had passed away, Augustus Davis, the son of Henry Davis and the former Ellen Lewis and the husband of “Ann (Annie) Davis” with whom he had two children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1878(15th of Tishrei, 5639): Sukkoth

1878(15th of Tishrei, 5639): S. S. Man.Maximilien, Baron von Königswarter, the Dutch born French banker who supported Napoleon III passed away today.

1878: The strict anti-Socialist legislation passed today outlawed, for all practical purposes, the German Socialist Democratic Party whose leaders included Eduard Bernstein

1879: “Fish in Morocco” published today which was devoted to describing the rich variety of shell-fish used by cooks in Morocco pointed out that these are “utterly tabooed” when it comes to the local Jewish population.

1881: At Beth Elohim, Rabbi David Levy officiated at the marriage of Herman Leidloff, of Berlin and Selna Davega of Charleston, SC.

1882: It was reported today that the Prime Minister told members of the Hungarian Chamber of Deputies, that the recent anti-Jewish riots in Pressburg “might …degenerate into” an event “of a socialistic character.” He declared that would he would not tolerate “such excesses.” 

1884(23rd of Tishrei, 5645): Simchat Torah

1884: As the effects of the sever economic recession, which has necessitated the closing of many major employers, including the Falls Cotton Mills, grip New England, it is reported that the Polish Jews living in Baltic, a city 8 miles north of Norwich, Conn, are reduced to begging from door to door.

1884: Roderick Waters, who is Christian and Michael Hauman, who is Jewish nearly came to blows today as they vied for the affections of a Jewish widow living in St. Mark’s Place.

1884: “News of the World” published today described the change in fortunes for Mahmoud Pasha, aka Jacob Freund   The Sultan has brought him back from the Island of Rhodes where he had been living in exile since 1876 and restored him to his former position of prominence.  Mahmoud Pasha was a Polish born Jew named Jacob Freund who had fled Hungary after the revolution there failed and, after converting, became “the ablest of Turkish Generals.

1885: David J. Seligman and Adelaide (Addie) Seligman gave birth to Gladys Seligman who, after she married Henri Wertheim became Gladys Wertheim.

1885: “The Only One In America” published today described the opening of the first and only “Hebrew-Christian Church” in the United States.  Located in New York, it is the only congregation that has been established by Jewish converts to Christianity. (Editor’s note – Jews for Jesus type movements are obviously note a creation of the late 20thcentury.)

1886: In Pittsburgh, PA, “Maria and Salomon Stossel” gave birth to Jeno Stossel who gained fame as Jacob Stacel, “one of four Jews named to sit as judges of the Cleveland Municipal Court…by Governor Cooper in December of 1930” who was the husband of Minnie W. Stacel.

1886: “The Anchroia’s Long Trip” described the perilous ocean crossing of a steamer that that had its propeller shaft brake causing havoc among the crew and passengers. Fortunately, only two passengers died in the chaos, one of whom was an unnamed Polish Jew who was buried at sea.

1888(7th of Cheshvan, 5649): Just two months before his 76th birthday, Joseph Moses Levy, the English newspaper editor and publisher whose properties included The Daily Telegraph passed away.

1887: In Munich, “Isidor Landauer and Josephine Pepi Guggenhimer” gave birth to “Dr. Karl Elias Landuer, a colleague of Sigmund Freud, who after seeking refuge from the Nazis in Sweden and the Netherlands ended up being murdered at Bergen-Belsen just months before the end of WW II

1888: “The Fifteenth Season” published today described the first event of 1888-1889 season sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.  Among those who addressed those attending the gala at Chickering Hall was Chauncey M. Depew. (Depew was not Jewish. He was an attorney who became President of the New York Central Railroad and U.S. Senator from New York. His willingness to speak at the YMHA gathering gives an indication of the importance of the organization.)  The speeches were followed by an evening of choral music with violin accompaniment.

1889: Max Maretzek, the Moravian born American opera conductor and composer, celebrated his Golden Jubilee

1890: “Russia’s Milling Industry” published today attributed the decline in the country’s grain milling industry and the decline in the price of corn to “the persecution of the Jews.”

1891(10th of Tishrei, 5652): Yom Kippur

1891:  Several “temporary places of worships have been established” in New York city “public halls” to accommodate the large number of people attending services, especially on the Lower East Side.

1891: In Columbus, GA, more than fifty Jewish owned stores closed because of the Day of Atonement.

1891: In Brooklyn, Sophie and Pincus Weinberg gave birth to Sidney James Weinberg

1891: An Indictment of Russia” published today described the view of the Jews that Nicholas I who reigned from 1825 to 1855 was “a Second Haman” whose 30 year reign “was filled with special hardship for” them. Much to their surprise, the reign of Alexander III has proved to be even worse.

1891:  Birthdate of Edith Stein.  Stein converted to Catholicism.  When she became a nun she took the name "Teresia Benedicta ac Cruce."  Sister Teresia left Germanyfor Hollandafter the Nazis came to power.  In 1942, the Nazis ordered the arrest of Catholics of Jewish origin living in Holland.  This included clergy like Sister Teresia.  Sister Teresia was once again Edith Stein.  She died in Auschwitzin August of 1942.  If people who converted to Catholicism are really Catholics it is hard to understand how the Pope gave up these members of his flock. Eventually, Edith Stein would be made Saint.  Cynics would say that in one respect the Church has remained consistent.  It loves Jews, as long as they are dead. The fate of Edith Stein gave those studying in Cedar Rapids something to discuss when they studied the Papal response to Hitler and the Holocaust.

1891: Today, Jews in Missouri are upset by the recent attack John T. Blake the manager for William Warner, the Republican candidate for governor has made on Mr. Isaac Isaacs, Secretary of the Republican clubs that included a “roast of the Jews.”

1892(21st of Tishrei, 5653): Hoshana Rabah

1892: In New York, a conference of Orthodox rabbis which has dealt with changes espoused by the Reform including doing away requiring circumcision as part of the conversion ceremony, is scheduled to come to an end

1892: Carlos Pellegrini, who has a German-Jewish brother-in-law, completed his term of office as President of Argentina during which he expressed his support for Baron Hirsch’s plan to settle a half a million Russian Jews in the Argentine Republic.

1892: A part of the 400thanniversary of Columbus’ voyage, a celebration which Jewish communities participated, “school children recite the original ‘Pledge of Allegiance” which did not contain the phrase “under God” – a phrase that was added in the 1950’s as a measure designed to “defeat” the Soviets during the Cold War.

1893: Julius Bien, the President of B’Nai B’rith is scheduled to address the opening session of a three day affair marking the Golden Anniversary of the Jewish fraternal organization.

1894: Alfred Gobert, “the handwriting expert from the Bank of France,” was summoned to the rue Saint-Dominique where he spent the day examining the treasonous documents supposedly written by Captain Dreyfus.(For more see The Dreyfus Affair by Piers Paul Read)

1894: Two days after she had passed away. Fanny Goldberg, the “wife of Abraham Goldberg” was buried at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery on Buckingham Road.”

1894: This evening, General de Boisdeffre told Commandant du Paty de Calm that “he had been chosen to arrest Dreyfus.”  Du Paty tried to avoid the task but the general insisted.

1895(24th of Tishrei, 5656): Seventy-eight year old German politician and jurist Isaac Wolffson, the son of “businessman Meyer Wolffson” and the father Albert Wolffson who served in the Hamburg Parliament for thirty years, passed away today.

1895 The Louisiana Section of the National Council of Jewish Women, which has sent money to the St. Louis Shoe Fund and the Chicago Jewish Training School was formed today

1897: In Kansas City, clothing store owner Jacob Epstein and his wife gave birth to Jane Epstein, the future wife Goodman Ace who became half of the comedy team known as “Easy Aces.”

1897: Expenses estimates submitted at today’s meeting of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment included: Aguilar Free Library $41, 500; Maimonides Free Library $5,000; Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum $324,992; Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society $89,000; Sanitarium for Hebrew Children $5,500; Mt. Sinai Hospital $26,000

1899: One day after he had passed away, “Solomon Shock” was buried at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”

1903(21st of Tishrei, 5664): Hoshana Rabah

1903: Birthdate of Walter Jurmann the “Austrian born composer” who moved to France after the Nazis came to power and then to the United States where Louis B. Mayer employed him at MGM.

1904: Birthdate of Samuel Zimelman, who served as the “cantor of Hochshule Synagogue in his native Łomazy, Poland who in 1946 came to the United States where he served as the chazzan at Congregation Shaarey Tphiloh in Portland Maine and who is the father of Cantor Solomon “Sol” Zim.

1906(23rd of Tishrei, 5667): Simchat Torah

1906: In Australia, Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs began serving as Puisne Justice of the High Court of Australia.

1907: Birthdate of Chicago native Phil “Mickey” Weinbtraub the outfielder and first baseman who began his career with Loyola Univesity, went on to a record shattering season with the minor league Nashville Vols before playing in the majors with the Giants, Cards, Reds and Phillies.

1907: The Tennessee Volunteers coached by Izzy Levene defeated the football team from the University of Georgia for the second straight victory of the season.

1908(17th of Tishrei, 5669): Chol Hamoded Sukkoth

1908(17th of Tishrei, 5669): Fifty-seven year old Isaac Asher Isaacs, the “son of Asher and Esther Isaacs” and husband of “Hannah (Annie) Zyberlast Isaacs with whom he had six children and who had been presented with a “Testimonial from the Manchester Congregation of British Jews” in February of 1908 “in recognition of her service as secretary for twenty seven years” passed away today.

 1909: The Bible Class which had studied the Book of Genesis at Temple Beth Ahabah is scheduled to meet this afternoon to study the Book of Exodus

1909: Mrs. Sam Cohen, the President Ladies’ Hebrew Benevolent Association (LHBA) is scheduled to chair a fund raising meeting today.

1910(9th of Tishrei, 5671): Erev Yom Kippur

1910: Birthdate of Canadian screenwriter Ben Barzman who fell afoul of HUAC and ended up on one of its infamous blacklists.

1911: Multiple telegrams were received in Londonfrom Malta, Gabes and Djerba, appealing for help for the many thousands of Jewish refugees who had come from Tripoli. 

1912: Birthdate of Elizabeth H. Friedman, the wife of Sylvan N. Friedman, the Jewish political leader who served in both houses of the Louisiana state legislature.

1912: While playing Center for Georgia Tech led the Yellow Jackets to a 20-3 upset victory over Alabama despite the fact that he broke three fingers in the game which proved to be an inspiration to his underdog teammates.

1913(12th of Tishrei, 5674): Mrs. Beile Weinberg passed away today.

1914(22nd of Tishrei, 5675): Shemini Atzeret

1914: “Turkey Gathers Troops” published today reported that the Turks “are showing much energy” in several of its Middle Eastern territories including “Palestine where they are concentrating troops at a number of points and fortifying important places on the coast and on routes to the interior.”

1914: “The Committee on Foreign Relations this morning ordered a favorable report to the Senate of the peace treaty with Russia” even though “the committee has received no word from the Department of State indicating that any progress has been made toward negotiating a new treaty of commerce with Russia to take the place of the treaty of 1832 abrogated by the United States because of Russia’s treatment of American Jews.”

1914: Birthdate of Mauricio Leib Lasansky, “an Argentine-born master printmaker who was equally well known for a series of drawings depicting the horrors of Nazism…” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1915: Assistant Under-Secretary of State Bertam Cubitt wrote to General Sir John Maxwell “that to grant the ZMC (Zion Mule Corps) pensions that would be granted to enlisted British soldiers would be unduly liberal” as they were only “temporary employees” – a status he ascribed to men who wore the uniform of His Majesty’s forces and many of whom “permanently gave their lives” under fire at Gallipoli.

1915: Edith Louisa Caviell, the British nurse who in addition to providing medical aid to battlefield casualties regardless of their nationality, was executed today by the Germans today for helping Allied soldiers escape after a court martial in which she had been represented by Sadi Kirschen whose Jewish family would be forced to flee Belgium 25 years later when the Nazis came to power.

1915:  “More Rioting In Russia” published today described fighting in the streets of Moscow which has included civilians building barricades in the city and which the “aristocracy and merchants “attribute to the disloyalty of the Jews and the granting to them of the rights of suffrage” – a condition that they will cure by returning to “the customs of the ancient Muscovite Empire” making it “once more a land of orthodox Slavs.

1915: Birthdate of New York native Leonard “Len” Maidman the NYU all-star basketball player, 1940 graduate of NYU Med School “who served as a Captain in the Medical Corps” during WW II after which he practiced medicine in Connecticut for forty years.

1915: Alexei Khvostoff, the new Russian Minister of the Interior was reported to believe that “the step already taken to extend the rights of the Jews must be followed up” and that “the only restriction that should be maintained with regard to the Jews after the war is the prohibition of the purchase of real estate.”

1915: As of today, according to Professor R.J. H. Gottheil, the Temporary Chairman of the University Zionist Society, Eugene Meyer, Jr. is the society’s new president and E.L. Thurman is the society’s new Secretary.

1916(15th of Tishrei, 5677): Sukkoth

1916: During the Punitive Expedition into Mexico led by General Pershing “Rabbis sent to the Mexican border for the holidays by the Army and Navy Committee and by the Central Conference of American Rabbis” are scheduled to Sukkoth services in Texas “at McAllen, El Paso, San Antonio, Brownsville, Laredo and Eagle Pass” while “elsewhere along the…border Succoth will be observed out of doors or in tenets which will prove peculiarly appropriate in view of the fact that Succoth celebrations are held whenever possible in out-of-door booths in token of the harvest origin of the holiday.”

1916: Dr. J.L. Magnes, a Brooklyn born member of the American Jewish Relief Committee arrived in Warsaw where he will be distributing “funds collected in the United States” to “the poor Jews in Poland.”

1916: During tonight’s Columbus Day celebration at Carnegie Hall sponsored by the New York Chapter of the Knights of Columbus former Assemblyman Aaron J. Levy delivered a speech in which he said “When I was invited to take part in these exercise, I had some doubt of my right to be here but when I recalled that five members of Columbus’s crew were Jews and that another Jew prominent at the” Spanish Court “financed that famous expedition of discovery by contributing $250,000” leading me to “believe that I have the best right to be here.”

1917: “For the Tsar and Holy Russia,” “a new reactionary organization” conducted a “vigorous anti-Jewish campaign” and distributed millions of copies of circulars urging anti-Jewish uprisings.”

1917: In Tsaritsin, “Bankers and Trust Companies establish a company to sell insurance again casualties and losses resulting from pogroms.”

1917: In Lubashevka, “peasant women attack Jewish shops demanding food at lower prices” followed by looting of the shops with the goods being taken by force.

1917: Three hundred more Jewish refugees are expected to arrive shortly in New York from Palestine which can be added to the total of 91 saved souls who arrived yesterday after having been driven from their homes in Jaffa and Jerusalem.

1918: Dr. Madisen Clinton Peters, the former pastor of the Bloomingdale Church and author whose works included <u>Justice to the Jew</u>, <u>The Jews as Patriot</u>, <u>The Wit Wisdom of the Talmud</u>, <u>The Jews in America</u> and <u>the Jews Who Stood </u>by Washington, passed away after losing his week-long fight with Spanish Influenza.

1918: Upon hearing that the German government had accepted President Wilson’s condition for negotiation, “the German born Zionist Arthur Ruppin noted in his diary how he ‘went for a long walk and continuously repeated to myself the one word: Peace! How much it means.’” Ruppin’s joy was premature and it would be another month before Peace would become a reality.

1919: The New York Times includes a review of <u>Past and Present: A Collection of Essays</u> by Dr. Israel Friedlander, a noted member of the faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary and an author of several volumes on Jewish history.

1920: The Kane Street Temple, one of the oldest congregations in Brooklyn is scheduled to host the opening night of its Bazar and Fair at the 23rd Regiment Armory.

1921(10th of Tishrei, 5682): Yom Kippur

1921: In New York City, attorney Allen Blaustein and his wife the former Rose Brickman gave birth to law professor and “constitution drafter Albert P. Blaustein.

1921: According to New York City political leaders yesterday's drop in voter registration, as compared with both the first day's registration and that of last year was mainly due to the fact that the Jewish holiday, Yom Kippur began yesterday evening.  “In many instances Jewish registration inspectors left their booths at sundown” which delayed registration for those waiting in line.  “The Jewish holiday kept the registration down on the East side of Harlem” and other East side locations because Jews did not come out to register on the eve of Yom Kippur.  The importance of observing Yom Kippur was a universal factor among Jews regardless of affiliation as can be sen by the fact that Jacob Schiff, who was serving as Chairman of one of the registration boards and a co-religionist serving on the board “quit work at sunset.”  When Schiff was challenged by waiting voters he replied, “We are sorry, but you observe your holidays and we must observe ours.”  The Board of Elections admitted that it had not even considered the disruption that would take place when voter registration coincided with the most important holiday on the Jewish calendar.

1923: In Brooklyn, David Slutsky, a cab driver and Mae Rodin Slutsky, a manicurist gave birth to Jean Evelyn Slutksy who gained fame as Jean Nidetch, founder of Weight Watchers. “The story of the establishment of Weight Watchers International begins with the personal story of a New York housewife who wanted to succeed at losing weight. In 1963, Mrs. Jean Nidetch , a Jewish woman in her forties, who had experienced many failed attempts at losing weight and gaining weight, decided to lose weight forever.”  So begins the saga as described by the Weight Watchers Program.  There are those who say the program is very Jewish.  Like Moses, Ms. Nidetch started with a list of foods you could not eat and book.

1924: Birthdate of Erich Gruenberg, the Austrian born violinist who studied at the Jerusalem Conservatory and “led the Palestine Broadcasting Corporation Orchestra from 1938 to 1945.

1925: Birthdate of Julius Bronstein, a 34 for year veteran of the Chicago Police Department

1925: In what will be one of the few glory moments in the history of the Washington Senators, the Nats with Buddy Myer at 2nd base take a three games to lead over the Pirates in the World Series.

1925: Birthdate of Alan Howard Abelson, the New York native who became an editor of Barron’s magazine where he wrote “a pugnacious, sagacious stock market column that denounced Wall Street hucksterism and routinely rocked share prices (As reported by Douglas Martin)

1925(24th of Tishrei, 5685):  Thirty-two year old Polish born circus performer Siegmund Breitbart known as the “Strongest Man in the World” passed away today in Berlin after having injured himself during a performance.

1926: In the Bronx, William Schlesinger, “a pants salesman” and his wife Lillian who was “a milliner gave birth to “printer, historian, composer and printer Carl Tobias Schlesinger.

1926: Birthdate of Dr. Ruth L. Kirschstein, a National Institutes of Health pathologist who helped develop and refine tests to ensure the safety of vaccines for polio and measles, organized the NIH response to the AIDS epidemic, and became the first woman appointed director of an NIH institute.”

1927: Anna Boudin, Mrs. Jacob Panken and Florence Dolowitz organized the first meeting of the Women's American ORT (WAO). Originally founded in Tsarist Russia in the 1880s, ORT (the Russian acronym stands for Organization for the Distribution of Artisanal and Agricultural Skills) was organized to provide vocational training to help impoverished Russian Jews become more economically self-sufficient. The American arm of ORT, founded in 1922, was only open to men. Dolowitz and Boudin, who were married to ORT officers, founded WAO to assist in funding ORT programs intended to help Eastern European Jews devastated by World War I. Starting with fundraising concerts and bazaars, WAO grew in response to the rise of Nazism and the plight of Jewish refugees. Women's American ORT became an independent organization in 1940, helping to fund International ORT's growing number of vocational high schools in Europe, India, Israel, and North Africa. Today WAO focuses primarily on fundraising for ORT schools and programs around the world, including schools in New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago. These programs assist disadvantaged individuals and communities to be self- sufficient by providing education and training in employment skills. The organization also maintains a public policy platform advocating for quality public education, increased literacy and women's rights, the separation of church and state, the elimination of anti-Semitism, and the fostering of Jewish communities worldwide. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

1927: It was reported today that Justice Jacob Panken has rejected the endorsement of the Communist Party because, the Communists “believe in dictatorship and ridicule and denounce the principles and practices of social democracy, while the Socialist Party believed that whatever “changes are to be made in the United States must the result of education and the intelligent use of the ballot”

1928: On the 33rdanniversary of his death, a bust of Jurist Isaac Wolffson was placed “in the vestibule of the Court of Appeals Building” in Hamburg.

1929: The British High Commissioner sends a telegram to the government in London warning that the Arabs of Palestine had recently obtained a considerable number of arms from Transjordanand the Hedjaz which they intended to use in attacks on the Jewish population.

1930: Birthdate of New Rochelle native Jack Gottlieb, a noted composer who “served as President of the ASJM for a number of years.”

1932: “The Flag Lieutenant,” a British made WW I movie featuring Abraham Sofaer as “Meheti Salos” was released in the United Kingdom today by Woolf and Freedman.

1933(23rd of Tishrei, 5694): Simchat Torah

1933: In Los Angeles, garment workers, most of whom were “Mexicans” began a strike organized by Rose Posetta (Rakhel Peisoty) of the ILGWU who believed that “Mexican garment workers” could be the backbone of a West Coast organizing movement.

1933: William E. Dodd, FDR’s newly appointed Ambassador to Germany, defied the conventional wisdom and gave a speech to the American Chamber of Commerce in Berlin in which he was highly critical of the Nazi regime.  Among the high-ranking Nazis in attendance were Goebbels and Alfred Rosenberg.

1934: In Newark, NJ, “Carolyn (Kaltenbacher) and Jerome Meier, a wholesale wine and liquor salesman gave birth to “the oldest of their three sons” Cornell University trained architect Richard Meier, the winner of 1984 Prtizker Architecture Prize.

. 1934: In Salem, Massachusetts, Jacob Joseph Kekst, a Hebrew school teach from Lithuania and his Palestinian born wife Hannah gave birth to Gershon Kekst, the founder Kekst and Company.


1934: U.S. premiere of “The Gay Divorcee,” a musical directed by Mark Sandrich with a score by Max Steiner and filmed by cinematographer David Abel.

1935(15th of Tishrei, 5695): Sukkoth

1935: “Jubilee,” “a musical comedy with a book by Moss Hart premiered on Broadway tonight at the Imperial Theatre

1935: Birthdate of “historian and biographer” John Cooper, , whose works included A Social History of Jewish Food  and The Life Cycle of the Baghdadi Jews of India that he wrote with his wife, psychoanalyst Judy Cooper.

1936: Thanks to the efforts of the “Arab Kings of Iraq, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia and the Emir of Transjordan, the general strike being conducted by the Arabs in Palestine which has been marked by death violence has been called off without resolving their attempts to put an end to Jewish immigration and land purchases.

1936: It was reported today that during the first six months of this year, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee had provided assistance to “2,047 Jews long resident in Germany but natives of other lands” including 700 from Poland who were forced to “return home” by the Nazi regime as well as assistance to “1,993 people to leave small towns and villages for larger German cities because residence in the smaller communities was no longer possible for them.”

1936: It was reported today that philosopher and historian Dr. William Durant said “I trust that before my days are end, I shall the Germany of Lessing, Kant, Goethe and Schiller restored to the moral fellowship of the nations; and the Jewish people living once more in peace and honor with Germans in Germany and with Arabs in Palestine.”

1939: The first Jewish deportees left Vienna and Bohemia.

1939: Hans Frank is appointed governor-general of Occupied Poland.

1940(10th of Tishrei, 5701): Yom Kippur; it is also Shabbat.

1940: Governor Lehman of New York missed the celebration of Columbus Day “for the first time in ten or twelve years because” today was “the holiest of the Jewish religion and he was attending to religious duties and abstaining from public appearances.

1940: All soldiers who had received a furlough starting yesterday at noon so they could observe Yom Kippur were required to return by the sounding of taps this evening.

1940: For the first time in 940 years, non-Christian religious services were held in Iceland. Approximately twenty five Jewish soldiers from England, Scotland and Canada gathered with eight Jewish refugees and Hendrik Ottósson, who had married a Jewish woman to observe Yom Kippur. Ottósson, served as their Shammash. The Icelandic authorities offered a chapel in Reykjavík's old cemetery. Ottósson found the suggestion insulting and rented a hall of the Good Templars' Lodge. They borrowed the only Torah scroll available in town.

1940: On this Jewish Day of Atonement, German loudspeakers in Warsaw, Poland, announce that all Jews in the city must move to the Jewish ghetto by the end of the month.

1940 (10th of Tishrei, 5701): In one of those calendar quirks, Yom Kippur, Shabbat and Columbus Day all fell on the same day.  As the Nazis swept across Europe, sermons provided different ways to respond to the challenge and observe the Day of Atonement. Rabbi Stephen Wise told congregants at the Free Synagogue that it was not enough for England to resist Hitler.  The resistance to Hitler must take the form of renewed and deepened loyal to morality which “in its origins is Judeo-Christian.” Rabbi Jonah Wise asked those at Central Synagogue “how much liberty can we lose and still retain from freedom” while Rabbi David de Sola Pool told those at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue “Our effective answer to the tyrannies of other lands is to build here a better society of free, unexploited happy men and women. It is within our power to reconstruct society and build it in the light of divine wisdom.”

1940(10th of Tishrei, 5701): The Nazis executed 3,400 Jews in Galicia.

1940: It was reported today that due to the start of Yom Kippur yesterday evening, “slaughters had reduced the kill of those classes generally dressed kosher.”

1941: InStanislawow, Eastern Galicia, all of the Jews living in the district, were driven out of their homes into the center of the town where massive graves had been dug. SS troops and Ukrainian militia commence machine gunning of the gathered populace. Estimates of the number of Jews murdered range from a low of 6,000 to a high of 12,000. For the Jews, it was Hoshanah Rabbah, (the Great Prayer day.) The Ukrainian and German killers throw a "Bloody Sunday" victory celebration.

1940 Sixty-four year old William Henry Dieterich, the anti-Semitic and somewhat pro-German” Senator from Illinois who was opposed by his fellow Democrat Henry Horner, “the first Jewish governor of Illinois” passed away today.

1941: At Sabac, Yugoslavia, hundreds of Gypsies are murdered. Jews were the primary victims of genocide, but not the only victims.

1941: The head of the University of Louisville expresses his gratitude for a bequest by the late Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandies to the school’s Law Library.  About two decades ago, Justice. Brandies selected the Law School of the University of Louisville as beneficiary of specific current gifts from him because, in his judgment, this university is much less liable to political influence than institutions under complete public control.

1941(21st of Tishrei, 5702): Hoshanah Rabah

1944: Gerda Baier was deported to Auschwitz where she was subsequently murdered.

1944(25th of Tishrei, 5705): The wife and young daughter of chess champion Salo Landau were gassed today at Auschwitz.

1945: Forty women rescued from Nazi concentration camps were the first to be sheltered in the new sixty-bed wing opened” today “at the Women’s League for Palestine home at Haifa.  In New York, “Mrs. David L. Isaacs, who head the Palestine committee of the league” described “the welcome given the group rescued from Bergen-Belsen, Buchwald and Auschwitz.”

1945: British authorities continued their search of a secret radio that was “attempting to rally Jewish resistance forces.”  Shortly before a secret radio station “that was attempting to rally Jewish resistance forces…broadcast the announcement ‘Listen to the voice of Israel!  This is not a terrorist station.  This is the station of Hebrew resistance. Never again will Jews be deported from their homeland.  Our patience is over.  No power in the world shall break our determination.”

1946: U.S. premiere of “Nobody Lives Forever” starring John Garfield (Jacob Julius Garfinkle)

1947: In Chicago Mike Wallace and Norma Kaphan gave birth FOX newsman Christopher “Christ” Wallace whose career choice begs the question of nature versus nurture since his father was the CBS news personality and his step-father was Bill Leonard, President of CBS News.

1947: Ninety-four year old General Sir Ian Hamilton the commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Forced during the Gallipoli Campaign which meant he commanded the first Jewish fighting unit since the days of Bar Kochba and who “carried out a spot inspection” of the newly formed Zion Mule Corps “and was delighted with the workman-like appearance of the Corps after so little training” passed away today.

1948(9th of Tishrei, 5709): Erev Yom Kippur; in the evening Kol Nidre is chanted for the first time in almost two thousand years in an independent Jewish state.

1948(9th of Tishrei, 5709): Eighty year old Alfred Kerr passed away today.

1948: Egypt, Syria and Lebanon recognize the All Palestine Government.  Jordan’s King Abdullah had already refused to grant this entity any power in territory seized by his Arab Legion.  In other words, there was to be no Palestinian control over what is now called the West Bank and the Old Citysection of Jerusalem.

1949: “Christopher Columbus” a biopic featuring Abraham Sofaer was released in the United Kingdom today.

1949: Casper Platt who had been “nominated by President Harry S. Truman to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois” “was confirmed by the United States” today.

1950: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show” which was a continuation of their vaudeville act that had been a hit on radio as well.

1951(12th of Tishrei, 5712): Sixty-five year old English born Australian war hero and diplomat Leonard Keysor who won the Victoria Cross lost his battle with cancer today.

1952(23rd of Tishrei, 5713): Simchat Torah is celebrated for the last time during the Presidency of Harry S. Truman, “the godfather of Israeli independence”

1953:  The “Caine Mutiny Court Martial” opened at the Plymouth Theatre in New York.  This Broadway dramatic hit was based on the novel <u>The Caine Mutiny</u> by Herman Wouk.  Wouk has had a successful writing career dealing with both non-Jewish and Jewish themes.  More to the point, he has been successful without compromising his very strong belief in traditional Judaism and the state of Israel.

1953(3rd of Cheshvan, 5714): “Suzanne Kinyas, and her two children (3 year old girl and a 1 and a half year old boy) were  killed today when a Palestinian Fedayeen squad infiltrated into Israel from Jordan” and “threw a grenade into a civilian house” at Yehud, a village eight mile east of Tel Aviv.  (Fedayeen was the 1950’s term for the Arab terrorists.  Over the decades, they change their names but not their murderous aims.)

1954(15th of Tishrei, 5715): Sukkoth

1954: In Philadelphia, PA, Congressman Joshua Eilberg and his wife Gladys gave birth to Amy Eilberg, the first female rabbi ordained by the Conservative movement.

1955(26th of Tishrei, 5716): Eighty-two year old Arthur Hammerstein, the son of Oscar Hammerstein I and uncle of Oscar Hammerstein II, who “was an opera producer and one of the writers of the song "Because of You," a major hit (#1 for 10 weeks) for Tony Bennett in 1951 passed away today. Hammerstein wrote the song in 1940. It was used in the film I Was an American Spy (1951). He was the producer of the musical comedies The Firefly (1912), and Rose Marie (1924), which he did along with his nephew. He also was the producer of the film The Lottery Bride (1930), and made an appearance as himself in an episode of the film series Popular Science in 1949. Arthur Hammerstein was born and educated in New York City. Arthur's daughter, Elaine Hammerstein was a well-known stage and film actress.”

1956: In response to a request from a very worried Jordanian King, the British government informed Israel that, in accordance with the treaties with Jordan and Iraq, Britain would go to the aid of both these countries if they were attacked by Israel.  The irony was that Israel was negotiating with France and Britain over plans to attack Egyptand seize the Suez Canal.

1957: Publication of Ayn Rand’s <u>Atlas Shrugged</u> which, in 2007, will be described as one of the most influential business books ever written.

1957: In Philadelphia, attorney and Maryland state legislator Joe Chasnoff and his wife, “psychologist Selina Sue Prosen” gave birth to “Oscar winning documentarian Debra Hill Chasnoff” whose death was announced to the public by “her wife, Nancy Otto.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)


1958: Fifty sticks of dynamite exploded in the entryway of Atlanta's Hebrew Benevolent Society -- the oldest and largest Reform congregation, commonly known as the Temple. Five men, all associated with white separatist groups like the National States' Rights Party, were tried and acquitted. No one was ever convicted for the crime. The bombing came as Rabbi Jacob Rothschild was becoming increasingly active in the Civil Rights movement.

1959(10th of Tishrei, 5720): Yom Kippur

1959: The Play of the Week televised David Susskind’s production of Media as its first broadcast.

1960(21st of Tishrei, 5721): Hoshanah Rabah

1960; U.S. premiere of “Inherit the Wind,” the cinematic adaptation of the play co-authored by Jerome Lawrence, directed and produced by Stanley Kramer.

1961: “Let It Ride” a musical with lyrics and music by co-authored by Jay Livingston and starring Sam Leven opened tonight at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre in New York.

1961: Today the West End production of “Do, Re Mi”  featuring the music of Jule Styne and the lyrics of Betty Comden and Adolph Green opened at the Prince of Wales Theatre where it “ran for 169 performances.

1963: Archaeological digs began at Masada, Israel.  Masada was the site of the famous “last stand” during the “War Against Rome” that ended with the destruction of the Second Temple.  The archaeological dig was important because it gave credence to Jewish history.  Of course the debate continues to this day as to who was right – the Jews of Masada or the Jews of Yavnah.

1963: “A virulent anti-Semitic book<u>, Judaism Without Embellishment</u>, by Trofim Kichko was published in the USSR today.”

1967:  In discussing his latest archeological finds, Dr. Yigael Yadin, Israel's leading archeologist contends that King Solomon may have indulged a passion for building during his long reign from 960 to 922 B.C., but he did not build the stables at Megiddo

1969(30th of Tishrei, 5730): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1969(30th of Tishrei 5730): Seventy-two year old Dr. Max Schur, the friend and confidant of Sigmund Freud passed away

1971(23rd of Tishrei, 5732): Simchat Torah

1972: “Lady Sings the Blues” a biopic featuring Sid Melton as “Jerry” was released in the United States today.

1972: “The King of Marvin Gardens” a drama directed by Bob Rafelson, the co-producer and co-author of the script and starring Ellen Burstyn was released in the United States today.

1973: Moshe Koren safely ejected from his F-4E Phantom Jet after it fell victim to Lebanese anti-aircraft fire and was recovered by IDF forces.

1973: Ran Goren and Micha Oren were safely recovered by IDF forces after their F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by an Egyptian MiG-21.

1973: A week after the Yom Kippur War began; Avraham Lanir scored his third and last aerial kill, downing a Syrian MiG-17 in the vicinity of Kuneitra while flying Mirage 5

1973: As many as 15,000 Iraqi troops had reached the Syrian front and were prepared to attack Israeli forces. The Israelis lucked out and spotted a lead contingent of fifty Iraqi tanks. When the Iraqis reached to within three yards of the outnumbered Israelis, the IDF tanks opened fire destroying 17 tanks and halting the assault The Soviets completed a twenty-four hour air lift during which eighty large Soviet transport planes landed in Syria filled with a wide variety of arms that more than compensated for the Syrian losses during the first week of fighting. On the southern front, Egyptian tanks and troops continued to pour across the Suez Canal posing a new threat to the Israelis.  

1973:  In the midst of the perilous first week of the Yom Kippur War a dispute broke out between the Sephardic Chief Rabbi and his Ashkenazi counterpart.  October 12, 1973was a Friday.  As the sun was setting the Sephardic Rabbi announced that it was a sin to bake bread on Shabbat, even in war time.  The Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi, Shlomo Goren, the man who had been chief rabbi of the IDF in the 1967 war said that it was perfectly permissible to break the rules of Shabbat and bake bread during war time.  Doesn’t this remind you of Jerusalemduring the Roman Siege?

1974: Ten people participated in the second of two demonstrations that took place in Moscow today during which demands were made for the granting of exit visas.

1975: Birthdate of Aharon Mordechai Rokeach the only child and heir of the current Rebbe of Belz, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach. Born in Jerusalem, Israel, he was named after his father's uncle, Rabbi Aharon Rokeach, the fourth Belzer Rebbe, and his father's father, Rabbi Mordechai of Bilgorai.

1977(30th of Tishrei, 5738): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1977(30th of Tishrei, 5738): Seventy-seven year old CCNY and NYU Law School graduate Lewis E. Zorn, the former “president of the Brucks Division of the American Hospital Supply Company” and “a founder of the American Friends of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem” who was the husband of Lillian Zorn with whom he had one son, Richard, passed away today in Mount Vernon, NY.

1978: Representatives of Israel and Egypt opened peace talks in Washington, D.C.

1976: Yorkshire Television broadcast the third episode of “Dickens of London” with music by Monty Norman

1982(25thof Tishrei, 5743): Eighty-two year old publisher Robert Paul Michel Calmann-Levy the son of Gaston Michel Calmann-Lévy and Hélène Koenigswarter  passed away today.

1981:Yuli Edelstein, Victor Fulmacht, Alexander Kholmianskii, Vladimir Kuravsky, Vladimir Magarik and   Boris Teplitsky were among the “more than a hundred Moscow Hebrew teachers and their students who wrote a letter of protest to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the systematic and continuous KGB persecution of refuseniks engaged in studying and teaching the Hebrew language.”

1984: It was reported today that memoirs of Jaroslav Seifert, the newly named Nobel Prize winner in Literature, contain a “selection, titled 'Russian Bliny,' is about Roman Jakobson, a Russian born Jewish scholar who emigrated to Czechoslovakia after World War I and came to the United States during World War II.”

1984: “Garbo Talks” a comedy directed by Sidney Lumet, produced by Elliot Kastner, with music by Cy Coleman and cos-starring Ron Silver, Steven Hill, Howard Da Silva and Harvey Fierstein was released in the United States by MGM/UA.

1984: A month after having been released in the United States “Blood Simple” a crime file “written, edited, produced, and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen which was the directorial debut of the Coens and the first major film of cinematographer Barry Sonnenfeld” was screened today at the Toronto International Film Festival.

1985(27thof Tishrei, 5746): In Cincinnati, Ohio, ninety year old Betty Fabe, the daughter of Max and Sara Hexter and the wife of Isadore Fabe passed away today.

1987(20th of Tishrei, 5748): Sixth Day of Sukkoth

1987: The New Jewish Agenda (NJA) “organized a Jewish contingent and Havdallah service at today’s March on Washington for gay rights.”

1987(20th of Tishrei, 5748): Oliver Louis Zangwill an influential British neuropsychologist passed away today. Born in 1913, he was Professor of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, 1952-81, then Professor Emeritus. He was the son of Israel Zangwill and the grandson of William Edward Ayrton. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1977

1988: Israel and China signed a trade agreement and made plans for establishing diplomatic relations.

1989: “Last Exit to Brooklyn’ the movie version of the novel by the same name starring Stephan Lang and Jerry Orbach and with music by Mark Knoplfer was released in West Germany today.

1989:A Syrian Air Force major flying a Soviet-made fighter-bomber landed in Israel today, stunning Israeli officials who said the pilot had asked for political asylum.

1990(23rdof Tishrei, 5751): Simchat Torah

1990: “Welcome Home, Roxy Carmichael” a comedy co-starring Winona Ryder, directed by Jim Abrahams and featuring Valerie Landsburg, Dinah Manoff and Stephen Tobolowsky was released in the United States today

1992(15thof Tishrei, 5753): Sukkoth

1994: In a letter written to Sir Martin Gilbert today, “Jack (Izrael) Unikoski” who had been one of only a thousand teenage boys liberated by the Americans at Buchenwald on April 11, said that on VE Day he felt “joy that Germany had lost the war” but he also realized that for him “the liberation had come too late and he too had lost the war, having lost his whole family” including his parents, sister and brothers including his “older brother Isser who had died of hunger in the Lodz Ghetto at the age of 19.”1997: In “Neighborhood Report: Corona –New Worshipers Are Bane, Not Balm, for Old Synagogue,” Charlie Leduff describes the challenges faced at Tifereth Israel as an influx of  Bukharan Jews face the aging members of the nine decades old synagogue.

1997: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of special interest to Jews including <u>The Myth of Rescue</u><u>: Why the Democracies Could Not Have Saved More Jews From the Nazis</u>y by William D. Rubinstein, <u>Shtetl: The Life and Death of a Small Town and the World of Polish Jews</u> by Eva Hoffman and <u>God & The American Writer</u> by Alfred Kazin.

1998(22ndof Tishrei, 5759): Shmini Atzeret

2000: Ben Weider received the French Legion of Honor.  A successful body builder and businessman, Weider was a student of history who worked to prove that Napoleon had been poisoned.

2000(13thof Tishrei, 5761): Vadim Nurhitz and Yossi Avrahami, two Israeli reservists who entered Ramallah by mistake were arrested by the PA. While in the custody of the PA, a mob savagely murdered them and then mutilated their bodies.

2000: During the Infitada, “vandals…desecrated the building” housing the mosaic that had been part of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, Jewish house of worship that dates back “to the late 6th or early 7th century and was discovered in 1936 “by Dr. Baramki of the Antiquities Authority under the British Mandate.”

2001(25thof Tishrei, 5762): Ninety-three year old Philadelphia born playwright Ruth Goetz who collaborated with her husband Augustus Goetz on many of her efforts and was introduced to the theartre by her father, “theatrical producer Philip Goodman” passed away today.

2002: In Massachusetts, Boston College, a Catholic institution of higher learning, installed “a copy of the Torah in the worship center, where it is expected to be used” for future Friday and Saturday services.

2003: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of special interest to Jews including <u>Madam Secretary</u> by Madeleine Albright with Bill Woodward and <u>Why America Slept: The Failure to Prevent 9/11</u> by Gerald Posner.

2005: New York Times reporter Judith Miller testified one last time before the federal grand jury before being “relieved of contempt charges” in matters related to the Scooter Libby leak case.

2005: Air Force veteran and businessman, Al Hoffman, Jr. the son of a Jewish father and “Scottish-American mother” began serving as U.S. Ambassador to Portugal.

2005(9th of Tishrei, 5766): Erev Yom Kippur: In the evening, Jews all over the world gather to hear Kol Nidre marking the start of Yom Kippur

2006(20th of Tishrei, 5767): Sixth Day of Sukkoth

2006(20th of Tishrei, 5767): Sixty-one year old Don Novick, loving husband of Denise Novick and father of Rochelle and Cassie Novick passed away. The son of Russian immigrant Jews, he was raised as an Orthodox Jew in Cheyenne, Wyoming.  A member of Temple Judah, he was a pillar of the Cedar Rapids, Iowa Jewish community who gave freely of his time and culinary skills to so many worthwhile events.  Among his many virtues, was the ability to cook anything you wanted to perfection, including the best falafel west of Tel Aviv.  A quite man, he touched many lives and will never be forgotten.

2006(20th of Tishrei, 5767): Eighty-six year old Gillo Pontecorvo an Italian movie director best known for making the award winning “Battle of Algiers” whose siblings included  Bruno Pontecorvo, an internationally acclaimed physicist, Guido Pontecorvo, a geneticist and Polì [Paul] Pontecorvo, an engineer who worked on radar after WWII passed away today.

2006: In New York, the Albany County District Attorney acknowledged that he was investigating the hiring of a chauffeur by the Comptroller of New York, Alan Hevesi.

2006: Judy Gold’s “her one-woman show ’25 Questions for a Jewish Mother…based on a series of interviews with more than Jewish mothers in the United States” “reopened today at St. Luke’s Theatre.

2007(30th of Tishrei, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

2007: The film “Jewish Life in Cracow”is screened at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City

2007: Yaakov Katz the military correspondent and defense analyst for The Jerusalem Post, the Middle East's leading English daily speaks at the Hillel House at the University of Iowa 

2007: Some of the world's best klezmer musicians gathered in a New York neighborhood that was once home to poor immigrant Jews for a 10-day festival of the music rooted in their Eastern European cultures.

2008: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of special interest to Jews including <u>My Father’s Paradise: A Son’s Search for His Jewish Past in Kurdish Iraq </u>by Ariel Sabar and <u>The Partnership:</u><u> </u><u>The Making of Goldman Sachs</u> by Charles D. Ellis.

2008: The Washington Postfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of special interest to Jews including <u>Hitler’s Empire:</u><u> </u><u>How the Nazis Ruled Europe</u> by Mark Mazower and two paperback offering: <u>A Little History of the World</u> by E.H. Gombrich; Translated from the German by Caroline Mustill and <u>Just Say Nu Yiddish for Every Occasion (When English Just Won't Do)</u> by Michael Wex.

2008: In Atlanta, members of The Temple gathered to observe the 50th anniversary of the blast that shook the congregation, recalling its terrifying aftermath and the way it changed their congregation's mission to promote racial equality. The bombing of a prominent Atlanta synagogue in 1958 claimed no lives, but the community outrage that it prompted helped galvanize the city's nervous Jewish community to embrace the civil rights movement. "What could have been a terribly tragic event had the effect of making the congregation more confident, and more willing to get involved in controversial events," said Ellen Rafshoon, who curated an exhibit on the bombing at Emory University's rare manuscripts library. The Reform congregation, housed in a handsome cluster of buildings on one of Atlanta's busiest streets, had for years discouraged conflicts with Atlanta's dominant Christian community. But the synagogue's message changed when it hired Rabbi Jacob Rothschild to lead the congregation in 1946. Sermons encouraging racial equality soon became an annual tradition on Jewish holidays, and the rabbi slowly pushed his congregants to work for integration. "He suspected all along that he was endangering the congregation and his family," said Rothschild's widow, Janice Rothschild Blumberg, who remarried after the rabbi's death in 1973. "But he felt he had to do it, that this was his duty — as a rabbi and a human being." On the early morning of Oct. 12, 1958, some 50 sticks of dynamite exploded in the synagogue's entryway, destroying a part of the building. At least six other synagogues around the nation had been targeted by bombs in the previous year. But it was a particular shock for congregants who believed Atlanta — whose leaders fostered a reputation as a bustling, progressive city — was immune from the hate crimes spreading across other parts of the South. "We were so naive at the time," said Jill Shapiro Thornton, a Templemember and a ninth-grade student at the time of the bombing. The city's Jewish community worried the bombing would be met with a halfhearted response, as had happened in the aftermath of the 1915 lynching of Leo Frank, a Temple member who was killed by a white mob. Instead, the Templewas flooded with letters and donations, messages of support from Girl Scout troops, concerned clergy — even a white citizens council in Alabama. Atlanta Mayor William Hartsfield visited the Templeand quickly went on television to condemn the bombers and the politicians who he said should share the blame. "Whether they like it or not, every political rabble-rouser is the godfather of these cross burners and dynamiters who sneak about in the dark and give a bad name to the South," he said. "It is high time the decent people of the South rise and take charge." Dozens of city, state and federal investigators fanned out across the area, arresting five suspects with ties to anti-Semitic groups. One suspect, George Bright, was acquitted in a high-profile trial, and charges against the other four co-defendants were dropped. Rothschild, meanwhile, continued to urge his flock to embrace racial equality. Among his proudest accomplishments was co-hosting an integrated dinner after Martin Luther King Jr. had won the Nobel Prize in 1964. Some 20 percent of the event's donors were Jewish, Rafshoon said. "Jews had become complacent and afraid, reluctant to stick their necks out," said Rafshoon. "The rabbi had pushed the congregation to take a stand, to support the civil rights movement. After the bombing, the big hug that came their way made Jews in Atlanta feel they could have the confidence to move forward on this controversial issue." Congregants on Sunday mingled with residents who came to pay respects in a new building near the site of the explosion. Some recalled it as a terrifying introduction to racism. Some said it cemented the Jewish community's role in Atlanta. To Blumberg, it was an act of violence that ultimately proved to be positive. "I felt it was like lancing a boil, like a surgeon opening a wound that didn't heal right," she said. That helps explain the surprising name she coined for the blast that shook Atlanta: "The bomb that healed."

2008: A critically acclaimed fully staged off-Broadway production of Joseph Stein’s “Enter Laughing: The Musical” came to a close at The York Theatre. It was nominated for a 2009 Lucille Lortel Award for outstanding revival.”

2008: The curtain came down the Classic Stage Company’s revival of “The Tempest” starring Mandy Pantinkin as “Prospero.”

2009: Time magazine published an article entitled “How Moses Shaped America” by Bruce Feiler.

2009: Israel and the U.S. are scheduled to begin their biggest joint air-defense exercise today. Code named  "Juniper Cobra," the maneuvers will be overseen by Adm. Mark Fitzgerald, chief of the U.S. Navy's Sixth Fleet and are designed to test the missile interceptors that would serve as a strategic bulwark in any future showdown with Iran. The first Juniper Cobra took place in 2001, when the Scud missiles of Saddam Hussein's Iraq menaced Israel. Now Iran and its nuclear project are seen as the main threat. American forces taking part will include 17 ships and ground personnel operating the Aegis and THAAD missile interceptors, which will be meshed with Israel's Arrow II missile-killer for computer-simulated

2009: As part of The New School's "Jewish Text" seminar series David Stromberg will be reading from and discussing his newest book, <u>Baddies.</u>

2009(24th of Tishrei, 5770): Ninety-six year old Mildred Cohn who overcame gender and religious discrimination to make major advances in biochemistry and who received the nation's most prestigious award in science passed away today. (As reported by Matt Schudel)

 2010: Joshua Sobol is scheduled talk about his novel <u>Cut Throat Dog </u>at program sponsored by Wesleyan University Jewish and Israel Studies program in Middleton.

2010:YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present “Protocols of Justice: Inside the Rabbinical Court of Metz, France (1771-1789).” In this presentation, Professor Jay Berkovitz is scheduled examine several exemplary cases that came before the Metz beit din in order to learn how members of the Jewish community, as well as the judges of the court, negotiated the powerful winds of change. His talk will focus on efforts to navigate the plural jurisdictions of French and Jewish law, with particular attention to women, inheritance and family law. “The record book (pinkas) of the Metz rabbinic court is one of the most treasured documents of the early modern period that is housed in the YIVO archives. Covering the period 1771 to 1789, its pages open a window onto Jewish life in the years just prior to the French Revolution. The handwritten pinkas, penned in Hebrew by the court scribe and set in two leather-bound volumes, contains numerous cases brought before the rabbinic court by Jewish residents of Metz and neighboring towns. Decisions rendered by the court pertain to everyday life situations such as betrothal, marriage, bequests, commercial transactions and business disputes.”

2010:After six years of construction, the American Consulate in Jerusalem is scheduled to open its new facility for consular services on Rehov David Flusser in the southern Arnona neighborhood today.

2010:British Jewish author Howard Jacobson was the surprise winner of the Man Booker Prize today for <u>The Finkler Question</u>, the first comedy to scoop one of the English-speaking world's most coveted literary awards.

2010(4thof Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety-five year old best-selling author Belva Plain passed away today (As reported Elsa Dixler)

2010: The Guardian published Shabtai Rosenne: Eminent International lawyer, teacher and Israeli diplomat” by Malcom Shaw.

2011(14thof Tishrei, 5772): Erev Sukkoth

2011: Israeli cellist Inbal Segev is scheduled to perform at the Bulgarian Concert Evening in Carnegie Hall.

2011: Galid Shalit's parents, Noam and Aviva, arrived this evening in their home in Mitzpe Hila in northern Israel, after leaving the protest site they had been encamped at in Jerusalem. They were welcomed by dozens activists and neighbors. Also today a delegation from the Palestinian Islamist Hamas movement, led by Khaled Meshaal, the chief of its political bureau, arrived in Cairo evening to finalize the prisoners swap deal with Israel.


2012: NFTY/HUC/AJA Teen Study Weekend is scheduled to begin in Cincinnati, Ohio.

2012:The US State Department confirmed today that it had attempted to renew peace talks between Jerusalem and Damascus in 2010, before the outbreak of violence in Syria. The information partially confirmed an article in today’s Yedioth Ahronoth that stated that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu agreed in principle to withdraw from the Golan Heights during indirect talks with Syrian President Bashar Assad in 2010. (As reported by Yoel Goldman and Ron Friedman)

2012:Palestinian terrorists from the Gaza Strip fired a Grad rocket towards Netivot today, causing one civilian to suffer shock symptoms, according to the Negev Police. The rocket fell in the backyard of a house, causing light damage to the building. Shrapnel from the rocket also punctured a number of rooms in the house, including one belonging to a child living.

2013: In Jerusalem, the Ensemble Millennium is scheduled to perform “Night Music,” a concert that will include works by Mozart, Schubert, Liszt and Schoenberg.

2013: The Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to present “American Savage: Insights, Slights and Fights on Faith, Sex, Love and Politics” featuring Dan Savage.

2013: Iran said it arrested three Israelis suspected of spying and attempting to recruit Iranian citizens to gather intelligence for Israel, Iranian news agency Mehr reported today.

2013:"The State should act forcefully to send a message to these people," said Monique Ofer, wife of retired IDF Colonel Seraya Ofer, 61, who was murdered in a terror attack outside his home in the northern Jordan Valley early yesterday. "He was an amazing man, and two bastards took his life," she said.  In a conversation with journalists on Saturday, Monique avoided giving details about the night of the attack as per the request of security forces, so as not to damage the investigation. "The Jordan Valley is one of the safest places according to statistics, the fewest terror acts, definitely in comparison to places like Jerusalem and Tel Aviv." (As reported by Ahiya Raved)

2014: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>The Birth of the Pill: How Four Crusaders Reinvented Sex and Launched a Revolution </u>by Jonathan Eig

2014: “Race: Are We So Different?” is scheduled to open at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

2014: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host a new walking tour “Downtown Synagogues and D.C.’s Urban Evolution.”

2014: The Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to host “Zangwill’s Ghetto: An East End Story” which is a walking tour of the author’s childhood neighborhood held to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Zangwill’s birth.

2014: “The commander of the Jewish Legion, Lieutenant-Colonel John Henry Patterson, who died in 1947, was exhumed and his ashes brought to Israel, in a fulfillment of the Christian Zionist’s final wish to be buried in the Holy Land, the Prime Minister’s Office announced today.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)

2014: Onno Hoes completed his service as Chairman of the Dutch Center for Information Documentation Israel.

2014:“Israel was set today to tighten border controls on travelers from Western African countries, as part of larger efforts to prevent the Ebola virus from spreading into Israel.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)

2014: “Thousands of Israelis and Jews from around the world gathered in the Western Wall (Kotel) plaza this morning, for the traditional Birkat Hacohanim (Priestly Blessing) ceremony held on Sukkot (the Feast of the Tabernacles).

2014: In honor of Sukkoth, the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Pita in the Hut.”

2015: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present the 2nd Annual Concert for Daniel Pearl: "Building Bridges: From Bene Beraq to Baghdad."

2015: In Leeds, Dr. Lorna Waddington is scheduled to lecture on “The History of the Myth of International Jewish Conspiracy.”

2016: Today, Michael Dell’s “Dell Inc. announced its intent to acquire the enterprise software and storage company EMC Corporation” – an acquisition thought to be worth a record setting 67 billion dollars.

2015: Professor David Shneer’s “The Romance and Tragedy of Yiddish Culture” is scheduled to begin today.

2016: In Memphis, TN, a part of the afternoon Yom Kippur observance, Temple Israel’s own Daniel Kiel, a law professor, is scheduled to moderate a discussion on “Building A More Just Memphis.”

2016(10th of Tishrei, 5777): The somberness of Yom Kippur took an even darker turn with the passing of 91 year old Civil Rights champion Jack Green who among other things was the head of the NAACP Legal Defense fund for almost a quarter of a century.

<u>2016(10th of Tishrei, 5777): Yom Kippur</u>

G'mar Hatima Tova”

2016: “Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump claimed today that the Islamic State group would ‘take over’ the US if Hillary Clinton is elected president

2017(22nd of Tishrei, 5778): Shemini Atzeret & Yizkor; In the evening Simchat Torah celebration begins

2017: “Hamas has signed a reconciliation agreement with the Fatah party of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in order that all Palestinian forces can “work together against the Zionist enterprise,” Saleh al-Arouri, the Hamas deputy political leader, said in Cairo today.

2017: In the evening, the University of Iowa Hillel is scheduled to host Simchat Torah services followed by a festive dinner

2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a buffet meal before holding Simchat Torah Services

2018: In Jerusalem, as part of the Young Artists of the Future Generation Concert series, the Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a Piano Recital by Alon Petrrilin.

2018: In a testament to the vitality of “small town Judaism” in Cedar Rapids Joseph Heeren, the son Amy and Michael Heeren, pillars of the Jewish community, is scheduled to begin celebrating his Bar Mitzvah weekend this evening. 


Read more

This Day, October 11, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

01:49 AM Thursday, October 11, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


1138: Massive earthquake strikes Aleppo, Syria.  According to tradition, the Jewish community traces its origins back to the time of King David.  This is based on the description of the conquest of the city by Joab found in the Book of Samuel.  The Great Synagogue, the most famous Jewish edifice in the city was originally built in the fifth century of the Common Era. The real importance of the community can be traced to the Aleppo Codex,the earliest known manuscript containing the entire text of the Bible. Tradition states that Maimonides consulted the Aleppo Codex when he set down the exact rules for writing Torah scrolls.” The Codex was copied by the scribe Shlomo Ben-Buya'a over 1,000 years ago. It was deposited with the Aleppo community at the end of the 14th Century and kept in a small vault in the Cave of Elijah under the Joab Ben Zeruiah Synagogue of Aleppo. The community guarded it for over 600 years." Whatever loss the community suffered during the earthquake, we know it survived and thrived since it was visited by Rabbi Petachya of Regensburg (Germany) starting in 1170 and Benjamin of Tudela in 1173.  Benjamin’s visit was part of his “round the world tour” which he described in his literary work entitled the Travels of Benjamin.

1285: Following a false charge that the Jews had purchased a Christian child from an old woman and then killed, a mob in Munich attacked the Jews community.  Those who escaped the mob took refuge in the synagogue which the mob then burned killing 180 Jews.

1347: Emperor Louis IV, the German ruler who had given Gottfried von Eppstein permission to settle Jews in Eppstein, Homburg and Steinheim in 1335, passed away.

1394: Ordination of Benedict XIII, one of the Avignon Popes whom the Catholic Church classifies as an Anti-Pope.  In an attempt to gain acceptance of his Papacy, Benedict attacked the Jews.  Not content to adopt oppressive laws at aimed Children Of Israel, he initiated the Disputation of Tortosa in 1413 one of those one-sided debates that the Church loved.  As a result of this one, the works of Maimonides were burned and copies of the Talmud were to be confiscated so that they could be censored.

1531: Forty-seven year old Huldrych Zwingli, the leader of the Reformation in Switzerland who at a minimum “studied and admired the Hebrew language, used it to some advantage” in his work and “took over some Hebraic teachings while evincing little concern for contemporary Jews” passed away today.

1727: George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. King George II was the monarch who gave “the royal assent” to the Jewish Naturalization Act of 1753.  Unfortunately, the act was repealed a year later.

1727: “Zadok the Priest,” an anthem composed by George Frederic Handel based on First Kings 1:38-40 which describes the coronation of King Solomon was performed today during the coronation of King George II.

1741: George Fredrick Handel completed the second of “Samson,” his oratorio based on the figure from the Book of Judges.

1777(10thof Tishrei, 5538): Four days after the Americans completed their game-changing victory at the Battle of Saratoga, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1783(15thof Tishrei, 5544): Sukkoth

1787: In Georgia Philip Mosses Russell and Esther Mordecai Russell gave birth to Isaac Russell, their first son and third child who would have two younger siblings.

1789(21stof Tishrei, 5550): Hoshanah Rabah

1792(25thof Tishrei, 5553): Seventy-nine year old Hebrew poet and businessman David Franco Mendes passed away today in his home town of Amsterdam.

1796(9thof Tishrei, 5557): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted for the last time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1796: While sailing to the United States aboard the sloop Simionhoff, Israel Baer Kursheedt used the English bible of the ship’s captain to explain to him the significance of Yom Kippur which he was about to begin observing.

1797(21stif Tishrei, 5558): Hoshanah Rabah

1821(15thof Tishrei, 5582): Sukkoth

1826(10thof Tishrei, 5587): Yom Kippur

1838(22ndof Tishrei, 5599): Shmini Atzeret

1838(22ndof Tishrei, 5599): Sixty-nine year old Silesia native Adolf Martin Schlesinger, the Berlin music publisher whose “ongoing lobbying on the issue of musical copyright (prompted by copyright infringement of his publication of Weber's Der Freischütz), was a major factor in the introduction of the influential Prussian copyright law of 1830” passed away leaving a business that was so successful that his widow had no financial problems and his sons were able to expand the business to include a Paris branch.

1842: In New York City Moses and Esther Lazarus gave birth to Sarah Lazarus, a sister of Emma Lazarus.

1845(10thof Tishrei, 5606): The day after the United States opened the Naval Academy in Annapolis whose most famous Jewish graduated was Admiral Hyman Rickover, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1845(10thof Tishrei, 5606): A minyan led by Mayer Klein and Philip Newberg held services in Chicago, Ill, marking the first time that his occurred in “The Windy City”

1846: Birthdate of Carlos Enrique José Pellegrini, the Argentine President who was sympathetic to attempts to settle Jewish refugees in his country.

1850: In Albany, NY founding of Congregation Anshe Emeth which would consolidate a year later with Congregation Beth Emeth to for Congregation Beth Emeth.

1850: The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, opened its doors. Percy Marks, described as “Jewish Renaissance Man” was one of its earliest and most famous Jewish graduates. The Australian Union of Jewish Students or AUJS is an on campus organization whose aim is to promote Jewish continuity.  Today the University has a Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish studies whose website asks and answers the following:  “Why enroll in Jewish Studies at the University of Sydney?? * Challenging: Where else would you find such a stimulating fusion of diverse ethnic and religious groups studying together? Learn about religion and politics in an open and fun environment.

* Educational: Further your knowledge and insights into Jewish Studies. Learn about the issues around assimilation and Jewish civilization and master classical or Modern Hebrew or Yiddish.
* Practical: For undergraduate students, taking one of these courses will count towards qualifications in General Studies or part of your Arts, Arts/Law or Education degrees. It will also enable budding teachers to pursue a career in Modern Hebrew, Jewish Studies and Tanach.
* Unique: Delve into Jewish philosophy, history and politics, delivered by expert lecturers in their fields.
There is a Jewish club called AUJS (Australian Union of Jewish Students) which has many purposes, one of which is to promote Jewish continuity!


1851(15th of Tishrei, 5612): Sukkoth

1852: Famed German mathematician Ferdinand Eisenstein passed away at the age of thirty.  Eisenstein’s fate was typical of many Germans.  His parents were Jewish, but they converted to a Protestant denomination before their son’s birth to gain full entrée into German society.

1853(9thof Tishrei, 5614): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is recited for the first time during the Crimean War which had just begun earlier this montn

1855: Johann Ludwig Schneller, a German Lutheran missionary “bought from the people of Lifta, a parcel of land outside LIfta, approximately 3 kilmotres (1.9 miles) northwest of Jaffa Gate.

1860: In London, Isaac Mozes Pereira Mendoza and Sara Isaac Monis gave birth to Esther Mendoza today.

1862: During the Civil War Joseph Bear who would be wounded on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg and who would reach the rank of Sergeant began his service with Company of the 153rd Regiment.

1863(15thof Tishrei, 5764): Sukkoth

1863: Sixty-eight year old Jane (Raphael) Salaman, the wife of Isaac S. Salaman was buried today at the Brompton Jewish Cemetery.

1863: “The House of Rothschild” published today based on information from the London Globe provided a fascinatingly detailed contemporary look at this most prominent of Jewish dynasties.

“A few days ago, our Paris correspondent told us that a congress of the members of the illustrious house of Rothschild has been sitting at Paris. The purport of the meeting was nothing less than to rearrange the dominions of the great banking dynasty. In one word, the great object of the Rothschild congress was to reduce the five branches of the house who now rule Europe to four, and following the example of Garibaldi, to strike another sovereign of Naples from the list of reigning monarchs. Henceforth there are to be but four kings of the house of Rothschild, with secure thrones at London, Paris, Vienna, and Frankfort. It is now exactly a hundred years since a poor Jew, called Mayer Anselm, made his appearance at the City of Hanover; barefooted, with a sack, oa his shoulders, and a bundle of rags on his back. Successful in trade, like most of his co-religionists, he returned to Frankfort at the end of a few years, and set up a small shop in the "Jew-lane," over which hung the signboard of a red shield, called in German roth-schild. As a dealer in old and rare coins, he made the acquaintance of the Serene Elector of Hesse Cassel, who, happening to be in want of a confidential agent for various open and secret purposes, appointed the shrewd-looking Mayer Anselm to the post. The Serene Elector being compelled soon after to fly his country. Mayer Anselm took charge of his cash, amounting to several millions of florins. With the instinct of his race, Anselm did not forget to put the money out on good interest, so that, before Napoleon was gone to Elba, and the illustrious Elector had returned to Cassel, the capital had more than doubled. The ruler of Hesse Casse thought it almost a marvel to get his money safely returned from the Jew-lane of Frankfort, and at the Congress of Vienna was never tired of singing the praise of his Hebrew agent to all the Princes of Europe. The dwellers under the sign of the Red Shield laughed in their sleeves; keeping carefully to themselves the great fact that the electoral two million florins had brought them four millions of their own. Never was honesty a better policy.  Mayer Anselm died in 1812, without having the supreme satisfaction of hearing his honesty extolled by kings and princes. He left five sons who succeeded him in the banking and money-lending business, and who, conscious of their social value, dropped the name of Anselm, and adopted the higher sounding one of Rothschild, taken, from the sign board over the paternal house. On his deathbed their father had taken a solemn oath from all of them, to hold his four millions well together, and they have faithfully kept the Injunction. But the old City of Frankfort clearly was too; narrow a realm for the fruitful sowing of four millions; and, in consequence, the five were determined after a while to extend their sphere of operations by establishing branch banks at the chief cities of Europe. The eldest son, Anselm, born 1773, remained at Frankfort; the second, Salomon, born in 1774, settled at Vienna; the third, Nathan, born in 1777, went to London; the fourth, Charles, the infant terrible of the family, established himself in the soft climate of Naples, and the fifth and youngest, James, born 1792, took up his residence at Paris. Strictly united, the wealth and power of the five Rothschilds S was vested in the eldest born; nevertheless, the shrewdest of the sons of Mayer Anselm, and the heir of his genius, Nathan, the third son, soon took the reins of government into the own hands. By his faith in Wellington and the flesh and muscle of British soldiers, he nearly doubled the fortune of the family, gaining more than a million sterling by the sole battle of Waterloo, the news of which he carried to England two days earlier than the mail. The weight of the solid millions gradually transferred the ascendancy in the family from Germany to England, making London the metropolis of the reigning dynasty of Rothschild. Like the royal families of Europe, the members of the house of Rothschild only intermarry with each other. James Rothschild married the daughter of his brother Salomon: his son Edmond heir apparent of the French line, was united to his first cousin, the daughter of Lionel, and granddaughter of Nathan Rothschild; and Lionel again-M.P. for London -- gave his hand in 1836 to his first cousin Charlotte the daughter of Charles Rothschild, of Naples. It is unnecessary to say that, though these matrimonial alliances have kept the millions wonderfully together, they have not improved the race of old Mayer Anselm, of the Red Shield. Already signs of physical weakness are becoming visible in the great family. So, at least, hint the French papers in their meager notices about the Rothschild congress at Paris. From all that can be gathered out of a wilderness of canards, thin faces and thick fiction, it appears that the sovereigns of the Stock Exchange met in conference for the double purpose of centralizing their money power and widening their matrimonial realm. In other words, the five reigning kings; descendants, according to the law of primogeniture, of the five sons Mayer Anselm, came to the decision to reduce their number to four by cutting off the Neapolitan branch of Charles Rothschild; while it was likewise decided that permission should be given to the younger members of the family to marry, for the benefit of the race, beyond the range of first cousinship. What has led to the exclusion of the Neapolitan line of Rothschild seems to have been the constant exercise of a highly blameable liberality, unheard of in the annals of the family. Charles, the prodigal son of Mayer Anselm, actually presented, in the year 1846, 10,000 ducats to the orphan asylum of St. Carlo, at Naples, and the son and heir of Charles (Gustavus) has given repeated signs of his inclination to follow in the footsteps of his father. Such conduct, utterly unbecoming of the policy of the house of Rothschild, could not be allowed to pass unnoticed, and, accordingly -- we quote the rumor of Paris journalism -- the decheance of the Neapolitan line has been pronounced. However, Baron Gustavus De Rothschild is not to retire into private life, like famous Charles V., with only a cassock on his shoulders and a prayer-book in his hand, but is allowed to take with him a small fortune of 150,000,000 francs, or about six millions sterling -- a mere crumb from the table of the descendants of poor Mayer Anselm, who wandered shoeless through the electorate of good King George III. It is certain that no romance of Royalty is equal to the romance of the house of Rothschild

1864: Campina Grande was elevated to the status of city in Brazil.  Campina Grande is in northeast Brazil.  Based on a recent documentary many Catholics in that region follow various Jewish customs without being aware of their origin, In all likelihood, the region was originally settled by Marranos or Conversos.  Their descendants continued practicing rituals such as not eating pork, circumcising new born males, reciting special prayers on the first day of the month and a variety of customs relating to dealing with the dead without being aware of their origins. 

1864 The General News column today reported that “In consequence of a Jewish feast occurring yesterday, there were fewer buyers at the yards, and the gentiles had the business of buying and selling to themselves, -- this gave less animation to the sale yards. It is thought that the Jews will bring in some stock to-morrow, and that there will be considerable business transacted.”

1867: Birthdate of Abraham L. Saltzstein, who in 1884 came from his native Poland to the United States, finally settling in Milwaukee where he became a “general agent for the New Mutual Life Insurance Company of Wisconsin.”

1872(9th of Tishrei, 5633): Erev Yom Kippur

1874(30th of Tishrei, 5635): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1874: During today’s opening session of the Supreme Lodge of the Order of Kesher Shel Barzel, in the Bowery. J.P. Solomon of New York was chosen as Supreme Rosh. Other officers elected were, Deputy Rosh, L.H. Cohen of Ohio and Supreme Sopher, A.T. Jones of Pennsylvania.

1876(23rd of Tishrei, 5637): Simchat Torah

1878(14th of Tishrei, 5639): Erev of Sukkoth

1878: A fire broke out tonight in New York City “in the temporary building erected in the yard at #67 Hester Street for the celebration of…Sukkoth.”  The fire took place during services which created panic among the worshippers all of whom escaped without injury

1878: It was reported today that dispatches sent from Berlin by The Pall Mall Gazette (a British publication) say the European Powers are still refusing to recognize the independence of Romania until the government at Bucharest fulfills its treaty obligations granting full rights to its Jewish citizens.  The Romanian government has been using a series of legal gimmicks to avoid granting the Jews the civil rights that had been promised during negotiations in Berlin.

1879: Citizens of Bolivar County, Mississippi, meeting at Bolivar Landing passed a resolution denouncing Edward Storm, the Republican nominee for Supervisor as “a dishonest Jew, the servile tool of the slave owner before the war and convenient and abandoned ally of the corrupt carpet-bagger” since the end of the Civil War. (This maybe a reference to Edward Storm, a native of Berlin, Germany who served in the Confederate Army from 1861 until 1865 and is buried in Greenville, MS

1879: It was reported today that there are between six and seven million Hebrews in the world which is about the same number that were alive in the days of King David. This includes 5 million Jews in Russia, 200,000 in Asia, 80,000 in Africa and a million to a million and a half in America. Russia has the largest European Jewish population followed by Austria. There are only about 500,000 Jews living in Germany 45,000 of whom reside in Berlin.  Most of the African Jews live in Algeria and Ethiopia.  The 13,500 Jews living in Jerusalem constitute over half of that city’s total population.

1881: In Prague, Adolf Kelsen and Auguste Löwy gave birth to jurist and philosopher and Hans Kelsen.

1881(18th of Tishrei, 5642): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1881(18th of Tishrei, 5642: Sixteen year old Bath Hyman, a native of Prussia, passed away today in Louisiana.

1883(10th of Tishrei, 5644): Yom Kippur

1883: Rabbi Kaufman will deliver today’s sermon in German at Temple Beth-El in New York City.

1884(22nd of Tishrei, 5645): Shemini Atzeret

1884: It was reported today that the funeral of Dr. Adolphus Huebsch, the rabbi who has led Ahavet Chesed since 1866 and passed away suddenly last night will be held on the day after Simchat Torah. 1884: Birthdate of Eleanor Roosevelt.  Contrary to what the anti-Semites said, neither FDR nor his wife was Jewish.  However, Mrs. Roosevelt certainly had numerous Jewish friends.  As a champion of the downtrodden including Jews seeking to escape Hitler’s Europe and those seeking to create a Jewish homeland, she certainly enjoyed a certain kind of celebrity and popularity with Jews living during the middle of the twentieth century.

1884: “Hebrew Charity For Children” published today presented a summary of the annual report of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.  Since its opening in September of 1879, this New York Institution has received applications for admission from more than 600 boys and girls.  In addition to maintaining sex segregated facilities for those needing residential assistance, the society provided 7,983 free meals to “poor people and children” not living in one of these facilities.  Mrs. P.J. Joachimsen will continue to serve as President for another year.

1884: It was reported today that two Jews named “Ritter and Strochlenski” have been found guilty and sentenced to death in Poland for having “murdered a Christian girl.”

1885: According to reports published today, there are 100,000 people living in Bagdad, 30,000 of whom are Jews struggling “for a bare subsistence.”

1885: It was reported today that officials had destroyed an illegal still near Newburg, NY, that was reputed to be owned by four Jews who escaped apprehension.

1886: In St. Louis, MO, an inquest was scheduled to be held today to determine the facts concerning death of Josie Martel who was supposed to have been killed by her husband Frank Sandmeyer, a Jewish waiter who took his own life after taking hers.

1887(23rd of Tishrei, 5648): Simchat Torah

1888: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler’s address at tonight’s meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association was followed by musical program that was conducted by Frederick Brandies.

1890: Novosti expresses the opinion that “the expulsion of the Jews from the districts not specifically assigned to them is one of the main causes of the present critical condition of commerce.”

1890: A list published today of the newly elected officers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum included: President – Mrs. Phillip J. Joachimsen; Vice President – Mrs. Teller; Treasurer –Mrs. Barnett; Secretary – Mrs. Meyer.

1891: Unless friends or relations claim the body, “the Hebrew Charities Organization” will bury Anna HIlkofsky, the thirty-six year old epileptic who died tragically yesterday in a fire.

1891(9th of Tishrei, 5652): Erev Yom Kippur.

1891: “The Fast of Yom Kippur Published today described the differences in observance between the Orthodox and Reformed Jews while acknowledging that the holiday is so “popular” that “temporary places of worship have been established in a number of public halls, particularly on the east side of the city to accommodate those who are not regular members of any congregation.”

1891: “University of Rochester” published today included a summary of a speech delivered by David Jayne Hill the school’s president to the Query Club on “Higher Education” in which he “referred to the achievements of many of the Jews” whom “he said…were among the leaders of advanced thought and in literature, art, music and other departments they had brought honor upon the race. A people without a country, they have made the world their home.”

1892: In New York, today’s Columbus Day Parade included a group of “very little boys from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, some of them scarcely five years old” marking behind “their tiny Drum Major;” a scene that drew “many cheers” from the onlookers.

1892(20th of Tishrei, 5653): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1892(20th of Tishrei, 5653): Four year old Willie Lewis Kranson passed away today after which he was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA.

1892: One of the Columbus Day Parades had a total of 24, 620 participants, 128 of whom were from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

1893(1st of Cheshvan, 5654): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1893: Robert Stone, A. Druger, Issac Schachat, Arbram Levin and Harris Baskin are the five pupils of the Bardon de Hirsh Trade School on East Ninth Street who have “been turned out of their boarding house” by order of Colonel J.E. Bloom who had expelled them from the school because “they refused to obey the rules necessary for discipline in the workshops.”

1894: Otto Slimbach, a well-known bully in the eastern district of Brooklyn was mortally stabbed by an unknown assailant this evening after having engaged in drinking at several saloons, beating his mother and going through the “Hebrew quarter” and indulging in Jew-baiting for further amusement.”

1894: An unknown number of striking cloakmakers, many of whom were Jewish, were clubbed tonight in Rutgers Place.

1894: General Mercier, the Secretary of War meets with three leaders including Charles Dupuy, the President of the Cabinet before moving ahead with the arrest of Captain Dreyfus on charges of selling secrets to a foreign power.

1894: “Who The Nominees Are” published today provides biographies of the those nominated by Tammany including Nathan Strauss who is their candidate for Mayor.

1895: The list of Tammany Judicial candidates published today included Joseph E. Newburger, a graduate of Columbia Law School who is a director of the of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and President of Rodoph Sholom.

1896: In Moscow, Osip and Anna Jakobson gave birth to Roman Jakobson, “the father of modern structural linguistics who elaborated sophisticated theories of language and communication that had profound effects on such disciplines as anthropology, art criticism and brain research…”

1896(4th of Cheshvan, 5657: Eleven month old Julius Kranson passed away today after which he was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA.

1896: The Syracuse Section of the National Council of Women was organized with thirty members being enrolled at that time.

1897(15th of Tishrei, 5658): Sukkoth

1897: Birthdate of Boston native, violinist and bandleader Leo F. Reisman who gave pianist and bandleader Eddie Duchin “his big break.”

1897: “Thirty-four new cases of yellow fever were reported today in New Orleans, four of which were found at the Jewish Home” and they will be treated at Tuoro Infirmary, a non-sectarian medical facility supported by the city’s Jewish population.

1897: “The Feast of Tabernacles” published today provided a description of the celebration of Sukkoth which is immediately followed by the celebration of Simchat Torah, “The Rejoicing of the Law,” “when the last section of the law is read in the temples by what is called ‘The Bridegroom of the Law.’”

1898: Colonel Theodore Roosevelt delivered his first stump speech tonight during which he talked about the Rough Riders where all members were treated on their “merits as a man” whether Protestant, Catholic or Jew.” (Yes the famous regiment had Jewish members)

1899: The Second Boer War in which approximately 2,800 Jews fought on the British side and 300 Jews fought with the Boers, began today.

1902(10th of Tishrei, 5663): Yom Kippur

1906(22nd of Tishrei, 5667): Shemini Atzeret

1906: Birthdate of Charles Revson, Canadian born founder of Revlon Cosmetics.

1911: “The first meeting of Study Circle No. 1 of the Council of Jewish Juniors is scheduled to meet this evening where Charles Strauss will lead a class examining “the Jewish characters in literature from the fifteenth century to the present day” starting with “The Merchant of Venice” and “The Jew of Malta.”

1912(30th of Tishrei, 5673): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1912(30th of Tishrei, 5673): Seventy-one year old Civil War veteran Moses Shelt passed away in Covington, KY.

1912:Louis D. Brandeis addressed some 200 social workers from the charitable and philanthropic organizations of New York and Brooklyn today at a meeting in the United Charities Building. Mr. Brandeis in his speech told the workers they might expect much help from Gov. Woodrow Wilson if he is elected President.

1912: According to reports published today, a special meeting of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York was held to pass a lengthy a resolution marking the recent death of Professor Morris Loeb

1913(10th of Tishrei, 5674): Yom Kippur

1913: In Rochester, NY, Rose and Harry Simon gave birth to Hymie Simon, who gained fame as Joe Simon the writer and illustrator who created Captain America. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1914: The Jewish Consumptives Relief Society which had found in 1904 held its “tenth annual meeting today in Denver, CO.”

1914(21st of Tishrei, 5675): As combined British and French Armies fought the Battle of La Bassee which was part of their respective “races to the sea” Jews on both sides of the front observed Hoshanah Rabah

1915: In “Call Jewish Congress American” published today it was reported that “in accepting his election as an advisory member of the Jewish Congress Organization Committee Dr. Henry Moskowitz has written the Secretary of the committee defending as strictly American in spirit the plan to form a congress of Jews which shall ‘assert the claims of Israel among the nations and seek fundamental civil and political rights’ for Jews in the countries at war.”

1915: “The interviews with Alexi Khvostfoff, the new Minster of the Interior published today” in Petrograd “do not announce his program but quote a number of interesting…statements” including his view that he “would remove most disabilities” that the Jews have had to endure.

1915: Louis D. Brandeis and Dr. Schmarja Levin address he first Fall meeting of the University Zionist Society which was held” tonight “at the home of L.A. Steinhard” on East 92nd Street.

1915: The Overseas News Agency distributed a statement “Fighting in Moscow’s Streets” that includes the belief of the “aristocracy and merchants of Moscow” that the current rioting is caused by “the disloyalty of the Jews.”

1915: F.H. Williams wrote from Bristol, CT, asking about the origins of “Pop Goes the Weasel” saying that his when he was at his grandfather’s house some time before 1855 he “distinctly heard” “three German Jews sing: ‘Queen Victoria’s very sick, Napoleon has the measles, Sebastopol’s not taken yet, Pop goes the Veasles.’”

1916(14thof Tishrei, 5677): Erev of Sukkoth

1916: “A novel turn to an ancient religious service will be given” this evening “when Methodist, Protestant and Presbyterian Army Chaplains”  take part in Sukkoth services “in the Young Men’s Hebrew Association Building in Douglas, AZ, under the auspices of the Army and Navy Committee of the Young Men’s Hebrew and Kindred Council

1916: Today Nathan Straus wrote to Felix Warburg that in accord with the promise he made last spring he was enclosing a check for $50,000 “for war relief” and that he hoped it would help to encourage “American Jewry to do their duty toward their unfortunate co-religionists abroad.”

1917: Screenwriter Sonya “Levien married her husband Carl Hovey” today.

1917: Jacob S. Davidson, his wife and his daughters who are among the refugees from Jaffa and Jerusalem that have arrived in New York are staying with Davidson brother “who lives at 120 Cannon Street.”

1918:”In the Jewish Maternity Hospital at 270 East Broadway on Manhattan’s Lower East Side” Lena (Rips) and Harry Rabinowitz gave birth to Jerome Wilson Rabinowitz who gained fame as choreographer, director, dancer, and theater producer Jerome Robbins possibly best known for directing Leonard Bernstein’s musical version of Romeo and Juliet called “West Side Story.”

1918(5th of Cheshvan, 5679): Corporal Nathan Solomon who was “cited for valor in the Battle of the Marne” was killed in action today while serving with the Sixth Machine Gun Battalion of the U.S. Marines Corps.

1918: In Brighton Raphael Lyons, a turf accountant who died in 1944 and his wife gave birth to Braham Jack Lyons who gained fame as :”journalist and public relations consultant” Dennis Lyons whom the Prime Minister gave a life peerage to in 1974 making Baron Lyons of Brighton.

1919: Major General Hans von Seeckt began serving as the first commander of The Truppenamt or 'Troop Office' which was in all but name, the German General Staff – an organization that was not supposed to exist under the Versailles Treaty and an organization whose existence proved that Germany never really had any intention of accepting the outcome of WW I, long before the Nazis came to power.

1920: More than 1,000 men and women are expected to attend this evening “gala festival” sponsored by the United Waist League of America” “on the Century Roof atop the Century Theatre.

1921(9thof Tishrei, 5682): Jews hear Kol Nidre for the first time during the Presidency of Warren G. Harding.

1923: In Manhattan “Sam A. Lewisohn and the former Margaret Seligment gave birth to the third of their four daughters, Elizabeth Ann Lewisohn who gained fame as historian Elizabeth L. Eisentstein. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1924: Birthdate of Maurice Sanford Fox, “the son of poor Russian Jewish immigrants” who became “an American geneticist and molecular biologist, and professor Emeritus of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.”

1925(23rdof Tishrei, 5686): Simchat Torah

1925: In Washington, the Senators win game three of the World Series with Buddy Myer at second base.

1926(3rdof Cheshvan, 5687): Twenty-eight year old Hymie Weiss, the north side mobster who was a rival of Al Capone was gunned down today.

1926(3rdof Cheshvan, 5687): Sixty-three year old Maxim Vinaver, a Russian lawyer, Duma member and leader of the Jewish community who moved to Paris after the Bolshevik Revolution passed away today.

1926: Birthdate of major league baseball player Myron Nathan “Joe” Ginsberg.

1926: “Young April” a romantic comedy starring Joseph Schildkraut and Rudolph Schildkraut was released in the United States today

1927(15thof Tishrei, 5688): Sukkoth

1927: In a statement made public today, “Justice Jacob Panken of the Municipal Court flatly rejected an offer of Communist support for re-election.”

1929: In Manhattan, Irving Westin and the former Etta Furman gave birth to Alan Furman Westin “a legal scholar who nearly half a century ago defined the modern right to privacy in the incipient computer age” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1930: Northwestern University led by Guard Hyman “Hy” Crizevsky defeated Ohio State in its second straight win of the season.

1931: Formation of the Harzburg Front, a right wing alliance that included the Nazi Party which was formed to undermine the democratically elected government of Chancellor Heinrich Bruning, the person who held that post for the longest period of time during the Weimar Republic.

1933(21stof Tishrei, 5694): Hoshana Raba observed for the first time under FDR.

1936: In “Life in Tel Aviv, That Sudden Town,” published today Katherine Woods reviews <u>Spring Up, O  Well </u>by Ruth Kahn, a book that describes the Jewish “resettlement of Palestine”

1936: At the Free Synagogue, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise was one of the speakers at a memorial service honoring his lifelong friend Reverend S. Parkes Cadman.

1936: “Approximately 150 delegates representing 26 communities” heard Louis Lipsky, the former president of the Zionist Organization of America deliver a speech at the annual convention of the Long Island Region today at the Jamaica (Queens) Jewish Center in which “he described the British attitude toward Palestine as one of indifference and avoidance of the issues.”

1936: Dr. Stephen S. Wises presided at a dinner at the Hotel Plaza “at which the American Jewish Congress honored Louis Sturz, chairman of the finance committee and treasurer of the World Jewish Congress.

1936: “The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee reported” today “that a total of 7,750 Jews had been helped to migrate from their homes in Germany during the first six months of this by service agencies affiliated with the committee.”

1936: “While all available police were shepherding a march of 5,000 Communists through the East End tonight a group of Mosley’s gangsters shouting Fascist slogans raided Jewish shops in Mile End Road,” slashing bystanders with razors, hurling bricks through shop windows, overturning and setting on fire two cars and scattering the property of the Jews in the roadway,

1936: “An Arab Plot” published today provides a review of Talbot Mundy’s Jimgim And Allah’s Peace” an adventure novel whose hero is “Major Grim (Jimgrim) a British Military Intelligence officer on service in Jerusalem to thwart the plots of the belligerent Arab sheiks against their age-old enemies, the Jews…”

1937: Birthdate of actor Ron Leibman.  Born in New York City, his portrayal of the union organizer in the film hit Norma Rae won him kudos even if Sally Fields got the Oscar.

1937: The Palestine Post published an extensive report on the deteriorating condition of Jews in Poland and German Upper Silesia. According to Alexander Kahn, the vice-chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee in Poland, entire Jewish communities in towns and villages were subjected to unspeakable brutalities of local nationalists, anti-Semites and hooligans. There were riots at the Vilna and Lvovuniversities where Jewish students were beaten and, when forced to seat on the left side, preferred to stand instead. The Polish administration welcomed an economic anti-Jewish boycott while trade organizations urged to create "a ghetto" for Jewish tradesmen in the markets. In the village of Mushlatovaa Jewish merchant and his wife were murdered at night, the fifth such crime in that district. Note that these outbreaks took place two years before the Nazis occupied Poland.  Anti-Semitism was part of the European cultural landscape.  It was this reality that helped to make the Final Solution possible.  “They did not hear our cries, not because they were deaf, but because they did not want to hear them.”  Anon

1938: In Cairo, at the concluding session of the Moslem Congress, the Proposals Committee presented a resolution making nine demands on the British government including nullification of the Balfour Declaration, cessation of Jewish immigration into Palestine, an end to any plans to partition Palestine and end to the mandate which would mirror the earlier end to the British Mandate in Iraq.

1939: Dr. Alexander Sachs, “a Russian born economist” read President Roosevelt “a report from Albert Einstein predicting that an atomic bomb carried by ship, could destroy an entire port complex and surrounding area” to which President Roosevelt responded “with characteristic vigor” brushing “aside the hesitations of American scientists and officials” and “set the atomic project on its irrevocable course and pressed it toward the historic climax that came at Hiroshima after his death.” (From the obituary of Alexander Sachs)

1939:  President Franklin Roosevelt received a letter signed by Albert Einstein urging that the United States begin an urgent program to develop what would become the atomic bomb.  It was Einstein’s support that garnered Roosevelt’s support for what would be known as the Manhattan Project – America’s program to build the Atomic Bomb.  At the time, it was viewed as a race which, if won by the Germans, would have cost the Allies the war.

1940(9th of Tishrei, 5701): Erev Yom Kippur

1940: “In compliance with War Department circular No. 5, all soldiers of the Jewish faith will be granted furloughs” starting at noon today “so they may observed the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur.”

1940: In New York, “at Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson” is scheduled to “preach tonight on “Believing In God.”

1940: In New York, “at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, Rabbi David de Sola Pool” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Hope for Mankind.’”

1940: In New York, at Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, Rabbi Israel Goldstein” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Jewish Selfhood.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi William F. Rosenblum” is scheduled to “preach at Temple Israel tonight on ‘The Philosophy of Faith.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Louis I. Newman” is scheduled to “preach at Temple Rodeph Sholom tonight on ‘The Secret of Kol Nidre’s Power.’”

1940: In New York, “at the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘How Can the Prophets Help Us Now?’”

1940: In New York, “at West End Synagogue, Rabbi Nathan Stern” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Standing Before the Lord.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Asher Block” is scheduled to “preach at Tempe Gates of Israel tonight on ‘The Art of Jewish Living.’”

1940: In New York, at Mount Neboh Congregation “Rabbi Samuel M. Segal” is scheduled “to preach tonight on ‘Hear, O Israel.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Jonah B. Wise” is scheduled to “preach at Central Synagogue tonight on ‘Can Freedom Starve?’”

1940: As the deportation of the Jews of Cracow continued a group of un-named Jews were captured at prayer by an unknown photographer.

1940(9thof Tishrei, 5701); Eight-year old Italian Mathematician Vito Volterra passed away in Rome.

1940: The Glenn Miller Orchestra recorded "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square,” “a romantic British popular song written in 1939 with lyrics by Eric Maschwitz”

1941: Birthdate of Edmond E. Levy the native of Bara who made Aliyah at the age of 10 and rose to become an Israeli judge of the Supreme Court of Israel.

1941: Sol J. Wallach read a congratulatory letter from President Roosevelt at tonight’s dinner celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding The Mendelssohn Benevolent Society which was attended by almost four hundred people in New York City.

1941: A Jewish ghetto at Chernovtsy, Romania, is established.

1941(20th of Tishrei, 5702: Sixth Day of Sukkoth; Shabbat

1941(20th of Tishrei, 5702: Thousands of Jews are murdered at Edineti, Romania.

1942(30th of Tishrei, 5703): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1942(30th of Tishrei, 5703):Over the next 48 hours eleven thousand Jews from Ostrowiec-Swietokrzyski, Poland, are killed at the Treblinka death camp

1943: An article in Time magazine entitled “Quality of Mercy” describes the rescue of the Danish Jews and their trip to Sweden. “Across the narrow waters of the Ore Sund word came to Sweden last week that 1,800 Gestapo men sent to Copenhagenspecialty for the job had broken into Jewish homes and synagogues during Rosh Hashanah, arresting most of Denmark’s 10,000 Jews.  The reports said the Germans planned to ship their prisoners to the charnel houses of Poland.  Next day the Swedish government told the German Government that there was immediate, unconditional sanctuary for all Danish Jews in Sweden.  The Germans ignored the offer. At the end of the week, end upwards of 1,000 wretched Jews from Denmark had found their way across the cold Ore Sund to merciful Sweden.

1943: One day after rescuing three Jews from the Riga (Latvia) Ghetto by asking guards for Jews to labor on his property, Yanis Lipke rescues additional Jews using the same ruse.\

1943: Heinrich Himmler appeared on the cover of Time magazine.


1943: The trains kept rolling to Sobibor. According to Alexander Pechersky – on this day “the crematorium burned longer than usual. Helpless and distressed, we looked at the bodies of our brothers and sisters." New arrivals panicked and ran toward barbed wire, only to be machine-gunned by guards.

1944: “Laura” produced and directed by Otto Preminger with music by David Raskin was released in the United States by 20th Century Fox.

1944: U.S. premier of “To Have and Have Not” co-starring Laruen Bacall (the cousin of Shimon Peres) in her first major film role and music by Franz Waxman.

1945: According to reports published today, “Fritz Wiedemann, former German consul in San Francisco will be a leading Allied witness in the prosecution of Nazi war criminals” who will be tried according to rules established by the International Court of Justice. Wiederman had been the lover of Princess Stephanie who had spied on top Nazis.

1945(4thof Cheshvan, 5706): Social activist Alice Goldmark Brandeis, the widow of Justice Louis Brandeis passed away today.


1945: Early this morning, a group of armed Jewish attackers overpowered the guards at the British Army camp at Rehovot and stole a quantity of weapons and ammunition which they loaded into stolen trucks that were used to make a clean get—away.

1945: The USS President Warfield was struck from the U.S. Naval Vessel Register.  This was but one of the many steps that would lead this packet steamer to re-emerge as the Exodus in 1947.

1946: Seventy-eight year old Austrian diplomat Alfred Rappaport who had converted to Roman Catholicism in 1883 passed away today.


1946: Rabbi Phillip Bernstein of Rochester, NY, who serves as an adviser to Generals Joseph T. McNarney and Mark Clark” commanders of the American zones of occupation in Germany and Austria is returning to Germany today after meeting with President Truman at the White House.  Truman expressed concern for the plight of the Jews and said he wanted more firsthand information.  Bernstein said that the “original concept of resettling 100,000 European Jews is untenable” since the number of Jewish displaced persons is closer to 225,000.

1946: One hundred fifty of the four hundred Jews imprisoned at the Latrun detention camp began partial hunger strike in protest over their lengthy detention without ever having been charged let alone tried with any crime.

1946: An organization called the Arab Higher Fighters executed “two Arab land brokers” accused of having sold land to Jews.

1947: “Twenty British constables armed with Sten guns guarded the American consulate against possible Arab attack today after the United States announced its support of the partition of Palestine…The precautionary measures followed the bombing of the Swedish consulate…by Arabs…which was believed to have been an answer to a speech by the Swedish chairman of the United Nations special committee on Palestine” at the United Nations which is meeting a Lake Success, NY.

1947: The University of Michigan, led by Dan Dworsky who played “linebacker, fullback and center” defeated the University of Pittsburgh for their third straight win of the season

1948:At 5 p.m., former Gov. Herbert H. Lehman and Dr. Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, speak in a pre-Yom Kippur broadcast of the American Jewish Committee carried by WCBS and the Columbia Broadcasting System.

1948” “Where’s Charley?” a musical with lyrics and music by Frank Loesser opened on Broadway at the St. James Theatre where it “ran for 792 performances.

1948: After the completion of Operation Taskit – an aerial operation the mapped “the deployment of enemy forces west of the Jordan River that took five nights to complete – David Judah, the IAF’s Director of Operations “sent a letter of congratulations and appreciation to Eddy Kaplansky, who had piloted all five flights.”

1951: In Paris, Ruth Ambrunn and Alter Mojze Goldman gave birth to Jean-Jacques Goldman a Grammy Awards-winning French singer-songwriter, who is hugely popular in the French-speaking world and since 2003, was the second-highest-grossing French living pop singer, after Johnny Hallyday.

1952(22ndof Tishrei, 5713): Shmini Atzeret and Shabbat

1952: Howie Greenfield knocked on Neil Sedaka’s door and asked him if “he wanted to write songs” with him.  Sedaka “didn’t know how to write songs and didn’t have any inclination” to learn how to.  Greenfield would convince him to change his mind and Sedaka later said it was a good thing “because we ended up writing over 300 songs together over the next 20 years.”

1953: NBC broadcast Paddy Chayefsky’s teleplay “The Bachelor Party” on the Philco Television Playhous.

1953: General Mordechai Makleff, the 3rd Chief of Staff of the IDF, and at 32 the youngest to hold the position, announced his intention to resign after repeated disputes with government leaders.

1955: In Los Angeles, premiere of “Oklahoma,” the cinematic version of the Rogers and Hammerstein musical directed by Fred Zinnemann.

1956: The two act version of A View from the Bridge by Arthur Miller “opened at the New Watergate Theatre Club in New York.”

1956: On CBS, “Playhouse 90” a live dramatic anthology show, broadcast the Peabody award winning “Requiem for a Heavyweight” with a cast that included Ed Wynn, Max Baer, Eddie Cantor, Ned Glass and Max Rosenbloom.

1958: Three days after its premiere, ”The Old Man and the Sea,” a movie version of the novel with a screenplay by Peter Viertel and music by Dimitri Tiomkin was released throughout the United States.

1959(9th of Tishrei, 5720): Erev Yom Kippur

1959(9thof Tishrei, 5720): Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik, the Brisker Rov passed A native of Belarus, he escaped the Holocaust and settled in Jerusalem. A leader of the Haredi community, he advocated completed withdrawal from involvement with the state of Israel.  Unlike others, this meant he opposed accepting any financial aid from the state. 

1960: “The Siege of Sidney” a historic film with music by English composer Stanley Black (Solomon Schwartz) was released in the United Kingdom today. 

1961(1st of Cheshvan, 5722): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1961(1st of Cheshvan, 5722): Leonard "Chico" Marx passed away at the age of 74.

1961: U.S. Premiere of “King of Kings,” the biblical blockbuster produced by Samuel Bronston

1961: U.S. Premier of the 3rd version of “Back Street” based on a novel by Fannie Hurst

1962: Pope John XXIII convened the Second Vatican Council or Vatican II. The Council marked a turning point in improving relations between the Catholic Church and the Jewish People.

1063(23rd of Tishrei, 5724): Simchat Torah

1963:  Popular French singer Edith Piaf passed away.  The popular Piaf was accused by some of collaborating with the Nazis while they occupied Paris during the war.  In her defense, Piaf’s supporters pointed that she helped the Jewish composer Michael Emer escape from occupied France. More to the point during the war she carried on an affair with the Jewish pianist Norbert Glanzberg, Okay, so it’s not Schindler’s List or Raoul Wallenberg; but saving Jews is saving Jews.

1965(15th of Tishrei, 5726): Sukkoth

1971(22ndTishrei, 5732): Shmini Atzeret

1973(15thof Tishrei, 5734): Sukkoth

[Editor’s note – the next three entries are incomplete.  They are not a catalogue of failure, but a record of very brave men, fighting against great odds, not unlike those members of the RAF who fought so courageously during the Battle of Britain – never have so have so many owed so much to so few)

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Kobi Hayun and Uri Arad was shot down by an Egyptian MiG-21

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Yonatan Ofir and Eran was shot down by an Egyptian MIG=21

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Asher Snir was shot down by a SAM or anti-aircraft batteries.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, after pushing Syrian troops from the Golan Heights, Israeli troops under General Raful Eitan counterattacked into Syrian territory. During the battle for the Golan, the Syrian army lost approximately 1,100 tanks. Some 3,500 Syrians were been killed, and 370 prisoners taken. At the end of the battle “a special paratroop unit led by a young officer called Yoni, made its way through Syrian-occupied territory, and in a dramatic rescue operation,” evacuated Lieutenant-Colonel Naty Yossi, who had led a gallant tank attack. The Yoni mentioned here is none other than Yoni Netenyahu, the man who will lose his life three years later on the rescue mission at Entebbe.  His second in command described the scene, “Yoni attacking, shooting and his leading his men into battle, leading them, not giving orders from behind.”  By nightfall, the Israelis were ten kilometers inside Syria and literally on the road to Damascus.  Despite this moment of victory, the fate of the Jewish state still hung in the balance and the situation was quite precarious to say the least.  

1974: Sylva Zalmanson, who had been freed on August 22nd after having served “4 years of a 10 yeaer sentence imposed at the end of the 1970 Leningrad Trial, arrived in Israel.

1974: Ten people participated in the first of two demonstrations took place in Moscow today during which demands were made for the granting of exit visas.

1974: “Child Under A Leaf” co-starring Al Waxman was released in Canada today.

1975: Debut of Saturday Night Live, produced by Lorne Michaels, or, as he was known when growing up in Canada, Lorne Michael Lipowitz

1977(29th of Tishrei, 5738): Five days before his 67thbirthday Sir Misha Black founder of the Artists’ International Association and winner of the Minerva Medal, the Chartered Society of Designers highest award.

1977: The Jerusalem Postreported that Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan told the UN General Assembly that for the past 10 years, 1967-1977, Israel was committed, but to no avail, to territorial concessions on the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip in return for a genuine peace. There was no sign that Arabs were ready for a settlement. And the same can still be said today.

1978(10thof Tishrei, 5739): Yom Kippur

1980(1stof Cheshvan, 5741): Parashat Noach and Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1980(1stof Cheshvan, 5741): Eighty-four year old Maxwell M. Geffen, the Brooklyn born graduate of the Columbia University School of Journalism who made a career of developing a series of “specialty magazines” passed away today.

1981: “One Day At A Time” starring Bonnie Franklin opens on CBS for its seventh season.

1981: U.S. premiere of “My Dinner with Andre” produced by George W. George the son of cartoonist Rube Goldberg.

1984(15thof Tishrei, 5745): Sukkoth

1984: After premiering at the Cannes Film Festival, “Once Upon a Time America” a film that “chronicles the lives of Jewish ghetto youths who rise to prominence in New York City's world of organized crime” based on The Hoods by Harry Grey was released today in the United States was released today into the United Kingdom

1985: Birthdate of actress Michelle Trachtenberg.

1986(8thof Tishrei, 5747): Shabbat Shuva

1987: “House of Games,” which marked the directorial debut of David Mamet who also wrote the screenplay with Jonathan Katz was released today in the United States by Orion Pictures

1987: “How An Orchestra Fell Silent” published today descried the demise of the White Plains Symphony which Siegfried Landau served as music director for a quarter of a century.

1988: ACT UP, an organization co-founded by Larry Krammer “had one of its most successful demonstrations (both in terms of size and in terms of national media coverage) when it successfully shut down the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for a day” today.

1989(12thof Tishrei, 5750): Just days before his 83rd birthday Pennsylvania native Theodore Lorber who “was a member of the United States Fencing Team at the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics passed away today.

1989(12thof Tishrei, 5750): Eighty-five year architect Percival Goodman, known for the many synagogues he designed and for his willingness to challenge the visions and power of Robert Moses who was the husband of Naomi Goodman with whom he had two children – George and Joel – passed away today.

1989: Today, Albert J. Amateau provided a sworn statement “on the allegations that Armenians suffered ‘genocide’ by the government of the Ottoman Empire.”


1990(22ndof Tishrei, 5751): Shmini Atzeret

1991: “Drop Dead Fred” a “dark comedy” with music by Randy Edelman was released in the United Kingdom today.
1991: “City of Hope” featuring Gina Gershon as “Laurie Rinaldi” opened today in Boston and New York City.

1991: The first shows of season two of The Simpsons, a cartoon sitcom developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon was broadcast today.

1993: A month after the signing of the Declaration of Principles had taken place in Washington, D.C. between Israel and the PLO, the Israeli Foreign Minister “sent a letter to the Norwegian Foreign Minister in which he confirmed that ‘the Palestinian institutions of East Jerusalem and well-being of the Palestinians of East Jerusalem are great importance and will be preserved.’”

1997(10thof Tishrei, 5758): Yom Kippur

1996: “The Chamber,” a film version of the novel by the same name with a screenplay by William Goldman was released in the United States today.

1998: The New York Times book section featured a review of Phillip Roth’s novel, <u>I Married A Communist</u>.

2000: Avraham Shochat began serving as Minister of Energy and Water Resources (AKA – Ministry of National Infrastructure)

2000: In addition to his other duties, Binyamin Ben-Eliezer began serving as Minister of House and Construction

2000: Portions of the INS Dakar, the Israeli submarine that sank in 1968, were raised from the floor of the Mediterranean Sea. (They were later placed at the memorial to the sub and its crew located at the National Military and Police Cemetery on Mt. Herzl.)

2001: “Knockaround Guys” a crime-comedy co-written, and co-directed by Brian Koppelman, co-produced by Lawrence bender featuring Josh Mostel and Dov Tiefenbach was released in the United States today.

2001: The Polaroid Corporation filed for bankruptcy marking the end of a company founded on the dream and the genius of Edwin Land and his instant photography.

2002: “Below,” a horror film written and produced by Darren Aaronofsky  was released in the United States.

2003(15thof Tishrei, 5764): Sukkoth

2004: At the start of the Knesset winter session, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon “outlined his plant to start legislation for the disengagement” from Gaza “beginning in November.”

2005(8thof Tishrei, 5766): Brent Shapiro’s death today lead to the found of “The Brent Shapiro Foundation,” “a non-profit organization which aims to raise drug awareness” chaired attorney Robert Shapiro, Brent’s father.

2005: Israeli mathematician Robert J. Aumann and Thomas C. Schelling won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science for their work in game theory, which explains the choices that competitors make in situations that require strategic thinking. Aumann was born in Frankfurt in 1930.  The family came to the United States where Aumann earned a Ph.D. from M.I.T. in 1955. He joined the faculty of Hebrew Universityin Jerusalem in 1957. Hebrew University Professor of Mathematics Robert J. Aumann, who on Monday won the Nobel Prize in economics for his work on using game theory to understand conflict resolution, says he sees no end to the Middle Eastconflict that claimed the life of his eldest son 23 years ago. “This conflict has been going on for 80 years and to my sorrow I believe it will last for at least another 80,” Aumann said in a press conference at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Givat Ram campus, where he resides as a professor emeritus in the Institute of Mathematics and as a member of Center for Rationality. Aumann, who made aliya from the United States in 1956, shares the prize with Thomas C. Schelling of the University of Maryland. The two were rewarded for “establishing interactive decision [game] theory as the dominant approach to understanding conflict and cooperation between countries, individuals and organizations,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement. Aumann and Schelling will receive the prize on December 10 from Swedish King Carl XVI Gustav and will share the 10 million Swedish kronor prize money, which translates to nearly NIS 6m. Aumann is the fifth Nobel laureate connected to the Hebrew Universityand is the first active faculty member to receive the award. He has been working at the university for 49 years, since his arrival in the country. Aumann said the award was a tribute to the many achievements of Israeli science and economics and recognition of the importance of game theory as a field of study. “I feel great and am very glad I got the prize, but it’s not just a personal achievement,” he said. “My work is closely tied to those of others, both in Israeland abroad.” In this regard, Aumann added that he felt a third recipient, “the high priest of game theory” Lloyd Chapley, a Professor at UCLA with whom he worked very closely, should have been included in the award. Aumann’s daughter Miriam Aumann Baris told The Jerusalem Post that the family knew he had been a candidate for the award in the past but had not expected it to come this year. Hebrew University President Menachem Magidor, a former student of Aumann’s, said that Aumann’s work was deserving of the prize many years ago. The announcement marked the first time since 1994 that the Royal Academyhas awarded the prize to academics who were instrumental in developing game theory. In 1994, the academy passed over Aumann and Schelling in awarding the prize to John C. Harsanyi, Reinhard Selten and John F. Nash, Jr. for their game theory work. Nash’s life and his difficulties with schizophrenia were documented in the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind. Aumann’s and Schelling’s work was “essential” in developing game theory further, the academy said Monday. The award recognized work the two men did in the 1960s and 1970s that had helped defense analysts use models to map out options available to an adversary and to predict what the other side might do in a confrontation. Their work also had economic applications in such areas as pricing and labor negotiations, the academy said. “Robert Aumann was the first to conduct a full-fledged formal analysis of so-called infinitely repeated games. His research identified exactly what outcomes can be upheld over time in longrun relations,” it said. Aumann stressed that, while he received the award for his work on repeated-game theory, this was just one aspect of the broader subjects of game theory in which he was involved. Aumann, 75, was born in Frankfurt, where he lived until his family fled Nazi Germany to the USin 1938. With the establishment of Israel in 1948, he and his brother made a firm commitment to settle here, a dream which he realized a year after receiving his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1955 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Aumann has five children and lost his eldest son Shlomo in 1982 in Operation Peace for the Galilee. He is expecting his 19th grandchild to be born by the end of the week and has two great-grandchildren. In attendance at the press conference was Swedish Ambassador to Israel Robert Rydberg, who gave congratulations on behalf of the Swedish government and king. President Katzav phoned in his blessings to the professor and Science and Technology Minister Matan Vilna’i sent his congratulations. The minister described Aumann as “a world leader in game theory, one of the most gifted mathematicians in the world who developed new theories in basic science with practical applications.” He is “one of the most talented minds to emerge in Israeli science,” Vilna’i added. Aumann’s prize “proves that the State of Israel continues to stand at the forefront of science and that we must continue to preserve this status. Investment in scientific infrastructure is the basis for development and, from it, new discoveries will emerge. Alfred Nobel, the inventor dynamite, established the awards for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature in his will in 1896. The economics prize was set up by Sweden’s central bank in 1968. Aumann is the second Israeli to win the prize after Daniel Kahneman, who also has US and Israeli citizenship, was one of the winners in 2002.

2005: The Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage opened in suburban Cleveland.  It is named for Milton Maltz and his wife, Tamar. The museum describes the heritage of the Jewish community through sound, visuals and interactive displays. The museum shares a campus with The Temple-Tifereth Israel. Founded in 1850, it's one of the oldest reform congregations in the United States.

2006(14th of Tishrei, 5767): A double barreled celebration as Sukkoth and Shabbat both begin on Friday night.

2006: FrontPageMagazine.com reported that Randy Weinstein is regretfully resigning the from Student Government Association (SGA) at Georgia Tech when that organization decided to provide funding for the Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) so that it could put on a program that provided “a one-sided attack on Israeli anti-terrorism policy.”


2006: As of today, General Universal Stores (GUS) which had been under the control of Leonard Wolfson since 1970, was listed as two separate entities – Home Retail Group and Experian - on the London Stock Exchange.

2007: In Washington, D.C. the DCJCC as part of the Hyman S. and Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival a noon time discussion of<u>Jewish Washington: Scrapbook of an American Community</u>, a fascinating and authoritative chronicle of the history and heritage of Washington's vibrant Jewish community.

2007: The Oxford Union debating society raised ire among student groups and activists on Thursday after its president announced that he had invited Holocaust denier David Irving to come speak at the university.

2007: In “The Horrible History of the Holocaust” published today, Adam Tooze reviewed The Years of Extermination by Saul Friedlander.


2007: Today David “Frum announced on his blog that he was joining Rudolph Giuliani's presidential campaign as a senior foreign policy adviser.”

2008: At the Jerusalem Cinematheque, a screening of the short film “So We Said Goodbye” ( “נפרדנו כך”) in which “65-year-old Yaakov is saying goodbye to his sons and grandchildren, who are leaving Israel and recalls the moment when as a child he bid farewell to his family in 1937 Poland. The film was the winner of the 1990 Aliza Shagrir Award.”

2009 (23 Tishrei, 5770): Simchat Torah

2009:Israeli poet Efrat Mishor reads at Prairie Lights Bookstore in Iowa City, IA.

2009: American fans of Maccabi Tel Aviv will have the opportunity this fall to watch their team in action at Madison Square Garden, tonight when the Israeli team takes to the court against the New York Knick in a rematch of the teams' meeting in 2007.

2009: “Intersections Intersected: The Photography of David Goldblatt,” an exhibition on view at New York’s New Museum is scheduled to come to an end today.


2009: The Sunday edition of the Washington Postincluded reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Why the Dreyfus Affair Really Matters</u> by Louis Begley

2009: The Sunday edition of the Los Angeles Timesincluded reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>The Book of Genesis Illustrated</u> by R. Crumb

2009: The New York Times included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Anne Frank: The book, the Life, the Afterlife</u> by Francine Prose and <u>Mike Bloomberg: Money, Power, Politics</u> by Joyce Purnick.

2010: Israeli author Joshua Sobol is scheduled to take part in a reading at McNally Jackson bookstore in New York City.

2010: The Knesset is scheduled to convene for its Winter Session.

2010: Steve Linde reported today that “Irene Rosenfeld, an American Jewish businesswoman who is chief executive of Kraft Foods, came in second place on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s 100 most powerful women published this month. The list, which is headed by first lady Michelle Obama, features several other prominent Jewish women:

• Mary Schapiro, the head of the US Securities and Exchange Commission (17th),

• Elana Kagan, the new Supreme Court justice (25th), • Sarah Jessica Parker, the attractive actress in Sex in The City (45th),

• Suze Orman, a personal finance expert, author and TV host (61st),

• Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook’s chief operating officer (66th), and

• Donna Karan, the famous fashion designer (96th).

2010: The 2010 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science was awarded to three recipients today including Peter A. Diamond, a professor of MIT.

2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Seventy four year old Carla Cohen who Politics and Prose was a bookstore was more a cultural landmark than a commercial venture, passed away today. (As reported by Ashley Parker)


2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Seventy-nine year old Claire Rayner passed away in London.


2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety four year old real estate developer Robert V. Tishman, whose work included the World Trade Center, passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)


2011: Ethan Halpren is scheduled to host an Israeli Dance Workshop and Marathon at the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia featuring internationally recognized choreographer and instructor Ira Weisburd.

2011: Israeli pianist Ran Dank is scheduled to perform the works of Chopin and Beethoven at the Merkin Concert Hall in New York City.

2011: After more than five years, Arthur Mitchell completed his service as Leader of the Official Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Yukon.

2011: ABC broadcast the first episode of “Last Man Standing” co-starring Molly Ephriam.

2011: Under the agreement, announced today, Israel is to free 1,027 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for its soldier, Gilad Shalit, held captive in Gaza for the past five years. Kidnapped IDF soldier Gilad Shalit will be returned to Israel next week, Israeli authorities reported. Shalit is expected to be transferred to the Sinai Peninsula through Rafah crossing, then to Israel. According to reports, Israel Defense Forces intend to allow Shalit to be reunited with his family as soon as possible.

2011: Unknown vandals scrawled "Death to the Jews" on four synagogues and a vehicle in the northern city of Safed on tonight. Police have opened an investigation and are searching for the perpetrators. "This is an unusual phenomenon, which does not characterize the nature of the relationship between Jews and Arabs in Safed," said Safed Mayor Ilan Shohat. "Just as we condemn the desecration of Islamic holy sites, so we condemn despicable acts like this." Shohat called upon the public to exercise restraint and allow the police to investigate the incident.Last week, two cemeteries in Jaffa, one Muslim and the other Christian, were vandalized by graffiti that said “Death to the Arabs”, and “Price Tag”. Earlier last week, the mosque in the northern village of Tuba-Zanghariyya, a Bedouin town of some 5,500 people two kilometers east of Rosh Pina, was vandalized. The mosque's interior was seriously damaged, and many holy books were destroyed by the blaze. Police suspect that extreme right-wing Jews carried out the arson in Tuba-Zanghariyya as a "price tag" operation, referring to vandalism and revenge actions initiated by activists, usually against Palestinians, following terror attacks or state demolitions in settlements or outposts.

2012: “The Gatekeepers,” a film created by Israeli director Dror Moreh is scheduled to be shown at the New York Film Festival

2012: In Washington, DC, Robin Jacobson, the Librarian at Adas Israel is scheduled to lead a discussion about <u>Comedy in a Minor Key</u> which “tells the story of a Dutch couple who harbor a Jew during the Holocaust and the consequences of their relationship.”

2012: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced today that the elections for the 19th Knesset will be held on Tuesday, January 22, 2013.

2012: Gina “Gershon's first book written for adults, <u>In Search of Cleo: How I Found My Pussy and Lost My Mind</u>, the true story of the hunt for her runaway cat was released today.

2012: Barbra Streisand performed before the sold out crowd at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn tonight.

2012: The leader of Hezbollah claimed responsibility today for launching an Iranian-made drone aircraft into Israeli airspace earlier this week, adding more tension to an already explosive Mideast atmosphere.

2012: Over seven years after he vanished without a trace, a Daliat al-Carmel resident discovered the remains of missing Druse soldier Majdi Halabi two weeks ago in a forest near Usfiya, the IDF confirmed today. Halabi went missing in May 2005.

2012: “Fill the Void,” “the award-winning movie debut from Israel’s Rama Burshtein” is scheduled to have its Israeli premier. (As reported by JTA and Times of Israel)

2013: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host “Mozart’s Women – Cose fan tutte”

2013: Shrek is scheduled to open at the Lawrence Family JCC in San Diego, CA

2013: The Ninth Grade is scheduled to lead Shabbat Eve services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA.

2013: The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to present “The Great Children’s Read: Bringing Books to Life” featuring Pamela Mayer, author of <u>Don’t Sneeze at the Wedding</u>.

2013:Construction and Housing Minister Uri Ariel (Bayit Yehudi) today called on Israel to halt direct talks with the Palestinians following the fatal attack of an Israeli man overnight in a settlement in the northern Jordan Valley, Army Radio reported. (As reported by JP Staff)

2014(17thof Tishrei, 5775): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2014: In Washington, Adas Israel is scheduled to hold Shabbat services for the first time since Gil Steinhauf, the congregation’s senior rabbi informed the community that he and his wife are divorcing while declaring “I have come to understand that I am gay.”

2014: Today “six Israelis claimed the world open water relay record after swimming 380 kilometers (236 miles) home from Cyprus in a challenge also meant to highlight ocean pollution.”

2014: “Two Israelis were arrested in the West Bank today after a group attacked a Palestinian family picking olives at the start of harvest season — a frequent source of tension.”

2014: Lewis Black is scheduled to perform this evening at the Pabst Theatre in Milwaukee, WI.

2015: The New York Times featured books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Pastrami On Rye: An Overstuffed History of the Jewish Deli</u> by Ted Merwin.

2015: In Ottumwa, IA, Congregation B’nai Jacob which was founded in 1915 is scheduled to celebrate its centennial with a Centennial Open House led by President Harvey Disenhouse.

2015: ‘From Jaffa to Agripas a special project initiated by the c.a.t.m.o.n dance group and its creative director Elad Schechter is scheduled to take placed for the second time in Jerusalem,

2015: Temple Judah is scheduled to host its communal Sukkah Breakdown, a sure sign that the holiday season is over

2015: The Jewish Museum of Maryland is scheduled to host Scott R. Benarde speaking on “Stars of David: Rock ‘n’ Roll Jewish Stories” a “program that provides a look into how Judaism influence the makers of popular music over the past fifty years.”

2015: In New York, filmmaker Paula Fouce, Anne Frank’s stepsister Eva Schloss Geiringer and Jonathan Brent are scheduled to discuss “No Asylum: The Untold Chapter of Anne Frank’s Story” after its screening this evening.

2015: “Light & Noir: Exiles and Émigrés in Hollywood, 1933–1950 and exhibition that tells the fascinating story of immigration, acculturation, and innovation that influenced Hollywood film as an American cultural phenomenon” is scheduled to opened at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

2015: In New Orleans, the JCRS is scheduled to host its annual Chanukah Gift Wrapathon.

2015:  Near Gan Shmuel, next to Hadera, a twenty year old terrorists “used his car to run over two soldiers waiting at the bus stop” and got and stabbed three more people ages 15, 19, and 45.

2015: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Courage, Hope, and Survival of the Holocaust by Eva and Les Aigner.”

2015: Natalee Birchansky, one of the next generation of leaders of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community is scheduled to host her first Art Show.

2016(9th of Tishrei, 5777):  Erev Yom Kippur

G'mar Hatima Tova”

2016: Atlantic Medi announced today in a memo to its employees” that “Jeffrey Goldberg, a longtime correspondent for The Atlantic who has written frequently about Middle East affairs is the 159 year old magazines’ new editor in chief.”

2016: “A 20- year-old Arab man who threw firebombs at border police during a riot in southeast Jerusalem’s Silwan neighborhood was shot dead shortly after Yom Kippur commenced tonight, as police responded to two other riots in Arab areas in the capital.”

2016: “Security arrested a Hamas operative who planned a number of terrorist attacks in the Jerusalem area, including a suicide bombing on a bus in the capital’s Pisgat Ze’ev neighborhood, authorities announced this morning.”

2017(20th of Tishrei, 5778): Hoshana Raba;

2017: In the evening, the University of Iowa Hillel chapter is scheduled to host Shmini Atzeret services and a holiday dinner.

2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host the last screening of “In Between” starring Shaden Kanboura winner of the Ophir Award for Best Actress and Mouna Hasa the winner of the Ophir Award for Best Supporting Actress.

2017: “The head of a government bureau responsible for clearing background checks told lawmakers today he has "never seen that level of mistakes" when asked about numerous omissions in Jared Kushner's security clearance application.”

2017: Today, “The Simon Wiesenthal Center said it would remove Harvey Weinstein name from its “roster of honorees,” following a string of sexual harassment allegations against the film mogul.”

2017: In the evening, the chaplains at Oxford are scheduled to host a Shemini Atzeret dinner.

2018: The Atlanta Botanical Garden is scheduled to host a lecture by “Rabbi Ari Kaiman of Congregation Shearith Israel who will share a taste of the rich and beautiful history of this special fruit from biblical times until today. Join us for Pomegranate tasting and deseeding tips.”
2018: As part of the “Historic Jewish Atlanta Tour” series, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour of the Oakland Cemetery.

2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to present a lecture by Christian Picciolini, author of White American Youth: My Descent into America’s Most Violent Hate Movement – and How I Got Out.

2018: “Learning Officer Shereen Hunte” is scheduled to lead “a tour revealing objects relating to Black History and Black Jewish History” in the collections belonging to the Jewish Museum in London.

2018: Dr. Steve Feller, B.D. Silliman Professor of Physics is scheduled to “lead the Coe Thursday Forum on three of Leon Uris’s historical and important novels – Mila 18, Exodus and Armageddon.”




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This Day, October 10, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

03:53 AM Wednesday, October 10, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


614: Today the fifth Council of Paris “prohibited the Jews from asking or from exercising civic or administrative rights.”

680: At the Battle of Karbala, Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shi'a Muslims as Aashurah. This is part of the split between the Shiites and the Sunnis that has led to so much violence and had an impact on the terrorist war against Israel and other nations of the world.

732: At the Battle of Tours which was fought near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks (modern day French) Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. This meant that the territory south of the Pyrenees – Spain – would remain in Islamic hands for the better part of the next seven centuries while the rest of Europe would remain in Christian hands for the time being. This demarcation would lead to the development of different variants of Judaism depending up whether the Jews lived in Moslem and Christian dominated parts of Europe.

1384: A judicial inquiry was held in a castle at Châtel, by order of Prince Amadeus, Count of Savoy with purpose of confirming the charges by his Christian subjects that the Jews were guilty of poisoning the wells, springs “and other things which the Christians use.” Numerous Jews of both sexes have been imprisoned based on these charges. The case rested, in part, on the admission of Jew named Agimet from Geneva, who confessed after having been subject to only “a little” torture that he had engaged in such practices.

1619(2nd Cheshvan, 5380): Rabbi Joseph Pardo passed away today in Amsterdam.


1674(10thof Tishrei, 5435): David Cohen de Lara, the “Haham, lexicographer and writer on ethics” passed away today in Hamburg.

1723: The party responsible for slandering a group of Jews was put to death in an auto-de-fe at Lisbon. The person had alleged groups of men were assembling to practice Jewish customs. The men were later arrested and jailed where many of them had died.

1740(19thof Tishrei, 5501): Joseph Moses Schiff, the husband of Brendle Schiff, passed away after which he was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Frankfurt Am Main today.

1744: Sampson Gideon, “a banker in the city of London” and his wife Jane gave birth to Sampson Eardley, 1st Baron Eardley

1755: In a 4 month period ending today, eight Jewish merchants were listed in the Custom House records of New Yo

1777(9thof Tishrei, 5538): The sounds of Kol Nire might have clashed with the feelings of joy and relief over the recent American victory at Saratoga.

1792: One day after she had passed away, “Breindla bat Joseph” was buried at the “Alderney Road (Globe Road) Jewish Cemetery” today.

1792(24thof Tishrei, 5553): Seventy-nine year old Dutch born businessman, Talmudist and Hebrew language poet David Franco Mendes passed away after spending the last six months of his life as honorary secretary of the Spanish-Portuguese community at Amsterdam.

1802: In Philadelphia, a group of German Jews formed a society that they called the “Hebrew German Society Rodef Shalom” which was one of the earliest German Jewish congregations in America. “The society was reorganized and chartered in 1812. Among the earliest rabbis were Wolf Benjamin, Jacob Lipman, Bernhard Illowy, Henry Vidaver, Moses Sulzbacher, and Moses Rau.”

1810: Benjamin Gompertz married Abigail Montefiore at the Hambro Synagogue today.

1818(10thof Tishrei, 5579): Yom Kippur

1823: Birthdate of Russian scholar and philanthropist Joshua ben Aaron Zeitlin.

1830(23rdof Tishrei, 5591): Simchat Torah

1831: One day he had passed away, “Samuel Solomo” was buried at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1837:Löbl Strakosch and Julia Schwarz gave birth to their son Ferdinand, the younger brother of Maurice and Max Strakosch.

1839: Francis Henry Goldsmid married Louisa Sophia Goldsmid at the Great Synagogue today.

1842: Three days after she had passed away, “Golda Isaacs, the wife Isaac Isaacs” was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery”

1845: Founding of the U.S. Naval Academy. Today there are approximately 140 Jewish Midshipman at the Naval Academy. The dedication of the multi-million dollar Uriah P. Levy Jewish Center and Chapel in 2005 marked a major milestone in the development of Jewish life at the Annapolis institution. For more about the history of the Jews at the U.S. Naval Academy see “The Judaic Experience at the U.S. Naval Academy” by Joel Ira Holwitt

1847: In Hamburg, Germany, Julie and Samuel Lewishon gave birth to Leonard Lewisohn who gained fame and fortune in the United States as a businessman and philanthropist.

1847: A constitution was adopted forming 'The Ladies Sewing Association, of the Congregation Shearith Israel, of New York.' The society consisted of an initial fifty members who would make garments for the needy.

1848: Two days after he had passed away, 24 year old Benjamin Nathan, the son of Barnett Nathan and the former Julia Solomons was buried today at the “Canterbury Jewish Cemetery.

1851: Communications pioneer Paul Julius Reuter “established a telegraph office at the I Royal Exchange Buildings, near the London stock exchange. From this location he transmitted stock market quotations between London and Paris, using the new Calais-Dover telegraph cable under the English Channel. Recognizing the need for a news service, Reuter would the next seven years working hard to build the agency and promote his services to newspapers.”

1853: “Jewish Educational Institute” published today described the cornerstone laying ceremony for a Jewish Educational Institute to be built in New York next to B’nai Jeshraun Synagogue on Greene Street. Rabbi Morris Raphall’s address to the attendees included the statement that he was as proud of the establishment of this academy for Jewish study as he was of the role he had played in establishing a similar such institution in Birmingham, England. He stressed the importance of Jews receiving both a secular and religious education. He spoke of the unique benefits Jews enjoyed in the United States. And he predicted that a day would come when the United States would surpass the United Kingdom and when the Jews of the United States would have to assume a leadership role for Jews throughout the world.

1854: The Jewish Theological Seminary, “the first rabbinical seminary in Central Europe, opened today in Breslau.

1855: Isaac Hart married Louisa Levy at the Great Synagogue today.

1856: Members of the “Philadelphia Battery,” a unit Max Einstein formed as the Philadelphia Flying Artillery Company, presented him with “a magnificent silver sword, encased in a scabbard of gold.”

1860: In London, Mr. Joseph Isaacs and his wife gave birth to Rufus D. Isaacs the nephew of Sir Henry Isaacs and the husband of Alice Edith Cohen, the third daughter of Albert Cohen who “entered Middle Temple in 1887” and began serving as the Liberal MP from Reading in 1904

1860: Joseph M. Montefiore, the President of the Board of Deputies and his wife gave birth to Sir Francis Abraham Montefiore “who became high sheriff of the country of Kent in 1894 and Sussex in 1895” while serving as “chairman of the executive committee of the English Zionist Federation” and “chairman of the Elders of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation.

1860: Birthdate of “Schklov, Russia,” native Solomon Baroway who came to the United States in 1883 and went to Kansas with “25 other Jewish young men” to start an agricultural community at Lasker in Clark County before moving on eventually settling in Baltimore where he “was the Superintendent of the Hebrew Benevolent Society for twenty-five years.


1862: In Crawley, West Sussex, England Joseph Montefiore, the president of the Board of Deputies and his wife gave birth to Sir Francis Abraham Montefiore who served as the high sheriff of Kent and Sussex as well as the “chairman of the executive committee of the English Zionist Federation.” (The Jewish Encyclopedia and The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo –Jewish History show the date as October 10, 1860)

1862: Philadelphian William Moss, the son of Joseph L. and Julia Moss completed his one year of service as the Surgeon for the 70th Regiment “which he helped to raise) today after  which “he became Surgeon of United States Volunteers.”

1862: Zillah and Samuel Henry Beddington gave birth to Ada Beddington who married Ernest Leverson and as Ada Leverson became a noted British author and friend to the famous.


1864(10th of Tishrei, 5625): Yom Kippur

1864: Jews gathered at the home of a merchant in Salt Lake City to observe Yom Kippur. This was probably the first communal Jewish activity to take place in this Mormon dominated regioned.

1864: The New York Timesreported that “To-day will be generally observed by our Jewish fellow-citizens as a rigid fast-day and period of strict religions observance. It is known as Your Kippur Day of Atonement. Every Israelite in every part of the world, who believes in the Law of Moses and the doctrine of a future world, keeps the day as a strict fast-day. From sunset yesterday till sunset to-day no food or drink is indulged in. Every Jew and Jewess, and children above thirteen, must observe the fast. According to Jewish tradition, on the first day of the New Year, the Israelites are summoned in judgment before their Creator, but sentence upon their misdeeds is reserved till the tenth day Your Kippur. If, during the ten intermediate days, called the Arsareth Yermi Tersluaro, ten day of repentance, penitence is made, and the "sinner turneth from the evil of his ways," the anger of the Lord is assuaged, and on the day of atonement forgiveness is accorded. When the Isralites worshipped in the Temple at Jerusalem, the service of this day was equally solemn and splendid. It was the only day throughout the year on which even the Cohen Hagodol (High priest,) presumed to enter the most holy sanctuary of the temple, or to pronounce the renevated and deladed name of the Deity which at any other time it was unlawful even for him to utter. The glories of this day are commemorated in the musaf or midday service of the synagogue. According to Jewish tradition, also the Your Kippur even before the giving of the law was a day of atonement and pardon. Adam did penance and was pardoned on this day. Abraham entered the covenant of the circumcision on this day. Moses, after he had broken the first tables, ascended the Mount again on the first day of Elul, so that the second forty days expired with the Your Kippur. The eve is allotted to solemn feasting, and at sunset the twenty-four hours fast and continued prayers commence. It is also customary in the evening for parents to bestow a solemn benediction on their children. Whosoever meet on that day, be they previously acquainted or complete strangers, salute each other with brotherly love and sincerity. If any dispute exists between the Jews, it is obligatory on them to become reconciled before either of them presumes to appear in the presence of his God. The law which ordains the observance of the day likewise commands the Jew "to afflict his soul." The affliction of the soul by means of the body, according to Jewish custom, consists in abstaining from five indulgences -- eating and drinking, bathing, perfuming, wearing shoes and sexual enjoyment. The observance of the festival is most strict by everyone who claims the name of Jew, and even those who make light of other observances throughout the year, pay due regard to this day. The exercises in the synagogue are of a striking and impressive character, the edifice is thronged with worshippers, the ministers and officials are draped in white shrouds while prayers of lamentation and penitence are heard on all sides. The services are divided into five parts the kol nidri, or eve service for last night; the sharcheris, or morning service; the musaf, or midday service, the mincha, or afternoon service; the nela, or conclusion. The synagogues open to-day at 6 A.M., and remain open till sunset.

1864(10th of Tishrei, 5625): Jews of Tunis and Tripoli were massacred.

1865: Joseph M. Montefiore, the President of the Board of Deputies and his wife gave birth to Sir Francis Abraham Montefiore who served as the High Sheriff of the counties of Kent and Sussex and as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the English Zionist Federation.

1866: One day he had passed away, 65 year old Moses Emanuel, the husband of Elizabeth Moses, with whom he had five children – “Joshua, Joseph, Simeon, Abraham and Henry” – was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1869(5thof Cheshvan, 5630): Eighty-five year old Rabbi Abraham Sutro who was an ardent advocate for Jewish emancipation in Prussia passed away today.

1870: In Vienna, “Anna Sara Hinda Halban and Philipp Halban gave Josef von Halban the pioneer obstetrician and gynecologist who was marred to “Austrian operatic soprano” Selma Kurz.

1870: “Rabbi Gabriel of Shereshev and his wife Haya” gave birth to the first of their eleven children, Rabbi David Almond, the Polish trained Talmudist and graduate of London University and Jew’s College where he was ordained who was admitted to the bar after earning an LLD from John Marshal Law School in Chicago where “he served the North Shore Congregation B’nai Israel until its consolidation with the First Hungarian Congregation Agudas Achim in 1923, after which he led several congregations on Chicago’s South Side.”

1871(25th of Tishrei, 5632): Sixty-seven year old Joseph Zedner passed away.  Born in Germany, he served as librairian of the Hebrew Department of the British Museum from 1845 until 1869 when he resigned and returned to Germany due to his failing health.

1871: Birthdate of “German rabbi and folklorist” Max Grunwald.

1871(25thof Tishrei, 5632): Sixty-seven year old Joseph Zender the German born librarian of the Hebrew department of the British Museum in London passed away today.

1871: On the last day of the Great Chicago Fire it was noted that a void now existed in the city. The Hebrew Relief Association’s Hospital had been destroyed during the catastrophic conflagration.

1872: Birthdate of Harold Phillips who would be buried in the Jewish cemetery at Natchitoches, LA when he passed away at the age of 13.

1874: Ceremonies were held this evening in New York City marking the formal opening of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association. Lewis May, the president of the organization opened the event with a brief address followed by Dr. Mark Blumenthal’s speech provided a brief history of YMHA. Judge Philip J. Joachimsen and Rabbi Isaacs of the 19th Street Synagogue were among the dignitaries who attended the event.

1875: Today, the officials of the Kane Street Synagogue, or Congregation Baith Israel Anshei Emes,in Brooklyn “set forth the rules for the congregation’s Sunday school” including “from the opening to closing of school children are not allowed to speak unless permission be given by the teacher,” to “scholars absenting themselves for four consecutive Sundays shall be discharge, unless good excuse be given” to a requesting that “scholars bring two cents each and every Sunday” which the teachers of the “different class are to collect.”

1875: According to reports published today that while the Moslems have political control of Jerusalem, the Jews, who number 8,000 souls and even more during festivals, make up a majority of the city’s population.

1875: In Grodno, Belarus, Aaron Bublic and his wife gave birth to Gedaliah Bublick who the writer and Zionist who drifted from Paris to Argentina to New York where he became editor-in-chief of the Yiddishe Tageblatt.

1876(22nd of Tishrei, 5637): Shemini Atzeret

1879(23rd of Tishrei, 5640): Simchat Torah

1879: Daniel Edward Bandmann played Shylock in tonight’s opening performance of “The Merchant of Venice” at the Standard Theatre in New York City. His portrayal of Shakespeare’s Jew differs from that of Edwin Booth who creates an “over-tragic and impassioned” figure.

1879: Birthdate of Eugen Täubler who wrote his dissertation on Josephus and lectured at the Higher Institute for Jewish Studies in Berlin.

1883(9thof Tishrei, 5644): Erev Yom Kippur

1883: Three hundred boys attended Kol Nidre services at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum that were led by Dr. Herman Baar, the Superintendent.

1884(21st of Tishrei, 5645): Hoshanah Rabbah

1884(21stof Tishrei, 5645): Seventy six year old Johanna Goldschmidt the wife of Moritz David Goldschmidt who was a philanthropist, author and an advocate for the right’s of women passed away today in Hamburg.

1884(21st of Tishrei, 5645): Dr. Adolph Huebsch, “one of the most popular and influential…rabbis” in New York “died suddenly from heart disease from heart disease” from “heart disease” at 4:30 this morning. Born in Hungary in 1830, earned a doctorate at the University of Prague after which he took a pulpit in that Czech city.  In 1886, he came to the United States where began serving as rabbi at Ahaveth Chesed. In addition to leading his congregation through a period of growth that included the building of a new sanctuary, he was a noted scholar.

1885: Birthdate of Dr. Ernst Eylenburg who was transported from Berlin to Terezin in 1943 and from Terezin  to Auschwitz in 1944 where he was murdered.

1885: George S. Stinson, a special agent of the Internal Revenue Department discovered today that “crooked whiskey was being manufactured by four Hebrews at Bruynswick, NY.

1886(11th of Tishrei, 5647): David Levy Yulee, the first Jewish United States Senator passed away. David Yulee (also spelled Yule) was known simply as David Levy for the first three and half decades of his life. He had been born on the West Indian island of St. Thomas and brought to Florida by his father Moses Levy. The younger Levy turned Yulee was a successful planter and lawyer, a perfect background for a further career in politics. When Florida became a state in 1845, Yulee was chosen to serve as one of her senators. Yulee was not active in Jewish communal life and married a non-Jew. However, his political opponents did not ignore this fact. When the Civil War broke out, Yulee joined the other Jewish senator, Judah P. Benjamin in secession. During the war he served in the Confederate Congress. After the war, he served a year in prison on for reasons not recorded. He had been arrested while on his way to Washington, D.C. in an effort to gain Florida’s re-entry into the Union. It is ironic that the only claim to fame of a Jew who sought to assimilate is tied to that very Jewishness.

1886(11th of Tishrei, 5647): In St. Louis, Frank Sandmeyer, a Jew who was employed as a waiter at Esher’s Variety Theatre took his own life after killing his wife.

1886: Birthdate of Kamila Adelová who was transported from Prague to Terezin in 1942 and from Terezin to Maly Trostine where she was murdered.

1886: It was reported that an actor named “Curtis” will be appearing at the 14thStreet Theatre in New York.  His forte is his comic portrayal or “caricature” of “the superficial traits of the modern German” Jew.


1887: Birthdate of Schenectady, NY, native Lester Louis Bauer, the Northwestern University Law School graduate, “publisher of the Jewish Standard” and the “President of the Federation of the Reformed and Conservative Temples.”

1889(15thof Tishrei, 5650): Sukkoth

1890: The Vossiesche Zeitung declared that the charges published in the Das Volkattacking the committee honoring Count von Moltke as being Jews seeking to make money from the event are “a calumny.”

1890: The anti-Semitic May Laws were modified to allow Jews to rent, but not buy, lands within certain city limits that will be used for grazing purposes only.

1890: It was reported today that “Mr. Charles Frohman’s newly-organized company will soon be appearing in a new play called ‘Men and Women’” featuring among its characters “a rich Hebrew, President of a national bank.”

1890: “Plans were filed with the Building Bureau…for the erection of a five-story orphan asylum for the Hebrew Shelter and Guardian Society” in New York City.

1891(8thof Tishrei, 5652): Shabbat Shuva

1891: In Paris, author and humorist Tristan Bernard and his wife gave birth to director and screenwriter Raymond Bernard.

1891(8thof Tishrei, 5652): Thirty-five year old Anna Hilkofsky who suffered from epilepsy died this evening when she died in a fire that started while she was cooking and fell into the stove.

1891:”Alleged Great Expectations” published today described the action being taken by 23 year old Charles Horowitz, a Jewish peddler who came to the United States from Russia two years ago to obtain his share of his late uncle’s estate who reportedly died in San Francisco leaving his heirs $30,000,000.

1893(30th of Tishrei, 5654): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1893(30th of Tishrei, 5654): Lipman Emanuel "Lip" Pike, the first professional Jewish baseball player passed away.

1893: In Jersey City, NJ, the Moral Reform Society, an organization composed of representatives from various Protestant Churches met for the first time and decided to include Jews and Catholics in its membership.

1894(10thof Tishrei, 5655): Yom Kippur

1894: “Died at the Services” published today described the death of sixty year old Wolf Cohn who passed away during Kol Nidre services.

1894: Due to the observance of the Day Atonement, the 1,000 Jewish registrars who would have served both the Republicans and Tammany Hall will not be able to serve.

1894: “Business on the Stock Exchange…was restricted owing to the absence of many operators who were away observing the Hebrew fast of the Atonmenet.”

1894: In New York, Temple Beth-El will use “the new order of services for Yom Kippur adopted at the Central Conference of American Rabbis at the meeting in Atlantic City.  In a more shocking move, German will no longer be used and all prayers will be in English or Hebrew.

1895: “Two Wills In A Week” published today described a dispute over the estate of Mrs. Babet Karl involving Rabbi Aaron Wise of Congregation Rodoph Sholom and his son Otto Irving Wise on one side family members including her nephew Abraham Stern on the other side.

1896: It was reported today that a rare copy of William Blake’s “Jerusalem” had been sold at action by Bangs & Co for $14.50.

1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC defeated Lake Forest today in the season opening game.

1897(14thof Tishrei, 5658): Erev Sukkoth

1897: In Manchester Israel Cohen and the former Annie Eugenie Seligmann gave birth a baby girl.

1897: Six days after he had passed away, 20 year old “Ernest Vivian Eskell Kennard, the second son of Eva and Alfred Kennard” was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1897: At Temple Israel on 125th Street and 5th Avenue Rabbi Maurice Harris officiated at services which included an address by Daniel P. Hays, President of the congregation.

1897: Samuel D. Levy presided over the 18th annual meeting of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society

1898(24thof Tishrei, 5659): Author and numismatist David Henriques de Castro passed away in Amsterdam the city where he was born in 1832.

1898(24thof Tishrei, 5659): Seventy-three year old author and philosopher Fabius Mieses passed away today.


1899: The New York Timesbegins publishing a supplemental section devoted to reviewing books. The New York Times Book Sectionhas provided numerous reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or special interest to Jewish readers for over a century. It has been an invaluable resource for this blog.

1900: During the “Konitz Affair,” an episode of Jewish blood libel, “Jacob Jacoby of Tuchel, was sentenced to confinement for one year in the penitentiary for perjury.”

1900: In Detroit, Congregation Beth El made the decision to build a new Temple which will be located at the corner of Woodward Avenue and Eliot Street.

1902 (9th of Tishrei, 5663): Erev Yom Kippur

1903: The Young Men’s Zionist Society of Newark, NJ, is scheduled to host a ball tonight.

1906(21st of Tishrei, 5667): Hoshanah Rabah

1907: Ernesto Nathan, a Jew, was elected Mayor of Rome.

1908(15thof Tishrei, 5669): Sukkoth

1908: Movie mogul Harry Warner and his wife, Rea Levinson gave birth to their first child, Lewis Warner.

1909: The coffin “covered with the blue and white flag of Zion” carrying the body of Naphtali Herz Imber “the east side poet and author of ‘Hatikvah,’ the Zionist national hymn” who had died erev Shabbat “was followed from the Educational Alliance Building on East Broadway to the Mount Zion Cemetery by 10,000 sincere mourners including Rabbi J.L. Magnes.

1910(7thof Tishrei, 5671): Mrs. Chawe Wolpe passed away today.

1910: Birthdate of Photographer Julius Shulman. Born in Brooklyn, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants, his family moved to a farm in Connecticut, where Shulman first developed a love of nature that, he said, awakened him to light and shadow and influenced his life's course. When Julius was 10, his father moved the family to the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, which at that time was predominantly Jewish, and opened the New York Dry Goods Store. His father died of tuberculosis in 1923, leaving Julius' mother to run the business and raise five children.

1910: Ten Jewish men founded Tau Episolon Phi (TEP) fraternity at Columbia University.

1911(18thof Tishrei, 5671): Fourth Day of Sukkoth

1911(18thof Tishrei 5671): Fifteen year old Miss Schlowe Stein passed away today.

1912(29thof Tishrei, 5673): “Communal worker” Henry Jonas passed away in Butte, Montana/

1912: Today, Dr. Joseph Silverman officiated at the funeral of Professor Morris Loeb. The funeral which was attended by more than 500 people representing most of the Jewish charitable and religious organizations of New York and many of its educational institutions was held at Temple Emanu-El Cemetery, Salem Fields, Cypress Hills. Dr. Samuel Schulmann of Temple Beth-El gave the closing prayer.

1913(9thof Tishrei, 5674): Erev Yom Kippur – Kol Nidre is heard for the last time before the start of World War I when, as the British Foreign Minister said, the lights went out all over the world and we do not know if we shall ever see them turned again.”

1913: Based on Judge Roan’s ruling on August 26, today was to be the day when Leo Frank was to be hung.

1915(2ndof Cheshvan, 5676): Alfred Hyman Louis, the native of Birmingham and son of Hyman T. Louis, “a well-to-do merchant and his wife Maria” who “was called to the Bar in 1855 and who claimed to have been the inspiration “for the consumptive mystic Mordecai” in George Eliot’s <u>Daniel Deronda</u> passed away today after which he “was buried as a Jew” having renounced his previous conversion to Christianity.

1915: Today, 29 year old Louis Lefkowitz, the brother of Aaron Lefkowitz and founder of “Louis Lefkowitz and Brother, manufacturers of leather belts” and other such items, “married Miss Sadie Leah Weiss” with whom he had one child, a daughter named Doris.

1915: Today was designated as the deadline for various Jewish organizations to name those who will be attending the “general congress of American Jews” to be held next month under the auspices of the American-Jewish Committee.

1915: It was reported today that “the Jews of Russian Poland, now in the hands of the Austrians and Germans, appear to have suffered, prior to the Russian retreat more than the normal amount of hardship imposed by war” which included “a rather promiscuous execution by the Russians of the Jews accused of espionage…and the plundering of Jewish shops and houses by the Russian soldiery.

1915: The list of “Five Hundred Leading Books This Fall” published today included Forest Izard’s <u>Sarah Bernhardt</u> which provides “a brief sketch of her career and an appreciative criticism of her work and her genius, Israel Friedlander’s <u>The History of the Jews In Russia And Poland</u> in which “the author traces the restrictions placed, the oppressions exercised against and the accusation made respecting the Jews in Poland up to the time of the partition of that country in 1772 and thereafter the treatment of the Jews under Russian Role” and Morris Jastrow’s <u>The Civilization of Babylonia and Assyria</u>

1915: “The Neighborhood’s Year” published today provided a preview of the attractions that will be offered this season by the little Neighborhood Playhouse on Grand Street which will include performances by the Yiddish Folksong Singers of Boston.

1915: In the Ukraine, Elie Gottmann and Sonia-Fanny Ettinger gave birth to their only child French geographer Jean Gottman.

1915: It was reported today that “there are 1,846 student in the Teacher’s College” at Columbia University “this year and since many of them are interested in settlement and church work” the school has proposed that Catholics, Jews and Protestants work together “in devising means for making religious instruction more efficient.”

1915: The chairman of the Interchurch Committee on Religious Education which includes Jewish members said that its members are ready to help implement William Wirt’s “Gary Plan” for the schools in New York City.

1917: “After traveling for six months by sea and leaving and encountering many hardships ninety-one Jewish refugees” including “ten old men, forty women and forty-one children” arrived today “at an Atlantic port from Palestine to join their relatives in his country

1917:  In Brownsville, Pincus Schacter, “a seventh generation shochet” and his wife “the former Miriam Schimmelman” gave birth to Herschel Schacter the first US Army Chaplain to enter and participate in the liberation of the Buchenwald concentration camp and the chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations.

1918: During the final Allied offensive on the Western Front, the 165th Regiment, including Sergeant Abraham Blaustein hiked to Excamont where they found the Prussian Guards holding their strong points just beyond the town.

1920: The Goldman Concert Band, “which recently concluded its most successful series of Summer concerts at Columbia University” is scheduled to “give its one and only concert at Carnegie Hall” this evening.

1920: In Chicago, Illinois, Hugo M. Friend, the Judge who presided over trial of the so-called Chicago Black Sox (the players who threw the World Series)  was appointed judge of the Circuit Court today.

1921: In Jersey City, David Gross, a haberdasher and his wife, the former Fay Kushner gave birth to Gerald Jeremiah Gross, a Jewish World War II veteran who was responsible for the publishing of Albert Speer’s memoirs. (As reported by Bruce Weber)


1923: Birthdate of major league pitcher, Saul Rogovin.

1924(12thof Tishrei, 5685): After being “hit on the head by a line drive” yesterday, thirty-seven year old “Dutch diamond polisher and baseball player” Hartog Hamburger, an infielder for OVVO in Amsterdam and the father of psychiatrist and future resistance fighter Max Hambruger, died today making him the one of the few, if not the only European to die from an injury sustained while playing the American national pastime.

1925(22nd of Tishrei, 5686): Shemini Atzeret

1925: Birthdate of Mark Shulman the husband of Margaret A. Shulman

1926: In the Bronx, Edward Marshall and “the former Ethel Tilzer” gave birth to Joan Evelyn Marshall who gained famed as “Joan Helpern, the creative half of the husband-and-wife team that combined comfort and class as the eponymous owners of the Joan & David line of shoes.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)


1926: The weeklong campaign of the Jewish Welfare Board to raise $150,000 is scheduled to come to an end today.

1927: “A Harp in Rock,” a melodrama starring Rudolph Schildkraut as “Isaac Abrams” was released in the United States today.

1927: “Did You Mean It?” a revue with music by Jean Schwartz and lyrics by Sid Silvers transferred from the 44th Street Theatre to the Winter Garden Theatre today.

1927: The original Broadway production of “The Five O’Clock Girl” with music by Harry Ruby and lyrics by Bert Kalmar opened at the 44th Street Theatre today.

1929: Die gelbe Jacke (The Yellow Jacket) an operetta with a libretto co-authored by Fritz Lohner-Beda was performed, at the Metropol Theatre, Berlin for the first time today.

1930: In Hackney, east London "Jack" Pinter ,a ladies' tailor and his wife, Frances (née Moskowitz) gave birth to English playwright and Nobel Prize Winner, Harold Pinter.

1931: Sid Gillman was among the Buckeyes who were miserable following Vanderbilt’s victory over Ohio State in the second game of the college football season.

1932: The Supreme Court, whose members included Louis Brandeis and Benjamin Cardozo heard arguments in Powell v. Alabama, a case in which Walter H. Pollack represented the petitioners who were known as “the Scottsboro Boys.”

1933(20th of Tishrei, 5694): Sixth day of Sukkoth

1933(20th of Tishrei, 5694): The Nazis killed Dr. Theo Katz at Dachau. According to Martin Gilbert, Katz had worked in the camp hospital before his murder.

1934: Ella Driori  and Amnon Drori  gave birth to Alexander (Alex) Drori

1935: In New York, Norman and Betty Hirschfield gave birth to studio executive Alan James Hirschfield.


1935: George Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" opened on Broadway. The Jewish music master used his talents to bring the life of African-Americans to mainstream entertainment.

1936(24thof Tishrei, 5697): Parashat Bereshit – on Shabbat begin the Torah reading cycle again

1936: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Nathan Perlman is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “Ways of Pleasantness and Paths of Peace.”

1936: At the West End Synagogue, Rabbi Nathan Stern is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Driven From Paris.”

1936: In New York, many rabbis are scheduled to deliver sermons describing “the work of the New York section of the National Council of Jewish Women” including “the religious work done on Welfare Island under the chairmanship of Mrs. A. H. Goodman” and “the very important classes for deaf children.”

1936: In the Bronx, religious classes and services are being held at the Council House under the chairmanship of Mrs. Julius Wolff.

1936: At Temple Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Where Do We Stand Together?”

1936: In Philadelphia, a tailor named Joseph Cohen and his wife the former Gertrude Schwab gave birth to David Pesach Cohen whose work “in the public interest” included serving as President of Common Cause. (As reported by Sam Roberts)


1937: The Palestine Postreported that the Mandatory Administration assured the British government that no question of security would interfere with the plans to send a new commission to Palestine. This new commission will be well protected and will be well able to consider how to implement the country's partition, as requested by the Mandatory Commission of the League of Nations at their General Assembly meetings in Geneva.

1937: The Post reported that a tax collector's van was robbed by armed Arabs on the Nablus-Jenin road.

1938: Sh'chita (Jewish ritual slaughter) is banned in Italy.

1938: In accord with the terms of the Munich Agreement signed in September, German troops took control of the Sudetenland and gained de facto control over the rest of Czechoslovakia. The agreement gave the Nazis direct control over another portion of Europe’s Jewish population. More importantly, it was one more bloodless victory for Hitler. It helped drive the Soviets to sign a non-aggression pact with Hitler’s Germany which led to the invasion of Poland which led to…well you know the rest.

1938: In statement issued today, U.S. Representative Emanujel Celler of New York urged President Roosevelt “to remind Prime Minister Neville Chamerlain of Great Britain’s solemn pledge in the Balfour Declaration for a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and to declare that the United States ‘views with great conern and alarm a departure by Great Britain from its obligations under that pact.’” Celler went on to express concern that the promise of the Balfour Declaration was about to be “scrapped.”

1939: “A memorial to Felix Warburg will be started today when foundations are laid for seventy farms at Kfar Felix Warburg in southern Palestine.

1939: The period of forced labor for Jewish men in Slovakia is scheduled to come to an end today.

1939: The Germans create a Generalgouvernement in Poland. It is an administrative area not incorporated into Greater Germany. The Germans will locate their death camps in the Generalgouvernement.

1939: A one-hour adaption of “Lilom” which had been translated into English by Benjamin Glazer for a production starring Joseph Schildkraut, was broadcast by the CBS Campbell Playhouse Program.

1941(19th of Tishrei, 5702): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1941: Marshal Walther von Reichenau instructed his troops that, "The soldier must fully understand the need for severe but just atonement of the Jewish sub-humans." Contrary to one of the myths surrounding the Holocaust, the German army was a willing accomplice in the slaughter of the Jews. The use of gas vans by the roaming Eisengruppen would not put an end to the involvement of German soldiers in the destruction of European Jewry.

1941(19th of Tishrei, 5702): Eliaho Hayeem Victor Cohen, a Lieutenant with the 9th Jat Regiment of the British Indian Army was killed in an accident today during World War II. Although he is buried in the Penang Jewish Cemetery which is believed to be the oldest Jewish cemetery in Malaysia, his grave is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

1941: Thousands of Slovak Jews are sent to labor camps at Sered, Vyhne, and Nováky.

1941: Slovak, Bohemian, and Moravian Jews are forced from their homes and into ghettos.

1941: “Great Guns” a comedy produced by Sol M. Wurtzel and featuring Ludwig Stössel, one of the many Jewish artists forced to flee Europe after the Nazis came to power, was released today by 20th Century Fox.

1941: The Philip Morris Playhouse broadcast an adaptation of Lillian Hellman’s “The Little Foxes.”

1942: “Eva-Marie Buch, a book seller who was part of the Schutze-Boysen-Harnack Resistance Group, also known as  The Red Orchestra was arrested today for passing messages to French slave laborers working in factories.”

1942: Dr. Tamarath Knigin Yolles, the 1939 NYU Medical School graduate and “daughter of Max H. and Bessie (Krokoff) Knigin” married Stanley Fausst Yolles with whom she had two children – Jennifer and Melanie.

1942: The SS issued a decree to “cleanse all concentration camps of Jews.”

1943(11thof Tishrei, 5704): Twenty-six year old German-Jewish artist Charlotte Salomon died today at Auschwitz.



1943: A non-Jewish Latvian named Yanis Lipke rescues three Jews in Riga by offering ghetto guards two packs of cigarettes for "some Yids to work in my kitchen garden"

1943: At the Sobibór death camp, a revolt is planned by Jewish laborers and Jewish Red Army POWs.

1943(11thof Tishrei,5704): On the day after Yom Kippur, a pilot who had spent -the Day of Atonement praying at the Grande Synagogue in Tunis “flew on a mission and never returned.”  (As reported by Louis Werfel, “the flying chaplain”)

1944(23rd of Tishrei, 5705): Simchat Torah

1944: Fourteen men from the Sonderkommando who escaped during the revolt of October 7 are found. They are tortured along with many other picked up during the prior two days. But none gave away the locations of the hiding survivors. None of the men would survive the interrogation.

1944: Four additional women involved in smuggling explosives used in the October 6-7 uprising at Auschwitz are arrested, including an inmate named Roza Robota. Fourteen men from the camp's Sonderkommando unit also are arrested. The sole surviving conspirator, a Greek Jew named Isaac Venezia, will later die of starvation after Auschwitz inmates are evacuated by their captors to Ebensee, Austria.

1945: According to reports from Jerusalem, Dr. Chaim Weizmann will resign as President of the World Zionist Organization if the British government reaches decisions that are “unfavorable to the Jewish cause in Palestine.” David Ben Gurion, who is expected to return from London next week, is mentioned as his most likely successor.

1945: The Palmach freed two hundred “illegal” Jewish immigrants who had been rounded up by British troops and were being held at a detention facility near Haifa.

1945: Joseph Darnard who had served under Pierre Laval as the commander of the Vichy militia was executed by a firing squad today.

1946: Birthdate of Arnold E. Resnicoff the Washington D.C. native who became a Conservative Rabbi and served as a chaplain in the U.S. Navy for a quarter of a century.

1945: Birthdate of Chicago native Bruce Karatz, the Boston University undergrad and USC Law School grad turned businessman – Chairman and CEO of KB Home – and philanthropist who contributed funds to rebuild New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina.

1946: Release of “The Jolson Story,” a biopic that gives the Hollywood treatment to the life of Al Jolson.

1947: “Deputy Mayor John H. Bennett spoke at the presentation of a piece of fire apparatus to the volunteer fire brigade of Tel Aviv” which a gift from the New York City Fire Department.

1948: “The intensity of the Egyptian shelling on the southern suburbs (of Jerusalem) was such that the United Nations observers believed that a full-scale Egyptian assault on the city was imminent.

1949: U.S. premiere of “Thieves’ Highway” directed by Jules Dassin, co-starring Lee J. Cobb (Leo Jacob) as “Mike Figlia” with music by Alfred Newman.

1949: Two days after closing at the Schubert Theatre, “Lend An Ear”  a musical revue with sketches by Joseph Stein opened at the Schubert Theatre.

1951(10thof Tishrei, 5712): Yom Kippur

1951: Birthdate of Avichai Rontzki “the former Chief Military Rabbi of the IDF” who “served in the position from 2006 to 2010 with a rank of Brigadier General” – a service marked by several controversies.

1951: Twentieth Century Fox released “Love Next,” an American comedy-drama directed by Joseph Newman and written by I.A.L. Diamond

1951: Mrs. Alfred F. Hess read a statement at today's meeting of the Board of Trustees of Barnard College expressing their sorrow at the recent death of Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer, one of the founders of and original trustees of Barnard.

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that the Palestine Conciliation Commission had announced that Israel agreed to release one million in sterling. These funds belonged to Palestinian Arabs who had fled Israel during the fighting when the Arabs tried to destroy the state of Israel at the moment of its birth. The commission commented that the Israeli move was "an important step towards the settlement of the differences existing between Israel and her neighbors." The Israelis hoped that this act of good will would help lead to a peace agreement and that the Arab states would now give the Jews who had fled such places as Iraq would now have access to the funds they had been forced to leave behind. As has happened so many times, the hope proved illusory.

1956: At the urging of Moshe Dayan, the cabinet agreed to an attack aimed at destroying the Kalkilya police fort in response to murders at Even Yehuda. The attack would be led by Mordechai Gur who would later be IDF Chief of Staff. The attack was costly in terms of Israeli casualties and brought an end to the period of night-time tit-for-tat reprisal raids.

1956: In response to a terrorist attack launched from Jordan on October 4 that claimed the lives of four civilians, “the Israeli military conducted a counter attack codenamed Operation Samaria in which the IDF attacked the Qalqilya police station at the Tegart fort. After a fierce battle the fort was blown up. 18 IDF soldiers died in the operation and 68 were injured. About 88 Jordanians were killed and 15 were wounded.”

1957(15thof Tishrei, 5718): Sukkoth

1961: Seven months after having premiered in Germany “Town Without Pity” starring Kirk Douglas and with music by Dimitri Tiomkin was released in the United States today.

1961: U.S. premiere of “Splendor in the Grass,” with music by David Amram and filmed by Boris Kaufman.

1961: Milk and Honey opened on Broadway in the Martin Beck Theatre and ran for 543 performances. “Milk and Honey is a musical…music and lyrics by Jerry Herman. The story centers on a busload of lonely American widows hoping to catch husbands while touring Israel and is set against the background of the country's fight for recognition as an independent nation.”

1962: “Charmaine” a song written by Lew Pollack for “What Price Glory?” was recorded today.

1963(22ndof Tishrei, 5724): Shmini Atzeret

1963: In Princeton, NJ, Ruth and Judea Pearl gave birth to journalist Daniel Pearl who was kidnapped by Pakistani terrorists and later murdered by Al-Qaeda member Khalid Sheikh Mohammed in Pakistan.



1964: The Summer Olympics in which Volleyball player Georgy Mondzolevski represented the Soviet Union opened today.

1964(4th of Cheshvan, 5725): Eddie Cantor passed away. The comedian with the “banjo eyes” enjoyed a career that ran from vaudeville to the crazy days of live television variety shows. One of Cantor’s famous running gags centered around the fact that he had five children – all girls. He passed away at the age of 72.


1965: In Cambridge, MA, Carl R. Pidgeon, a visiting professor at MIT and his wife Elaine, a yoga teacher gave birth to singer-songwriter Rebecca Pidgeon the wife of David Mamet.

1966: Seventy-one year old Abraham Wolf Binder who served as music director of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue for forty years and was a lead in the Reform Movement passed away today.


1968: “Barbarella” a science fiction film co-starring Marcel Marceau was released today.

1970(10th of Tishrei, 5731): Yom Kippur

1971(21stof Tishrei, 5732): Hoshana Raba

1971: Birthdate of child piano prodigy Evgeny Kissin


1972: Jews in Moscow held a press conference expressing their support of the Senator Henry Jackson’s legislation granting trade benefits to the East Bloc nations in turn for liberalization of their immigration policies (which would make it possible for Jews to leave the Soviet Union and go to Israel)

1973: 14th of Tishrei, 5734): Economist Ludwig von Mises passes away at the age of 92.


1973: 14th of Tishrei, 5734): Erev Sukkoth; as Jews around the world prepare to celebrate Sukkoth, all thoughts are turned to Israel’s fight for survival that had begun on Yom Kippur.

1973: Fighting continued during the Yom Kippur War. A morning counter-attack launched against the Syrians drove their tanks back to line from which they had launched their sneak attack four days ago. General Elazar wanted to push on, but Defense Minister Dayan wanted to stop lest penetration towards Damascus upset the Soviets. Golda Meir sided with Elazar who made plans to attack across the old cease fire line. In the evening, Mrs. Meir addressed the nation describing Israel’s perilous position. The Soviets had armed the Arabs with all matter of modern weaponry and were re-supplying them even as Mrs. Meir spoke. She urged King Hussein not to repeat his mistake of 1967 when he joined the Egyptians and the Syrians. She said that Jews could not allow themselves “the luxury of despair.” She had but one prayer in her heart, “that this will be the last war.

1973: In an effort to relieve Israeli pressure on the Syrian front, where the IDF has gained back the southern Golan, Egyptian forces move further into the Sinai, beyond the range of their SAM umbrella which creates an opportunity for the IAF to go on the offensive.

1973: “A minister in government and former chief of the IDF General Staff, Chaim Bar-Lev, was effectively put in control of the southern front instead of Shmuel Gonen.” (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

1973: 14th of Tishrei, 5734): Israeli political leader and former MK Ada Maimon passed away at the age of 80 today.

1974(24thof Tishrei, 5735): Just two months shy of his 64th birthday, historian and Holocaust survivor Joseph Wulf passed away.


1974: Birthdate of Asi Cohen, the native of Ashdod who gained fame as a comedian and actor.

1975: Parliamentarians from 12 Western European countries formed a committee in support of Soviet Jewish emigration.

1975: As the Soviets sought to strengthen their position in the Middle East and the Syrians look for aid in destroying Israel, President Assad completed his visit to the USSR.

1975: “Shivers” a science fiction produced by Ivan Reitman and directed by David Cronenberg who also wrote the script was released today in Canada.

1975: “Lisztomania” a biopic about Franz Liszt co-starring Sara Kestelman and filmed by cinematographer Peter Suschitzky was released in the United Kingdom today.

1976(16thof Tishrei, 5737): As Carter and Ford face off in the last month of the Presidential campaign, observance of the second day of Sukkoth

1978(9thof Tishrei, 5739): Erev Yom Kippur

1979(19thof Tishrei, 5740): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1979(19thof Tishrei, 5740): Seventy-nine year old composer and Cantor David Josef Puttennan passed away today.

1980: Private Benjamin, a comedy directed by Howard Zeiff and produced by Nancy Meyers who helped to write the script and produced by Goldie Hawn who also starred in the title role was released in theaters across the United States.

1982: The New York Timesbook section included a review <u>An Orphan in History: Retrieving a Jewish Legacy</u> by Paul Cowan describing the “beautiful and moving account of his search for his religious and cultural roots.”

1983: Ruby Myers, who was the Indian actress known as Sulochana passed away today.


1983: Israel's Knesset voted 60-53 to endorse Yitzhak Shamir as Prime Minister. Shamir was part of the Right Wing Likud and a successor to Menachem Begin.

1983: Mordechai Tzipori completed his service as Deputy Minister of Defense.

1983: Haim Meir Drukman “broke away from the NRP and attempted to form a Knesset faction by the name of Zionist Religious Camp, but was refused permission to do so by the House Committee.”

1983: As Israel changed governments, David Levy retained his position as Deputy Prime Minister.

1984: In the U.K. premiere of “1984” Michael Radford’s cinematic treatment of George Orwell’s novel by the same name.

1984: Birthdate of New York City native Matthew “Matt” Shear the St. John’s College graduate and actor best known for his role as “Detective Lucius Isaacson” on TNT’s hit series “The Alienist.”

1985: U.S. fighter jets forced an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, where the gunmen were taken into custody. This was part of a farce that resulted in the hijackers getting off without punishment for their murderous act of piracy.

1986: Israel Prime Minister Shimon Peres resigned. Peres was and is a leader of what was the original Labor Zionist movement that dominated the governments of Israel for the first two decades of its existence.

1986: Jumpin' Jack Flash, a comedy featuring Jon Lovitz was released in the United States today by 20th Century Fox.

1987: Birthdate of Danny Rosenbaum who played for Xavier University and was drafted by the Washington Nationals.

1990(21stof Tishrei, 5751): Hoshana Rabah

1990(21stof Tishrei, 5751): Eighty-three year old Broadway producer Irene Mayer Selznick passed at today at the Pierre Hotel in NYC.  (As reported by Eric Pace)


1993: “Witchboard 2: The Devil's Doorway” a horror film starring Laraine Newman and featuring Marvin Kaplan was released today by Blue Rider Pictures.

1994(5th of Cheshvan, 5755): Tzvi Gal-chen, the father of author Rivka Galchen, and a scientist known for his work on wind and thermodynamic variables passed away today.

1995(16thof Tishrei, 5756): Second day of Sukkoth

1995(16thof Tishrei, 5756): Ninety year old Sigmund Jeselsohn, the German born son of Samuel and Malchen Jeselsohn and husband of Karolina Jeselsohn passed away today in New York.

1995: As part of Israel’s agreement with the PLO, two members of the PLO’s former Jerusalem Committee crossed into Israel from Jordan as a prelude to becoming Governors of Ramallah and Nablus. Twenty years earlier these same to men had masterminded the bombing in Zion Square which killed fourteen civilians, including three Arabs.

1995: As Israel turned over control of 460 West Bank villages to the Palestinian Authority, a banner flew over the village of Salfit declaring “Today Salfit, tomorrow Jerusalem.”

1996: Yad Vashem decided to recognize Baron Friedrich von Oppenheim as Righteous Among the Nations


1996(27thof Tishrei, 5757): Ninety-two year Harry Rosen the founder of Junior’s Restaurant, home to what some claim is the best cheesecake in the world passed away today. (As reported by Eric Asimov)


1997(9thof Tishrei, 5758): Erev Yom Kippur

1999: Bruce Fleischer won The Transamerica golf tournament.

1999: The Sunday New York Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to <u>Judaism including We Can Report Them</u> by Michael Brodsky, <u>When Pride Still Mattered: A Life of Vince Lombardi</u> by David Maraniss and <u>The Magic of Dialogue: Transforming Conflict Into Cooperation</u> by Daniel Yankelovich.

2001(23rdof Tishrei, 5762): Simchat Torah

2001: “Jon Lovitz sang a duet of the song “Well, Did You Evah” at the Royal Albert Hall.

2001: First broadcast of season four of “Felicity” a drama star created by J.J. Abrams and co-starring Greg Grunberg.

2001: “A Man of Good Fortune” published today tells the story of the Moussaieff family.


2002: Hamas took credit for today bombing at the Bar-Illan interchange on the Geha Road.

2002: Richard Blumenthal was awarded the Raymond E. Baldwin Award for Public Service by the Quinnipiac University School of Law.

2002: Representative Shelley Berkley of Nevada was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.

2003(14thof Tishrei, 5764): Erev Sukkoth

2003(14thof Tishrei, 5764): Sixty-year old Atara Chana Beile Marmor the daughter of David Feuerwerker and Taube Rachel Feuerwerker passed away today.

2003(14thof Tishrei 5764): Eighty-five year old Max Rayne the British businessman and philanthropist who was knighted and later made a life peer so that he was known as Baron Rayne passed away.



2004: The Sunday New York Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including Harold Blum’s <u>Where Shall Wisdom Be Found? </u>

2004: In an article designed to encourage gardeners to follow proper transplanting procedures, the Times of London writes approvingly of the practices of “the great rhododendron enthusiast Lionel de Rothschild who used to move fully mature rhododendrons around his garden at his estate.”

2005: Sociology professor Majd el-Haj was named Haifa University's next dean of research, making him the first Arab faculty member to serve at the vice presidential level of an Israeli university.

2005: With a sigh of great relief the feared Lulav Shortage has been avoided. Thanks to aggressive action by the Ministry of Agriculture, the sound of shaking frond will be heard at Sukkah time after all. As part of a long range solution, the Agriculture ministry will work to encourage domestic production of this religious necessity. Hopefully, the Israeli will develop a lulav that will not lose its leaves and an etrog with a stem that UPS cannot break

2006: H.B.O presents the premiere of The Journalist and the Jihadi: the Murder of Daniel Pearl.

2006(18thof Tishrei, 5767): Sixty-eight year old “writer, director and producer” Jerry Belson passed away today.


2007: In Australia, Richard Pratt was formally accused of price fixing in what would be that nation’s largest case of its kind.

2007: The third and final performance of “Idan Raichel Songs for Peace: The Acoustic Series” takes place at the Museum of Jewish Heritage-A Living Memorial to the Holocaust in New York City.

2007: Johtje Vos, a modest Dutch woman who saved three dozen Jews during World War II passed away in Saugerties, NY at the age of 97.

2007: Nearly 200 Israeli sailors who served in the British Royal Navy during World War II gathered at the home of the British ambassador to Israel who, together with Deputy Defense Minister Matan Vilnai, awarded them the Veterans Badge to commemorate the victory over the Nazis. The ceremony was held at the Ramat Gan home of Ambassador Tom Phillips. As the former sailors trickled into the house, they were greeted by the embassy's naval and air attache, Wing Commander Mike Rafferty, and Zvi Avidror, himself a former Royal Navy pilot and the main force behind the reunion. For Rafferty, who this weekend returns to London to prepare for his next assignment in Kabul, the event was a kind of ending. "It's very exciting to see the looks on the faces of the veterans getting the medals," Rafferty said. "It was worth having the event just for that." The gathering began with a small advertisement placed by Avidror and a few friends in Yedioth Ahronoth in May that called on Royal Navy veterans to contact him. There were a few responses, but after Haaretz took up the story nearly 170 veterans heeded the call to action. Popular tunes from the 1940s played in the ambassador's yard as old comrades reconnected. Alfred Wasch, 93, was a maintenance officer at the Royal Navy base in Bat Galim, which was one of the largest in the Mediterranean. Much of his service was spent taking care of seven intelligence ships kept by the Royal Navy in the region. "How're you doing, do you remember me?" fellow veteran Israel Gruber asked him. "You were my commanding officer. You look great." If there is one song that is identified more than all others with the Royal Navy, it is "It's a Long Way to Tipperary." When the pianist began to play it, the veterans joined in enthusiastically. On the other side of the yard sat Tova Goldin, holding a black-and-white photograph of what looks like dozens of sailors, including her husband, Yosef. Next to her sat David Rosenberg, who is also in the photo. When Phillips approached to shake their hands, they explained that their respective children married each other, unaware that their fathers had served in the same unit during World War II. "My father stopped sleeping, he was so excited about this gathering," Rosenberg's daughter, Idit, said. "Me, excited?" Rosenberg said in response. "I didn't even think about it." Annie Geddes-Riks, another veteran, was born in England and immigrated to Israel in 1948, unlike most of her fellow sailors. She served in various positions in the navy. "I insisted on doing non-office work. I remember fixing aircraft engines to ready them for D-Day," she said.

2007: Attendees at a conference in Jerusalem hope to revive Ladino.

2007 The New York Times reported that the Israelis had shared the dossier showing proof of their strike on the Syrian nuclear reactor in the Deir –ez Zor region with Turkey.

2008: While in Paris for the, inaugural meeting of the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation - a forum established by European Jewish Congress head Moshe Kantor and former politicians from 10 European countries whose stated goal is to further initiatives that promote dialogue and coexistence Aleksander Kwasniewski, the former president of Poland sat down with The Jerusalem Post to talk about his own vision of tolerance and the special connection Poland has with the Jewish people.

2008: USA network broadcast the first episode of “The Starter Wife” starring Debra Messing

2009 (22 Tishrei, 5770): Shemini Atzertz

2009: Drew University hosts lunch and discussion with graphic artist and author David Stromberg who is also the book review editor for Zeek.

2010(2ndof Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety two year old Shlomo Eidelberg, the Polish born son of Rabbi Mordechai Dov Eidelberg , WW II resistance fighter and at the time of his death Professor Emertius of Jewish History at Yeshiva University in New York passed away today.


2010: As part of Sigid, the Ethiopian Jewish Festival and Dance Performance is scheduled to take place at the 92nd Street Y.

2010: The New York Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Nemesis</u> by Phillip Roth, <u>Final Verdict: What Really Happened in the Rosenberg Case</u> by Walter Schneir and <u>The Invisible Harry Gold: The Man Who Gave the Soviets the Atom Bomb </u>by Allen M. Hornblum

2010: The Los Angeles Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Great House</u> by Nicole Krauss

2010: <u>Earth: A Visitors Guide to the Human Race</u> by Jon Stewart, the fake newsman who was the subject of an anti-Semitic diatribe earlier in the week tops the October 10 LA Times Best Seller List.

2010: Cabinet ministers today approved by a majority vote a controversial amendment which would require every non-Jew wishing to become a citizen of Israel to pledge loyalty to "the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state."

2010: Israeli artists, writers and intellectuals held a demonstration today against the cabinet's approval of a controversial amendment to the citizenship bill, requiring non-Jews seeking citizenship to pledge allegiance to Israel as a Jewish and democratic state.

2010: During today’s radio show, Glen “Beck described how GeorgeSoros, who was born in Hungary to Orthodox Jewish parents, ‘used to go around with this anti-Semite and deliver papers to the Jews and confiscate their property and then ship them off. And George Soros was part of it. He would help confiscate the stuff. It was frightening. Here’s a Jewish boy helping send the Jews to the death camps.’” [This statement would draw a response from ADL national director Abe Foxman who released a statement slamming the Fox News commentator's criticism of Soros.]

2011: Aluf Ram Rothberg assumed command of the Israeli Navy.

2011: The Lo Tishkach Foundation is scheduled to sponsor memorial services in the Ukrainian town of Tarascha in honor of the Jews who were slaughtered there in 1941 during World War II.

2011: Center for Jewish History and Center for Traditional Music and Dance are scheduled to present The Hidden Musical Treasures of Romania –A Fulbright Scholar’s Quest a program that explores “the deep roots that connect Romanian music and klezmer music.”

2012: A reception sponsored by the Hebrew Union is scheduled for tonight to mark the opening of “The Sexuality Spectrum,” “a groundbreaking exploration of sexual orientation through the creativity of over fifty international contemporary artists.”

2012: The Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Washington and The Israel Project is scheduled to present “A Presidential Candidate Surrogate Debate featuring Congressman Robert Wexler, representing the Democrats and Under Secretary Dov Zakheim representing the Republicans.

2012: Robert Lefkowitz, a Jewish physician and biochemist, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry with Brian Kobilka, a Stanford University researcher. Lefkowitz, 61, and Kobilka, 57, won for “groundbreaking discoveries that reveal the inner workings of an important family ... of receptors: G-protein-coupled receptors,” a posting on the website of the Nobel Prize stated.today. Understanding how these receptors function helped further explain how cells could sense their environment, according to the text. They will share a $1.2 million grant from the Nobel Prize Committee.



2012: French police found an explosives lab that they say was used by a "jihadist cell" in the bombing of a kosher store near Paris. Francois Molins of the Paris prosecutor’s office said at a news conference today that the firearms and “all the elements necessary to produce explosive devices” were discovered the previous day at a parking lot in the eastern Paris suburb of Torcy

2012: The exhibition, “Zionism 2000 Collection, 1920-1960,” which has been on displayed at Shenkar College of Engineering and Design in Ramat Gan, is scheduled to come to an end.

<u>2012: The National Book Award finalists announced today included Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe by Anne Applebaum and The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson by Joseph Caro</u>

<u>2013: In the best sense of Tikun Olam, Agudas Achim is scheduled to host “Interfaith Gathering for Prayer and Sharing co-sponsored by the National Alliance on Mental Illness of Johnson County and the Consultation of Religious Communities of Johnson County.</u>

<u>2013: Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids is scheduled to host the first in a series of lectures “Engaging Israel, Foundations for a New Relationships”</u>

<u>2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor the Middle East Forum on “Iran – The Nuclear Threat and Implications for the Greater Middle East.”</u>

<u>2013: Arkadi Zaides, an independent choreographer born in the Soviet Union in 1979, who immigrated to Israel in 1990, is scheduled to perform his interpretation of “Dig Deep” in New York City.</u>

<u>2013: “In a display of muscle-flexing to Tehran ahead of nuclear talks between Iran and world powers, Israel made a rare announcement today that its air force had conducted a series of drills in which fighter aircraft practiced midair refueling and a simulated strike on a distant target.” (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)</u>

<u>2013(6th of Cheshvan, 5774): Colonel (Res.) Seraiah Ofer was killed in an attack outside his home in the Jordan Valley settlement of Brosh Habika at 10 P.M. tonight and his  wife Monique was moderately wounded, but managed to escape and contact police. (As reported by Chaim Levinson, Gili Cohen and Eli Ashkenazi)</u>

<u>2013:</u> <u>The clandestine World War II work of champion cyclist Gino Bartali was recognized today when a ceremony was held in Jerusalem to mark his help in rescuing Jews in his native Italy. (As reported by Andrew Dampf)</u>

2014(16thof Tishrei, 5775): Second day of Sukkoth

2014: Moishe House, OJMCHE and MJCC are scheduled to bring you a party under the sukkah canopies in NW Portland, with live music, beer and great vegetarian food as part of Shabbat in the Sukkah.

2014: Professor Robert Cargill is scheduled to deliver a lecture on the Book of Ecclesiastes at Agudas Achim in Coralville, Iowa.

2014: “A Jewish girl is among some 100 girls and young women from France who have left to join jihad fighters in Syria in recent months, a French intelligence official said today.”

2014: “Israel beat Cyprus in Nicosia 2-1 to successfully open its UEFA European Championship qualifying campaign today.”

2014: In Israel, Channel 2 reported today “the United Nations last month secured the release of 45 Fijian peacekeeping soldiers, kidnapped on the Syrian side of Golan Heights by the Nusra Front, through the payment of a $25 million ransom by Qatar.”  (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)

2015: Today, shortly before 11 a.m., a 16-yearold Arab stabbed two Jewish men in their 60s some 150 meters from Damascus Gate, leaving them moderately and lightly wounded followed by a second attack at approximately 3 p.m when a 19-year-old Palestinian stabbed two officers from the police’s Special Patrol Unit near Damascus Gate.

2015: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host “The Best of Chamber Music” featuring the Elysee String Quartet from France.

2015: The Jewish Museum of Maryland is scheduled to host a “members only” opening of “Paul Simon, Words & Music, featuring The Guthrie Brothers.”

2015: The Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans is scheduled to sponsor a screening of “Rosenwald”

2015: The Vertigo Dance Company is scheduled to appear at The Performing Arts Center in NYC.

<u>2016: In London, JWE and UKJF are scheduled to host a screening of “Anthropoid” a cinema version about the mission to assassinate Nazi General Reynhard Heydrich.  </u>

<u>2016: ‘In the predawn hours, Israeli troops conduct a raid at Azzun as part of their campaign to “rid the West Bank of arms used by terrorists including “the Carlo” a crude but effective “handmade submachine gun.”</u>

<u>2016: At the London Jewish Cultural Centre </u>Sir Ralph Kohn is scheduled to “discuss his new book, <u>Recital of a Lifetime</u> with Jewish historian Trudy Gold.

2016: “The Accountant” a crime thriller with a twist co-starring Jeffrey Tambor premiered at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles.

2016(8th of Tishrei, 5777):  Oliver Hart, a member of the distinguished Montagu family, was one of two economist awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science today for “insights into how best to write contracts, the deal deals that bind together employers and their workers, or companies and their customers.”

2017(20th of Tishrei, 5778): Sukkoth Chol Ha’moed;

2017: Today, “The State Department announced a $7 million reward for information about Talal Hamiyah, who runs Hezbollah's External Security Organization, and $5 million for information about Fu'ad Shukr, a senior operative who helped plan the 1983 bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon.” (As reported by Jeff Seldin)

2017:.The three Solomon’s Pools near Bethlehem which were built by Herod that “provided water to Jerusalem and the Second Temple” are to be restored in a $750,000 project funded by the United States, officials said today.”

2017:Today, “Ehud Barak, the former Israeli leader known for his hawkish views on Iran, said it would be a “mistake” for President Trump to decertify the Iran nuclear deal, both because it would play to Iran’s advantage and because it would scuttle any hope of a negotiation with North Korea.” (As reported by Mark Landler.

2017: Today Tens of thousands of participants from 80 different countries took part in the annual march in Jerusalem marking the 50th anniversary of the city's unification.

2017: The Chaplains at Oxford are scheduled to host “Pizza in the Hut” for Sukkoth

2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “In Between” a film about “three young Arab-Israeli women” sharing “a flat in Tel Aviv.

2017: “Beyond Chicken Soup: Jews and Medicine in America” which “was created by the Jewish usuem of Maryland in Baltimore and includes more than 200 artifacts and phots and documents” opened at the Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage in Beachwood, Ohio.

2018(15th of Tishrei): On the secular calendar, Yarhrzeit of William “Bill” Schueller, beloved husband of Eleanor Schueller, father of Deb Levin, father-in-law of Mitchell Levin and dairy farmer “par excellence.” 2018: As part of the “Who We Are” film series, the Streicker Center is scheduled to host a screening of a film about “the private side of playwright Arthur Miller” followed by a discussion with is daughter Rebeca Miller and the film’s producers.

2018: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host “On Radical Jewish Female Voices In Eastern Europe, a lecture by Professor Elissa Bemporad and Professor Natalia Aleksium that “will examine the dynamics of Jewish women’s entry into politics in modern Eastern Europe.”

2018(1st of Cheshan, 5779):  Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/




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This Day, October 9, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

04:08 AM Tuesday, October 9, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


768: Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Charlemagne treated to his Jewish subjects well, even if it meant parting from the doctrine of the Church. For example, he extended the rights previously granted to the Jews of Narbonne by his father. Jews “mingled freely at the Frankish court in defiance of canon law…Disputes between Jews were resolved in Jewish courts.” The increased protection and freedom offered to the Jews by Charlemagne resulted in increased commercial and financial activity, especially trade with the Islamic world.

1184: Judah ben Elijah Hadassi a Karaite Jewish scholar who lived in Constantinople began working on Eshkol ha-Kofter, “a treatise on the Ten Commandments.”

1192: After having negotiated a treaty with Saladin following the Battle of Jaffa, that created a three year truce, Richard III left Acre for a planned return to England.

1217: During the 5th Crusade, a force led by King Andrew II of Hungary landed on Cyprus “from where they sailed to Acre and joined John of Brienne, ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem” and others who were preparing to fight the Ayyubids of Syria.

1238: In Spain, King James I of Aragon founded the Kingdom of Valencia. In 1263, James I presided over the disputation between Nachmanides and a convert to Christianity named Paul Christian.

1261: Birthdate of Denis I who as King of Portugal resisted pressure by the clergy to “invoke the restrictions placed on the Jews by the Fourth Lateran Council.
1264: The army of King Alfonso the Wise of Castile conquered the Spanish city of Jerez that had been held by the Moors since 711. The Jewish community of Jerez, complete with a separate Juderia or Jewish quarter had existed since the time of the Moors. At the time of the Spanish conquest, the city had two synagogues with Don Yucaff and his son Don Todros each living in one of the “houses of the rabbis” Among those Jews to whom the king gave houses and/or lands were “Don Yehuda Mosca who made translations from Arabic into Spanish for the king; the "almoxarife" Don Mayr, or rather Mür de Malhea, and his son Çag (Isaac); Çimha (Simḥah) Xtaruçi, whose father lost his life and the whole of his large fortune during the rebellion of the city; Don Vellocid (Vellecid), "ballestero del rey a caballo"; Solomon Ballestero; and Axucuri Ballestero—the last three being in the king's army.” [Editor’s Note – As can be seen from this entry, the image of the Spanish Jews flourishing under the Moors and suffering under the Christians is not an accurate one.]

 1334: Casmir the Great (Poland) renewed the Charter of Boleslav, granting Jews the freedom of residence in all areas of the kingdom. This document was instrumental in encouraging Jews to begin to flee Germany and move east. King Kazimierz showed how favorably disposed towards Jews he was when he confirmed the privileges granted to Jewish Poles in 1264 by Boleslaus V. Under penalty of death, he prohibited the kidnapping of Jewish children for the purpose of enforced Christian baptism. He inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. He invited Jews who were being persecuted elsewhere to settle in Poland, protecting them as 'people of the king'

1390: Henry III who appointed the Jewish convert to Christianity Paul of Burgos keeper of the royal seal and Lord Chancellor began his reign as King of Castile and Leon

1526: Today, the Queen regent Maria, the widow of Louis II, continued her anti-Jewish policies first displayed when by expelling the Jews of Sopron by allowing the city of Pressburg, to expel its Jewish citizens.
1547: Christening of the Don Miguel de Cervantes, the author of Don Quixote. According to some sources, Cervantes mother, Lenor de Cortinas was a descendant of Conversos, Jews who chose Christianity over death or despoliation of their wealth.

1580: Immanuel Tremellius, the Italian Jewish convert to Catholicism who then became a Protestant and was the Regius professor of Hebrew at Cambridge before becoming the Professor of Old Testament at the University of Heidelberg passed away today.

 1635: Colonial American Separatist Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts for preaching that civil government had no right to interfere in religious affairs. (Williams was seeking to establish freedom of worship through the separation of church and state.) Rhode Island would provide the model for the rest of the United States on this issue. In addition to which, William's policy would Rhode Island an attractive place for Jews to settle during the colonial and Revolutionary War periods.

 1666(10th of Tishrei, 5427): Yom Kippur

1666(10th of Tishrei, 5427): In Hamburg, Germany, blessings were offered in honor of Sabbatia Zvi during Yom Kippur. The Hamburg community was unaware of the fact the self-proclaimed Messiah had converted to Islam in September of 1666.

1691: English merchant Erasmus Smith whose philanthropy was recognized by Trinity College when it created the Erasmus Smith Chair of Hebrew in 1724 passed away today.

1701: The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut. In 1805, Moses Simons became the first Jew to attend Yale. Seventeen years later, Judah P. Benjamin attended Yale Law School, making him the school’s second Jewish student. Benjamin left without graduating. According to recent records 1,200 of Yale’s 5,300 undergraduate students are Jewish while 200 of the 1,200 graduate students are Jewish. The school offers 45 Jewish courses and a minor in Jewish studies but no major. This is a vast improvement over the situation for Jews at Yale as late as the 1960’s when administrators, faculty and alumnae sought to limit Jewish enrollment at the Ivy League school through quotas and other forms of social pressure. You have to wonder if these people knew that Elihu Yale’s Jewish mistress, after whom the school was named, had born him a son. Would the Yalies have accepted Yale’s son?

1766: Uriah and Eva Esther Hendricks gave birth to Jochabed Sarah Hendricks

1771:  Count Jan Klemens Branicki, the Polish nobleman who proclaimed the Jews of Bialystok to be subject to bylaw and other local laws on an equal footing with the other townsmen, passed away

1775(15thof Tishrei, 5536): Sukkoth

1780(10th of Tishrei, 5541): Yom Kippur

1784: Benjamin Nones, a native of Bordeaux, France who served with distinction during the American Revolution became a naturalized citizen of the United States today.

1789: Birthdate of Meno Burg, “the first and for a long time the only Jew serving as a Prussian staff officer.”

1794(15thof Tishrei, 5555): Sukkoth

1797(19th of Tishrei, 5558): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1797(19th of Tishrei, 5558): The Vilna Gaon passed away.  There is no way that we can do justice to this Giant of Judaism.  We urge you all to consult the numerous books, websites and other sources that can give you some sense of the importance of this sage who was such an expert in matters of Torah, Talmud and Halachah that even the descendants of those to whom he stood in opposition recognize his merit.

1798: In Bamberg, the chief rabbi and his wife gave birth to German jurist Karl Feust.

1799(10thof Tishrei, 5560): Final Yom Kippur of the 18th century

1803(23rdof Tishrei, 5564): Simchat Torah

1803: Rabbi Meanchem Mendel Rubin of Linsk, “the first rebbe of the Rosphitz dynasty and the son-in-law of Rabbi Yizchak Halevi Horowitz passed away today.

1809: Birthdate of Adolphe Franck the French philosopher whose work on the Kabbalah was popular with the public and was President of the Société des Etudes Juives

1813(15thof Tishrei, 5574): Sukkoth

1817: Johanna Benzinger and Secekel Loeb Wormser, “the Wonder Rabbi of Michel City” gave birth to Jaidel Wormser

1817: Daniel Rees married Priscilla Davis at the Western Synagogue today.

1818: Birthdate of Benedict Zuckerman, the native of Breslau who was a leading German mathematician who served on the faculty of the Breslau Seminary under the leadership of Zacharias Frankel.

1823(4thof Cheshvan, 5584): Jacob I. Cohen, a native of Bavaria and the son of Joshua and Peslah Cohen, who fought in the Battle of Beaufort while serving under Captain Lushington and who in 1789 “took the lead in organizing the first synagogue in Virginia, passed away today in Philadelphia

1823: Leon Benjamin, the son of Joel Benjamin and Frances Cohen was circumcised today in the United Kingdom

1832(15thof Tishrei, 5593): Sukkoth

1833: In Laupheim, Jewish merchant Viktor Steiner and his Sophie gave birth to German banker and industrialist Kilian von Steiner.

1835: In Wurttemberg, Germany, Bernhard Frankfurter, the son of Mirjam and Moses Levi Frankfurter, and his wife Esther gave birth to “Mirjam Frankfureter.”

1837(10thof Tishrei, 5598): As the economic crisis known as the Panic of 1837 grips the United States Jews observe Yom Kippur.

1840: Birthdate of British painter Simeon Solomon. [There is no way to do justice to this complex man’s life and work in this small space. Among other sites, look at http://simeonsolomon.com/default.aspx

1843(15thof Tishrei, 5604): Sukkoth

1845: The Sephardic Synagogue of Kingston, Jamaica celebrated taking possession of a new Sefer Torah." The service was conducted by the Isaac Lopes, who served as the congregation’s rabbi.

1846: In New York City linguist and orientalist Elias Markens and his wife gave birth to author Isaac Markens.

1848: In Lübeck, laws were adopted that “abolished all the disabilities” of the Jews thus making them true citizens of the city

1850(3rdof Cheshvan, 5611): Fifty-four year old Israel Friedman of Ruzhyn the Chasidic rebbe known as Der Heiliger Ruzhiner("The holy one from Ruzhyn"), passed away today.

1856: “A God-Send For The Express” published today reported that “the German organ of the Buchanneers in Philadelphia accuses Fremont of being a Hebrew by birth and having been educated in the Mosaic faith besides being born in Alsace. As the Express must by this time be tired of calling Col Freemont a Jesuit, it will be delighted of an opportunity to accuse him of being a descendant of Abraham.” Fremont is John C. Fremont, a native of Virginia, an Episcopalian, military hero and explorer known as the Great Pathfinder. He was also the Republican Party’s first Presidential nominee.
1857: In New York, the Recorder heard a second day of testimony in the case where Nathan Levin, a recently arrived Jewish immigrant from Hungary, had accused Israel Steinhardt, a fellow Hungarian co-religionist of stealing 940 pounds in Bank of England notes. A witness named Francois Guilland testified that he and Steinhardt had sailed on the same ship in September and that he had seen Steinhardt holding several of the bank notes that Levins claim Steinhardt had stolen from him just two days ago in New York. Two other witnesses testified that Levins had not the bank notes in his possession when they met with him just before the theft. It would appear Levins’ accusation that his fellow Jew had violated the 7th commandment was false and that Levins was attempting a swindle. The Recorder is holding the case over until tomorrow at which time a decision will be made as to which Jew is trying to cheat which Jew.
1858: An article entitled "Chronology of Comets" published today reported that "Josephus the historian includes the appearance of a comet among the miracles which announced the destruction of Jerusalem and the ruin of its temple." In 1208, "the Jews of the West" thought that a very bright comet that appeared for two weeks foretold the coming of the coming of the Messiah.

1859: In Mulhouse, Alsace, Raphael and Jeannette Dreyfus (née Libmann) gave birth to the ninth child, Alfred who would enter history as Captain Alfred Dreyfus, the Jewish army officer at the center of scandal that rocked France for a decade and helped to produce the modern Zionist movement.

1860: Birthdate of Count Walter Puckler-Muskau, the anti-Semitic agitator known as "Dreschgraf" (the thrashing count) for the calls for violent attack against the Jews that fill his speeches.

1862(15thof Tishrei, 5623): Sukkoth

1862: During the American Civil War, as the Jews on both sides observed Sukkoth, JEB Stuart’s Confederate Cavalry humiliated Union General George McClellan by riding around the Army of the Potomac completely unscathed.

1864(9thof Tishrei, 5625): Yom Kippur

1864: In New York City, “Raphael Levy Maduro Peixotto , a prosperous Ohioan involved in trade with the South, and Myrtillie Jessica Davis gave birth educator and writer Jessica Blanche Peixotto, the second woman to earn a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkley, the “first women to become a full professor at Cal, Berkley and the university’s first woman department chair.

1864: As Sherman’s victorious Union Army completed the occupation of Atlanta during the Civil War, one wonders if the Jewish soldiers serving under him joined the Jews of Atlanta in observing Yom Kippur.

1866: The Law Reports column published today described in detail the breach of contract case brought by a young Jewess named Nanna Solomon against Jewish tailor named Bernard Brown. According to the evidence presented, there was no dispute over the fact that the two were engaged to married and that there had been ample public ceremonies to celebrate the event. There is no dispute that the marriage did not take place. Miss Solomon claimed that the Brown did not marry here because of interference from her mother. Brown implied that Miss Solomon had been seeing other men and was not the stellar character she had presented herself to be. In the end, the jury found for the plaintiff but awarded her only five hundred dollars in damages when she had sought $10,000.

1867(10th of Tishrei, 5628): Yom Kippur

1867(10th of Tishrei, 5628): Abraham Mapu “one of the first, and finest, of the novelists to write in Hebrew” passed away. “Heavily influenced by a wide range of sources--the Bible, the Romantic Novelists, and renewed pride in ancient Jewish history--his works recall the finest works of writers such as Flaubert and other great romantic novelists. His first novel, <u>Ahavat Ziyyon</u> (The Love of Zion), published in 1853, won immediate acclaim. Its sixteen editions attest to its continued popularity. (As reported by Toby Press)

1873: Birthdate of violinist Carl Flesch whose pupils included Jewish violinists Szymon Goldberg, Ivry Gitlis, Ida Haendel, Yfrah Neaman, Eric Rosenblith, Max Rostal, Henryk Szeryng, Henri Temianka and Roman Totenberg

1875(10thof Tishrei, 5636): Yom Kippur which the secular press described as “a solemn fast universally observed among the orthodox Jews by abstaining from food or drink of any nature whatever for twenty-four hours and spending the entire day in continuous attendance at their places of worship.”

1875: In New York City, “Josephine (née Solomon) and Selmar Hess” gave birth to Columbia trained physician Alfred Fabian Hess, the husband of the former Sara Strauss, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isidor Strauss with whom he had four children and the developer of the Hess Test which came about while studying “the role of nutrition in scurvy and rickets.”

1876(21stof Tishrei, 5637): Hoshana Rabah

1867: Fanny Janauscheck the Austrian actress who would perform in “Zillah, The Hebrew Mother” made her American stage debut at the Academy of Music in New York.

1876: The New York Times featured a review of “Daniel Deronda” by George Elliot which was the penname of Mary Anne Evans. This was her last novel and it featured a sympathetic portrayal of Jewish characters and was sympathetic to the concepts of Zionism.

1877: Charles Stein, who is described the most dangerous confidence man of our times, was arrested in St. Louis, MO. [It can’t always be about Nobel Prize Winners]

1878(12thof Tishrei, 5639): Seventy-eight year old Abraham Oppenheim who had begun his career as a partner in the banking house of his father Salomon Oppenheim passed away.

1879(22ndof Tishrei, 5640): Shemini Atzeret

1880(4thof Cheshvan, 5641): Sixty-four year old Joseph Mayer Montefiore, a nephew of Sir Moses Montefiore who was a member of the Board of Deputies and a director of the Alliance Insurance Company and the National Provincial Bank of Ireland, passed away today.

1880: “Persecution of the Jews of Morocco” published today relies on information that originally appeared in the Petit Marseillais and the Pall Mall Gazette, to describe the brutal murder of a Jew named Bendahan's by the Moslem governor of Estifa.  Bendahan’s crime was that he had taken a Moslem women into his home during the recent famine and provided her with food and shelter.  When the governor heard of this he summoned the Jew and him beaten to death. Apparently, any relationship between a Moslem and a Jew was unacceptable even if was only intended to save a life.

1881: Birthdate of Victor Klemperer, a businessman, journalist and eventually a Professor of Literature, specializing in the French Enlightenment at the Technische Universität Dresden. His diaries detailing his life, successively, in the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and in the German Democratic Republic were published in 1995. He passed away in 1960.

1881: It was reported that the Minister of Justice in Hungary has introduced a bill in the lower house of the Diet that would legalize marriages between Jews and Christians.

1881: It was reported today that the Russian government “intends to all Jews to acquire land in places where there is no fear of collision between them” and the non-Jewish locals.

1881: “The Wander Jew in Hull, 1769” recounts the history of this anti-Semitic tale which reinforced the view of the Jew as an evil villain who has walked the earth since the days of the Crucifixion

1881: “Old York,” published today provides a brief history of this ancient English castle and city, including the time when it was “the scene of a gruesome tragedy” when a group of “landless knights” and “broken men” penned up the Jews in the castle with the intent to “plunder” and “murder them.”  However, most of the Jews, their intended victims, “with desperate courage, forestalled them by burning their property and killing their families and themselves.

1882: Three days after he had passed away, sixty year old “Samuel Gettenstein Salaman,” the husband of Rosa Salaman with whom he had two children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1882: It was reported today that G.P. Putnam’s Sons will be publishing <u>Fundamental Questions Relating to the Hebrew Scriptures</u>, a liberal view of the subject by Edson L. Clarke.

1886(10thof Tishrei, 5647): Yom Kippur

1886: In “Yom Kippur” published today J.S. Moore, a non-Jew, provides a complete description of the observance of the holiday including the observations that “no other religion…has a similar festival” “ and that “ it may be safely predicted that nations, empires and peoples may and will pass and be only remembered in history while the ‘Yom Kippur’ will retain its hold upon a race which has already during the vicissitudes of thousands of years withstood annihilation and bids fair to hold fast to its religion as long as this globe is populated.”
1886: The Uptown Gossip column published today attributed the low attendance rate at theatres in New York yesterday to the fact that the Jews were observing the “fast of Yom Kippur.”  “Jewish people are the most liberal patrons of the theaters, and any fast day which they observe makes a very marked difference in the receipts of theatre’s treasury.”

1886: “Big Hebrew Fair” published today described efforts to host a fundraiser this December that provides funds for the establishment of a “Jewish Cooper Institute.”  The project has the support of the city’s temples and synagogues as well as the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

1887: “Levitcal Names” published today contends that there is strong evidence of an Egyptian connection between the Levites – the leading tribe of the Exodus – and those who enslaved them.  The names of Moses, Miriam and Pinhcas, Aaron’s grandson, have an Egyptian etymology . The mother of Pinchas was the daughter of Putiel, a name with an Egyptian rather than Hebrew etymology.   Finally, Aaron’s ability to address Pharaoh would indicate a knowledge of the Egyptian language that would be more consistent with an educated Egyptian than a wandering Semitic nomad.

1887(21stof Tishrei, 5648): Sukkoth Chol HaMoed

1887: The day after he had passed away, Nathan Samuel Raphael, the son of “Samuel Raphael and the former Charlotte Levy” who had left his native London for Austrailia in 1849 was buried today in “Orange, NSW, Australia.”

1887(21stof Tishrei, 5648): Sixty-two year old Czech born American musician and impresario Maurice Strakosch, whose autobiography <u>Souvenirs of an Impresario</u>was published in 1886 passed away today in Paris.

1888: As the London police investigated the murder of Catharine Eddowes, The Evening News reported that Jacob Levy, the son of butcher from Aldgate, was “obstinate” when questioned, refusing “to give the slightest information “ leaving “one to inter that he knows something but…is afraid to be called” during the inquest.

1889(14thof Tishrei, 5650): Erev Sukkoth

1889(14thof Tishrei, 5650): Sir Benjamin Samuel Phillips, the son of Samuel Phillips, a London tailor, who founded the publishing house of Fauudel, Phillips & Sons, was a leader of the Anglo-Jewish community and the first  Jewish Lord Mayor of London, passed away today.

1890: In Germany, Das Volk accuses the committee “engaged in gathering the municipal addresses” which are to be presented to Count Von Moltke on his 90thanniversary as being made up of “Jews….seeking pecuniary benefit from their connection with the movement to honor the Count.”

1891: “A Fire on Fifth Avenue” published today described the fire that swept through the New York home of August Belmont.

1891: Mrs. August Belmont and her children awoke at the old Belmont mansion at 109 Fifth Avenue where they had spent the night after their new home at 101 Fifth Avenue had been destroyed by fire.

1891: In Wilkes-Barre, PA, Mendel S. and Rachel Naomi Salsburg gave birth to Philip Salsburg who was the Treasurer of Il Minatore Publishing Company in Scranton, PA.

1891: Gustave S. Drachman of the law firm of Drachman & Nelson who has been retained by Charles Horwitz, a 23 year old Russian Jewish peddler “to look after his interest in an alleged estate in San Francisco valued at $30,000,000” said today that he has not been able to learn about “any man by the name of Horwitz” who “ever died in San Francisco leaving a large fortune.”

1891: According to today’s American Hebrew, “the letter of Mr. Harold Frederic…continue to present the case of the Jews in Russia in vivid colors and convincing tones.”

1892: In the wake of a decision by the Reform movement that circumcision is no longer a necessary part of the conversion process, a “conclave of rabbis” is scheduled to begin meeting today in New York.

1892: “Phases of City Life” published today described eastside Jews as being “as careful with their money as any people in the world” who will “part with the dollars freely under two conditions –sickness or death in the family” as can be seen by the round the clock medical care being provided for a child who was scaled two weeks ago which has required all of the to “work harder than ever to get the money for it all.”

1892: Construction began on a building that would be called the Frances Jacobs Hospital in Denver, Colorado. Frances Jacobs, known as Colorado's "Mother of Charity," devoted her life to community service. She is the only woman included among the sixteen Colorado pioneers depicted through stained glass portraits in the state's Capital Rotunda. Born in Kentucky and raised in Cincinnati, Jacobs moved with her husband to Colorado in 1863; they settled in Denver in 1870. Jacobs quickly became involved in Denver's Jewish and non-Jewish communities. Jewish issues were especially important to Jacobs. Soon after moving to Colorado with her husband in 1874, she became president of the Hebrew Benevolent Ladies Society (today known as Jewish Family Service of Colorado). By 1872, she was president of the Hebrew Ladies' Benevolent Society and in 1874 helped found the nonsectarian Denver Ladies' Relief Society. She pushed for the creation of Denver's first kindergarten and helped organize Denver's Charity Organization Society, a forerunner to the United Way, in 1877. Jacobs also pushed the Denver Jewish community to attend to the care of the many Jewish tuberculosis sufferers who came to Denver. At that time, the only known treatment for tuberculosis was clean air and sunshine; since Denver had both of these resources in abundance; it became a popular destination for infected immigrants from the industrial Northeast. When these immigrants arrived in Denver, they found no facilities available to treat or even shelter them, and the community ignored their plight. Jacobs did her best to help those who were ill on an individual basis, but worked to convince the Jewish community to help, leading to the construction of the hospital, whose motto became "None may enter who can pay, and none can pay who enter". Jacobs died, at the age of 49, weeks after the hospital's cornerstone had been laid. The hospital's trustees voted to name the hospital after her. Today the institution is known as the National Jewish Medical and Research Center, and is the only medical and research center in the United States devoted entirely to respiratory, allergic, and immune system diseases. Jacobs died, at the age of 49, weeks after the hospital's cornerstone had been laid. The hospital's trustees voted to name the hospital after her. Today the institution is known as the National Jewish Medical and Research Center, and is the only medical and research center in the United States devoted entirely to respiratory, allergic, and immune system diseases.

1892: The 15 Jewish families living in the tenement at 100 Suffolk lost personal property in yesterday’s fire that was valued today at approximately $2,000.

1892: In Boston, MA, “Jewish Lithuanian immigrants Joseph Weit and Sarah Magilewski gave birth to economist Harry Dexter White.

1893: It was reported today that villages on the German borders with Austria and Russia are crowded with Jewish “families who have been expelled from Russia and are eager to come to United States but are so destitute that they “prostrate themselves before travelers and beg for bread or money.”

1894: It was reported today that Mrs. Elke Rubenstein the widow of convicted murderer Pesach Rubenstein has been ordered to leave the country because she might become a public charge and without having been able to claim the $1,000 which her husband when police arrested him for the murder of Sara Alexander.

1894: It was reported today that Brooklyn resident Nathan Bernstein must have died a happy man since he lived to see his son John married by a rabbi to Miss Ida Korne.

1894(9thof Tishrei, 5655): Erev Yom Kippur

1894(9thof Tishrei, 5655): Sixty year old Wolf Cohn “dropped dead while attending services at Adelphi Hall on 52nd Street and 7th Avenue.

1894: John Most is scheduled to play the lead in “Die Weber” which is part of the anti-Yom Kippur revelry planned for tonight by the Hebrew Anarchists at the Clarendon Hall.

1894: Voter registration is set to begin in New York City which will be a problem because the sites owned by the Jews will have to close well before the official 9 pm closing time due to the Jewish Holiday.

1894: “Anti-Semitic Groups Combine” published today described the formation of the German Social Reform Party which was created by the delegates to a conference led by Jew baiters at Eisenach Germany

1895: Abraham Stern, a wealthy real estate lawyer, filed a the will of his late aunt, Mrs. Babet Karl, for probate today and discounted reports that there was another will which had been prepared under the influence of Rabbi Aaron Wise and son Otto who is an attorney.

1895: Tonight Tammany Hall nominated Joseph E Newburger, a graduate of Columbia Law School, a Judge on the City Court, a director of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the President of Rodolph Sholom to run for a position on the Court of General Sessions in New York.

1896: As David Schwarz worked to develop a successful airship, a test failed today because the hydrogen used “was not of required purity” and was unable to provide the required life.

1897(13thof Tishrei, 5658): On Shabbat, in Newark, NJ 45 year old Simon Davis “one of the best known” Jews in the city who has been a partner for the last twenty years in a catering service with his brother, passed away today.

1897(13thof Tishrei, 5658): Kate Lintine, the sister of Mrs. Harry Stone of Johannesburg, SA, passed away today in Birmingham, UK.
1898(23rd of Tishrei, 5659):Simchat Torah

1898: Birthdate of Aaron Nissenson, who came to United States from his native Russia in 1911, earned “a degree in pharmacy from Fordham” which he did not use turning instead to a life as “a poet, essayist, novelist and journalist working for The Jewish Morning Journal while being married “the former Kate Heller” with whom he had “a son, Herschel.”

1898: Herzl has another audience with Grossherzog Friedrich of Baden. On the same day Herzl is received by Foreign Minister Bernhard von Bülow and Reich’s Chancellor Hohenlohe.

1898: “Sixty or seventy of the most prominent lawyers” in Chicago attended a banquet at the Union League Club in honor of the 70th birthday of Julius Rosenthal who began his career in 1854 as clerk at the banking of house of R.K. Swift before passing the bar.

1901(26thof Tishrei, 5662): Seventy-year old Sigmund von Henle who represented the city of Munich in the Bavarian Diet from 1873 to 1881 and who served on the board of trustees “of several Jewish societies” passed away today.

1901(26thof Tishrei, 5662): Seventy-five year old Kate(nee Reuben)Aaron the wife of Samuel Aaron  and the mother of Louisa, Rachel and Simeon Aaron passed away today after which she was interred at the Bath Jewish Burial Grounds.

1901: Simon Lipkie married Emily Somers today.

1904: “In the city of Kamenyets, Platon Artemovych Bazhan and his wife gave birth to Ukrainian poet Mykola Bazhan whose 1943 poem “Babi Yar” “explicitly depicted the infamous massacre in the ravine” but does not mention the fact that the victims were Jews.

1905(10thof Tishrei, 5666): Yom Kippur

1905(10thof Tishrei, 5666): Forty-two year old Isaac Levy, the husband of Lena Levy, passed away today after which he would be interred at the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA.

1907: Three days after he had passed away, Posen native Louis Braun, the husband of the former “Julia Joseph” with whom he had eight children was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1909: The Sick Benevolent Society of Zialkamian, the hometown of Naphtali Herz Imber who passed away yesterday, asserted its right to take care of the burial of the poet superseding the claim of those who wanted to bury him “in a Rumanian Jewish cemetery at Bayside” where he reportedly owned a plot.

1911: Birthdate of Joe Rosenthal. In 1945, at the age of 33, Rosenthal snapped the most famous of all World War II photos – The Raising of the American Flag on Iwo Jima.

1911: Birthdate of Jacob L. Trobe, the son of an Orthodox rabbi, who as a representative of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee was among the first relief workers to enter the concentration camps.

1914: It was reported today that at Columbia University, John Dyneley Prince will teach several foreign language courses including one in Hebrew.

1915: It was announced today that Catholics, Protestants and Jews at the Columbia University’s Teacher College have joined together to create “a co-operative union to be known as the Students’ Religious Organization.”

1916: Among the newly released books available to the public is <u>Charles Frohman: Manager and Man</u>, the “authorized biography of the great manager written by those who had access to all the papers, correspondence and records of Charles Frohman and the Empire Theater.”

1917(23rdof Tishrei, 5678); Simchat Torah

1917(23rdof Tishrei, 5678); After enduring days of torture at the hands of the Ottoman authorities Sarah Aaronsohn committed suicide rather than betray her comrades. Aaronsohn was a member of Nili, a Jewish spy ring working for the British in Palestine. Aaronsohn had been born in Palestine in 1890 and was motivated to work for the British when she the aftermath of the Armenian Genocide. She was buried in the cemetery in Zichron Yaakov. There are those who make an annual pilgrimage to her grave on the anniversary of her death so the memory of this brave young Jewess will always be part of the heritage of the Jewish people.

1918: Today, ten months after the Parliament of Finland had promulgated an act making it possible “for Jews to become Finnish nationals” “Frederick Charles was elected King of Finland by that same Finnish Parliament.

1919(15thof Tishrei, 5680): Sukkoth

1919: The Cincinnati Reds defeat the Chicago White in the World Series that would become known as the Black Sox Scandal. According to many “experts” Arnold Rothstein, a Jewish born gambler of unsavory reputation, supplied the money to bribe selected members of the White Sox. Abe Attell, a former boxer known as “The Little Hebrew,” was Rothstein’s bagman. According to information left on this blog “Attell was Jewish, but he grew up in an Irish neighborhood. Because of that, he often found himself involved in fights, and according to him, he would get involved in as many as 10 bouts each day as a kid. Attell's father abandoned his family when Attell was 13, and Attell had to sell newspapers to support his family. He used to sell them on the streets and corners, and while selling newspapers, he got a chance to witness the fight between Solly Smith and George Dixon for the world's Featherweight championship. With that, Attell and two of his brothers were convinced that maybe they had a future in boxing.”

1920: Dr. Enlow is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Lessons from the Life of Jacob H. Schiff” during Shabbat Services at Temple Emanu-El in New York.

1920: Birthdate of Jason Wingreen, the native of Brooklyn and graduate of Brooklyn College whose decade’s long acting career known to many as the bartender on “All in the Family.”

1921: Dr. Morris Murray Peshkin married Lillian Rapaport today.

1921: In Berlin “historian George Herlitz, the founder of the Central Zionist Archives in Jerusalem” and his wife gave birth to MK and diplomat Esther Herlitz who became Israel’s first female ambassador when she served represented Israel in Denmark in 1966.

1922: In Brownsville immigrant tailor Harry Finkel and his Mary gave birth to Philip “Fyvush” Finkel, the

Veteran of the Yiddish Theatre, who won an Emmy for his role as a lawyer in the television hit “Picket Fences.”

1922: Elinor Fatman Morgenthau and Henry Morgenthau, Jr. who would serve as FDR’s Secretary of the Treasury gave birth of Dr. Joan E. Morgenthau, the wife of Fred Hirschhorn, Jr.

1923: Birthdate of Israeli, poet, novelist, journalist and filmmaker, Haim Gouri. A sabra. Gouri worked with Jewish refugees in Hungary after WW II and fought with the Palmach in the Negev during the War for Independence before pursuing his literary career. He has won the Bialik, Israel and Uri Zvi Grinberg awards.

1924: Dutch diamond polisher and baseball player Hartog Hamburger, the father of psychiatrist and “Jewish resistance fighter Max Hamburger, “was hit in the head by a line drive” today in a freak accident that would lead to his death on the following day.

1924: In Manhattan, “Dr. Sebastian Smigel and the former Bella Soloway” gave birth to Irwin Elliot Smigel, the dentist whose clients included numerous stars.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1925(21stof Tishrei, 5686): Hoshana Rabah

1925: In Sosnowiec, Poland, ‘chocolate salesman Issachar Feiner and Rivka Herzberg gave birth to Haim Feiner who immigrated to Palestine in 1936 and gained fame as songwriter, poet and author Chaim Hefer.

1926: Max Derfiner, a pioneer silk manufacturer who arrived in New York from Tel Aviv last week continued to tout the possibilities for developing the silk industry in Palestine. Derfiner who already expressed his belief that in ten years Tel Aviv can become a “second Lyon” said today that one of his keys to success was his ability “to concentrate in one plant all the processes of silk manufacturing…which in France, Switzerland or America would be performed in separate establishments.” Derfiner also said that the Zionists had “developed the ‘Made in Palestine’ label into a commercial asset...” In Jewish homes through the world the name Palestine had a business value as well as a sentimental appeal.

1929: “June Moon,” a play co-authored by George S. Kaufman premiered on Broadway at the Broadhurst Theatre.

1930: As Dr. Drummond Shiels, British Under-Secretary for Dominions, left his hotel today an angry crowd shouted “Away with Parliament which does do justice to Jews,” “Shame to the British Government” and “Remember Hebron, Safed and Motza,” a reference to the 1929 sites of bloody Arab attacks on defenseless Jews. The crowd sang Hatikvah as Shiels sped away under the protection of the local police. “The demonstration was caused by a report from London that Shiels had promised an Arab delegation that a Parliament for Palestine” would be established. Creation of such an institution was part of a plan to circumvent the creation of a Jewish home in Palestine and guarantee that Jews would always be a minority in Eretz Israel.

1930: “Sir John Monash” published one day after his death stated that “It is not an exaggeration to say that Sir John Monash…was one of the ablest soldiers that the British colonies sent to the World War.”  Monash was known for his ability to train troops as could be seen from his work with the Third Australian Division.  A brave soldier, he was an able tactician and strategist who played a key role in the great assault that broke the Hindenburg Line which forced the Germans to sue for peace. It was said of him “that he would command a division better than a brigade and corps better than a division.” [Nowhere in the article that traced Monash rise to prominence was it mentioned that he was Jewish.]

1932(9thof Tishrei, 5693): Kol Nidre was chanted for the last time during the Presidency of Herbert Hoover.

1933: “Wedding at Lake Wolfgang” a musical directed by Hans Behrendt who died at Auschwitz was released today in Germany.

1933: Birthdate of Martin Gottfried “a drama critic and the author of several biographies of entertainers and playwrights as well as two influential studies of the Broadway musical.”  (As reported by Daniel Slotnik)

1934: In New York, Minnie and David Alper gave birth to long term IBM employee Ralph Abraham Alper, the husband of the former “Linda Ann Propp.”

1935: U.S. premiere of “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” directed by Max Reinhardt at the Warner Bros. Hollywood Theatre in New York City.

1936(23rdof Tishrei, 5697): Simchat Torah

1936: In Chicago, at a rally featuring Al Landon, the Republican candidate for President, Anna Smith told the throng that “It is necessary for Christians, Jews and Gentiles to join together to resist this sinister movement, communism” which ironically was part of what would become a decades long campaign to equate Democrats, liberals and Jews with the Communists and a conspiracy to take over the United States.

1936: It was reported today that “the version of the story” surrounding the arrest and conviction of a Jew named Abraham Kaiser for writing a letter to a friend in America that was critical of Hitler and the Nazis “stated that the police discovered the letter in his flat” while at the same time claiming that Kaiser who lived in Duisburg had mailed the letter from Dusseldorf in order to conceal his identity. (Editor’s Note – accuracy is not necessary in the world of anti-Semitism)

1936: “Libeled Lady” a comedy produced by Lawrence Weingarten was released in the United States today by MGM.

1937: The Los Angeles Examiner reported today that when Vittorio Mussolini, the son of the Il Duce, came to Hollywood, the Hollywood Ant-Nazi League (HANL) “denounced the visit on behalf of all ‘artists and writers’ declaring that ‘Fascism means the suppression of all freedom of expression.’”

1938: Thirteen year old future “Monuments Man” Harry Ettlinger, and his family arrived in New York having “escaped” from Germany in September.

1939: In London, Bill Sedley and his wife gave birth to British jurist Sir Stephen Sedley.

1939: Himmler declared that 550,000 Jews living in Polish provinces should be relocated

1939: “Hitler’s Plan for Jews Scored” published today described the decision of the delegates attending the Order of the Sons of Zion Conference at the Hotel Astor to adopt a resolution condemning the Nazi plan “establish a Jewish State in Polish Territory” as “a hypocritical scheme, fraught with the gravest of dangers to European Jewry.”

1940: Adina Gerstel and Rabbi Louis Wefel were married today.  Werfel would gain fame for his role as a chaplain during WW II who was known as the flying Rabbi.  Unfortunately, his would be cut short when he died when his aircraft crashed in 1943 while he was bring the joy of Chanukah to U.S. troops fighting in North Africa.

1940: In Great Britain, the Committee of Privileges reported that the detention of the anti-Semitic MP Archibald Maule Ramsay under Regulation 18B that applies to people “suspected of disloyalty” “was not a breach of privilgege.” He would be released in 1944 and would return to the House of the House of Commons where he introduced a resolution calling for the banishment of the Jews as had been done by King Edward I.

1941(18thof Tishrei, 5702): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1941(18thof Tishrei, 5702): Forty-seven year old Dallas resident Herbert Mallinson, “the chairman of the Southwest region of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the son of Samuel and Rose Mallinson and husband of Beatrice Mallinson, passed away today “while attending a meeting of the Dallas Jewish Federation for Social Service.”

1941: The Nazis murdered 3,726 Jews including 717 children in the Poligon barracks near Swieciany, Lithuania.

1941: A recruiting rally was held in Tel Aviv as part of a campaign to get another 5,000 Jews from Palestine to enlist in the British Army. Currently there are approximately 10,000 Jews from Palestine serving in the British Army and RAF throughout the Mediterranean and Middle East. The leading Jewish institutions sponsoring the campaign have adopted the slogan “Jews are fighting with the Allies for victory.”

1941: Parades of Jewish veterans of World War I were greeted by cheering throngs in Haifa and Tel Aviv. The parades were the climax of week’s long effort to recruit more Jewish recruits for the British military. Jewish leaders encouraged every man who can be spared to “enroll under the Union Jack” to “help in the fight against Adolf Hitler.”

1941: Hans Frank told the ministers of the General Government in Cracow; "As far as Jews are concerned . . . I want to tell you quite frankly that they must be done away with one way or another."

 1941: The Nazi-allied government led by Marshal Ion Antonescu began deporting Jews to camps located in Transnistria, an occupied area in the former Soviet Union.

1941: J.D. Salinger who had been corresponding with Marjorie Sheard, “a Toronto woman about his age” wrote to her today asking that she send him a picture of herself.

1941: Governor Lehman will not be attending “the dinner forum on ‘Europe Today’ scheduled to be held this evening which is co-chaired by Lillian Hellman and Ernest Hemingway because a number of the committees sponsoring the event “have long been connected with Communist activities.”  (Editor’s note – Hemingway was not Jewish.  The dinner demonstrated the problem that was to plague America for years: how to oppose fascism without ending up “in bed” with the Communists.)

1941: Two months before the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt approved what became known as the Manhattan Project, America’s unprecedented effort to build an atomic bomb.  The number of Jews involved in this decision including Einstein is surpassed only by the number of Jewish scientist involved in the effort.

1942: Eighty one year old Jesse Houghton Metcalf, the former Republican Senator from Rhode Island passed away.  In 1933, Metcalf was one of the Senators who spoke out against the German treatment of the Jews. While addressing the chamber declared, “We as a nation can only declare the existence of racial or religious prejudice to be untenable as a national ideal.

1942: Anne Frank, who was hiding with her family in an Amsterdam warehouse, wrote in her diary: “The British radio speaks of their (the Jews) being gassed.”

1942: In Brussels, Belgium, five of six leading members of the Belgian Jewish community are released from incarceration following the intervention of Cardinal Joseph-Ernst van Roey and Belgium's Queen Elizabeth.

1942: The USS Drum, the submarine on which Maurice Rindskopf served throughout WW II survived a heavy depth charge attack from the vessels escorting the cargo ships she had sunk the day before.
1942: Thousands of Jews from Miedzyrzec, Poland, are deported to the Treblinka death camp.

1943(10th of Tishrei, 5704): Yom Kippur

1943(10th of Tishrei, 5704): On Yom Kippur, over 1,000 men and women at Birkenau, deemed too sick to work, were gassed to death. At Plaszow, 50 Jews were murdered. Ironically, 600 Jews were permitted to pray in Sobibor

1943(10th of Tishrei, 5704): Hundreds of Jews were deported from Trieste and shipped to Auschwitz.
1943(10th of Tishrei, 5704): In Anconcia, a Catholic priest, Don Bernadino, warned the local Rabbi, Elio Toaff, of the impending deportation of the Jewish population. The Jews went into hiding, most of them being sheltered by Christian families. Only ten Jews would be caught and deported and one of them survived the war.

1943: A unnamed Jewish pilot went to Yom Kippur Services in the Grande Synagogue in Tunis “and spent almost the entire day in prayer and please for life and safety and happiness.” (As reported by Rabbi Louis Werfel, the chaplain known as “The Flying Rabbi”)

1944(22ndof Tishrei, 5705): Shemini Atzeret

1944: At Birkenau, on Simchat Torah, 650 boys involved with the Birkenau revolt were locked in the barracks together. Most of them would be tortured and then killed on October 20.

1944: Mordechai Adler (who became Mordechai Eldar) “celebrated his 15thbirthday at Auschwitz-Birkenau

1944: Mordechai Eldar cheated death today.  Having been “selected” at Auschwitz and having already stripped naked, for some unknown reason German officers had Eldar and 49 others step outside, put on shoes and uniforms, and sent them to work in Canada, the facility where the Germans had prisoners sort and store all the possessions of those who arrived at the Death Camp.

 1944: The SS arrests three Jewish women at the Auschwitz munitions factory for complicity in the smuggling of explosives used in the uprising of October 6-7

1945: Tonight, "security at the Atlit Detention Center near Haifa - a camp for 'illegal' Jewish immigrants in Mandatory Palestine - was breached; 200 detainees mainly Holocaust survivors and recent arrivals from Europe, were released in a daring operation launched by the Palmach."

1945: After his trial in Paris, Pierre Laval, head of the Vichy Government is executed by firing squad. General Petain was the titular head of the Vichy Government. Laval really ran the show. Vichy was the name of the French collaborationist government that worked with the Nazis during World War II. Vichy’s supporters included France’s own, home-grown anti-Semites. The Vichy government was so eager to ingratiate itself with the New German Order, that it was rounding up Jews and turning them over to the Nazis before the Nazis asked them to do so.

1945: Loy Henderson, the head of the Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs at the United States State Department who was an Arabist opposed to the creation of Jewish state in Palestine sent Secretary of State James Byrnes “a memo regarding what he called ‘urgent problems relating to the Palestine.’”
1946(16th of Tishrei, 5710): Second Day of Sukkoth

1946(16thof Tishrei, 57100” Ninety year old Lottie Miriam Jaffe, the mother of Louis Isaac Jaffe, the “Pulitzer Prize winning edtor of the Norfolk Virginian Pilot.  

1946: An announcement was made today that “Israel Aron Friedman, a member of the board of directors of General Mercantile Corporation of Palestine, Ltd., has arrived in New York from Tel Aviv. “The corporation is concerned with the procurement of raw materials and machinery for the basic Jewish industries of Palestine.”

1946: Birthdate of Gustin L. Reichbach, the Columbia University protest leader who went on to a career in the law and as a distinguished jurist. (As reported by Jim Dwyer)

1947: “High Button Shoes, a musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Sammy Cahn opened on Broadway at the New Century Theatre.

1947: “The Jewish Agency…called upon…Jewish veterans of the North African and Italian campaigns” now living in Palestine “to form the nucleus of a Jewish army that would be ready for a ‘life or death showdown’ with Arab forces. Mrs. Gold Meyerson, head of the Agency’s political department told veterans assembled at Tel Aviv that salvation for Palestine Jews rested not at Lake Success but ‘right here. If the Arab leaders have their way, we must either give up the link between the Jews and Palestine or die in a last-ditch struggle…We are not looking for trouble, but we are ready for it.’”

1947: President Truman learned that the Arab League Executive had requested its member nations to dispatch troops to the Palestine border as part of a plan to invade the Mandate Territory. Truman responded by instructing Secretary of State Marshall to support the planned partition of Palestine.
1948: During the War for Independence, Egypt launched a major attack in the Negev. This
attack constitutes a major violation of the UN brokered truce. This Egyptian offensive along with other violations will lead to a major Israeli military effort later in the month of October.

1951(9thof Tishrei, 5712) Erev Yom Kippur

1951: Birthdate of actor Robert Wuhl who played the title role in the HBO hit “Arli$$.”

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that since 1948, Youth Aliyah had absorbed more than 5,000 young people from Morocco. Their parents were given a choice of three types of educational institutions: Orthodox, traditional (keeping of Sabbath, festivals and Kashrut), and non-religious.

1955(23 of Tishrei, 5716): Simchat Torah

1955: A Double Simcha for Sid Gillman as his Los Angeles win their third straight of the season defeating the Detroit Lions 17 to 10.

1956(4thof Cheshvan, 5717): Arab terrorists killed two workers in an orchard of the youth village, Neve Hadassah, in the Sharon region.

1958:HMS Springer an S class submarine of the Royal Navy was sold to the Israeli navy today and renamed the Tanin

1958: Pope Pius XII passed away 19 years after being elevated to the Papacy. The Pope’s role in the Holocaust has been too well documented to need to be covered here.

1960:  Birthdate of actress and “voice” Madeleine Blaustein,

1961: In Los Angeles Boris Sagal and his wife Sara Zwilling of blessed memory gave birth to twin daughters Jean and Liz Sagal who made it possible for them to star in the television series “Double Trouble.”

1962: The film adaptation of “Long Day’s Journey into Night” “directed by Sidney Lumet, produced by Ely Landau with Joseph E. Levine and Jack J. Dreyfus, Jr. as executive producers with a score by Andre Previn and cinematography by Boris Kaufman” was released in the United States today by Embassy Pictures.

1963: Birthdate of journalist Daniel Pearl who was brutally murdered by Moslem terrorists on February 21, 2002.
1967(5th of Tishrei, 5728): French author Andre Maurois, born Emile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog, passed away at the age of 82.

1968: Hugo Weisgall’s ‘Nine Rivers from Jordan” premiered today at the New York City Opera

1968: Forty-seven Jews praying at the Tomb of the Patriarchs were wounded in a grenade attack by Arabs.

1969: In Boston, a funeral service is scheduled to be held at Temple Israel for sixty-nine year old Russian born, Harvard educated Dr. William Dameshek, “a pioneer in the study of blood” and leader in the movement to “establish hematology as a specialty” who was married to Rose Dameshek with whom he had one child.

1971: “The Incomparable Max” a play co-authored by Jerome Lawrence based on a short story by Max Beerbohm had its first “preview” performance today.

1972: Birthdate of Etan Kalil Patz

1973: On the third day of the Yom Kippur war a pessimistic Moshe Dayan addresses a group of journalist leading them to believe that Israeli forces are in such precarious shape that they will have to surrender most of the Sinai to the advancing Egyptians and make a stand in the eastern edge of the peninsula. Prime Minister Golda Meir is so alarmed by Dayan’s emotional about-face that she refuses to let him address the nation on television in the evening. Israeli news broadcasts reported for the first time that the Egyptian attack had driven Israeli forces from the east bank of the Suez Canal. While Syrian artillery was able to shell villages in the Jezreel Valley, Israeli planes had attacked installations in around Damascus. Inadvertently, one of the attacks had hit the Soviet Cultural Center in the Syrian capital. In a television later in the evening an Israeli general pointed out that the Soviets had been arms into the Arab states for the past six years creating a military imbalance of striking proportion. He also said that Israeli forces would not cease operation action until the Arab states learned that they could not violate a truce with impunity without paying a high price.

1973: During a meeting of the war cabinet, Defense Minister Dayan voiced confidence in the Israeli forces' ability to overcome Syria and asked permission to bomb targets in Damascus. "There's an order: No retreat on the Golan," he said. "Fighting to the death and not moving ... What I'm suggesting and asking for approval of [is] bombings inside the city." Prime Minister Meir asked whether he meant within the city itself, and Dayan confirmed this. He said the IDF can't muster a column to march on Damascus even as a decoy, but bombing in and around the city could "break the Syrians" - though he conceded, "You can't say the population wouldn't be hurt."Why would it necessarily break them?" Meir asked. "Would a bombing here break us?” General Elazar replied: "A heavy bombing here, on Reading and Ramat Aviv, would seriously disrupt things."

1973: Aharon Sagi, Harel Gilutz and Yosef Ye'ari made it back safely to Israeli lines after their F-4E Phantom Jets were shot down.

1973: Lt. Col. Yossi Ben Hanan who had cut short his honeymoon in Nepal at the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War “took command of a scratch force of Israeli tanks that had been put together by Shmuel Askarov, one of the survivors of the decimated 188th Armored Brigade. Leading his command in a desperate battle against overwhelming numbers of Syrian T-62s, Ben Hanan restored the tactical situation but at the cost of most of his command and his own Centurion tank. Blown out of the turret when his tank was hit by a Sagger anti-tank missile, Ben Hanan lay wounded on the battlefield until he was rescued from behind enemy lines by Yonatan Netanyahu, a legendary member of the IDF's elite Sayeret Matkal.”  A Sabra, born in 1945, Hanan was a second generation military leader.  He father, Michael Ben Hanan had been a Haganah commander in Jerusalem.

1973: As of today those parts of the Golan that were the responsibility of the Golani Brigade were back under Israeli control, and the Syrians had been pushed back over the Purple Line. The Purple Line was the name given to the cease fire line drawn between Israel and Syria after the 1967 war.

1973: “Against orders, reserve Maj. Gen. Ariel Sharon launches a counterattack against Egyptian forces in the canal area which led to the loss of 20 tanks, most of which were left in enemy territory. Sharon’s actions lead to moves for his dismissal.”(As reported by JTA)

1973: U.S. Jewish leader Max Fisher urges President Richard Nixon in a meeting at the White House to “please send the Israelis what they need.” That night, Nixon tells Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir that “all your aircraft and tank losses will be replaced.” (As reported by JTA)

1973: Lt. Colonel Avigdor Kahalani was awarded the Medal Valor for his leadership and valor shown starting today during the Yom Kippur War when “he commanded a hastily assembled group of tanks and crews from different armor units” that “repelled a vastly superior Syrian force which had overrun the Israeli positions  in the first days of the war.”  The scene of the fighting was so “littered with hundreds of burned tanks that it was renamed “Emek Ha-Bacha” (the Valley of Tears)

1973: Birthdate of Erin Daniels. Born Erin Cohen the Vassar College grad is known for her career as a television actress.

1974: Birthdate of Dina Aviv, the daughter of Aliza Avi, who gained fame as Israeli pop singer Din Din Aviv.

1974: Oskar Schindler, the Schindler in “Schindler’s List” passed away.

1974: “Shanks” an “American horror film” starring Marcel Marceau was released in the United States today by Paramount Pictures.

1975: It was announced today that Andrei Sakharov, a leading Soviet dissident and champion of human rights whose wife’s mother was Jewish, had been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1975: In a move designed to strengthen their influence in the Arab world, the Soviets greeted President Assad of Syria on the first day of his visit to the Soviet Union.

1976(15thof Tishrei, 5737): Sukkoth is celebrated for the last time during the Presidency of Gerald Ford.

1977: In New Orleans, Arlene S. Wieder was married at the New Orleans Hilton in that hotels first such event.

1979(18thof Tishrei, 5740): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1979: Two days after he had passed away funeral services are scheduled to be held “at the Congregational Son of Israel Temple in Upper Nyack, NY for eighty-four year old “Irving Maidman, a major owner of properties around Times Square, the dean of West Side Development,” “a founder of the Albert Einstein Medical School” and husband of “the former Edith Shvitiz with whom he had four children – Robert, Mathew, Rebecca and Ellen – followed by burial “at Mount Hebron Cemetery in Flushing, Queens.”

1980(29thof Tishrei, 5741): A bomb planted in a motorcycle saddlebag outside the Copernic Street synagogue in a wealthy eastern Paris neighborhood exploded on a Friday night, killing three Frenchmen and Aliza Shagrir, 42, and wounding 22 others. Shagrir, an Israeli cinematographer, was walking past the synagogue with her 15-year-old son, Haggai, who would eventual go to work at the Foreign Ministry. Aliza Shagrir was the wife of Micha Shagrir a well-known television, film and documentary producer who lives in Jerusalem and who established the Aliza Shagrir Fund prize for outstanding documentaries in her name. Eventually, Hassan Diab a Lebanese native living in Canada would be charged with crime.

1980: The funeral for seventy-eight year old hotel owner and philanthropist Hyman B. Cantor who was survived by his wife Gertrude, his son David and his daughters Marcia Wasserman and Nancy Lynn, is scheduled to be held today at Temple Isaiah in Forest Hills, Queens

1981: Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Thomas T. Johnson ruled in favor of Mel Mermelstein, finding that he had provided sufficient evidence to prove his claim that Jews were gassed in the gas chambers at Auschwitz. The Court issued a judgment requiring the Institute for Historical Review (IHR) to pay Mermelstein $50,000, plus $40,000 for personal suffering, and to write a public apology to Mermelstein.

1981: “Tatoo, a thriller” produced by Richard P. Levine and Joseph E. Levine was released in the United States today by 20th Century Fox.

1981: “Body and Soul” a remake of the 1947 classic produced by Yoram Globus and Menahem Golan was released today in the United States

1982(22ndof Tishrei, 5743): Shabbat and Shmini Atzeret

1982(22ndof Tishrei, 5743): “Stefano Gaj Tache, a 2-year-old Jewish boy was killed and another 37 were injured in an attack on the Great Synagogue of Rome carried out by Palestinian terrorists.” (As reported by Forward)

1985: A day after having murdered Leon Klinghoffer, a wheel-chair bound Jewish American passenger and then throwing his body overboard, the Arab/Moslem terrorists who had high jacked the Achille Lauro negotiated with authorities as the ship steamed towards Port Said

1986: Senator Claiborne Pell (D- R.I.) enter into the Congressional Record an article, "Navy Rabbi To Join Iceland Team: Russian immigrant's grandson picked to lead staff services," published in the Providence Journal that described the role played in by Rabbi Arnold Resnick, a U.S. Navy Chaplain in leading Yom Kippur services in Greenland during the planning meetings for the latest Soviet-American summit

1987: Claire Boothe Luce passed away. Most people remember her as the wife of Henry Luce, the man who created the Time-Life publishing empire. Others remember her as a Republican Party political figure and ambassador. But Mrs. Luce considered herself first and foremost a playwright, a role that brought her great success before World War II. In 1939, she wrote Margin for Error, a comedy about a policeman assigned to protect the German consul in New York. The Consul is a Nazi. The police officer is an American Jew. The play was considered the first successful anti-Nazi play to reach Broadway.

1988(28thof Tishrei, 5749): Eighty-four year old playwright Edward Chodorov, a friend of Moss Hart and S.J. Pereleman passed away today.

1988: Today CBS released “Liberace: Behind the Music” a biopic “co-starring Victor Garber and Saul Rubinek” and featuring Shawn
1988: Active polio viruses have been discovered in sewage and a water purification plant in four more Israeli cities, bringing the total number of infected areas to nine, Israel Radio said today. 1989(10th of Tishrei, 5750): Yom Kippur

1980(10thof Tishrei, 5750): Nine-one year old Richard F. Ulhmann, the former head of Ulhmann Grain Company and former “president of the Chicago Board of Trade” who was the husband of Catherine Ulhmann with whom he had three children – Frederick, Janis and Audrey – passed away today in Highland Park, Il.

1989: Penthouse Magazine'sHebrew edition hits the newsstands

1990: Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile.

1991: “Homicide” a crime film “written and directed by David Mamet” and featuring Robin Spielberg was released in the United States today

1992: Janet Rosenberg Jagan became the “First Lady of Guyana” today.

1993(24thof Tishrei, 5754): On Shabbat, “Dror Forer and Aran Bachar were murdered by terrorists in Wadi Kelt in the Judean Desert. The Popular Front and the Islamic Jihad 'Al-Aqsa Squads' each publicly claimed responsibility.”

1994: “Nowhere to Hide” a made for television film co-starring Max Pomeranc was broadcast for the first time on ABC.

1994(4th of Cheshvan): Holocaust survivor, successful businessman and founder of the NYC Marathon, Fred Lebow, passed away. (As reported by Michael Janofsky)

1994: Corey Pavin won the Tokai Classic.  The golf tournament was Japanese; the golfer was Jewish.

1994: Alfred Doulton wrote to Sir Martin Gilbert describing the heavy casualties suffered by the 49th Infantry Division, including the murder of their brigadier on October 25, 1945, as the British sought to quell the uprising by the Indonesians who had declared their independence from the Netherlands.

1995(15thof Tishrei, 5756): Sukkoth

1996(26th of Tishrei, 5757): Ninety-year old Julius Raskin, the captain of CCNY basketball team known as “Little Tubby” because his older brother Morris was called “Big Tubby” who went on to career in education passed away today.

2000(10thof Tishrei, 5761): Yom Kippur is observed for the first time in the 21stcentury.

2003: The Israeli Gesher Theater starts its tour of Moscow. The Moscow critics have already called the tour the biggest event of the theater season. The Gesher Theater was founded in 1990 in Tel Aviv by Russian immigrants

. 2004: The first National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust was held in Romania. October 9 was chosen as a date for this event because it marks the beginning of Romanian deportations of Jews to Transnistria, in 1942.

2004: Final performance of the London production of Stephen Sondheim’s “Sweeny Todd.”

2004: While play Georgia Tech today, University of Maryland punter Adam “Podlesh had a then-career high nine punts for a then-career high 448 net yards.

2004(24th of Tishrei, 5765): On Shabbat Jews begin the cycle of Torah readings with Bereshit.

2004(24thof Tishrei, 5765): Sixty-five year old economics professor Herschel Grossman passed away unexpectedly today.

2004(24th of Tishrei, 5765: Philosopher Jacques Derrida passes away at the age of 74. (As reported by Jonathan Kandell)

2005: The Romanian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu, participated in the laying of a wreath at the Holocaust Memorial in Iasi and the inauguration of The Centre for Hebrew Studies. During the inaugural National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust, the National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania was also opened.

2005: The Histadrut labor federation renews the strike against the Religious Councils. Funerals will be performed only at night and there will be no registration of marriages or Kashrut supervision in restaurants, hotels and catering halls.

2005: Despite threats from suicide bombers and other terrorists, Israelis work to develop a fruitful society and create an air of normalcy. For example, Haaretz reported that Israel’s 2 – 1 victory over Faroe Islands in a World Cup soccer qualifier in the Ramat Gan stadium means Israel still has a chance of qualifying for the World Cup in Germany 2006. Israel will not know if it will qualify for the automatic birth or if it has to play a European team to get to the match in Germany until later in the week. The Israeli coach had said earlier that if the announcement if made on Thursday which is Yom Kippur, he will have to wait until Thursday night to find out the fate of his team.

 2005: Bishop Von Galen, the German bishop known as the "Lion of Muenster" for his courageous anti-Nazi sermons during World War II took a step on the road to sainthood when he was beatified in St. Peter’s Basilica. The Nazis deported 37 priests to concentration camps 10 of whom perished in von Galen's place as punishment for the homilies, according to a brief biography by Reinhard Lettmann. However von Galen was not arrested. The Nazis were worried that if von Galen were arrested and killed, Muenster's residents would be angered and "written off as lost during the duration of the war," Lettmann wrote. Von Galen helped a Protestant pastor to hide a Jewish boy in an institute belonging to the bishop's office and took responsibility for the youth, who after the war was reunited with his mother, according to testimony carried by Vatican Radio.

2005(6th of Tishrei, 5766): Comedian Louis Nye passed away. (As reported by James Barron)

2005: The New York Timesreviewed <u>The Pagoda in the Garden: a Novel in Three Parts</u> by Wendy Lesser.
2005: The Times of Londonreviewed <u>We Are at War: The Remarkable Diaries of Five Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times </u>by Simon Garfield

2006: A ceremony took place for setting the keystone of the National Holocaust Memorial in Bucharest. The ceremony was attended by the President, Foreign Minister Affairs Minister and Culture Minister, as well as representatives of the Romanian and international Jewish community. A commemoration march also took place through Bucharest in order to remember the Roma victims of the Holocaust and to demand greater recognition by the government of Roma Holocaust victims.

2006: Haaretz reported that Holocaust survivor groups here have joined the recommendation of the Polish president, Lech Kaczynski, to award the Nobel Peace Prize to 96-year-old Irena Sandler who was a member of the Polish underground group Zegota that was dedicated to saving Jews and was recognized by the Yad Vashem Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority in 1965 for smuggling numerous Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto..
2007: A special preview screening of The Counterfeiters takes place as part of the UK Jewish Film Festival. “The Counterfeiters is based on the true story of the largest counterfeiting operation in history, set up by the Nazis in 1936.

2008(10th of Tishrei, 5769): Yom Kippur

2008: At Adas Israel in Washington, D.C. during a late afternoon break between Musaf and Mincha, Washington Post columnist Marc Fisher and Emily Yoffe of Slate lead a learning session that opens with the study of a classic text on the use of speech in public followed by a discussion of the ethical dilemmas of reporting and the spiritual importance of truth-telling.

2008: In Acre, both Jews and Arabs clashed with police in various parts of the ethnically divided city, leading to 10 arrests. In total, at least eight people were slightly injured in the successive nights of violence

2008: CBS broadcast the first episode of season nine of the original CSI  (later known as CSI Las Vegas) a long-running cerebral crime series created by Antony E. Zuker and brought to the small screen by executive producers Jerry Bruckheimer and Carol Mendelsohn

2009: Michael Chabon, author of <u>The Mysteries of Pittsburgh</u>, <u>Wonder Boys</u>and the Pulitzer Prize-winning <u>The Adventures of Kavalier and Clay,</u>discusses his first book of nonfiction, Manhood for Amateurs: The Pleasures and Regrets of a Husband, Father, and Son, at Lisner Auditorium, George Washington University, Washington,D.C.

2009: Scott Turow, the bestselling author of the legal thrillers <u>Presumed Innocent</u>and <u>The Burden of Proof,</u> presents a lecture, "Confessions of a Death Penalty Agnostic," drawn from his book "Ultimate Punishment: A Lawyer's Reflections on Dealing with the Death Penalty," at the Fairfax County Government in Fairfax, Va..

2009: Kol Shira will be performing at Java House in downtown Iowa City Kol Shira is an all women sextet known for its eclectic fusion performances of International Jewish music, including songs from Russia, Cuba, Eastern Europe, Iraq, Yemen, France, Spain, Middle East, Italy, Romania, Algeria and more. The group features vocals, flute, guitar, piano, bass, cello and hand-held percussion. Jim Musser, music reviewer for the Iowa City Press Citizen, described Kol Shira as “remarkable” and “exquisite.” At the end of 2004, Musser ranked their CD as one of the top six independent releases from the Eastern Iowa area.
2009 (21 Tishrei, 5770): Hoshanah Rabbah
2009: While Friday prayers ended without incident at the al-Aksa Mosque on the Temple Mount, Palestinian rioters clashed with police in the Jerusalem neighborhoods of Issawiya, Ras el-Amud and Sur Baher

2009(21stof Tishrei, 5770): “Stuart M. Kaminsky, a film scholar-turned-detective novelist who was widely known for his prodigious output, complex characters, and rich evocations of time and place, including Hollywood in its Golden Age, died today at the age of 75.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2009 (21st  Tishrei, 5770): Richard W. Sonnenfeldt, who fled Nazi Germany as a teenager, became the chief interpreter for American prosecutors at the Nuremberg war crimes trials and interrogated some of the most notorious Nazi leaders of World War II, died today  at his home in Port Washington, N.Y. at the age of 86.(As reported by A.G. Sulzberger)

2009: Even on Hoshanah Rabah there is no rest from reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>Anne Frank: The Book, The Life, The Afterlife</u> by Francine Prose (Los Angeles Times) and <u>Michael Bloomberg: Money, Power, Politics</u> by Joyce Purnick (NY Times)
2010: A special Ethiopian Shabbat luncheon is scheduled to take place at the 92nd St Y in Manhattan. This scheduled event is intended to provide “special opportunity for Ethiopian Jews and any interested Amharic speakers based in New York to get together as a community to celebrate Shabbat in their native tongue and to be in the presence of their revered Kessotch on a rare visit from Israel.”

2010(1 Cheshvan, 5771): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

2010: Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has told Arab leaders he may seek U.S. recognition for a Palestinian state, which would include all of the West Bank, should peace talks with Israel break down, an aide said today.

2010: In a case of Jew versus Jew, Andy Samberg played the part of Mark Zuckerberg  in Saturday Night Live’s lampoon of Facebook and its creator.

2011: StrorahSteps is scheduled to present Norah’s Rainbow at the 14th Street Y in Manhattan.

2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Lucky Bruce: A Literary Memoir” by Bruce Jay Friedman.


2011: A top Israeli security official is visiting Cairo, the Egyptian newspaper Al-Ahram reported today, amid recent tensions between Israel and Egypt over security arrangements in the Sinai

2011:The Yom Kippur War ceremony in Tel Aviv was almost canceled today after not a single government minister attended, causing uproar among the bereaved families.

2012: A screening of Amos Gati’s “Field Diary” is scheduled to take place at the New York Film Festival at Lincoln Center.

2012: “Fill the Voice,” “the first film about haredi life directed by an insider for a secular audience” is scheduled to have US premiere at the New York Film Festival

2012(23 of Tishrei, 5773): Simchat Torah for Orthodox and Conservative Jews.

2012: The funeral for Dr. Joan Morgenthau Hirschhorn is scheduled to take place Temple Emanu-El in New York City followed by a private burial.

2012: Two Kassam rockets fired by terrorists from the Gaza Strip tonight landed near the southern Israeli town of Sderot, while three Grad rockets fell outside the nearby town of Netivot.

2012: Serge Haroche, a French-Jewish physicist, has won the Nobel Prize in Physics jointly with David Wineland from the United States. (As reported by JTA)

2013: Jerry Dauber, author of <u>The Worlds of Sholem Aleichem: The Remarkable Life and Afterlife of the Man Who Created Tevye</u> is scheduled to deliver The Bernard Wexler Lecture on Jewish History in Washington, DC

2013: “Meditations on Equilibrium: Works in Glass and Paper” by Alex Hirsch is scheduled to open at the Oregon Jewish Museum

2013: “Bat Mitzvah Comes of Age” is scheduled to open at the Oregon Jewish Museum.

2013, Janet Yellen was officially nominated to replace Ben Bernanke as head of the Federal Reserve.

2013: Prof. Arieh Warshel, who was born in Israel and now lives in California, and Prof. Michael Levitt, a South African native who made aliya and now splits his time between the US and Israel, Prof. Martin Karplus, an Austrian native who fled to the US before the Holocaust won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry today. Warshel and Levitt are Israel’s 11th and 12th Nobel Prize laureates. (As reported by Judy Siegel-Itzkovich)

2013: Pope Francis told Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein (Likud) he would visit Israel, but did not specify a date.

2013: Michael Applebaum, the first Jewish Mayor of Montreal, is scheduled to make his first court appearance after having been “arrested and indicted on 14 charges including fraud, conspiracy, breach of trust, and corruption in municipal affairs.”

2013: Two IDF soldiers were hurt today after two mortar shells fired from Syrian territory landed near their position in the Golan Heights

 2013(5th of Cheshvan, 5774): Sixty-nine year old Roger Richman, the son of a rabbi who became a major “talent agent” passed away today. (As reported by William Yardley)

2013(5thof Cheshvan, 5774): Ninety-seven year old movie critic Stanley Kaufman passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)

2014(15thof Tishrei, 5775): Sukkoth

2014: In Romania observance of “National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust.”

2014: “Hamas continued to signal its willingness today to engage in negotiations with Israel to exchange the bodies of two IDF soldiers killed in Gaza for the release of Palestinian security detainees.” (As reported Eilor Levy)

2014: “Patrick Modiano of France, who has made a lifelong study of the Nazi occupation and its effects on his country, won the 2014 Nobel Prize in literature today for what one academic called “crystal clear and resonant” prose. (As reported by Karl Ritter and Malin Rising)

2014: “Gett,”a stark divorce drama from brother-and-sister duo Ronit and Shlomi Alkabetz” is one of the films scheduled to be shown at the Hamptons International Film Festival which opens today.

2015(26thof Tishrei. 5776): Seventy-five year old Larry Rosen, “a founder of the pop- jazz record label GRP” passed away today. (As reported by Ben Ratfliff)

2015: A year after premiering at the Vienna International Film Festival, “99 Homes” starring Andrew Garfield was released in the United States today.

2015: The Eden-Tamar Music Center is scheduled to host “Loving Bach” part of The Three Piano Series.

2015: “Allied in the Fight: Jews, Blacks and the Struggle for Civil Rights,” “ a new exhibit” recounting “the efforts made by American Jews and African-Americans to fight for the fundamental American promise of equality before and during the Civil Rights era” is scheduled to go on display today at the Center for Jewish History.

2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Richard Posner by William Domnarski and the recently paperback edition of Give Us The Ballot: The Modern Struggle for Voting Rights in America by Ari Berman

2016: Today “Jewish actress Arianne Zucker, the subject of Donald Trump’s comments about women from a decade-old tape” in which he discussed “sexually assaulting women and trying to have sex with married  while he was married to his current wife” commented on the subject declaring that she is “a strong, independent, hard working mother, business woman and partner to a great man” and announcing her “to stand tall with self-respect” while decrying the facts that “there are too many people in power who abuse their position…and rewarded for it.”

2016: “The first group of Ethiopian Jews to move to Israel after waiting for three years is scheduled to arrive at Ben Gurion International Airport this evening, almost a year after the government approved the immigration of 9,000 Jews still left in Ethiopia.” (As reported by Melanie Lidman

2016: This afternoon, Temple Israel is scheduled to host a tour which will tell the story of the Memphis Jewish community “as it migrated from Main Street where the state’s first synagogue was established in in 1857 to present-day East Memphis.”

2016: In Coralville, IA, Odeh Bisharat and Galit Dahan Carlibach are scheduled to speak at the “Morning with the International Writers Prgoram.”

2016: Jews all over the world are scheduled to take part in the annual custom of “Kever Avot” – visiting the graves of our ancestors.

2016: “A Palestinian gunman, known to Israeli police for violence and incitement on social media, killed two Israelis and wounded several others while shooting a rifle from his car in Jerusalem” today.

2016: “A public concert schedule to be held in Tel Aviv’s Rabin square today” will not take place “because World Zionist Organization and Radio Lev Hamedina, two of the chief backers of the show, pulled out following a report, which revealed the event did not include any women among its lineup of seven performers because one of the financiers is opposed to women singing before a mixed audience on religious grounds.”

2016: Rabbi Mendel Deitsch  “a Chabad rabbi who was severely beaten in a train station in the western Ukrainian city of Zhitomir was airlifted to Israel by emergency medical transport.”

2016: On its closing night, SERET, DC, a celebration of contemporary Israeli cinema is scheduled to show “Sandstorm”

2016: Today, on the anniversary of the birth of Alfred Dreyfus, “one of his grandsons unveiled a stute of him at a local park’ in his home town “Mulhouse.”

2016: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and Center for Jewish History are scheduled to present a conference on “The Blood Libel Then and Now: The Enduring Impact of an Imaginary Event” featuring Elissa Bemporad, Raphael Israeli, David Kertzer, Hillel Kieval, E.M. Rose, Magda Teter, and Barbara Weissberger.

2016: A memorial service is scheduled to be held today for Miky Gershenson of blessed memory

2017: In the United States; Columbus Day observed

2017(19th of Tishrei, 5778): Sukkoth Chol Ha’moed;

2017: Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host a series of Sukkoth activities aimed children including a play about Saul including “struggles over kingship, desert chases and the magic of music.

2017: “The second annual NoshFest,, Toronto’s Jewish food festival” organized by Andrea Segal and Michelle Gordon is scheduled to take place to at Artscape Wychwood Barnes featuring “Jewish delicacies, cooking demonstrations, cookbook signings and the Klezmer band, Jonno LIghtstone and the Rock the Shtetl.

2017: Seventy-two year old Professor Richard Thaler “was award the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics today.”

2018: This evening the Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a dinner during which attendees will discuss “New Beginnings in Jewish Thought: A Start-up Practice.”

2018: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host the book launch of <u>Historical Atlas of Hasidism </u>by “Marcin Wodziński, a professor of Jewish studies at the University of Wrocław in Poland and David Biale, the Emanuel Ringelblum Distinguished Professor of Jewish History at the University of California, Davis.”

2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host “An Evening with Simon Schama” the author of two weighty tomes entitled The Story of the Jews.

2018(30th of Tishrei, 5779): First Day Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/



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This Day, October 8, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

03:41 AM Monday, October 8, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


314: In his quest to consolidate his power, Constantine I, the man who will become the first Christian Roman Emperor defeats his rival Licinius at the Battle of Cibalae. Constantine will officially transform the Roman Empire into an anti-Semitic entity. 

705: “The reign of the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik” during Abi Isa “a self-proclaimed Jewish prophet” preached his message in Persia, came to an end today.

1075:  Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia. At this point Roman Catholicism was the dominant religion of Croatia.  But the King did have Jewish subjects. Some of them might have been able to trace their ancestry to the 3rdcentury when Jews first arrived in the Balkan principality.  Others may have part of the legendary Khazars who lived in the region in the 10th century.

1408: The city of Jassy (Hungarian) or Yas (Yiddish) is mentioned in business correspondence between Prince Alexander the Good (Alexandru cel Bun) and merchants from Lviv then a part of Poland. The Romanian city of Yas would become a center of Jewish settlement as well as the site of the largest massacre of Jews in Romania in World War II.

1573: In what would prove to a turning point in the Eighty Years War, the Dutch score their first victory when the Spanish siege of the Dutch city of Alkmaar comes to an end.  The war would last until 1648.  When it was over, the independence of the Netherlands would be a reality.  The Dutch Republic would provide a haven for European Jews, especially those fleeing Spain and its inquisition. 

1576: The Sultan ordered 1,000 wealthy Jews to move from Safed to Cyprus. The Jews would be requested to take with them their possessions and riches. The firman ordering the moved utilized wording which warned the Turks that they would  be severely punished if they accepted bribes from the Jews to have their names removed from the list.  A year later another 500 Jewish families would be forced to move from Safed to Cyprus.  Population movements like this were not unusual in the Ottoman Empire.  It was the Sultan’s way of encouraging economic development throughout the empire.

1600: San Marino, a small patch of land on the Italian peninsula that “claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world” adopted a written constitution. According to surviving documents, Jews have lived there since 14th century and Jews were living there when the constitution was adopted since “measures and resolutions regarding the Jews and their trades were repeatedly passed by the government in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.”

1713: Birthdate of Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau who would gain fame as an expert on Halachah, Jewish ritual law and who was the father of Samuel Landau, the “chief dayyan of Prague.”

1753(10th of Tishrei, 5514): Yom Kippur

1762: Mordecai Sheftal married Frances Hart in Charleston, SC today.

1763: Birthdate of Michael Josephs (Myer Königsberg) the native of Konigsberg who met Moses Mendelssohn which studying Talmud in Berlin after which he moved to London where he pursued a business career while writing articles for "Hebrew Review," the "Voice of Jacob," and the "Jewish Chronicle."

1780(9th of Tishrei, 5541): A week after Major John Andre is hung as a spy marking the end to Benedict Arnold’s treason, an event that unfairly implicated his Jewish aide-de-camp, Colonel Franks, Jews heard Kol Nidre.

1781: Birthdate of Abraham David, the brother of Jonas Daniel Meijer, the first Jewish lawyer in the Netherlands.

1784(23rd of Tishrei, 5545): Simchat Torah

1791(10th of Tishrei, 5552): For the first time in history, Jews in France observe Yom Kippur as equal citizens having been “emancipated” on September 28 of this year.

1799(9th of Tishrei, 5560): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted for the last time in the 18th century.

1803(22nd of Tishrei, 5564): Shabbat and Shmini Atzeret

1805(15th of Tishrei, 5566): Sukkoth

1810(10th of Tishrei, 5571): Yom Kippur

1821: In Rawicz, Germany, Jewish cloth merchant Heimann Strassman and Judith Guhrauer gave birth to Dr. Wolfgang Strassman

1821: Abraham Isaacs married Elizabeth Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.

1826: At “Klingen, near Landua, Rhenish Palatine, Samuel Weis and Agatha Levy gave birth to Julius Weis the husband of Carrie Mayer who moved to New Orleans where he was “director of the Jewish Widows’ and Orphans’ Home” and “president of the Hebrew Educational Society, Touro Infirmary and Benevolent Association and Temple Sinai.

1828: George Solomons married Rosetta Solomon at the Hambro Synagogue today.

1835(15th of Tishrei, 5596): As Mexican forces move to put down the rebellion in Texas, Jews celebrate Sukkoth

1836: Birthdate of John Phillips, the native of Birmingham, England, the husband of Leah Mosely and son-in-law of Lewin Mosley, who represented Ladywood Ward in the City Council and served as President of the Birmingham Hebrew Congregation.

1837(9th of Tishrei, 5598): For the first time during the Presidency of Martin Van Buren, Kol Nidre is chanted.

1838: In Great Britain, Frederick Goldsmid and his wife Caroline Samuel gave birth to barrister Sir Julian Goldsmid, MP, Vice-Chancellor of London University and husband of Virginia Philipson with whom he had five children – Violet, Edith, Margherita, Beatrice and Mau.

1841(23rd of Tishrei, 5602): Simchat Torah

1845: The Sephardic Synagogue of Kingston, Jamaica celebrated taking possession of a new Sefer Torah." The service was conducted by the Isaac Lopes, who served as rabbi for the congregation.

1848: On the day after Yom Kippur Joseph Wile, Samuel Marks, Joseph Katz, Gabriel Wile, Meyer Rothschild, Henry Levi, Jacob Altman, Joseph Altman, A. Adler, Elias Wolff, Abram Weinberg, and Jacob Gans met in Rochester, NY and formed Congregation Berith Kodesh. 

1851: “Europe” published today told the story of Jewish con artist working in the British Isles. “An old Jew” had advertised in an English country town,” that among other wondrous things he would get into a quart bottle. At the appointed time his room was filled with eager spectators. He came on the stage, and after a deal of preparation, did nothing he had promised. ‘A swindle! A swindle !’ cried one of the cheated company, who had paid his shilling to the door-keeper” who by then had disappeared.  “Amid the noise, the Jew came forward, and with imperturbable gravity said, ‘Ladies and Gentlemen; it is a svindle and vat then?’”

1857: In the Recorders Office, Nathan Levins testifies against Israel Steinhardt in a case brought by Levins claiming that Steinhard robbed him of 940 pounds in English Sterling notes. Steinhard then has a chance to rebut Levins’ claims.  The story is a tale that takes the court across Europe and involves a variety of convoluted transactions.  The story is even harder to understand because neither party speaks English nor testimony has to be translated.  Apparently the 20 Jews attending the hearing were not affected by the language barrier since, like the plaintiff and defendant they came from Germany or Hungary.  The case was continued until tomorrow.

1861: Louis Bach completed his service with Company D of the 27th Regiment.

1862(14th of Tishrei, 5623): Erev Sukkoth

1862: During the Civil War, in Kentucky, Union forces defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Perryville which means the family of future Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis who supported Abraham Lincoln’s candidacy will continue to live under the Stars and Stripes.

1862: Brooklyn Backs the President" published today described the support being given Mr. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. The speech by James S. Wadsworth demonstrates how deeply the story of the Exodus from Egypt inspired the Abolitionist Movement showing once again the important role that Jewish ideals and idioms have played in man’s march towards freedom. General Wadsworth told the crowd that “In ancient times, when the Hebrews, escaping out of the house of bondage, stood upon the shores of the Red Sea, with the hosts of Pharaoh hovering on their rear, conservatism shrunk back and feared to wet its sandals in the angry waves. But the Book of Books tells us that the Lord said unto Moses, "Speak unto the children of Israel that they go forward!" They obeyed, and Pharaoh and his hosts sank like lead in the waters. The age of miracles is past. In our country, vox populi, vox Dei. Our great cause confronts a sea of difficulties, before which timid souls stand appalled. But, the Proclamation reveals to us the land of promise, the Canaan beyond the floods. Let the people, the vox Dei, say unto the President, ‘Abraham, speak unto the armies of the Union that they go forward!’”

1865(18th of Tishrei, 5626): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1865(18th of Tishrei, 5626): Fifty-three year old Moravian born violinist and composer Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst passed away in Nice.

1867(9th of Tishrei, 5628): Erev Yom Kippur

1868: Oswald Hönigsmann who “represented the city of Brody in the Galician Diet delivered a speech today in behalf of the emancipation of the Jews” which helped bring a victory for Franz Smolka’s effort to gain full civil rights for the Jews.

1869:  President Franklin Pierce passed away.  Pierce was one of those forgettable mediocrities who served in the White House in the decade before the Civil War. His record of dealing with Jews is limited and mixed.  Franklin Pierce was the first and maybe the only President whose name appears on the charter of a synagogue. Pierce signed the Act of Congress in 1857 that amended the laws of the District of Columbia to enable the incorporation of the city's first synagogue, the Washington Hebrew Congregation.  Washington Hebrew Congregation is one of the oldest and largest Reform Congregations in the Washington Metropolitan Area.  But two years before, in November of 1855, Pierce signed a treaty with Switzerland that had been ratified by the Senate.  The treaty allowed the Swiss government to discriminated again American citizens who were Jews so that the treatment of American Jews would be consistent with the treatment of Swiss Jews by their government.

1871(23rd of Tishrei, 5632): Simchat Torah

1871:  The Great Chicago Fire made its impact felt the area settled by Jews of German origins.  It was referred to by some as The Golden Ghetto.  This was in contrast to the area where eastern European and Russian Jews settled which was known as just The Ghetto.  This area suffered a fair amount of damage in the less famous Fire of 1874.

1873: It was reported today that the Jews of Cleveland, Ohio have raised $800 which they have sent to Shreveport, LA and Memphis, TN to help those suffering from the current Yellow Fever Epidemic.

1875(9th of Tishrei 5636): Erev Yom Kippur

1877: It was reported today that Dr. De Sola Mendez is scheduled to give a lecture on “Young America” at an upcoming meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

1878: In Philadelphia, Morris Moses Pflazer, the German born son of “Karoline and Marx Mordechai Pfaelzer and his wife “Sophie Pfalzer” gave birth to “Henrietta (Hettie) Pfaelzer” who became Henrietta Stern when she married Horace Stern, the University of Pennsylvania Law School graduate and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsyvania.

1879(21st of Tishrei, 5640): Hoshana Raba

1881(15th of Tishrei, 5642): Sukkoth

1882: It was reported today that sometime in the first two weeks of November, Edward Harrigan’s new play, “Mordecai Lyons” will premiere at the Theatre Comique.  The play tells the story of a Jewish father who forces her to marry a man not of her choosing.  The play is “both humorous and dramatic” and portrays a father who loves a daughter who has been touched by misfortune.

1882: “Romance of the Jews” published today provides a detailed review of <u>The Jews of Barnow</u>, a collection of stories by Karl Emil Franzos.

1882: “Songs of a Semite” published today provides a detailed review of <u>Songs of a Semite: The Dance to Death and Other Poems </u>by Emma Lazarus.

1883: Birthdate of Nobel Prize winner, Otto Heinrich Warburg, the son of Emil Warburg who was related to the famous family of Jewish financier.  However, Warburg’s father had converted to Christianity as a result of an undisclosed family dispute.

1886: It was reported today that Kaiser Wilhelm has sent the Sultan of Morocco a gift – 12 volumes of the Talmud in Hebrew. (I have no idea why the German Emperor would send the Muslim monarch such a gift.)

1886(9th of Tishrei, 5647): Erev Yom Kippur

1886: “Yom Kippur” published today opens with the following “From sunset this evening until tomorrow at sunset there will be observed by some seven or eight million Israelites scatter all over the globe the…solemn festival of Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement.” In describing the history and customs of the day, J.S. Moore contends that “there is no other religion…that has a similar festival.  The great object is…that one a year one day out of the 365 shall be set apart for no other purposed than to commune with God, confess the errors of life and perchance resolve to amend them.”

1886: “Veteran Rosenberg’s Death” published today described the life and death of Joseph Rosenberg, the 102 year old Jewish citizen of New Orleans who was buried yesterday.  A native of Baden, Germany, he served with Napoleon’s French Army when he captured Moscow.  He came to the Crescent City in 1852 where he raised a family that included 3 daughters.

1886: “A Suicide in the Tombs” published today described how Solomon Goldberg, a Polish Jew, being held in the jail was able to hide a knife from authorities which he then used to kill himself.

1886: It was reported today that Emperor of Germany has sent the Sultan of Morocco 12 volumes of the Talmud, in Hebrew, as a gift. (I cannot find a reason for this)

1886: Theatre receipts were considerably less tonight than normal because the Jewish patrons were observing “the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur.”

1887: In New York City Josephine Morgenthau and Henry Morgenthau, Sr. gave birth to Alma Morgenthau.

1888: “Eating The Old Mare” published today described a dinner hosted by Dr. Rush S. Huidekeper, Chief of the Veterinary School of the University of Pennsylvania during which he told his guests that “the only beef that is properly inspected is that eaten by the” Jews, “which is killed according to their rules.”

1889: Members of Ahavath Chesed met tonight “and voted to all they could” to help raise money for the establishment of a “Jewish Cooper Union.”  At the same meeting, “a delegation from the Young Men Hebrew’s Association” pledged their support for this endeavor.

 1889: In Cortland, NY, Abraham H. Jachles of Binghamton, NY marred Emily J. Klein of Walterboro, SC.

1890: “An Impossible Shekel” published today described the discovery of coin which the owner claims to be a shekel from the time of Simon the Macabee which is impossible because it has markings including a Star of Bethlehem, that were never used on the genuine coins which made of silver and copper while this one is make of gold, bronze and platinum.

1890: Birthdate of Lithuanian native Samuel Goodman “Sam” Hoffenstein, an American newspaperman and husband of Edith Morgan who moved to Los Angeles where pursued a successful career as a screenwriter.

1890: At today’s annual meeting of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen was elected President.

1891: August Belmont received a telegram today in Louisville, KY telling him that the home he and his family were renting in New York had burned down to which he replied “that he would come to New York at once.”

1891: “A dispatch from the St. Petersburg to the New York Daily News says that the United States Immigration Commissioners who have been visiting Russia” were impressed the conditions of suffering under which the Jews of Russia were living.

1891: At Rochester (NY) University, President Hill addressed the Query Club, “a literary club composed largely of young people from Temple Bortih Kodesh” on the subject of “Higher Education.”

1891(6thof Tishrei, 5652): Seventy-two year old Dr. Jacob Eduard Polak “the pioneer of modern medicine in Iran” who served as personal physician to the Shah passed away today.

1892: A fire that started in the rooms of Moritz Feinman, spread to the rest of the tenement at 100 Suffolk Street which drove the nearly 100 residents all of whom were Jewish out into the street.

1892: In New York, Jewish Americans begin the observance of Columbus Day which marks the 400th anniversary of the discovery of the New World.

1892: At Park East Synagogue Rabbi Bernard Drachman delivered a sermon entitled “Israel’s Debt of Gratitude to Columbus and America.

1893: In the elections for the Reichstag, “the Anti-Semites” are running against the Conservatives and National Liberals in seven districts of which they “may capture four.”

1893: Birthdate of Ada Fishman who made aliyah in 1912, played an active role in the development of pre-State Palestine and as Ada Maimon was a member of the first Knesset.

1894: “The east side Hebrew Anarchists have completed preparations to burlesque the fast of Yom Kippur” which begins tomorrow evening, with an evening that will include dancing, singing and a speech by anarchist Emma Goldman at the Clarendon Hall.

1894: “Dental surgeon and businessman Dr. Hugo Ascher and Minna Luise Ascher gave birth to Charlotte Hedwig the younger sister of painter Fritz Ascher a protégé of Max Liebermann

1895: German born American-Jewish inventor/businessman, Emil Berliner founded the Berliner Gramophone Company which was to produce “flat gramophone records” or what would be called phonograph records.  He designed the disc model which replaced Edison’s cylinders.

1895: Birthdate of future Laborite MP and death penalty foe, Sydney Silverman.

1895: The Executive Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis is scheduled to meet this morning in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1896: In Oregon, Joseph Simon was elected to the U.S. Senate, making him the first Jew to represent the Beaver State in the Upper Chamber of Congress. 

1896: It is reported today that the Sultan is demanding a payment of $220,000 from the Grand Rabbi following rioting in Hasskeuy.

1897: Birthdate of Kovno native Oscar Straus Caplan, a “Judge in Chicago’s Municipal Courts for more than a quarter of century and after retirement “a part-time instructor at the University of Miami Law School who was the husband of Sarah Caplan and the father of Mitchell Caplan.

1897: “Care of Russian Jews” published today includes a denial by prominent Jewish leaders including Oscar S. Strauss and Jacob Schiff that “the Baroness de Hirsch has given directions” to end the financing of schemes to send Russian Jews to Argentina and “has ordered that the balance of the funds…be devoted to the establishment of technical and industrial schools in Russia.”

1898(22ndof Tishrei, 5669): Shemini Atzeret

1898: Forty-seven year old German born, Portland, Oregon attorney Joseph Simon began serving as the United States Senator from Oregon today.

1898: In response to the announcement by Ismail Bey, the Civil Governor of Crete that Turkish troops are being withdrawn from the island as demanded by Great Britain, Russia, France and Italy, Jews, Christians and Moslems are crowding aboard steamers leaving Crete.

1898: “Gladstone” published today provided a review of <u>The Story of Gladstone’s Life</u> by Justin McCarthy includes chapters on “the long with duel with Disraeli in the House of Common” and his “advocacy of the admissions of Jews to Parliament.”

1900(15thof Tishrei, 5661): Sukkoth

1900: Birthdate of Serge Ivan Chermayeff, “a Russian born, British architect, industrial designer, writer, and co-founder of several architectural societies, including the American Society of Planners and Architects.”

1900: Herzl met with the Austro-Hungarian Prime Minister, Ernest von Koerber.

1902: Two days after he had passed away, eighty-three year old Austrian Rabbi Jacob Jacques Heinrich Hirschfeld, the son “Marie and Emanuel Isak Hirschfeld” and the husband of Pauline Hirschfeld was buried today in Vienna.

1903(17thof Tishrei, 5664): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1903: In San Francisco, having gained approval for the building of a new sanctuary the rabbi and officers of Congregation Sherith Israel gathered this morning for a groundbreaking ceremony.

1904: Edmonton, Alberta was incorporated as a city today. Jews had been living there for more than a decade. The first Jews, Abraham and Rebecca Cristall - came to what was then an unincorporated community in 1893.  George and Rose Cristall were the first Jews born in the town. By the time of incorporation there were 17 Jews living in what would become Alberta’s capital city. 

1904: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan was incorporated as a city. By this time two colonies had been established by Baron Hirsch’s Jewish Colonization Society – the second of which was called Hirsch, Saskatchewan founded in 1892. Among the Jews who had come to Saskatchewan and left before the incorporation of Prince Albert were Ekiel and Mindel Bronfman of Seagram’s Whiskey fame. Two years after the incorporation, Jewish immigrants from Lithuania would establish The Edinbridge Hebrew Colony, another of the settlements created by the Jewish Colonization Society

1902: Birthdate of Arthur Harold Babitsky, the native of Omaha, Nebraska who gained fame as award winning Disney animator Art Babbit who worked on such classics as “Snow White and the Seven Dwarts” and “Fantasia.

1905: Founding of the Society for domestic art and industry in Palestine.

1907: The Tennessee Volunteers coached by Izzy Levene defeated the football team from the Tennessee Military Institute in the school’s first game of the season

1907: Today King Edward VII’s private secretary wrote to Nathaniel Mayer, known as “Natty” the first Lord Rothschild who was an Executor of Benjamin Disraeli’s estate concerning “letters of a very confidential and family nature that may been written by the late Queen Victoria to Lord Beaconsfield between 1874 and 1880.”

1908: Mr. and Mr. William E. Dodd gave birth to Martha Dodd. Martha accompanied her father to his posting as FDR’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany.  A romantic figure, she finally became aware of the danger presented by the Nazi regime

1909(23rdof Tishrei, 5670): Simchat Torah

1909: After having been taken to the hospital two weeks, fifty-two year Galicia born poet, author  and Zionist Naphtali Herz Imber  who had first visited Palestine at the age of 16 and is best known “as the author ‘Hatikvah,’ the Zionist National hymn” passed away today in New York.

1911: Birthdate of Czech jazz musician Karel Vlach who had “a day job as a traveling salesman for Jewish notions firm until the German occupation made it untenable” and who played with several Jewish musicians including Fritz Weiss before the war when Weiss was ultimately shipped to his death at Auschwitz.

1912(27th of Tishrei, 5673): Dr. Morris Loeb, Professor of Chemistry and Columbia, a noted scientist and philanthropist and the husband of Eda K. Loeb passed away today in New York City.

1912: In Elmira, NY, founding of the Hebrew Institute.

1912: The First Balkan War began today which when it ended find the 60,000 Jews living in Salonika going from Ottoman rule to Greek rule – a reality that caused concern among the Jews which would lead to the Greek government, in 1917 becoming one of the first supporters of the Balfour Declaration.

1913(7th of Tishrei, 5674): Seventeen year old Schore Feitelsohn passed away today.

1915: It was announced today that “Catholics, Protestants and Jews have joined at Columbia University’s Teacher College in a co-operative union to be known as the Students’ Religious Organization.”

1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha is especially annoyed because of the Zion Mule Corps which consists of volunteers from among the Jewish refugees from Palestine who are engaged in transport work at Gallipoli.

1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha has announced he will extirpate Zionism root and branch and that not a single Jew will be allowed to re-enter Palestine.”

1915: It was reported today “about five hundred Jewish women are confined at the Bella Vista Hotel at Jaffa” where they are suffering “much privation.”

1916(11th of Tishrei, 5677): In New York, retired realtor Samuel Hirsch, the husband of Eugenia Hirsch, whose estate was appraised at $774, 928 passed away today.

1916: It was reported today that an exhaustive report “purports to show that the (Russian) military censor was in definite alliance with the anti-Semitic press and took every” opportunity “to fan the flames of racial antagonism and hatred by having the Jew proclaimed as an enemy of Russia, more to be feared even than the German invader…so that every attempt to reveal the truth about the Jewish solider, his bravery, his fortitude, his unselfishness, the suffering of his helpless wife and children was systematically suppressed.”

1917(22nd of Tishrei, 5678): Shemini Atzeret

1917: In Frankfurt an der Oder, Siegfried and Frieda Nuemann gave birth to Gerhard Neumann, who served with the fabled “Flying Tigers” during WW II, became a leading aviation designer and General Electric executive and earned the Daniel Guggenheim Medal in 1979

1917: It was reported today that there are more than 50,000 Jewish soldiers serving in the U.S. Army, “a percentage far in excess of the ratio of Jews to the general population.

1918: Birthdate of Arthur Mendelowitz, the native of Sighetu Marmației who survived Auschwitz, joined Mosad and gained fame as Amos Manor the Director of Shin Bet.

1918: During World War I, in France, on the Western Front U.S. Army Corporal Samuel Sampler charged an enemy bunker that was inflicting severe causalities and using hand-grenades neutralized the enemy position allowing the unit to continue his advance.  He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his action.

1920: Today’s Issue of the American Hebrew is scheduled to be devoted to the “various phases of” the late Jacob “Schiff’s life and activities.”

1920: Harry H. Schlact was “appointed special assistant commissioner of immigration” today.

1920: Rabbi Wise and Judge Elkus are scheduled to speak at the exercises marking the installation of Hebrew Union College graduate Maxwell Silver as the Rabbi of the Flushing Division of the Free Synagogue.

1924(10th of Tishrei, 5685): Yom Kippur

1924: While speaking in the lower house of the Hungarian Parliament, Dr. Bela Fabian, a Jewish deputy described the power of the anti-Semitic Association of Awakening Magyars, some of whose members had just been acquitted in case where they had been charged “in the bombing a charity of a charity ball organized by the Jewish Women of Csongrad in which several people were killed.”

1925: At Forbes Field, The Washington Senators, with Buddy Myer at 2nd base lost the second game of the World Series to the Pirates.

1925: Birthdate of NYU basketball star Sidney Tanenbaum who “won the 1947 Bar Kochba Award, which honored him as the best Jewish American athlete.”

1926: It was reported today that Jews in Palestine have called upon the British government not to let Arabs be the ones to repair Rachel’s Tomb.

1927:With Jewish editor Herman Bermstein acting as interpreter Mordachai Golinkin, conductor of the Palestine Opera and former director of the Petrograd Opera, told reporters at the Ansonia Hotel how he, his wife, Lea, lyric soprano, and G. Giorini, dramatic tenor, had been detained on Ellis Island for three days. Golinkin had nothing but praise for the way in which he was treated during the internment and expressed a desire to return to the Island to give a concert.  Golinkin is in this country to raise $200,000 to build an opera house in Palestine.  Nathan Struas and Herman Bernstein “were greatly impressed by the artistic merits” of Golinikin’s productions in Israel which have included performances of Fause and Aida in Hebrew.

1927(12thof Tishrei, 5688): Judith Solis-Cohen passed away.

1927: In Bahía Blanca, Argentina, were Máxima (Vapniarsky) and Lázaro Milstein, a Jewish Ukrainian immigrant gave birth to biochemist César Milstein who “shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984”

1927: In Omaha, Nebraska, Jacob Lipsey, a Jewish immigrant from Russia who “own a wholesaled poultry and meat market” and “the former Molly Brick” gave birth to Stanford Lipsey, thePulitzer Prize winning publisher and friend of Warren Buffet.

1928:  Joseph Szigeti, the Jewish Hungarian violinist, gives the first performance of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.

1928(24th of Tishrei, 5689): Silent screen comedian Larry Semon reportedly passed away. Semon directed, wrote and starred in the silent screen version the Wizard of Oz. There are those who contend that this is not the date of Semon’s death. According to them, Semon was in financial trouble and he faked his death to get away from his creditors.  However, they have not been able to come up with alternative date for his death.

1928: Hungarian born Joseph Szigeti performed in the début of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto. Szigeti is one more in a long line of Jewish virtuoso violinists.

1928: Several people were injured today and three were arrested in “a clash between Hebraist and partisans of the Yiddish language” at Tel Aviv.  “The occasion for the clash was a celebration by the Poale Zion Club commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Czernowitz Conference, where Yiddish was proclaimed as ‘a national language’ of the Jewish people.” G’dud Magginei Ha’saf-fah “a youth organization ‘for the protection of the Hebrew language’ was responsible for the attack.  Among the injured was M. Wescher, a Poale Zion leader and member of the Tel Aviv Municipal Council.

1930: In Pittsfield, MA, Harry and Ruth Klein Kaufman gave birth to Donald Kaufman, the Vice President of KB Toys who was responsible for creating “one of the largest and most valuable collections of antique toy cars and trucks in the world.”

1929 Birthdate of Bronx High School of Science, Arthur Bernard Bisguier who became an International Grandmaster in 1957, the same year in which he played Bobby Fischer at the U.S. Open in Cleveland

1931:<u>Berlin Alexanderplatz: die Geschichte Franz Biberkopfs</u>(<u>Berlin Alexanderplatz: the story of Franz Biberkopfs</u>) with a script co-authored by Bruno Alfred Döblin premiered today.

 1931: The Habima Theater opened in Tel Aviv. Founded by Nahum Zemach in 1917 in Moscow, Habima (Hebrew word meaning “the stage”) was one of the first Hebrew language theatre groups.  The group left the Soviet Union in 1926 and went on tour before finally settling in Tel Aviv.  Habima was designated as the national theatre in 1958.

1931(27th of Tishrei, 5692): General Sir John Monash, who was the highest ranking Jewish officer to serve in the Australian Army during  the World War I and who served with distinction at Gallipoli and on the Western Front passed away.

1932(8thof Tishrei, 5693): Shabbat Shuva

1932: In Brooklyn, electrical engineer Irwin Appel and the former Lillian Sender gave birth to Kenneth Ira Appel, a “mathematician who harnessed computer” (As reported by Dennis Overbye)

1935(22ndof Tishrei, 5697): Shemini Atzeret

1936: Birthdate of Rona Burstein, who gained fame as Hollywood gossip columnist Rona Barrett

1936: Abraham Kaiser, a Jew living in Duisburg, Germany was sentenced by a National Socialist tribunal to one and a half years imprisonment “for writing to a friend in America a letter that contained uncomplimentary remarks about Chancellor Hitler and the National Socialist party.”

1936: It was reported today that “a nationwide unofficial army was being formed by a WPA group to ‘fight reds’ and quoted” “Wilbert Eldred, a middle-aged employee in the Procurement Division of the Unite States Treasury Department” “as saying that the ‘growing influence of Reds and Jews was menacing the country.’”

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the Franco-Luxembourg-German borders were closed to Jews. All trains arriving at the border were searched and Jews were turned back. Jews seeking to return to Germany were also turned back. In Germany Jews were called to police stations and asked point-blank when they were going to emigrate, or they would face serious consequences.

1937: “Lance Spy” directed by Gregory Ratoff, co-starring Peter Lorre and featuring Luther Adler, Fritz Feld, Joseph Schildkraut and Maurice Moscovith was released in the United States today.

1938: The Slovak Peoples' Party establishes Hlinkova Garda (Hlinka Guard), an anti-Semitic militia that will collaborate with the Germans.

1938:Jewish composer David Rose marries Martha Raye

1939: A new Nazi–Soviet agreement was reached by an exchange of letters between Vyacheslav Molotov and the German Ambassador

1939: Birthdate of Harvey Pekar, the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland, whose autobiographical comic book “American Splendor” would “a cult following for its unvarnished stories of a depressed, aggrieved Everyman negotiating daily life in Cleveland” and would become “ the basis for a critically acclaimed 2003 film.”

1939: The Nazis ordered to the establishment of a Ghetto in Piotrkow, Poland. This was the first of a series of ghettos and camps planned by Heydrich.

1939: “The reported plan of Chancellor Hitler to establish a Jewish State in Polish territory was condemned” today “by the annual conference of the Order of the Sons of Zion.”

1939: The Nazis orchestrated a pogrom against the Jews of Lodz.

1939: “Writer Sees Nazis Leaving No Choice” provided a summary of the views of Anne O’Hare McCormick of the editorial staff of The New York Times on Hitler’s peace proposals most of which she dismissed except for his proposal of “setting up some sort of a Jewish state in Poland – a Hitler homeland for the Jews” which she said “is at least interesting.

1939: Hitler declared that Będzin would be among the Polish territories annexed by Germany which marked the start of the resettlement of 30,000 Jews from other communities in the Polish city.

1939: Germany annexed Western Poland marking the next level of the downward spiral that would come to be known as the Final Solution.

1939: At the annual conference of the Order of the Sons Of Zion a resolution was adopting terming Hitler’s reported plan to establish a Jewish State in Polish territory “a hypocritical scheme fraught with the gravest of dangers to European Jewry.”

1939: Pastor John Hayes Holmes of the Community Church delivered a sermon giving reasons for the United States to remain neutral based in part on the unworthiness of the government of Poland “a place where Jews were a little more miserable than in Germany.”

1940: Dr. Louis L. Mann, the rabbi of Temple Sinai, is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Henry Horner, the Governor of Illinois. Follow the funeral, the Governor will be interred at Mount Mayriv Cemetery in a grave next to his mother.

1941(17th of Tishrei, 5702: Third Day of Sukkoth

1941(17thof Tishrei, 5702): Fifty-four year old Koblenz born, Chicago raised Gustav Gerson Kahn, known as “Gus Kahn” the lyricist for such “standards” as “Yes Sir, That’s My Baby,” “It Had to Be You” and “Dream a Little Dream of Me” who went on to create musicals in Hollywood while being married to Grace Kahn with whom he had one son, Donald, passed away today.

1941: “The Auschwitz II extermination camp, better known as Auschwitz-Birkenau” was founded today.

1941(17thof Tishrei, 5702): Fifty-four year old lyricist Gus Kahn who wrote an untold number of hit songs during the 1920’s and 1930’s and was the father of songwriter Donald Kahn passed away today.

1941(17th of Tishrei, 5702: The Vitebsk (Belorussia) Ghetto is liquidated; more than 16,000 Jews are killed.

1941: “The prosecutor, Gaston Cassagneau, handed Leon Blum an “additional indictment” that included a lengthy critique of the Popular Front and ended with these words: “Because the unjustifiable weakness of M. Léon Blum’s government compromised both production in the short run and the moral state of the producers, he betrayed the duties of his office.”

1941: “49th Parallel,” a British war movie based on an original story by Emeric Pressburger who wrote the screenplay and starring Leslie Howard premiered in London today.

1942: The USS Drum, the ship on which Maruice Rindskopf spent all of World War II, contacted a convoy of four freighters, and defying the air cover guarding the ships, sank one of the cargo ships before bombs forced her deep.

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704):Erev Yom Kippur

1943: This morning, one day after he had passed funeral services are scheduled to be held for sixty-four year old Lithuanian native Ephraim Caplan, the “religious editor of the Jewish Morning Journal,” long-time director of the Jewish National Fund of America and President of the Council for Orthodox Jewish Education who was the husband of Eva Caplan with whom he had one daughter, Martha and “three sons, Dr. Leon Caplan, Dr. Joseph Caplan” and Saul Caplan who served with the U.S. Army in WW II, followed by burial in Mount Judah Cemetery.

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704):: Three thousand Italian prisoners of war are murdered by the SS and Ukrainian guards at La Risiera di San Sabba, Italy, south of Trieste. Of 1,920 Jews in Trieste, 620 are murdered by the SS.

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704): On the eve of the Jewish Day of Atonement, several thousand ill or weak Jewish men are gassed at Auschwitz.

1943: Birthdate of R.L. Stine.  Born Robert Lewis Stine, the author is known for his science fiction works.

1944(21st of Tishrei, 5705): Hoshana Rabbah

1944: The Gestapo began arresting members of the anti-Nazi Ehrenfeld Group.

1945(1st of Cheshvan, 5706): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1945(1st of Cheshvan, 5706): Seventy-six year old author, Felix Salten, born Siegmund Salzmann at Pest (what would be Budapest), best known as the creator of Bambi  who fled the Nazis which meant spent the last years of his life in Switzerland and who in 1901 married  Ottilie Metzl with whom he had two children – Paul and Anna -- passed away today.

1945: As part of the protest against British treatment of the Jews in Palestine and those trying to reach Palestine Rabbis throughout Palestine are scheduled to add Psalm XX which beings “Let the King hear us when we call” to the daily prayer service.

1945: As part of the protest against British policy in Palestine, 50,000 Jews attended a rally in Tel Aviv and tens of thousands more attended a rally at Edison Hall in Jerusalem where they demanded an end to the White Paper.

1945: In an attempt to spare European Jewish refugees another winter in displaced person camps, Zionist leaders spent two and half hours with the new Colonial Secretary, Arthur Creech Jones, discussing ways to improve British-Jewish relations” in Palestine.

1945: In a sign of Jewish frustration with the continued British enforcement of the White Paper, the Stern Gang reportedly resorted to a new wave of violence tonight with attacks that resulted in the death of two British soldiers and the wounding of scores of others.

1945: “The Seventh Veil” a melodrama with a score by Benjamin Frankel was released today in the UK.

1946(15th of Tishrei, 5710): Shabbat and Sukkoth

1948: In Egypt, “the issuance of export and import licenses to Jewish merchants was forbidden,.”

1948: A group of settlers from Hungary founded Kibbutz Ga’aton in the hill country east of Nahariya. According to some it is named for the Ga’aton River which flows nearby.  According to others, it is named for a town thought to have existed in the area before the Babylonian exile.  Regardless, the kibbutz fell under immediate attack from Arabs shooting from the surrounding hills.

1949: The curtain came down temporarily on “Lend an Ear” a musical revue featuring sketches by Joseph Stein ending its run at the Broadhurst Theatre so it could move to the Schubert Theatre.

1950: The Third Maccabiah, the first one to be held in the state of Israel, came to an end today.

1951: “The third government of Israel was formed by David Ben-Gurion.

1952(19th of Tishrei, 5713): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1952: “The Four Poster” the film version of the play produced by Stanley Kramer, directed by Irving Reis with music by Dimitri Tiomkin and co-starring Lili Palmer was released today in the United States.

1952: In Chicago, Ruth Ellen (née Reich) and Allen Zwick gave birth to Harvard graduate and director/screenwriter/producer Edward Zwick who directed such gems as Glory and Legends of the Fall but shared in the Oscar for the fluffy “Shakespeare in Love.”

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that Dov Shilansky, Gavriel Lichtman, a taxi driver, and Ya'acov Lotan, a regular contributor to the Herut newspaper, were remanded by police in connection with the attempt to sabotage the Israel-German reparations agreement by bombing one of the Foreign Ministry buildings in Jerusalem's Hakirya.

1953: ABC broadcast the first episode of “Where’s Raymond” a sitcom produced by Stanley Shapiro.

1956: Today sports broadcaster Bob Wolff provided the radio play by play of Game 5 of the 1956 World Series in which Yankee Don Larsen pitched a perfect game against the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1959: LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series.  The Dodgers team featured two Jewish players who were brothers – the pitcher Larry Sherry and the catcher Norm Sherry.  Larry Sherry was a rookie who appeared as a relief pitcher in all four of the Dodgers’ victories.

1961: “Actors Joyce and Byrne Piven gave birth to movie director Shira Piven, the sister of actor Jeremey Piven.

1962(10thof Tishrei, 5723): Yom Kippur

1964(2ndof Cheshvan, 5725): Seventy-one year old Viennese born film producer Isadore Goldsmith who continued his career in Great Britain after the Nazis came to power and was the husband of novelist Vera Caspary passed away today in Putney, VT.

1964: “Outrage,” a western film directed by Martin Ritt, with a script by Michael Kanin and starring Paul Newman, Laurence Harvey, Edward G. Robinson, William Shatner and Howard Da Silva (so many Jews) was released today in the United States by MGM.

1966: Birthdate of Memphis native David Frank Kustoff, the University of Memphis alum and Republican political leader who served as a United States Attorney before taking office as “the member of the United States House of Representatives for Tennessee’s 8th congressional district” in 2017 and is the husband of fellow attorney Roberta Kustoff with whom he “has two children.

1966(24thof Tishrei, 5727): One day after Simchat Torah, the cycle begins again – Parashat Bereshit

1966(24thof Tishrei, 5727): Seventy-eight year old Ukrainian born cellist and composer Gdal Saleski passed away today in Los Angeles.

1967: Joseph Brodsky, a victim of anti-Semitism who was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1972 and won the Nobel Prize for leadership and painter Marina Basmanova gave birth to their son Andrei whom Brodsky registered under Marina’s name to spare him attacks by the authorities.

1969: “The Monitors” a sci-fi comedy starring Avery Schreiber and Larry Storch and featuring Adam Arkin, Alan Arkin and Stubby Kaye was released in the United States today.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, two Israeli attempts to reach the east bank of the Suez were beaten back by Egyptian soldiers equipped with Soviet supplied anti-tank weapons.  IDF forces facing Syria were more successful.  Although outnumbered, the IDF forces halted the advance of the Syrians into Israel and by the end of the day have driven them back to the 1967 Armistice Lines and beyond. 

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.

1973: Buoyed by initial Egyptian and Syrian military success, numerous Moslem and Arab states offered aid and support to the aggressors.  The Algerians sent squadrons of planes.  The King of Morocco called on soldiers in his army to volunteer to fight with the Egyptians.  Idi Amin ordered all Ugandan officers in Egypt to join in the fight.  And the Prime Minister of Bangladesh sent telegrams stating the his 75 million countrymen supported the Egyptians and the Syrians “in your just cause” 

1973: Israelis were alarmed by news from the front, which was fragmentary and not good.  Their fears were heightened when a civil defense spokesperson urged Israelis who did not have a shelter to start digging one and that those who had small shelter should enlarge them.  The only good news was Australian volunteers were arriving to perform the work of civilians who had been mobilized and that American Jews had already raised $100 million for the Israeli war effort. 

1973: After touring both battle fronts, Maj. Gen. Haim Bar-Lev and Minister Yigal Allon reported to Prime Minister Meir this evening that the Israeli forces' situation is beginning to improve, while the enemy forces are beginning to suffer serious damage."What they achieved today as compared to yesterday is enormous," Allon said. "The front was breached yesterday. If the Syrians had been more daring, they'd have made significant gains."Bar-Lev explained the Egyptian and Syrian successes as being partly due to technological superiority. "Both have the new Soviet tank plus infrared," he said. "They have an advantage there. On the first night we were surprised; we only knew they had it in theory ... Today we know about it and take it into account."

1973: The 17th Battalion of the Golani Brigade moved up the slopes of Mt. Hermon in the opening round of the Second Battle of Mount Hermon.

1973:Tonight, the Israeli missile boats repeated their success of last night off the Egyptian coast, with three Egyptian missile boats sunk and no Israeli vessel hit. For the remainder of the war, neither the Syrian nor Egyptian fleets would venture out again, enabling more than 100 freighters carrying vital supplies to safely reach Israel, which was in the throes of a brutal, two-front ground war.

1973: Kobi Hayun, Micahel Dvir, Shabtai Ben-Shua, Yoram Peled and Boaz Lerner all made it safely back to Israeli lines when their F-4E Phantom Jets were shot down Syrian SAM’s or Egyptian Anti- Aircraft fire.

1973: Yoram Shachar was taken prisoner after his F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by a Syrian Surface to Air Missile.

1973: As the Vale of Tears Battle entered its third day the outmanned and outgunned 7thBrigade fought off attacks by the 7th Infantry Division, the 3rdArmored Division and the Assad Republican Guards which by the end of the day left the Israelis with at least fifty dead, untold more wounded and less than 45 working tanks but the IDF continued to blunt the Syrian advance.

1974: NBC broadcast “Where Have All the People Gone?”  a sci-fi thriller written by Sandor Stern and co-starring Verna Bloom.

1975: “Hearts of the West” a comedy directed by Howard Zieff and co-starring Alan Arkin was released in the United States today.

1976: Paramount releases “Marathon Man,” the movie version of the book by William Goldman starring Dustin Hoffman.

1977: White supremacist Joseph P. Franklin shot and killed three people outside of a suburban St. Louis synagogue including Gerald Gordon.

1978(7thof Tishrei, 5739): Seventy-six year old Eliyahu Sasson, the native of Damascus who made Aliyah in 1927 who filled several ambassadorial positions, served as an MK and cabinet minister passed away today.

1979: In a case of “poetic justice” “two Palestinian terrorists were injured attempting to plant a bomb near the Tomb of the Patriarchs.”

1980(28thof Tishrei, 5741): Seventy-three year old David I. Arkin, an innocent victim of the McCarthy Red witch hunt and the father of actor Alan Arkin whose most famous musical effort was the song “Black and White” which celebrated the 1954 Supreme Court Decision that put an end to the legal prop for racially segregated schools passed away today.

1981(10th of Tishrei, 5742): Yom Kippur

1981(10th of Tishrei, 5742): Heinz Kohut an Austrian-born American psychoanalyst best known for his development of Self psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches passed away.

1981 ABC broadcast the first episode of Taxi’s Fourth Season directed by James Burrows.

1983: “My Favorite Year,” a comedy directed by Richard Benjamin, produced by Michael Gruskoff and featuring Bill Macy, Lainie Kazan, Selma Diamond, Adolph Green and Lou Jacobi was released in the United States today.

1985(23rd of Tishrei, 5746): Simchat Torah

1985: “An English-language production of Les Misérables” which was a product of a collaboration of Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg premiered in London at The Royal Shakespeare Company’s Barbican Theatre.

1985: The hijackers of the Achille Laurocruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt. Before surrendering, the hijackers threw Leon Klinghoffer, a wheel-chair bound passenger, over the side of the boat.

1986: The Providence Journal "Navy Rabbi To Join Iceland Team: Russian immigrant's grandson picked to lead staff services,” a story about the role of Rabbi Arnold E. Resnicoff, the U.S. Navy Chaplain sent to Iceland to lead services during the meetings laying the groundwork for the Reagan-Gorbachev Summit.

1987(15th of Tishrei, 5748): Sukkoth

1988: “Jamie Sue Gangel, a network television correspondent for NBC News, and Daniel Silva, a writer and producer for CNN, both in Washington, were married today at the Mayflower Hotel.”

1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of season four of Golden Girls, a sitcom starring Beatrice Arthur and Estelle Getty with theme music by Andrew Gold.

1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of the sitcom created by “Empty Nest” created by Susan Harris (née Spivak).

1990: Israelipolice kill 17 Palestinian rioters. The riots occurred at the Temple Mount and were part of the orchestrated violence against Israelis now known as the First Intifada.  For those of you who like symmetry or have a sense of irony, the Second version of this organized terror would begin in the same place at the same time of the year when Arafat rejected Barak’s peace offer. 

1992:  Willy Brandt, former Chancellor of Germany, passed away.  The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize had opposed the Nazis when he was a youth living in Germany.  In 1970, Brandt made a highly emotional visit to Warsaw where he fell to his knees in front of the Memorial to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. This silent act of contrition spoke volumes to the world about the new Germany and the willingness take responsibility for its past. In writing about the trip Brandt said, “An unusual burden accompanied me on my way to Warsaw. Nowhere else had a people suffered as in Poland.  The machine-like annihilation of Polish Jewry represented a heightening of bloodthirstiness that no one had held possible.  On my way to Warsaw [I carried with me] the memory of the fight to the death of the Warsaw ghetto. As moving as these words were then, they are even more so now as another generation of leaders has risen filled with inclination to minimize their personal pasts and the Jewish element that made the Holocaust unique.

1993: Edward Rothstein gives a less than an enthusiastic review of Ezra Laderman’s “Marilyn” which was “a City Opera commission” that “opened a world-premiere festival in honor of the company’s 50th anniversary.”

1993: Seventy-five year old Robert Constant Moses, a native of Phillip, SD, a graduate of Beloit High School who was a WW II veteran, a draftsman at Barber Coleman and the father of Nancy Margulis, who became a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community, was laid to rest today at the Mt. Tabor Cemetery.

1993: “Mr. Jones,” a romantic drama written by Eric Roth was released in the United States today by TriStar Pictures.

1993: “Gettysburg” a massive Civil War epic co-produced by Robert Katz, featuring John Rothman and with a memorable score by Randy Edelman was released today in the United States.

1994: In a letter written today to Sir Martin Gilbert, fourteen and half year old Hirsch Dorbian wrote that he had been “among the thousands of prisoners liberated by the British in the camp at Neustadt earlier that month and that on VE Day, May 8, 1945, “was spent by him in a clean and white bed for the first time three years.

1997(7th of Tishrei, 5758): American architect Bertrand Goldberg best known for the Marina City complex in Chicago, Illinois, the tallest residential concrete buildings in the world at the time of completion passed away.

1999: “The Last Day” an Oscar winning documentary that ‘tell the story of five Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust” was released today in the United Kingdom.

2000(9th of Tishrei, 5671): Erev Yom Kippur

2000: The Sunday New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including <u>Quarrel & Quandry: Essays</u> by Cynthia Ozick, <u>Einstein In Love: A Scientific Romance</u> by Dennis Overbye, <u>Dream Catcher: A Memoir</u> by Margaret A. Salinger and <u>The Second Coming of Steve Jobs</u> by Alan Deutschman

2000: In “Flash Point: Temple Mount is Holy Ground; Muslims Must Recognize Shrine’s Importance to Judaism” publishedtoday Aron U Raskas of the Baltimore Sun wrote “Ten days ago, former defense minister had the good fortune to be able to do that which Jews dispersed for centuries in the diaspora could only hope, dream and pray for: On the eve of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year - the liturgy of which is replete with recollections of [Abraham]'s selfless act on the Temple Mount and with prayers for a restoration of the divine presence to this site - Sharon dared to peacefully tread upon this hallowed Jewish ground. The second lesson is that, even after seven years of delusional thinking by Pollyannaish Israelis, the Palestinian people and their leaders are completely unwilling to recognize the Jewish legacy of the Temple Mount, the historic connection of Jews to that place and their inalienable right to worship on that holy ground.”

2001: Forbes published an article entitled “Riklis Driving” that described how Meshulam Riklis drained assets from Dylex Limited, one of Canada’s largest retailers and funneled them into other companies he controlled.

2004(23rd of Tishrei, 5765): Simchat Torah

2004:  Haaretz reported that at least thirty-five people were killed and over 100 injured in three separate attacks on holiday resorts in the Sinai Desert that were packed with Israelis celebrating the holiday of Sukkoth. 

2004: Fiamma Nirenstein was an official speaker at the Boston Conference of on 'Anti-Semitism, the Press and Europe'.

2004: “Friday Night Lights” the movie version of  <u>Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream</u> by H. G. Bissinger, ,directed by Peter Berg who wrote the screenplay along with David Aaron Cohen and produced by Brian Grazer was released in the United States today.

2005(5th of Tishrei, 5766): Shabbat Shauvah is observed by Jews all over the world.

2005: Award winning singer-songwriter, musician, poet, and novelist Leonard Cohen sued Kelley Lynch, alleging that she had misappropriated over US $5 million from Cohen's retirement fund leaving only $150,000.”

2005: Hundreds of Jews lit candles and prayed near the Babi Yar ravine, where the Nazis killed tens of thousands of Ukrainian Jews during World War II, as Jewish leaders expressed concern over recent anti-Semitic acts in the former Soviet republic.

2005: Jonathan Mandell of Chicago took a photograph of a Hebrew inscription in the Cathedral of Monreale which is a testimony to the 1400 years of Jewish settlements in Sicily.

2005: Thanks to Katrina, Rita, OPEC, et al, Americans are confronted with paying record high prices of gasoline and natural gas.  Now, American Jews face an additional financial threat.  According to The Jerusalem Post, people will be paying record high prices for their lulavs this year. Following Egyptian moves to limit the export of Lulavs, one Israeli importer has “cornered the market” by surreptitiously importing 250,000 Lulavs.  Because of his almost complete control of the limited supply, Avi Belali is charging wholesalers five dollars for an item that usually costs one dollar.  Retailers claim they will have to charge as much as twenty dollars to break even and that does not include the cost of the Etrog.  Unbeknownst to most Americans, the lulav industry is “a pretty shady business” where various tricks are tried each year by dealers looking for a way to make a fast buck.  Some Israeli Rabbis are so concerned about profiteering that they have issued a special Halachahic dispensation allowing for the use of branches from the more numerous canary dates may be used for Lulavs.  Apparently, the sages don’t just know about the Law of Moses, they also know about the law of supply and demand.

2006(16thof Tishrei, 5767): Second Day of Sukkoth

2006: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Primo Levi’s <u>Auschwitz Report</u> and Daniel Mendelsohn’s <u>The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million</u> and an essay written by Elie Wiesel under the title “Why Memory?”

2006: The Sunday New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including <u>The Shakespeare Wars: Clashing Scholars, Public Fiascoes, Palace Coups</u>by Ron Rosenbaum and <u>Five Germanys I Have Known </u>by Fritz Stern.

2006: The Israeli Interior Ministry ruled that Valery Dubinin, who had made Aliyah from the Ukraine seven and half years ago, is not a Jew.  This case is newsworthy because the Interior Ministry was overruling the Petah Tikva Rabbinical Court which had provided documents attesting to his Jewishness.

2006(16th of Tishrei, 5767): Second Day Sukkoth; since the first of Sukkoth fell on Shabbat this is the first time, blessings are recited over the Lulav and Etrog.

2006: Services will be held today at the Society for the Advancement of Judaism to honor the memory of Selma Judith Levy Toback.

2007: Shelley Cohn, the former Executive Director of the Arizona Commission on the Arts, is the recipient of the Actor Equity Association’s 2007 Arizona Theatre Service Award. The award was presented to Ms. Cohn at the Union's membership meeting at the Phoenix Theatre

2007: Time Magazine features an article about Jerry Seinfeld entitled “Jerry Seinfeld Goes Back to Work” and reviews of <u>The Coldest Winter</u> by David Halberstam and <u>Exit Ghosts</u> by Phillip Roth.

2008(9th of Tishrei, 5769: Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted.

2008: A riot in Acre shattered the Yom Kippur calm on Wednesday night as hundreds of the city's Arab residents vandalized Jewish-owned property.

2009: In New Haven, Yale University presents a double-header with an address by Tzipi Livni, former Foreign Minister, Member of Knesset and head of the Kadima party, will speak as a Chubb Fellow and a talk by Brandon Friedman, Research Fellow at the Center for Iranian Studies at Tel Aviv University, entitled "Iran: Ideology and Foreign Policy"

2009: In New Britain, CT, Ethan Bronner, the New York Times' Israel Bureau Chief delivers a talk entitled "Israel & Palestine: What Happens in 2009?" at Central Connecticut State University, during which he examines what has happened, and what to expect.

2009: As tensions flare once again over a Jerusalem holy site claimed by Israel and Palestinians as their own, one of the most influential leaders of Israel's religious community told the president today that Jews should not make pilgrimages to the Temple Mount so as not to evoke global outrage.

2009: Romania unveiled a monument in memory of 300,000 Jews and Gypsies killed during the Holocaust in the country, which at times in the past had denied that the extermination even occurred. 2009: In San Francisco, “Torah scribe Julie Seltzer began work on a Sefer Torah.”

2010(30th of Tishrei, 5771): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

2010(30th of Tishrei, 5771): Eighty-two Chicago born, Yale educated James Emanuel “Jim” Fuchs the winner of bronze medals in shot put at the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics passed away today in New York.



2010: The 92Y Resource Center for Jewish Diversity and the Ethiopian Jewish community in New York are scheduled to co-host a festive and authentic Ethiopian Shabbat dinner. The scheduled feast will include traditional Ethiopian dishes such as Doro Wat (chicken stew), Injera (pancake bread) and much more.

2010: The Telegraph (UK) reported that Professor Mary Beard of Cambridge University has condemned the appointment of historian and presenter Simon Schama as the Coalition Government's new history tsar. She described the announcement as an example of Michael Gove, the education secretary, "playing to the populist gallery".   She described Schama as “a celebrity.”  She did not mention the fact that he was Jewish.

2011(10th of Tishrei, 5772): Yom Kippur

2011(10th of Tishrei): In a tribute to diversity and inclusion, congregants at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids will be able to attend either a Reform or Traditional Yom Kippur Service.  The Traditional Service is rooted in Beth Jacob - a synagogue founded 105 years ago.  Temple Judah is preparing to celebrate its 90th anniversary. When one considers the fate of Jewry in many of America’s small cities and towns, this is quite an accomplishment.

2011: Kenny G. (Kenneth Bruce Gorelick) appeared tonight on “Saturday Night Live with his soprano sax.”

2011(10th of Tishrei, 5772): Eighty-two year old Allen “Al” Davis who played a major role in re-shaping the National Football League as the owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders and as the commissioner of the AFL passed away today.



2011: Hours after far-right-wing graffiti was reported to police in Muslim and Christian cemeteries in Jaffa, a Molotov cocktail was thrown at a synagogue in the area today.

2012(22nd of Tishrei, 5753): Shemini Atzeret

2012(22nd of Tishrei, 5763): One hundred year old Eda Mirsky Mann, the mother of Erica Jong passed away today.


2012: In the United States, observance of Columbus Day which means, for once, the Jewish and Gentile worlds will be celebrating holidays on the same day, even though they are of a completely different nature.

2012: The Alexandria Kletztet is scheduled to play at the Simchat Torah service for Congregation Etz Hayim in Arlington, VA.

2012: Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired more than 30 rockets and mortars — with some Israeli media outlets reporting over 50 rockets — into southern Israel early this morning, causing damage to a residential building

2013: The Charles E. Smith Life Communities which seeks “to fulfill Jewish values by providing a continuum of quality services for elders and their families” is scheduled to sponsor “An Evening with Tony Kornheiser” at Woodmont Country Club.

2013: Under the leadership of Ed Miliband, Labor MP Luciana Berger began serving as “Shadow Minister for Public Health” today.

2013: The Consulate General of Israel in New York co-hosts this evening’s scheduled screening of “Blues by the beach.”

2013: A staged reading of the new play “Stealing Home: The Mystery of Moe Berg” is scheduled to be performed today by member of the Actors Studio in New York.

2013: Howard Epstein completed his service as a member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly “representing the provincial riding of Halifax Chedbucto.”

2013: In Washington, DC, Mark Cohen, author of Overweight Sensation: The Life and Comedy of Allen Sherman is scheduled to speak at The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival

2013: Today, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences “announced the full list of nations that had submitted a movie for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film including “Yuval Adler’s “Bethlehem,” which explores a difficult relationship between a Shin Bet agent and a Palestinian teenager and “Transit,” a Philippine film about foreign workers in Israel. (As reported by Debra Kamin)

2013: Eighty-year old Holocaust survivor François Englert, a Sackler Professor by Special Appointment in the School of Physics and Astronomy at Tel Aviv University won the 2013 Nobel Prize

2014(14th of Tishrei, 5775): Erev Sukkoth

2014: The Center for Judaic Studies and Contemporary Jewish Life at the University of Connecticut is scheduled to sponsor a noontime “Yiddish Tish”.

2014: Friends and family celebrate the birthday of author Noam Friedlander the daughter of Evelyn Friedlander and Rabbi Albert Friedlander

2014: SukkahPDX, an annual juried outdoor design competition held in Portland, OR, at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education in partnership with Mittleman Jewish Community Center is scheduled to begin today.

2014: The Lunar Eclipse featuring a Blood Moon will be visible throughout much of the United States today. (As reported by Edmond J. Rodman)

2014: Argentinian anti-terror police today arrested a man suspected of planning to attack a Jewish community center.

2015: The Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to host “Books at Lunchtime” where a Waterstones Camden bookseller “will share what's new, what's hot, and read extracts from recommended books and bestsellers.

2015: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Fresh Jews and Fresh Juice.”

2015: JCC Manhattan is scheduled to host an evening with “Vertigo, Israel’s top dance company” where “choreographer Noa Wertheim will talk about her artistic process, including the creation of the group's eco art village outside of Jerusalem.”

2015:  Eva Moskowitz will not be running for Mayor of New York saying today “that she wanted to redouble her focus on her charter school network…and the task of creating ‘transformation change’ in education.”

2015: During an interview with Wolf Blitzer on CNN, “Republican presidential hopeful Ben Carson…said fewer people would have been killed by the Nazis had been armed” in an apparent attempt to blame “gun control for the extent of the Holocaust.”

2015: “Junun” a film that “dcouments the making of the album of the same name by the Israeli composer Shye Ben” was released today at the New York Film Festival

2015: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “A Special Evening Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of the Murder of Leon Klinghoffer Aboard the Achille Lauro.” 

2015(25thof Tishrei, 5776): Ninety year old Henry Krystal who survived the Holocaust to become a Professor of Psychiatry at Michigan State University passed away today.

2016(6thof Tishrei, 5777): Shabbat Shuva

2016(6thof Tishrei, 5777): Eighty-six year old “Emmy Award-winning documentarian” Morton Silverstein passed away today.

2016(6thof Tishrei, 5777): Ninety-six year old Peter Allen, who introduced the Saturday afternoon broadcasts from the Met passed away today.

2016(6thof Tishrei, 5777): Eight-four year old Professor Jacob Neusner, the prolific and ground-breaking Biblical scholar passed away today in Rhinebeck, NY.

2016:  SERET DC. “a celebration of contemporary Israeli cinema is scheduled to host a screening of


2016: Today’s session of “German Iowa and the Global Midwest” is scheduled to present: Tobias Brinkmann speaking on "Small Town Stopover: Jewish Immigrants from Central Europe in the Rural Midwest 1850-80"; Kit Belgum: speaking on “German and Jewish: Civic Connections in Nineteenth-Century Iowa" and Jeannette Gabriel speaking on "We Were German Too: Finding Jewish Women's Voices in Iowa's German Past"

2016: “Exposed” a “six week contemporary dance and physical theatre featuring Israeli and local artists” is scheduled to open in the Metro Atlanta, GA Area today.

2016: “Keeping Up with the Jones,” a spy-spoof featuring Gal Gadot premiered in Los Angeles today.

2016: The 15th International Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition, named in honor of Lublin born violinist and composer Henryk Wieniawski is scheduled to begin today.

2016: As those living on the southeast coast of the United States deal with Hurricane Mathew “many synagogues are shuttering for Shabbat” including “Temple Emanuel located on the barrier islands of Palm Beach which has cancelled Shabbat morning services.”

2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>The Rise and Fall of Adam and Eve</u> by Stephen Greenblatt and the recently published paperback edition of <u>The Gustav Sonata</u> by Rose Tremain.

2017(18th of Tishrei, 5778): Sukkoth Chol Ha’moed

2017: Edith Schumer, a native of Stockstadt, Germany, who “was one of the “1,000 children,” a group of approximately 1,400 German Jewish children who were allowed to come unaccompanied to the United States via an organized rescue effort that occurred nine months prior to the start of World War II” is scheduled to speak at the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.

2017: Author and architectural historian Clare Lise Kelly is scheduled conduct a tour that will explore the Montgomery County work of Cohen, Haft & Associates, a leading modernist architecture firm in the D.C. area whose projects have included several Jewish-owned buildings, such as B'nai Israel Congregation and the Charles E. Smith Life Communities campus

2018: Yemen Blues and Lara Bello are scheduled to perform this evening at the American Sephardi Music Festival at the Center for Jewish History.

2018: In Jerusalem, Mercaz Hatarbuyot is scheduled to host an evening Klezmer, Jazz and Classical Music featuring “virtuoso clarinetist Ira Goyfeld” and “concert pianist Eliah Zabaly,” the winner of the “1st Prize of the Paris National Conservatory of Music.”

2018: Today is the deadline for submitting applications for a fellowship “at the Frankel Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan.”


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This Day, October 7, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

02:49 AM Sunday, October 7, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


3761 BCE: According to some Jewish traditionalists, this corresponds to the date on which God created the World.  This marks the start of the epoch of the Modern Hebrew calendar.  The attached article should provide an explanation of this entry.  For those who have been studying in Cedar Rapids, please note the role of the Babylonian exile in the development of the calendar, which, as we have seen has been one of the most important vehicles for Jewish survival. I have included this rather lengthy article since so many people ask about the Jewish calendar and I know so little about. 

"The Hebrew calendar, also known as the Jewish calendar, is the annual calendar used in Judaism. It is based upon both lunar months and a solar cycle (which defines its years) and so is a lunisolar calendar. This is in contrast to the Gregorian calendar, which is based solely upon a solar cycle, or the Islamic calendar, which is purely lunar. Jews use this calendar to determine when the new Hebrew months start; this calendar determines the Jewish holidays, which Torah portions to read, and which set of Psalms should be read each day. Jews have been using a lunisolar calendar since Biblical times, but originally referred to the months by number rather than name. During the Babylonian exile, they adopted Babylonian names for the months. Some sects, such as the Essenes, used a solar calendar. The epoch of the modern Hebrew calendar is Monday, October 7, 3761 BCE, being the tabular date (same daylight period) in the proleptic Julian calendar corresponding to 1 Tishri AM 1 (AM = Anno Mundi = in the year of the world). This date is about one year before the traditional Jewish date of Creation on 25 Elul AM 1! A minority place Creation on 25 Adar AM 1, about six months after the modern epoch. Thus adding 3761 to a Gregorian year number will yield the Hebrew year number beginning in autumn (add 3760 for that ending in autumn). This holds until the Gregorian year 1 BCE. After that (due to the lack of year 0), adding 3760 to the Gregorian year yields the Hebrew year beginning in autumn (3759 for that ending in autumn). Because the Hebrew year drifts relative to the Gregorian year, this actually only works until the year 22,203, but it's a fairly good rule of thumb. The Hebrew month is tied to an estimate of the average time taken by the Moon to cycle from lunar conjunction to lunar conjunction. Twelve lunar months are about 354 days while the solar year is about 365 days so an extra lunar month is added every two or three years in accordance with a 19-year cycle of 235 lunar months (12 regular months every year plus 7 extra or embolismic months every 19 years). The average Hebrew year length is about 365.2468 days, about 7 minutes longer than the average tropical solar year which is about 365.2422 days. Approximately every 216 years, those minutes add up so that the Hebrew year is "slower" than the average solar year by a full day. Because the average Gregorian year is 365.2425 days, the average Hebrew year is slower by a day every 231 Gregorian years. There are exactly 14 different patterns that Hebrew calendar years may take. Each of these patterns is called a "keviyah" (Hebrew for "species"), and is distinguished by the day of the week for Rosh Hashanah of that particular year and by that particular year's length.

  • A chaserah year (Hebrew for "deficient" or "incomplete") is 353 or 383 days long because a day is taken away from the month of Kislev. The Hebrew letter ח"het", and the letter for the weekday denotes this pattern.
  • A kesidrah year ("regular" or "in-order") is 354 or 384 days long. The Hebrew letter כ"kaf", and the letter for the week-day denotes this pattern.
  • A shlemah year ("abundant" or "complete") is 355 or 385 days long because a day is added to the month of Heshvan. The Hebrew letter ש"shin", and the letter for the week-day denotes this pattern.

A variant of this pattern naming includes another letter which specifies the day of the week for the first day of Pesach (Passover) in the year. Every hour is divided into 1080 parts. A part (31/3seconds or 1/18 minute) equals a small Babylonian time period called a barleycorn, itself equal to 1/72of a Babylonian time degree (1° of celestial rotation). The weekdays start with Sunday (day 1) and proceed to Saturday (day 7). Since some calculations use division, a remainder of 0 signifies Saturday. The calendar is based on mean lunar conjunctions called "molads" spaced precisely 29 days, 12 hours, and 793 parts apart. Actual conjunctions vary from the molads by up to 13 hours in each direction due to the nonuniform velocity of the moon. This value for the interval between molads (the mean synodic month) was known to the Babylonians by about 250 BCE and was later used by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus and the Alexandrian astronomer Ptolemy. Its remarkable accuracy was achieved using records of lunar eclipses over several centuries. Measured using an absolute scale, such as an atomic clock, the mean synodic month is becoming gradually longer, but since the rotation of the earth is slowing even more the mean synodic month is becoming gradually shorter in terms of the day-night cycle. The value 29-12-793 was almost exactly correct in 1 CE and is now about 0.6 s per month too great. The 19 year cycle has 12 non-leap and 7 leap years. There are 235 lunar months in each cycle. This gives a total of 6939 days, 16 hours and 595 parts for each cycle. Due to the vagaries of the Hebrew calendar, 19 Hebrew years can be either 6939, 6940, 6941, or 6942 days each. To start on the same day of the week, the days in the cycle must be divisible by 7, but none of these values can be so divided. This keeps the Hebrew calendar from repeating itself too often. The calendar almost repeats every 247 years, except for an excess of 50 minutes (905 parts). So the calendar actually repeats every 36,288 cycles (every 689,472 Hebrew years). The leap years of 13 months are the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, and the 19th years. Dividing the Hebrew year number by 19, and looking at the remainder will tell you if the year is a leap year (for the 19th year, the remainder is zero). A Hebrew leap year is one that has 13 months in it, a non-leap year has 12 months. A mnemonic word in Hebrew is GUCHADZaT (the Hebrew letters gimel-vav-het aleph-dalet-zayin-tet, i.e. 3, 6, 8, 1, 4, 7, 9. See Hebrew numerals). Another mnemonic is that the intervals of the major scale follow the same pattern as do Hebrew leap years: a whole step in the scale corresponds to two non-leap years between consecutive leap years, and a half step to one non-leap between two leap years. A Hebrew non leap-year will only have 353, 354, or 355 days. A leap year will have 383, 384, or 385 days. Although simple math would calculate 21 patterns for the calendar years, there are other limitations which means that Rosh Hashanah may only occur on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, according to the following table:


Day of Week
Number of Days

Basically, the Hebrew months alternate between a short month and a long month, for example: Tishri (30 days), Cheshvan (also spelled Heshvan) (29 or 30 days), Kislev (30 or 29 days), Tevet (29 days), Shevat (30 days), Adar (29 days), Nisan (30 days), Iyar (29 days), Sivan (30 days), Tammuz (29 days), Av (30 days), Elul (29 days). For leap years, a 30 day month of Adar 1 is added immediately after the month of Shevat, and the 29 day Adar is called Adar 2. This is to ensure that the months remain at the same season rather than continuing to drift earlier by about 11 days per year. The 265 days from the first day of the 29 day month of Adar (the last one of the year) and ending with the 29th day of Heshvan forms a fixed length period that has all of the festivals specified in the Bible, such as Pesach (Nisan 15), Shavuot (Sivan 6), Rosh Hashannah (Tishri 1), Yom Kippur (Tishri 10), Sukkot (Tishri 15), and Shemini Atzeret (Tishri 22). The festival period from Pesach up to and including Shemini Atzeret is exactly 185 days long. The time from the traditional day of the vernal equinox up to and including the traditional day of the autumnal equinox is also exactly 185 days long. This has caused some unfounded speculation that Pesach should be March 21st, and Shemini Atzeret should be September 21, which are the traditional days for the equinoxes. Just as the Hebrew day starts at sunset, the Hebrew year starts in the Autumn (Rosh Hashanah), although the mismatch of solar and lunar years will eventually move it to another season (but not in your lifetime). Karaites use the lunar month and the solar year, but determine when to add a leap month by observing barley, rather than a fixed calendar. This occasionally puts them a month out of sync with the rest of the Jews"

1272: Pope Gregory X condemned the ritual murder libels aimed at the Jewish people. In addition, since Jews could not bear witness against Christians, he refused to accept testimony by a Christian against a Jew unless it was confirmed by another Jew.

1349: The Jewish population of Krems, Germany, was massacred in the Black Death riots.(As reported by Aish)

1555: Hundreds of Jews in Cracow were killed during the Hakafot, the ritual trouping of the Torah connected with Simchat Torah.

1571: The Holy League (Spain and Italy) destroyed the Turkish fleet at The Battle of Lepanto. This was part of a centuries-long battle before European Christians and the forces of Islam, in this case the Ottoman Empire.  Often the fighting was more about commercial gain than it was about religion.  The battle was significant because it was the first naval defeat the Ottomans had suffered in more than a century. While the Jews were not directly involved, the fighting had an impact on them.  At the time of the defeat, Selim II was the Sultan.  He opened his kingdom to the Jews settling a colony of them on the Island of Cyprus. The Ottomans accepted the defeat as the will of God, and unlike some Europeans, did not use the Jews as scapegoats for their loss.

1665(28th of Tishrei, 5426): Chaim Auberach who served as the “assessor of the rabbinate” in Vienna and who was the brother of Menachem Mendel Auerbach and Benjamin Wolf Auerbach passed away today

1716(21st of Tishrei, 5477): Moses Mayer Schiff, the son of Meir and Chava Schiff passed away today.

1753(9th of Tishrei, 5514): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

1763: George III of Great Britain issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements. This attempt to control the growth of Colonial America was one of the causes of the American Revolution, with all that that would mean for the Jewish people. More immediately, the closure had a negative impact on the fortunes of Moses Franks, Jacob Franks, Barnard Gratz, Michael Gratz, David Franks, Moses Franks, Jr., Joseph Simon, and Levy Andrew Levy each of whom dabbled in “western” land speculation.

1772(10th of Tishrei, 5533): Yom Kippur

1777: Under the date of John Adams wrote his wife that he was in York, PA, where "I am lodged in the house of General Roberdeau, an Israelite, indeed, I believe, who with his sisters and children and servants does everything to make us happy. We are highly favored. No other delegates are so well off."  Fearing capture by the British, the Continental Congress had moved to York where it could meet in comparative safety. [Editor’s Note – Adams may have been in error since according there was a General Roberdeau whose father’s name is Isaac Roberdeau and they were Huegenots.]

1777: During the Revolutionary War, The Americans defeated the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights. This defeat led France to recognize the new United States of America and, more importantly, sign a treaty which brought the Americans much needed supplies, money and the support of the French fleet.  It was the turning point in the war that would create the home of the most significant Jewish community outside of Eretz Israel. Col. David Salisbury Franks, the highest ranking Jewish officer serving with the Continental Army served with valor during the Battle.  Franks would later be serving as an aide to Benedict Arnold when the general turned traitor.  He was cleared of all charges and continued to serve with during the war. He is not to be confused with his uncle David Franks who was a Loyalist.

1786(15th of Tishrei, 5547): Sukkoth

1791(9th of Tishrei, 5552): Erev Yom Kippur

1803(2st of Tishrei, 5564): Hoshana Raba

1803(21st of Tishrei, 5564): Dob Bär ben Judah Treves the Hungarian rabbi who served as rabbinical judge in Wilvan from 1760 to 1790 who wrote “a commentary on the Pentateuch, in which, through cabalistic explanations, he endeavored to establish a connection between the written and the oral law” passed away today.  (Some sources show the day of his death on the secular calendar as October 17 but then he could not have passed away on the 21st of Tishrei)

1805(14th of Tishrei, 5566): Erev Shavuot

1805(14th of Tishrei, 5566): Twenty-four year old Rachel Aaron was buried today at the Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery.

1812: In Charleston, SC, Jacob Lazarus married Mary Hart, the daughter of the late Daniel Hart.

1814(23rd of Tishrei, 5575): Simchat Torah

1814: Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin fell from a window today and suffered injuries that would lead to his death on Tisha B'Av, 5575 (August 15, 1815)

1824(15th of Tishrei, 5585): Sukkoth

1840: Willem II became the King of the Netherlands. He was the son of Willem I the first Dutch monarch who ruled after the defeat of the French. Unlike his Germanic counterparts, Willem did not rescind the rights the Jews had enjoyed and this policy of acceptance was followed by his son who did nothing to abrogate the rights of the Jews.

1842: Birthdate of Sir Phillip Magnus, the Reform Rabbi turned educational reformer and political leader who was the husband of Katie Magnus and the father of publisher Laurie Magnus.

1848(10th of Tishrei, 5609): As revolutions erupt throughout Europe, the Jews observe Yom Kippur

1845(6th of Tishrei, 5606): Author and linguist Samson Bloch who was an ardent supporter of the Haskalah movement passed away today.

1851:  In New York, a Hungarian Jew named Nathan Levins who has been in the United States for only two weeks filed a complaint at the Sixth Precinct claiming that Israel Steinhardt, another Hungarian Jew had robbed him of 940 pounds in Bank of England notes.  The police went to the house on Pell Street where Steinhardt was living, placed him under arrest and took him back to the precinct house where he was to be held until he could be brought before a magistrate. 

1852: In Nachod, Bohemia, Nathan and Julie Judith Josephine Mautner gave birth to Isidor Mautner.

1853: The ceremony of laying the corner-stone of a Jewish Educational Institute, in Greene-street, adjoining the Synagogue Bnai Jesharun, took place today. The Institute is intended as the beginning of a Hebrew College to be hereafter erected in this City. The religious services on the laying of the Corner-Stone were conducted by Rabbi Raphall.

1854(15thof Tishrei, 5615): Sukkoth

1854: William Wilkins gave a speech to a large gathering of Democrats in Pittsburgh, PA where he denounced the Know Nothing Party which is known for its opposition to foreigners and Catholics.  “He argued that if the Know Nothings succeeded, no religious sect would safe – that next after the Catholic the Hebrew would be proscribed.”  Jews feared the Know Nothings because of its views on non-Protestant religions and its animosity towards immigrants since many of the Jews were recent immigrants.

1858: In Bielitz, Austria, Anna and Isaac Leonard Zeisler gave birth to Dr. Joseph Zeisler and husband of “Theresa Feuchtman” who was recognized an expert in the fields “of skin and venereal diseases.”

1860: According to a letter written by the President, Congregation Emanu-El in San Francisco has had a net gain of 49 members in the past year raising its numbers to a total of 227.  In the past year one adult and eighteen Jewish children passed away in the last year. Monthly expenses have risen from $750 to $800.  The sale of seats has grown by $2,000 and total over $5,000 this year. Dr. Elkan Cohn continues to serve as the Rabbi of the congregation that is growing so fast it will need a new sanctuary.  In addition to which, the congregation needs to appropriate money for a school for the youngsters, including salaries for the teachers. 

1863: A newspaper published in Petersberg, VA, reported that our readers have already been apprised of the recent extensive sales of gold, paid for in drafts as valueless as the paper on which they were written. The premium "paid" for this gold was $12. Since the withdrawal of this heavy customer the demand for the precious metals has measurably subsided, and, as the Jews are now keeping one of their protracted annual holidays, the transactions for several days past have been very light. The commission brokers are now asking $11 50 for gold. No silver in the market.” The “protracted annual holidays” referred to the Sukkoth cycle with Simchat Torah having ended the day before the article was written. 

1864: Birthdate of Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk, the son of a Missouri governor who gained fame as a conductor and composer for musicals and movies.

1864: Joshua Pickering a member of the Cameron Dragoons, “a largely Jewish regiment” commanded by Colonel Max Friednman was killed today at Darbytown Road, Virginia during the Civil War.

1867: In Prescott, AZ, the 4th Territorial Legislature, which was attended by Phillip Drachman who had traveled 200 miles “by buckboard, stage and horseback” from Tucson adjourned today after it had voted to move “the capital from Prescott to Tucson” in 1868.

1868: Founding of Cornell University at Ithaca, New York. Today at Cornell, there are approximately 3,500 Jewish undergrads among the 13,500 undergraduate population and another 500 Jewish students among its 5,000 Jewish graduate students. In other words, Jews account for about 25% of the school’s population. The school offers a major and minor in Jewish Studies as well as a full panoply of social and cultural on campus designed to meet the needs of Jewish students.

1870: During the Franco-Prussian War, Leon Gambetta escaped from Paris by balloon. This was the only way that Gambetta could reach Tours where he was active in organizing further military opposition to the Prussians.  Gambetta was instrumental in the formation of the French Third Republic.  His father was Jewish.  His mother was not.

1871(22nd of Tishrei, 5632): Shemini Atzeret

1871: Congregation Bethel was organized today shortly after the Great Chicago Fire.

1871: In Germany, Nathan Baruch Rothschild, the son of Baruch and Esther Rothschild and his wife Sophie Rothschild, both of whom settled in Columbus, GA  gave birth to Gerson Rothschild

1871: It was reported today that “the Hebrew Feast of Tabernacles closes this morning…Offerings of branches of the palm tree, the myrtle, willow and the citron were made” yesterday during services held in the synagogues of New York.

1874: Moses Phillips married Julia Defries tdaoy.

1874: It was reported today the government of Romania is upset by an article published in a Jewish paper that portrays Benjamin Peixoto, the U.S. Consul in Bucharest as “the only protector of the persecuted Jews” of that country.  The Romanians claim they have done everything possible to protect the Jews.  The government claims that the increase in the number of Jews entering the country from Russia and Austria and the cessation of the exodus of Jews from Romania serves as proof of their contention.

1878(10th of Tishrei, 5639): Yom Kippur

1878: According to reports published today, a new group of people has been discovered in India who are supposed to be descendants of Jews sent there by King Solomon to capture elephants and work in the gold mines.  Instead of calling themselves Jews, they refer to themselves as Sons Of Israel. They have prayer-books and Bibles written in Hebrew.  They observe Shabbat but show no knowledge of Yom Kippur or Pesach. [Editor’s Note – While the connection with Solomon might be hard to prove, referring to themselves as Sons of Israel and not Jews would argue for their antiquity considering how much later the latter term came to be used to describe The Chosen People.]

1878: With the end of Yom Kippur this evening Morris Bloom a peddler living on Orchard Street and Sarah Greenberg of Hester Street can be married in a synagogue. The families of the couple had opposed the marriage and the youngsters had a Judge of the Court of General Sessions perform a civil ceremony.  Once the families saw that the two were committed to each other, they relented which is the reason for the religious ceremony.

1879: Germany and Austria-Hungary sign the "Twofold Covenant" and create the Dual Alliance. This alliance had amazing durability.  It was this alliance which helped trigger World War I and all the suffering for Jews and non-Jews that has flowed from this seminal event.

1879: Birthdate of Leon Trotsky.  Born Lev Davidovich Bronstein to wealthy Jewish farmers in the Ukraine, Bronstein became a revolutionary committed to the overthrown of the Czar.  After spending time in Siberia, he joined forces with Lenin.  After the Bolshevik Revolution created the Red Army which defeated both the foreign armies that invaded the Soviet Union and the White Forces during the bloody civil war that followed.  Trotsky would lose out to Stalin in the power struggle that followed Lenin’s death.  Trotsky would be hacked to death by one of Stalin’s agents in 1940 while living in Mexico.  Anti-Semites would use Trotsky’s Jewish origins as one source of proof that Communism was part of a Jewish conspiracy to take over the world. The joke among Jews was the Trostkys make the revolutions and the Bronsteins suffer the consequences.

1880: In Chicago, Julia and Bernhard Daniels gave birth to Julius Daniels, the brother of Max, Minnie, Samuel and Hattie Daniels

 1881(14th of Tishrei, 5642): Erev Sukkoth

1881(14th of Tishrei, 5642): Seventy-one year old Lewis Jacob Marcus lawyer and political activist who moved to England after his retirement passed away in Manchester, UK.

1881: “Current Foreign Topics” published today described the trial of the chief editors and a reporter for two of Germany’s leading newspapers who had been charged with “insulting a police commissioner” by reporting on his attendance at an “anti-Jewish meeting” last year. The journalists accused him of “neglecting his duty” for not intervening when “a section of the audience attacked the Jews.” The reporter was acquitted but the editors were fined 50 marks.

1883: It was reported today that the Young Men’s Hebrew Association plans to offer a series of lectures every Saturday between now and November that will help with the Americanization of immigrants who have come from Germany, Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe.  Starting in November, the YMHA will offer classes four nights a week in reading, writing and spelling. Among those leading the effort are M.A. Kuresheedt, M.W. Platzek and Rabbi Aaron Wise.

1884: In Bavaria,” the famous mathematician Max Noether and his wife Ida Amalia Kaufmann” gave birth mathematician Fritz Noether, the third of their four children who moved to the Soviet Union because the Nazis would not him pursue his career but ended up being executed in 1941 after the Russians decided the Jew was really a spy.

1884: “City and Suburban News” published today included a note that Hebrew teacher Gadalic Richter has been released from the Tombs after charges of arson against could not be proven.

1885: In Copenhagen, Christian Bohr,a professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen, and Ellen Adler Bohr, who came from a wealthy Danish Jewish family prominent in banking and parliamentary circles” gave birth to Neils Bohr the physicist who is the Father of Quantum Theory and winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922.

1886(8th of Tishrei, 5647):Solomon Goldberg, a 34 year Jew from Poland who had been confined to The Tombs on charges of not supporting his wife, took his own life this afternoon.

1886: Joseph Rosenberg, who had passed away at the age of 102, was buried today in New Orleans, LA.

            1888: “New Settlers Destitute” published today while many of the homesteaders living in the Dakota territories are suffering due to crop failure, the greatest suffering is found among the 300 Russian Jews who settled there two years ago.  Some of the families are without food and the rest will need outside financial assistance if they are to survive. (My grandfather and his brother homesteaded in the Dakotas in the 1890’s and experienced hardship.  After a winter of living on crackers, as soon as the roads were passable, my grandfather went back to Chicago to seek “fame and fortune.”)

1888: “Old World News By Cable” published today described the many contradictory stories going around Europe about the German scheme to rescue Emin Pasha.  Those opposed to the plans point out that he really is a Jew named Isaac Schnitzler. (Emin Pasha had in fact been born a Jew but he converted and became a romantic Muslim leader).

1888: Birthdate of movie director Robert Z. Leonard.

1889: Driven by the effective and fervent lobbying efforts of activist Annie Nathan Meyer, Barnard College opened its doors. Although a number of northern elite women's colleges had opened during the 1870s, numerous cities, including New York, had little to offer young women of scholarly inclinations. At age 18, Meyer, who was largely self-educated, organized a reading circle and enrolled in the newly established extension program for women at Columbia College. Meyer married shortly before her 20th birthday in 1887 and soon began working to establish an affiliate women's college to Columbia. Meyer published a powerful letter to the Nation magazine and circulated a petition throughout the city to win the college's trustees over to her effort. Meyer achieved funding and support from the trustees on April 1 1889, leased quarters for the school, and began accepting applicants. Barnard became the first women's college in New York to offer the rigorous course work equivalent to that of male liberal arts colleges. Annie Nathan Meyer continued her work with Barnard throughout her life, becoming a member of the first board of trustees and remaining active in trustee affairs for the ensuing six decades. (Jewish Women’s Archives)

1889: In Berlin, the former Martha Behrendt and her husband, bank director and newspaper published Richard Jacob gave birth to author and journalist Heinrich Eduard Jacob “who also wrote under the pen names Henry E. Jacob and Eric Jens Petersen.”

1890(23rd of Tishrei, 5651): Simchat Torah.

1890: “A Great City University” published today described the meeting of the Trustees of Columbia University where a list of gifts to the school was presented including $1,000 from Jesse Seligman which is to be allocated to the Seligman Fellowships.

1891: In Berlin, “historian and socialist Ignaz Jastrow” gave birth to archeologist Elisabeth Jastrow who settled in the United States in the 1930’s who along with her sister “Lotte Beate Jastrow Hahn” successful rescued her mother Anna Seligman Jastrow from Nazi Germany


1891: A brief summary of the annual report of the United Hebrew Charities showed that the organization had spent $167,811.85 in the last year, $62,121.60 of which came from the Baron de Hirsch Committee.

1891: “Jews  And The Russian Loan” published today described the concern among American Jews that two “Jewish” banking houses – Mendelssohn & Co. and Warschauer & Co. --- are willing to extend credit to a government that treats its Jewish subjects so poorly.

1891(5thof Tishrei, 5652): Seventy-two year old Jakob Eduard Poak, the Austrian trained physician who played a key role in bringing modern medical practices to Iran and served as the personal doctor to the Shah from 1855 to 1860 passed away today in Vienna.

1894: Rabbi Wintner officiated at the wedding ceremony of Ida E. Korne and John Bernstein, the son Nathan Bernstein, the wealthy Brooklyn merchant who is near death and insisted that he marriage take place so he could witness it before he passed away.

1896: Birthdate of Minsk native Shmuel-Ber Leykin.

1897: “Over In Camden” published today included a description of the observance of Yom Kippur in that New Jersey city just outside of Philadelphia, PA.

1897: The Bund (Jewish Workers Party) held its first conference in Russia. It was the first Jewish Socialist party in Eastern Europe. At first decidedly anti-Zionist and pro-Yiddishist, it was organized as a union of Russian Jewish socialist groups. The bund exerted a great influence on Jews in Europe and America. Interestingly enough, the Bund held its first meeting during the same year in which the Zionists held their first Congress.

1897: Professor Francis William Newman, the author of <u>A History of the Hebrew Monarchy</u> (1847) and <u>Hebrew Theism</u> (1874) who was the brother of the late Cardinal Newman passed away.

1897: It was reported today that the late Lewis Stark, a New York businessman who “was a member of a number Hebrew charitable organizations” will be buried in Baltimore, MD

1898(21st of Tishrei, 5659): Hoshanah Rabah

1898:  Birthdate of Alfred Wallenstein, principle cellist for the Chicago Symphony from 1922 to 1929.

1899: It was reported today the Jewish poet and author Salomon Mandelkern has come from his home in Leipzig to visit his son Israel who is living on East Broadway in Manhattan.

1899: Abraham Cahan was described today as “the ‘Yiddish’ author” who “lives near the up-town ‘Ghetto’ and edits a Hebrew scientific periodical, besides teaching and writing interesting newspaper articles about the east side and its peculiar peoples.”

1900: Birthdate of Russian-born American muralist and painter Louis Goodman who came to the United States in 1910, studied at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago and who did everything from creating “a comic strip called ‘The Kids on Our Block’” to painted “murals at the RCA Building” at the time of the 1939 World’s Fair.

1901: Birthdate of Ralph Reichenthal who gained fame as composer and pianist Ralph Rainger.

1903(16th of Tishrei, 5664): Second Day of Sukkoth

1903(16th of Tishrei, 5664): German Born mathematician Rudolph Otto Sigismund Lispchitz passed away.  Born in 1832, Lispschitz was a professor at the University of Bonn for almost forty years and the man who developed the mathematical paradigm known as the Lipschitz Continuity.

1903: In San Francisco, a contract was entered into to begin building the new sanctuary for Congregation Sherith Israel

1906: The Sinai Temple congregation resolved to have Dr. Leon Messing, a native of Alabama, who was serving a congregation in Bloomington, commute to Champagne-Urbana every Sunday and on the high holidays.

1906: During his quest to get Cuban approval for the creation of a Jewish cemetery Manuel Hadida, Chairman of the United Hebrew Congregation (UHC) of Cuba, met with Rabbi Haim (Henry) Pereira Méndez, the spiritual leader of the Spanish-Portuguese synagogue, Shearith Israel, in New York.  Hadida was looking to the United States to use its influence with the newly independent Cuba to move this project forward.

1909(22nd of Tishrei, 5670): Shemini Atzeret

1910: Louis-Norbert Carrière “the government commissioner who successfully pled at Rennes for Dreyfus's second conviction” returned to civilian life ending a career that had begun when joined the 38thInfantry Regiment in 1855 after graduating from St. Cyr.

1911(15th of Tishrei, 5672): Sukkoth

1911(15th of Tishrei, 5672): Nineteen year old Jankel Nissen Schattenstein, the son of Dov Schattenstein passed away today.

1912(26th of Tishrei, 5673): Thirty four year old Dobe Chatzkelsohn, the daughter of Josef Chatzkelsohn passed away today.

1912: Lionel de Rothschild M.P. married Mlle. Marie Louise Beer in Paris this afternoon.  Mlle. Beer is the daughter of French banker Edmond Beer and her sister married Baron Robert de Rothschild.

1912: Opening day of the “Becker-Rosenthal Murder Trial.”  Herman Rosenthal was a Jewish gambler in New York who was allegedly gunned down by Harry Horowitz’s Lenox Avenue Gang. Becker was Charles Becker, a crooked cop, whom the District Attorney believed had ordered the murder.

1913: On New York’s Lower East side a Russian immigrant tailor and his wife gave birth to Arthur “Archie” Kameros “a four year starting center for LIU-Brooklyn in the mid-1930s, graduate of Columbia University of Dentistry and Bronze Star winning WW II veteran.

1914(17th of Tishrei, 5675): Third day of Sukkoth

1914: Today “a morning journal reported the discovery of a shekel of gold, bronze and platinum, struck by the Jews of 3400 B.C., marked with Hebrew character signifying things that were never marked on shekels and with a representation of ‘the Start of Bethlehem’” and the article continues “there is a duplicate of the coin in the British Museum.”

1914: “Rabbi Levi Answers Ross” published today described the response of Rabbi Charles S Levi to an article written by Professor Edward A. Ross of the University in which attacks Jews, especially  those from eastern Europe. (This is not is not Ross’s first brush with ethnic slurs. He was fired from Stanford for his attacks on Chinese and Japanese immigrants).

1914: Birthdate of Bernard Phillips, one of the UK’s leading insolvency practitioners whose expertise led to him being elected chairman and then president of the Insolvency Practitioners Association.

1915: In New York City, Harry Scherman and Bernardine Kielty Scherman gave birth to Swarthmore graduate Katharine Scherman an editor at “Book-of-the-Month Club and author  who became Katherine Scherman Rosin when she married Axel Rosin  with who she had two daughters.

1915: A letter written to the New York Times today notes that “the accounts that come to us and to the million or more Russian Jews in this country from their fathers, mothers and sisters in Russian Poland and Galicia unfold a chapter of horrors in the lurid light of which the past tragedies of that martyred race pale in their intensity and in their extent, affect no less than three million souls.”

1916(10th of Tishrei, 5677): Yom Kippur

1916: In “Rosalsky Pleads for Jews” Otto A. Rosalsky, a judge of the court of General Sessions in New York said that while Jews in American “are enjoying civil, religious and political freedom in the largest measure ever accorded to those who live in a land of liberty” “calamity has befallen our Jewish brethren” in Europe, where “over a million Jewish soldiers are on the battlefields fighting for the cause of countries that not only denied them civil, religious and political freedom but have subjected them to every form of brutal oppression.”

1916: At the Kessler Theatre, where Rabbi Herman Kiminester was conducting services, 2,500 people found their prayers interrupted when fire engines arrived in response to what turned out to be a false alarm.

1916: At Temple Israel, in Harlem, Rabbi M.H. Harris spoke on the origins of the term scapegoat, telling of how the Jews had filled that role in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, in the actions of the “unspeakable Tom Watson of Georgia, and to Germany where “the anti-Semitic movement was ‘a cunning political move to diver the attention of the public from the autocratic powers and abuses of the Government by persuading the people that all of their social troubles were due to the Jews.’”

1916: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a sermon on “The New Judasim” which included an appeal to his congregants “to do all in their power to aid Jewish sufferers in the war zone abroad.”

1916: Birthdate of economist Walt Whitman Rostow who along with his brother Gene was an architect of American foreign policy under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations.

1917(21st of Tishrei, 5678): Hoshanah Rabah

1917: It was announced today that the Executive Committee for the American Jewish Congress whose members include Nathan Straus, Adolph Lewisohn, Colonel Harry Cutler, Louis Marshall, Louis Kirstein and Dr. Stephen S. Wise would meet in special session” next week to select a date when the full Congress will meet.

1917: “In making public plans for an anti-pacifist campaign in New York this week, the American Alliance for Labor announced” today “that the Jewish Socialist League would lead the fight on the East Side.”

1917: Birthdate of Jerome Pitkow, the native of Philadelphia and 1941 graduate of NYU Law School who became an executive with Supermarkets General Corporation and a leading New York Jewish philanthropist.

1917: In Vienna, Alfred Guttman and his wife gave birth to actor Helmut Dantine who was arrested after the Anschluss because of his anti-Nazi activities. 

1917: Rabbi Abraham Cronbach, the Indiana born son of Marcus and Hannah (Itzig) Cronbach married “Rose Hentel, a teacher at the Free Synagogue in New York” who would adopt a daughter Marion, the future wife of Rabbi Maurice Davis.

1918: “A call for a final military effort on the battle field was published in the Vossiche Zeitung.  Written by the Jewish industrialist Walther Rathenau, its aim was to give Germany the strongest possible position from which to negotiate a peace of equality rather than of defeat. ‘It is peace we want, not war --- but not a peace of surrender.’”

1918: In New York City. Arthur and Frances Landau Jaffa gave birth to Harry Victor Jaffa one of Leo Strauss’ first graduate students.

1918: Birthdate of Marcus Klingberg the native of Poland who took refuge from the Nazis in the Soviet Union where he graduated from Medical School.  After serving doctor with the Red Army during World War II, he moved to Israel in 1948.  Eventually he would rise to a ranking position at the Israel Institute for Biological Research.  In 1983 he was unmasked as leading agent for the Soviet Union.

1919: Birthdate of Sir Zelman Cowen 19thGovernor-General of Australia and active leader of the Melbourne Jewish Community.

1919: It was announced today that Sir Philip Albert Gustave David Sassoon, 3rd Baronet, had been awarded the French Croix de Guerre for his service during World War I.

1920: Mrs. Eva Epstein and her son Edward who have spent the summer in Paris, London and Scotland are scheduled to return to New York today aboard the S.S. Olympic

1920: “Jewish representatives from all parts of Palestine” are scheduled to gather today for the first Jewish Assembly where they will elect “an independent executive composed of Palestine Jews to replace the present Zionist Commission.”

1922(15th of Tishrei, 5683): Sukkoth is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Warren G. Harding.

1923: In a major league career that lasted one week, Outfielder Mose Solomon played his last game for the New York Giants.

1923: Arnold and Ralph Horween “both scored in the same game as” Arnold “kicked two extra points and” Ralaph “ran for a touchdown as the Chicago Cardinals beat the Rochester Jefferson.”

1924(9th of Tishrei, 5685): Erev Yom Kippur

1925: First game of the 1925 World Series which saw Buddy Myer playing 2nd base for the Washington Senators.

1926: In Germany, Aaron and Rose Lubrani gave birth to Israeli diplomat and government official Uri Lubrani who began his career serving as the political secretary to Prime Minister Ben-Gurion and who has held several other positions the most rewarding of which may have been as the coordinator for Operation Solomon in 1990.

1932: Thirty-six year old Benny Leonard’s “career ended today when he was TKO’ed in 6 rounds.

1934(28th of Tishrei, 5695): Dutch painter Isaac Lazarus Israëls passed away.  Painting must have been in his blood since he was the son of Jozef Israëls.  For examples of his work see

1935:  A memorial service for Jacob H. Schiff, Jewish philanthropist, was held today in the original building of Congregation Ohab Zedek at 18 West 116th Street in Manhattan. In 1906, Mr. Schiff had laid the cornerstone for this structure. A tribute by Morris Engelman, chairman of the congregation, included a plea for the establishment of a Schiff Memorial Fund that would aid Jewish social, educational and religious institutions throughout the world.

1936(21stof Tishrei, 5697): Hoshanah Rabah

1936: At Geneva, “Christian Lange of Norway expressed ‘great astonishment’ that Britain had not yet ended the Palestine disorders” and “criticized Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden for refusing the mandates commission’s request that Britain report to it on Palestine in November.”

1936: In London, the Home Secretary “invited his critics to pass a new law against ‘provocative’ demonstrations if they wished to prevent a repetition of the recent riots caused by the Fascists under Oswald Mosely taking to the streets in the Jewish section of the East End.

1937: The Jerusalem Post reported that Bronislaw Huberman, the famous Jewish violinist and the founder of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra, was passenger on the Royal Dutch (KLM) plane which crashed in Sumatra. He escaped without serious injury.

1937: The Jerusalem Postreported that French troops stopped clashes between Arabs and Turks at Antioch.

1938: In London, UK, premiere of “The Lady Vanishes” co-starring Paul Lukas with music by Louis Levy.

1938: The Fascist Grand Council in Rome issues a set of new antisemitic laws designed for the "defense of the Italian race" and to suppress "world Hebrewism." Most of the laws target Jews,

1938: Germany decreed that passports of Jews were to be marked with a J.

1938: Judy Garland (who was not Jewish) made her first recording of "Over the Rainbow" is a ballad, with music by Harold Arlen and lyrics by Yip Harburg, a ballad written for “The Wizard of Oz.”

1939: Hitler appointed Himmler head of the R.K.F.D.V., an organization responsible for the deportation of Poles and Jews from Polish provinces.

1939: “Stop Me If You’ve Heard This One, a comedy radio series hosted by Milton Berle aired for the first time tonight.

1939: As of today, it was reported that Rumania has a population of 20,000,000, a fourth of which are “classified as minorities” which include 770,000 Jews.

1939: “Speaking at the first Fall luncheon meeting of the Foreign Policy Association at the Hotel Astor” “Anne O’Hare McCormick of the editorial staff of the New York Times declared that “Hitler’s peace proposals as advanced in his Reichstag speech, constitute an ‘imperious demand’ that Great Britain and France accept the ‘new order he and Stalin intend to set up in Eastern Europe’ and leave the Allies with no alternative but to reject them flatly.”

1939: In England Edith and Heinz Krotoschiner gave birth to Harold Krotoschiner who gained fame as chemist Sir Harold Kroto, who co-discovered fullerene and shared in the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

1939: Today’s occupation of Zamosc, Poland by the Nazis is preceded by Polish mobs attacking the town’s Jews.

1939: George and Isabel Schwartz Shenker gave birth to Joseph Shenker, who at the age of 29,  became the youngest president of a college in the City University of New York system and one of the youngest in the nation, when he was appointed interim president of Kingsborough Community College in Brooklyn in 1969.

1939: “U-Boat 29” produced by Alexander Korda , with a script by Emeric Pressburger, which had been related as “The Spy in Black” was released in the United States today, two days after its New York premiere.

1939: Penn St. led by its captain Sidney “Spike Alter defeated Bucknell in its season opening football game.

 1940: German troops move into Romania bringing with them the horrors of the Holocaust.  As can be seen from negotiations surrounding the 19th century Treaty of Berlin, anti-Semitism was an established part of the Romanian landscape. The Romanians, led by the infamous Iron Cross killed tens of thousands of their Jewish neighbors.  Estimates as to the actual number killed range from 280,000 to 380,000.

1940: The Vichy Government “swept away the Cremieux Decree of 1870; a law that granted French citizenship to the Jews of Algeria.  This act of anti-Semitism would echo in the world of 21st American politics when Virginia Republican Senator George Allen found out for the first time that his was an Algerian Jew; a refugee from the Holocaust who had never told her son of his Jewish ancestry for fear that someday the United States would turn on its Jewish citizens in the same that France had during World War II.

1941: At Rowne, Volhunia, the SS and local militia took over 17,000 Jews taken from their homes, marched them to open pits, and slaughtered them.

1943(7th of Tishrei, 5704): Sixty-four year old Lithuanian native Ephraim Caplan, the “religious editor of the Jewish Morning Journal,” long-time director of the Jewish National Fund of America and President of the Council for Orthodox Jewish Education who was the husband of Eva Caplan with whom he had one daughter, Martha and “three sons, Dr. Leon Caplan, Dr. Joseph Caplan” and Saul Caplan who served with the U.S. Army in WW II, passed away today in Brooklyn.”

1943: German convoys deported Jews from Morocco to the concentration camps of Europe.

1943: “Lassie Come Home,” produced by Samuel Marx and Dore Schary was released today in the United States.

1943: Jewish partisans fighting in Lithuania destroyed fifty telegraph poles.

1943: Paul Steinberg, Phillipe Hagenauer and “former world boxing champion Victor ‘Young’ Perez were deported from Drancy to Auschwitz together.

1943: One thousand Jews are deported from Paris to their deaths at Auschwitz.

1943: In an official report, the German chief of police in Poland recommends that Poles who aid Jews should be dealt with without benefit of trial.

1943: In a Yom Kippur radio message to Jewish service men, Vice President Henry A. Wallace said that "the names of those who have served in this war will be honored whether they belong to the so-called blue-bloods from Boston or Negroes from South Carolina…' We are not Jews or Gentiles, Whites or Blacks,' but people of the United States.”

1944(20thof Tishrei, 5705): Dutch banker Jacobus Henricus Kann who was a partner in Lissa & Kann and a co-founder of the Jewish Colonial Trust died today at Theresienstadt

1944: While the furnaces belched forth Jewish ashes, a group of Jewish members of the Auschwitz Sonderkommando revolted. They killed a number of their masters, destroyed one gas chamber/crematorium complex, damaged another, and - more than any other nation - stopped the slaughter of innocent Jews. One of the key participants in this little-known revolt was Rosa Robota, a young Jewish prisoner, who arranged to obtain the explosives, stored them, and turned them over to the Underground. Young Rosa and three other women prisoners were hanged for their complicity in this revolt a few days before the Germans abandoned the camp. She received the highest award from the Polish government, and is honored with a sculpture in Yad VaShem.

1944(20th of Tishrei, 5705): Today, the Sonderkommandos at Birkenau chose to revolt instead of being selected to be "sent away." Chaim Neuhof was the first to strike an SS guard. Then the rest of the Crematorium IV men surged forward with pick and axes against their guards despite the arrival of multiple machine gun units. After setting fire to the Crematorium, the SS machine-gunned all the men. Despite this Crematorium II Sonderkommandos and Russian prisoners followed their lead and joined in the fight.  Many men from Crematorium III and V broke out through the fences. Almost all were caught and executed. [Editor’s note- this took place on the 6th of Sukkoth.  You have to wonder why this event has not been memorialized in the festival liturgy.]

1945: During a press conference in Rome two Republican Senators, Karl E. Mundt of South Dakota and Frances P. Bolton of Ohio expressed their opposition to a reported request from President Truman to the British government 100,000 Jews into Palestine be allowed to move to Palestine immediately.

1946: Ben Hecht’s “A Flag Is Born” opened at the Adelphi Theatre.

1946: In the UK, “social worker and former communist Miriam Abramsky and Professor Chimen Abramsky the son of Rabbi Yehezkel Abramsky gave birth to Dame Jennifer Gita "Jenny" Abramsky, DBE the chairman of the UK's National Heritage Memorial Fund

1946: “The Jewish National Fund made a world-wide appeal today to Jews to contribute $20,000,000” during the upcoming Jewish year.  Dr. Abraham Granowsky, chairman of the Board of Directors of the JNF said that funds contributed during the past year had made it possible for new settlements to be built in areas that extended the reach of the Yishuv.

1947(23rd of Tishrei, 5708): Simchat Torah

1947: British trade unionist Manny Shinwell begins serving as Secretary of State for War under Prime Minister Clement Attlee making him part of the civilian leadership controlling the British Army that was battling with the Jews of pre-state Israel.

1948: Just months after the state of Israel triumphantly declared its independence the town of Waltham, Mass. welcomed the nation's first non-sectarian, Jewish-sponsored University. Spanning a total of 100 acres, the original campus replaced the former Middlesex College. Prominent members of the American Jewish community, including Albert Einstein, founded the University in tribute to Louis D. Brandeis, who served on the U.S. Supreme Court from 1916 to 1939. The University initially comprised the School of General Studies, the School of Social Studies, the School of Humanities and the School of Science. First-years were to enroll in the School of General Studies and then choose a field of specialty. Heralded by its first president, Abram Sachar, the school’s first president said that the institution would follow those ideals of "academic integrity" and service, exemplified by its namesake.

1948: The Neutral Zone around Government House in Jerusalem was transferred to United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) protection.

1948: “Love Life” “a musical written by Kurt Weill and Alan Jay Lerner who provided the books and lyrics opened on Broadway at the 46thStreet Theatre.

1949: In response to the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany which was made up of the French, British and U.S. occupation zones, the Soviet Union for the German Democratic Republic known as Eastern Germany – the one part of Nazi Germany that never underwent de-Nazification or paid reparations to the Jewish victims of the Holoaust.

1951: In Baltimore, MD, Morton and Bettie Brenner gave birth to Barbara Ann Breener, who “became Breast Cancer Action’s first executive director in 1995, two years after undergoing treatment for the disease and a year before it recurred.” (As reported by Denise Grady)

1951: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion presented his new government to the Knesset.  The long drawn out process convinces Ben-Gurion that Israel needs to move from the multi-party system to a two-party system like the British use.  But even Ben-Gurion cannot bring about this change.  To this day, Israeli politics continue to chaotic due to its multiplicity of parties and shifting political alliances.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Dov Shilansky tried to sabotage the reparations agreement with Germany by an attempt to bomb one of the Foreign Ministry buildings in Jerusalem's Hakirya. Emotions on this topic ran high on this topic.  Many Jews felt that accepting money would somehow be a sign of forgiving the Germans.  Others felt that it was “blood money” and it was tainted.  Ultimately, a realistic view would prevail and Israel would use the money in a variety of ways designed to help the infant state survive.

1953(28th of Tishrei, 5714): Forty-five year old Dr. Elias “Ely” Abrahams, the son “Max and Fannie Abrahams,” “the husband of the former Violet Dreishpoon” with whom he had one child Paul and dentist who practiced in New York but lived in Brooklyn passed away today after which he was buried at Baron Hirsch Cemetery.

1954(10th of Tishrei, 5715): Yom Kippur

1955: Beat poet Allen Ginsberg read his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco

1956: The Israeli Cabinet expresses support for Ben Gurion’s decision to exercise restraint and not mount reprisal raids against Arab terrorists.

1956: “The Bespoke Overcoats” the Oscar winning British film “based on a 1953 play of the same name by Wolf Mankowitz” which co-stars Alfie Bass and David Kosoff was released in the United Kingdom today by Warner Brothers.

1957(12th of Tishrei, 5718): Sixty-eight year old Jekuthiel Ginsburg, the native of Poland and husband of the former Anna Bodsky, who came to the United States in 1912, earned his degrees in Mathematics at Columbia and founded the Institute of Mathematics at Yeshiva University passed away today.

1958:”The Old Man and the Sea,” a movie version of the novel with a screenplay by Peter Viertel and music by Dimitri Tiomkin premiered in the United States today.

1959: U.S. premiere of “Pillow Talk,” a comedy co-produced by Martin Melcher, with a script co-authored by Stanley Shapiro and co-starring Tony Randall.

1959: In the United Kingdom, Eric Selig Phillip Cowell a music executive who came from a family of Polish Jews and his non-Jewish wife Julie gave birth to American Idol Judge Simon Cowell.

1960: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Law and Mr. Jones” created and produced by Sy Gomberg which had included guest star appearances by Sam Jaffe and Martin Landau

1961: After 607 performances the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Bye Bye Birdie” with music by Charles Strouse

1964: “Fail Safe” a film version of the novel by the same name directed by Sidney Lumet, produced by Sidney Lumet and Max Youngstein, with a script co-authored by Walter Bernstein and co-starring Walter Matthau was released in the United States today.

1964(1st of Cheshvan, 5725): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1964(1st of Cheshvan, 5725): Seventy-six year old Abraham Joseph Alper, the son of Isaac and Lotta Alper and the husband of Lena Zion Alper, passed away today after which he was buried at B’Nai Zion Cemetery in Chattanooga, TN.

1964: “See How They Run” “the first made for television movie” with music by Lalo Schifrin was aired today by NBC.

1966(23rd of Tishrei, 5727): Simchat Torah

1969: “Battle of Neretva” a film based on the Axis attempt to wipe out the Yugoslav partisans in 1943 produced by Harry Weinstein and Steven Previn with music by Bernard Hermann was released today.

1968(15th of Tishrei, 5729): Sukkoth

1971: “Bedknobs and Broomsticks” a Disney musical with songs by Richard and Robert Sherman and a score by Irwin Kostal was released in the United Kingdom today.

1972: Birthdate of American screenwriter and film director Ben Younger who is responsible for a marvelous little film called “Boiler Room.”

1973: Today “Israel’s defense minister Moshe Dayan told prime minister Golda Meir to consider making preparations for the use of nuclear weapons, according to an interview with a ministerial aide now being published for the first time.” (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

1973: On the second day of the Yom Kippur War, 100 tanks arrived on Israel’s border with Syria.  General Hofi, the Israeli commander on the Northern Front had requested the tanks before the fighting started. This meant that General Hofi had 170 tanks to use against 1,400 Syrian tanks.  To understand the immensity of the threat faced by the Israelis, consider the following, in World War II the Nazis used 1400 tanks to invade the Soviet Union along a 1,000 mile front.  The Syrians had 1,400 tanks to use along a forty mile front.

1973: On the second day of the war the IAF lost six F-4 Phantoms over Syria during Model 5 a mission designed to knock the Syrian SAM batteries on the Gloan front – a mission that failed miserably.

1973: Caught by surprise and badly outnumbered, Israeli troops cling to front in the Sinai.  In twenty four hours the Israeli force of 290 tanks had been reduced by two thirds.  Dayan visited the Sinai front and called for a withdrawal to the Sinai passes, which he thought would be a better line of defense.  General Sharon arrived with a reinforcing division and wanted to advance to the east bank of the Canal.  As the generals debated, the soldiers on the ground were fighting a series of bloody holding actions.  Egyptian hand held missiles were negating the edge that the Air Force and armored units had previously given the IDF.  

1973: A discussion took place at the Prime Minister's Office that centered on how to enlist American support at the United Nations and head off a cease-fire that would hurt Israel. Mrs. Meir suggested putting together a list of requests.  Mrs. Meir rejected a suggesting that the Israelis should present U.S. secretary of state Henry Kissinger with a partial, distorted picture exaggerating Israel's poor situation to win the Nixon administration's support. Meir rejected the suggestion out of hand. "We should telegraph him the details; he should get the real picture," she said. "We can't play hide and seek with him." Minister Yisrael Galili asked in response, "Do we sell him the fact that we've moved out of the populated areas?"  Mrs. Meir replied, "I don't object to us saying, there's also risk to populated areas ... I want to give him the real picture. I'm not under the impression the situation is doomed ... We should tell it to him convincingly. Tonight was a bad night."

1973: Word of the stunning success of the Israeli missile boats brought crowds down to the Haifa breakwater this morning to welcome the returning squadron. Barkai, the commanding officer, had decided that there would be no brooms tied to masts, the traditional symbol of a naval victory. Any flaunting of the victory over the Syrians, he said, "wouldn't be respectful to them or to ourselves."

1973: Gad Smooch landed safely after the Syrians had fired a SAM at his F-4E

1973: Despite suffering “severe losses” the 162ndDivision under the command of Avraham Adan continued to attempt to throw the Egyptians back across the Suez Canal.

1973: “On the second day of the war, Maj. Gen. Shmuel “Gorodish” Gonen, a learned disciplinarian shouted at a recalcitrant General Sharon ‘I will dismiss you right now!’ when Sharon told him his attack orders were mistaken and would be ‘a disastrous mistake.’” (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

1973: Avikam Lif, Ami Elkelei, Shuki Wolfson, Avi Barber, and Zvi Afik were all taken prisoner when the F-4E Phantom Jets they were flying were shot down by Syrian Surface to Air Missiles (SAM)

1973: On the second day of the Battle for the Valley of Tears, “Syrians forces suffered heavy losses as the outnumbered Israeli tanks and infantry fought desperately to buy time for reserves forces to reach the front lines.”

1975: The “USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium” ratified an agreement providing for economic and technical cooperation with Syria that could only be seen as threatening to Israeli planners.

1977: “Black Martin Baby” a movie version of the novel produced by Milton Sperling and featuring Tom Bosley was released today.

1979(16th of Tishrei, 5740): Sukkoth II

1979(16th of Tishrei, 5740): Eight-four year old “Irving Maidman, a major owner of properties around Times Square, the dean of West Side Development,” “a founder of the Albert Einstein Medical School” and husband of “the former Edith Shvitiz with whom he had four children – Robert, Mathew, Rebecca and Ellen – passed away today in Upper Nyack where he was “a direct of Congregation Sons of Israel Temple.

1980(27th of Tishrei, 5741): Seventy-eight year hold hotel owner Hyman B. Cantor, the husband of the “former Gertrude Levinson” and philanthropist passed away today.

1981(9th of Tishrei, 5742): Erev Yom Kippur

1981: As the Jews of Cedar Rapids chant Kol Nidre, Abbie Silber, daughter of Laurie and Dr. Robert Silber arrives in the world.  It is an appropriate and auspicious choice of birthdates for a young woman who has gone to become a “Sweet Singer in Israel” and whose parents are pillars of the Jewish Community.

1981(9th of Tishrei, 5742): Novelist Albert Cohen passed away.  Cohen is a study in the multi-nationalism of Jewish identity.  Born in Greece in 1895, Cohen wrote his novels in French, and became a Swiss Citizen in 1919.

1981: Egypt's parliament named Vice President Hosni Mubarak to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.  Much to the consternation of those who plotted Sadat’s murder, Mubarak continued to honor the peace agreement with Israel.

1983: “Never Say Never,” one of the films in the James Bond series, directed by Irvin Kershner and produced by Jack Schwartzman was released in the United States by Warner Brothers.

1985(22nd of Tishrei, 5746): Shemini Atzeret

1985: Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard. “Four men representing the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) took control of the liner off Egypt while she was sailing from Alexandria to Port Said within Egypt. The hijackers had been surprised by a crew member and acted prematurely. Holding the passengers and crew hostage, they directed the vessel to sail to Tartus, Syria, and demanded the release of 50 Palestinians then in Israeli prisons. When refused permission to dock at Tartus, the hijackers shot one wheelchair-bound passenger – an American named Leon Klinghoffer – because he was Jewish, and threw his body overboard. The ship headed back towards Port Said, and after two days of negotiations the hijackers agreed to abandon the liner for safe conduct and were flown towards Tunisia aboard an Egyptian commercial airliner.

1987: “Baby Boom” a comedy produced by Nancy Meyers and co-starring Harold Ramis was released in the United States by United Artists.

1988: Health Ministry officials began vaccinating all people under the age of 40 in Israel and the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. The vaccination was in response to concerns about a possible outbreak of polio.

1989: “Forever Your Girl,” the debut album from singer Paula Abdul “hit number for the first time” today.

1990: Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens as Sadam Hussein threatens to fire Scuds armed with chemical weapons on the Jewish state.  In the Gulf War, Hussein will fire Scuds, but none of them will contain chemical weapons.  At the request of the Bush Administration, the Israelis refrained from retaliating against the Iraqis.  This is the first time that an Israeli government has entrusted security to another nation.

1990: <u>By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer</u>, “a nonfiction book by a former katsa (case officer) in the Israeli Mossad, Victor Ostrovsky and Canadian journalist and author Claire Hoy” reached number 1 on the New York Times bestseller list.

1991(29th of Tishrei, 5752): Eighty-three year old Italian author Natalia Ginzburg, the daughter of histologist Giuseppe Levi, the wife of Leone Ginzburg and the mother of historian Carlo Ginzburg passed away today.

1992(10th of Tishrei, 5753): As Bill Clinton seeks to unseat George Bush, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1992(10th of Tishrei, 5753): Sixty-two year old Allan Bloom passed away today. (As reported by Keith Botsford)

1996: In a speech in the Knesset, Shimon Peres appealed to Benjamin Netanyahu to sign the Hebron agreement.

1999: In “Hanging In” published today Yehuda Lev described what it is like to be a 72 year old in a classroom full of Gen Xer’s at Brandies

2000(8th of Tishrei, 5761): Shabbat Shuva

2000: PBS broadcast a revival production of “The Man Who Came To Dinner,” a three-act comedy by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart.

2001: Hamas claimed credit for today’s attack at the Erez Crossing.

2001(20th of Tishrei, 5672): Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for today’s bombing at Shluhot, a kibbutz located “in the Beit She'an Valley in northern Israel.”

2001(20th of Tishrei, 5762): Famed cartoonist Herblock passed away. [Words do not justice to this brilliant political artist and satirist. The following is just one of the many websites where you can see his work <u>http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/swann/herblock/</u>

2001: The New York Timesreviewed<u> </u><u>Misconceptions: Truth, Lies, and the Unexpected on the Journey to Motherhood </u>by Naomi Wolf.

2003(11th of Tishrei, 5764): Seventy-one year old Israel Harold "Izzy" Asper, Canadian tax-lawyer, media magnate and leader of the Canadian Jewish community passed away.

2003: In “Keeping His Foot In a Creaking Door; Radio Pioneer Clings to Imagination,” Joseph Berger chronicles the professional life of Himan Brown, the creator and producer of “such popular radio programs as ‘The Adventures of the Thin Man,’ ‘Dick Tracy,’ ‘Grand Central Station’ and ‘Inner Sanctum’.”

2003(11th of Tishrei, 5764): Ninety- one year old composer Arthur Berger passed away. (As reported by Alan Kozinin)

2005: U.S. premiere of “good night, and good luck,” a must see movie produced by Grant Heslov with a script co-authored by Grant Heslov.

2005(4thof Tishrei, 5766): Ninety-two scriptwriter Devery Freeman passed away today.

2005: Sarah Levy-Tanai, founder of the Inbal dance troupe and one of the country's most important choreographers was laid to rest.  She had passed away at the age of 95.

2005: The legendary Israeli basketball guard Doron Sheffer announced his retirement.  The Israeli native had played on championship teams at the University of Connecticut. He was the first Israeli to be chosen in the N.B.A. draft.  Sheffer passed up a chance to play with the Los Angeles Clippers and returned to Israel where he played for Maccabi Tel Aviv and Hapoel Jerusalem.  He led Hapoel Jerusalem to its first European title when it defeated Real Madrid in the ULEB Cup final. 

2006: Opening of the International Haifa Film Festival

2007(25th of Tishrei, 5768): Ninety-eight year old General Paul Alfred Cullen the WW II Australian war hero who served in several theatres most notably in New Guinea where he played a key role in the nasty fighting aimed at re-capturing Kokoda. (For more on the military of Jews in the “land down under,” see the newly published <u>Jewish Anzacs</u> by Mark Dapin.)

2007: The Jewish Museum of Florida presents an exhibition styled “The Art Of Rabbi Shoni Labowitz.” The artworks are inspired by the beauty and details of life, nature, women, spirituality and ritual.  After a distinguished career as a rabbi, publisher and author, Shoni Labowitz is return to her lifelong dream of being an artist.  The exhibit is an extension of her spirituality, evident in her style and subject matter.  She says: “Whether it is feeling the bristles of the brush against the canvas, stroking color into shapes or feeling the clay beneath her hands, it is all a form of connecting with the spirituality in all things.

2007: Leonard “Slatkin announced he had reached agreement on a three-year contract, followed by a two-year option, to become the new music director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, beginning with the 2008-2009 subscription season.”

2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section included reviews of <u>The Israel Lobby And U.S.Foreign Policy</u> by John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt  and <u>The Deadliest Lies The Israel Lobby and the Myth of Jewish Control </u>byAbraham H. Foxman.

2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including  <u>Exit Ghost</u> by Phillip Roth, <u>The Immortalists: Charles Lindbergh, Dr. Alexis Carrel, and Their Daring Quest to Live Forever </u> in which David M. Friedman examines the Lone Eagle’s love affair with eugenics that help explain some of his views about Hitler, the Jews and World II, <u>You Can Lead a Politician to Water but You Can’t Make Him Think:</u><u> </u><u>Ten Commandments for Texas Politics </u>by Kinky Friedman and <u>The Journal Of Joyce Carol Oates: 1973-1982</u>, Edited by Greg Johnson. Oates “discovered late in life her own family's Jewish history: Her grandmother, who immigrated to the United States in the 1890s, kept her religion hidden for fear of persecution. So the question arises: Is Oates Jewish and can Oates' writing be characterized as distinctively Jewish?”

2008: Israeli Chief Ashkenazi Rabbi Yona Metzger has issued a prayer for the safe return of captive soldier Gilad Schalit which he plans to distribute today, to be read in synagogues throughout Israel on Yom Kippur and weekly on Shabbat after the Torah reading.

2008(8th of Tishrei, 5769): Ninety-five year old Rabbi Leslie Hardman, “the first Jewish British Army Chaplain to enter Bergen-Belsen” when it was liberated in April of 1945 passed away today.

2008: A woman who admitted fabricating a best-selling memoir about surviving the Holocaust as a child by living with wolves has won a court battle with her former publisher. Misha Defonseca's 1997 book, <u>Misha: A Memoire of the Holocaust Years</u> was translated into 18 languages, made into a feature film in France, and drew interest from the Walt Disney Co. and Oprah Winfrey. After Defonseca admitted earlier this year that she had made up the story, her former publisher, Jane Daniel, sued to try to overturn a $32.4 million court judgment Defonseca and her ghost writer, Vera Lee, won against her in an earlier fight over profits. Daniel argued that because the story was false, Defonseca perpetrated a hoax on the trial judge and the jury. But this week, Middlesex Superior Court Judge Timothy Feeley threw out Daniel's lawsuit because she did not file it within a one-year statute of limitations. The judge said that the truth of the memoire was not an issue in the earlier court battle between Defonseca and Daniel. Instead, the case was about claims of violations of the contract between the authors and the publisher, Feeley said. Defonseca's fraud, misrepresentations, and misconduct did not go to the heart of the case, he said in his written ruling, filed today. Daniel said the jury at the 2001 trial would not have issued a verdict against her if they had known that Defonseca made up the story.

2009(19th of Tishrei, 5770): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2009(19th of Tishrei, 5770): Photographer Irving Penn passed away at the age of 92. (As reported by Andy Grundberg)


 2009: In the nation’s capital, The DCJCC presents “An Evening With Betty Buckley.”

2009: At Yale University in New Haven, a screening of "The Case for Israel: Democracy's Outpost," a feature-length documentary film followed by a discussion led by Professor Dershowitz.

2010: An exhibition of the paintings of Tel Aviv artist Tamar Rosen is scheduled to open at the Agora Gallery in New York.

2010: Former State Comptroller Alan G. Hevesi, once considered a leading voice on corporate governance and ethics, stood before a judge today and calmly explained how he took part in a sprawling corruption scheme involving New York State’s $125 billion pension fund while serving as its sole trustee. 

 2011(9th of Tishrei, 5772): Erev Yom Kippur

2011: In University City, MO, the family of the late Edward Stix, Jr. whose family owned the Rice-Stix, Inc. received friends today at The Gatesworth.

2011(9th of Tishrei): Abbie Silber celebrates her first birthday as the wife of Rabbi Feival Strauss.  This birthday is unique because it falls on the same dates on both the religious and secular calendars as it did the year when Mrs. Strauss was born.  Abbie is the daughter of Laurie and Dr. Robert Silber, pillars of the Jewish community and two of the finest people you would ever want to meet. 

 2011(9th of Tishrei, 5772): Seventieth Anniversary of the end of the two day Nazi massacre of over 33,000 Jews at Babi Yar, at a ravine outside of Kiev, the Ukrainian city that was part of the Soviet Union.

2011: The European Union said today that the Middle East Quartet will meet on October 9 in Brussels as part of a wider effort to restart the moribund Israeli-Palestinian peace process. EU spokesman Michael Mann said today the focus would be to maintain momentum in encouraging the parties to return to negotiations.

2011: The IDF announced that the security presence in Jerusalem were beefed up today in preparation for Yom Kippur

2011: Silence fell over Israel at around 5 P.M. today, as the Yom Kippur fast began. Air traffic to and from Israel halted from 1 P.M. and is not scheduled to begin again until 9:30 P.M. tomorrw, while the border crossings to Jordan and Gaza have been closed down. The weather forecast bodes well for fasters, with comfortable temperatures. Tomorrow will be slightly warmer than today but not more humid, so the heat stress will not rise - good news for fasters.

2011: Over 1000 people attended a Kol Nidre Yom Kippur service organized by Daniel Sieradski at the Occupy Wall Street demonstration that had begun in September.

2012(21st of Tishrei, 5773): Hoshana Rabbah

2012: “A vandal scrawled graffiti on a mural by modern Jewish American master Mark Rothko at London’s Tate Modern today.”

2012(21st of Tishrei, 5773): In keeping with the minchag of Reform Judaism, Temple Judah is scheduled to host a Pizza Simchat Torah celebration in Cedar Rapids.

2012: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including <u>The Revenge of Geography:</u><u> </u><u>What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate</u> by Robert D. Kaplan, <u>Subversives:</u><u> </u><u>The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power </u>by Seth Rosenfeld and <u>All We Know: Three Lives</u> by Lisa Cohen 

2012: In Iowa City, Agudas Achim is scheduled to sponsor its second annual Sukkah Crawl

2012: Lorraine Lotzof Abramson, author, "My Race: A Jewish Girl Growing Up under Apartheid in South Africa is scheduled to appear on Channel 75

2012: In Venezuela, voters are scheduled to go to the polls and vote for either Hugo Chavez or Henrique Capriles, the grandson of Holocaust survivors as the next president of this major South American nation.

2012: French President Francois Hollande today promised the Jewish community a major increase in security after blank bullets were fired near a Parisian synagogue in the most recent incident in a wave of anti-Semitic attacks in France.

2012: After a month, curtain came down on The Kansas City Repertory Theatre’s revival production of Stephen Schwartz’s Tony Award-winning musical “Pippin.”

2013: Ben “Shapiro co-founded TruthRevolt, a U.S. media watchdog and activism website, in association with the David Horowitz Freedom Center”

2013: In Washington, DC, the Hyman S and Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is schedule to present an evening with mystery writer Walter Mosely.

2013: “In association with the David Horowitz Freedom Center, Ben Shapiro launched the website for media watchdog group TruthRevolt in response to the left-leaning Media Matters for America

2013: Jason Isaacs was chosen to play one of the “tankers” in the WW II movie “Fury.”

2013: Rabbi Moshe Arye Bamberger, the Head of the Bet Din of the Jewish community of Metz, France is scheduled to present a seminar on a new publication, Torat Chachmei Metz, or <u>The Torah of the Scholars of Metz</u>, which is based on an original manuscript in the YIVO Archives.

2013: From Cedar Rapids to Columbus, Ohio and points beyond friends and family of Abbie Strauss, the daughter of Dr. Bob and Laurie Silber and the wife of Rabbi Feivel Strauss celebrate the birthday of this accomplished musician,  supportive helpmate and mother par excellence.

2013: Five more people are scheduled to on trial in federal court in New York in connection with Bernie Madoff’s massive stock fraud and con.

2014: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host two seminars on “Iranian-Jewish Culture and History” presented by Isaac Yomtovian author of <u>My Iran: Memories, Mysteries and Myths.</u>

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a lecture by Gennady Estraikh entitled “Farewell to Communism: Howard Fast and Soviet Yiddish Writers.”

2014(24th of Tishrei, 5776): One hundred year old Ralph Goldman who played a key role in the creation of the state of Israel passed away today.

2014: “Two Israeli soldiers were wounded in an explosion next to a tank near the border with Lebanon this afternoon, setting off the second border clash in the area in three days.”  Hezbollah took credit for the explosion.

2014: “The Israeli Arab Knesset member Hanin Zoabi petitioned the High Court of Justice on Tuesday against a Knesset Ethics Committee decision to ban her for six months from parliament debates because she declared that the Palestinian kidnappers of three Israeli teenagers were not terrorists.” (As reported by Stuart Winer)

2014: In Dallas, TX, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is scheduled to host Do Words Kill? Hate Speech, Propaganda, and Incitement to Genocide.

2015: The Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center and the ADL presented a program marking the 50th commemoration of The Second Vatican Council of 1965.

2015: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a “book talk” featuring Sasha Abramsky, the author of <u>The House of Twenty Thousand Books.</u>

2015: JCC Manhattan is scheduled to “Home Alone,” “Renewal,” “Glove Story” and “Reflections” – “short films relating to Israel’s celebrated modern dance scene.”

2015: A the latest wave of terrorist attacks continues that have left for Israelis dead from stabbings in Jerusalem, “an 18 year old Palestinian woman” “was shot and wounded by police” after she stabbed an Israeli man “in an alleyway near the Western Wall.”

2015: “A team of engineers from the Israeli nonprofit Group SpaceIL is the first to advance in an international competition sponsored by Google to send a privately-funded space craft to the moon, contests organizers announced” today.

2016(5th of Tishrei, 5777): One hundred four year old Austrian-born photographer and cinematographer Wolfgang Suschitzky passed away today.

2016: Amiram Levin, “a former senior IDF officer who played a role in Israel’s daring 1976 rescue of hostages at Entebbe airport slammed former president Shimon Peres, who passed away last week, as a “crook” and “liar” who inflated his role in the operation.”


2016: Shimon Dotan’s “The Settlers” is scheduled to be shown at the 54th New York Film Festival.

2016: In the UK, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Things to Come.”

2016: “Latin American Jews living in Israel added their voices to the chorus of congratulations sent to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on winning the Nobel Peace Prize” today.

2016: In Weimar, the Onion Festival, which will featuring a new offering – “Kosher Thurngian bratwurst” – is scheduled to open today giving observant Jews their first chance to sample what has been a “traif delicacy.”

2017(17th of Tishrei, 5778): Shabbat and Sukkoth Chol Ha’moed; for more see

2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host Shabbat morning services followed by lunch

2017: The Bloomfield Science Museum in Jerusalem is scheduled to host special Sukkoth family activities during Sukkoth Chol Hamoed.

2017: This evening, the University of Iowa Hillel is scheduled to host Havdalah and cookies in the Sukkah.

2018: Friends and family prepare to celebrate the birthday of Abbie Strauss, the sweet singer of song at Temple Israel in Memphis, TN, who along with her husband Rabbi Feivel Strauss provides one-two punch of Yiddishkite

2018: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including a graphic novel for children, <u>The Faithful Spy: Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the Plot to Kill Hitler</u> and the recently released paperback editions of <u>The Ruined House</u> by Ruby Namader and <u>Vivian Maier: A Photographer’s Life and Afterlife</u> by Pamela Bannos.

2018: “Blue Badge Guide Rachel Kolsky is scheduled to lead a walking tour that “commerates the centenary of the end of WW I” “that highlights the Jewish East End associations with the Great War including a remembrance of “poet and artist Isaac Rosenberg,

2018: Due to flooding at “The Center for Jewish History, the 20th Anniversary Celebration of the Strauss Historical Society” scheduled for today has been cancelled.

2018: “The internationally-renowned National Yiddish Theatre Folksbiene is scheduled perform Mama’s Loshn Kugel” at an “event that will honor Atlanta’s Holocaust survivors” with proceeds going “to support restoration and preservation of the Memorial to the Six Million at Greenwood Cemetery, scholarships for Holocaust education to teachers and students, and programs to pass on survivors' collective experiences to succeeding generations

2018: Adam Maalouf and Lara Bello are scheduled to perform at the American Sephardi Music Festival.




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This Day, October 6, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

02:24 AM Saturday, October 6, 2018   by melamed&amp;amp;mavin


877: Charles the Bald, King of France, passed away.Regardless of whatever others may think of him, Charles the Bald, who was King of France, comes up on the plus side in Jewish history when compared to other monarchs since he resisted enforcing the anti-Semitic edicts of the Archbishop of Lyon. Charles motives were political and economic, not religious.

1014: Samuil of Bulgaria passed away. He was the Emperor of the First Bulgarian Empire from 986 until his death in battle while fighting the Byzantines. Jews fleeing from the persecution of the Byzantine Empire had found refuge among the Bulgarians. Samuil was a member of the Comitopuli dynasty whose leaders had names like Samuel (Samuil), Moses and David,which “could indicate partial Jewish origin, most likely maternal, though this is disputed.”

1254: Innocent IV who expelled the Jews from Venice in 1253 issued “Querentes In Agro” a papal bull recognizing the University Oxford which today is the home to the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies which “was founded in 1972 by Dr. David Patterson.”

1536: William Tyndale, whose “English translation for Pentateuch in 1530 which was the first-ever English translation from the Hebrew would provide the fabric for the King James Bible and inject a Hebraic quality into the syntax and phraseology of English literary and religious usage without parallel in any European culture” was strangled and then burned at the stake today in Belgium.

1552: Birthdate of Matteo Ricci, the Jesuit missionary to China whose manuscripts indicate there were only approximately ten or twelve Jewish families in Kaifeng in the late 16th and early 17th century, that they had reportedly resided there for five or six hundred years, that there was a greater number of Jews in Hangzhou which could be taken to suggest that loyal Jews fled south along with the soon-to-be crowned Emperor Gaozong to Hangzhou.”

1755(1st of Cheshvan, 5516): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1755(1st of Cheshvan, 5516): A.M. Rothschild’s father died of small pox.

1759(15th of Tishrei, 5520): Sukkoth

1776(23rd of 5537): Simchat Torah is celebrated for the first since the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

1780: Thomas Dobson the printer who was “the first in the United States to publish a complete Hebrew Bible and his way gave birth to their second child Alison.

1783(10th of Tishrei, 5544): As the American Revolution reaches its final conclusion with a treaty between Great Britain and her former colonies Jews on both sides of the Atlantic observe Yom Kippur in peace.

1795(23rd of Tishrei, 5556): Simchat Torah

1795: Rachel Sapnier, “the daughter of Nathan Spanier, the head of the Ravensberg Jewish community” and her husband author and bookseller Saul Ascher gave birth to their “only child, a daughter named Wihelmine.”

1805(13th of Tishrei, 5566): Twenty-four year old Rachel Aasron passed away today in London.

1806: The Assembly of Jewish notables is required to answer 12 questions intended to inform the authorities about the nature of Judaism and to test the knowledge of French among the Jews.

1808(15th of Tishrei, 5569): Sukkoth

1817: Birthdate of “Dutch physician and medical author Levi Ali Cohen” “who was one of the organizers of the new medical laws for the Netherlands” and who was “a member of the committee on Jewish affairs in Holland for twenty years.”

1820: “At Charles-Valentin's piano audition which was held oday when he was nearly seven (and where he is named as "Alkan (Morhange) Valentin"), the examiners comment "This child has amazing abilities."

1821(10th of Tishrei, 5582): Yom Kippur

1824(14th of Tishrei, 5585) Erev Sukkoth

1824: In Alsace, Alexandre Aron and Charlotte Aron, the daughter of Asser Lion and Gitlé Loëw gave birth to Rose Rosalie Bloch the wife of Marx dit Marc Bloch

1837(7th of Tishrei, 5598): Twenty-nine year old Moses Loeb Mack the “son of Löb Moses Mack and Henriette Samuel Mack” passed away today in his native Bavaria.

1843: In Courland, Russia, Mortiz Rosenthal and Pauline Birkhann gave birth to Herman Rosenthal the husband of Anna Rosenthal who, after arriving in the United States in 1881, “organized agricultural for Russian Jews in Louisiana, South Dakota and New Jersey, “started the Russian daily Zarya in 1890, published and edited the Hebrew Monthly Intelligencer in New York” and served as the secretary of the German American Reform Union.

1844(23rd of Tishrei, 5605): Simchat Torah

1846: In India, Jessie Sarah and Henry Edward Goldsmid gave birth to Albert Edward Goldsmid.  A graduate of Sandhurst, the famed military school, he held a series of progressively more important positions in the British army until he was “selected by Baron de Hirsch to supervise” the colonies being established in Argentina for Jewish refugees from Eastern Europe.  He went to serve with distinction during the Boer War.

1847: Michael Isaacs married Elizabeth Cohen at the Great Synagogue today.

1849: The victorious Austrian general orders the execution of 13 rebel Hungarian generals in Arad.  These men are known as the 13 Martyrs of Arad.  Their execution marked an end to the revolt by Kossuth against the repressive Austrian regime.  Kossuth had supported emancipation for the Jews of Hungary and the Jews had supported the revolt.  The Jews of Hungary suffered cruelly at the hands of the victorious Austrians as well as the local Slavic population that had viewed the uprising as a Magyar dominated event.  The defeat of the liberal forces in Hungary led to immigration of Hungarians – Jews as well as non-Jews – to the United States just as a similar defeat for German liberals led to their migration to the United States

1850: In Baltimore, MD, Moses Keyser and Betty Preiss gave birth to sculptor Ephraim Keyser whose works included “busts of Sidney Lanier, Cardinal Gibbons, Dr. Daniel Gilman, and Henry Harland” and a “statute of Major-General Baron De Kalb” for the United States Government which was “erected at Annapolis, MD.

1851: “The Hungarians,” published today reported that the U.S.S. Mississippi, “commanded by Captain Levy” had arrived in Constantinople for the purpose of providing Louis Kossuth, the exiled Hungarian political leader, with safe passage to France.  The Mississippi was one of the first ocean-going steam vessels belonging to the U.S. Navy and would be part of the fleet that entered Tokyo Bay with Commodore Perry.  Captain Levy would not be part of that voyage.

1851(10th of Tishrei, 5612): Yom Kippur

1851: The first recorded Jewish religious observance in Southern California was held at the home of Lewis Abraham Franklin in San Diego on Yom Kippur. Franklin had held what may have been the first High Holiday Services in the history of the state.  In 1849, he held Rosh Hashanah services in his "store" (a tent) in San Francisco. He later moved to San Diego. The first synagogue, Adath Jeshurun, was founded 10 years later by Louis Rose.  Rose was a less than successful land speculator in San Diego.

1852(23rd of Tishrei, 5613): Simchat Torah

1853: The Foreign Items column published today reported that Alexander Weill, a Jew who converted to Catholicism attributes the diseases attacking crops in parts of Europe "to the non-observance to the precepts of Moses who ordained that the soil should be left fallow during every seventh year, as God rested on the seventh day.

1854: In recognition of Abraham Alexander Wolff’s “services in the organization of the Royal Library of Copenhagen he was created a knight of the Order of Dannebrog today and was also awarded the title of professor.”

1856: An article entitled Pleasant Prospect for Foreign Voters reported that, “Some ‘Jew’ having interrupted Governor Floyd, when he was avowing his readiness to vote for Fillmore, with the pertinent inquiry, ‘how about the foreign vote?’ the Governor replied, that they should be treated as the Greeks proposed to do with Hector, feed him on one day and disembowel him the next. Fillmore is Millard Fillmore former President of the United States who had been a member of the Whig Party. When the Whigs collapsed, Fillmore joined the American Party, the political party of the anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic Know-Nothing Movement. John Floyd was a prominent member of the Democrat Party who had served as Governor of Virginia. Considering the surge in Jewish immigration to the United States during the 1850’s Fillmore and the Know-Nothings were a great concern to all Jews. 

1857: Birthdate of physiologist Joseph Paneth, the native of Vienna who was the father of chemist Friedrich Paneth and “a good friend of Sigmund Freud.”

1858: Emanuel Vandervelde married Caroline Van Goor at the Great Synagogue today.

1863(10th of Tishrei, 5764): Yom Kippur

1863: During the U.S. Civil War, Union authorities began the process of mustering the 15th Kentucky Cavalry (a unit formed by Lt. Col. Gabriel Netter) out of active service.  There is a note of irony that this process affecting a unit formed by a Jewish soldier, should begin on the Day of Atonement.

1864: In Náchod, Czech Republic, Isaac and Julie Judith Josephine Mautner gave birth to Adelheid Mauter who became Adelhied Goldschmid when she married Otto Goldschmid.

1865: In Frankfurt Selig Meier Goldschmidt, and his wife Clementine Fuld gave birth to Meier Selig Goldschmidt the husband of Selma Cramer and the son-in-law of Salomon Cramer and Therese (Röschen) Oppenheimer

1870: “Loss of Life in War” published today described what is considered to be “the shocking slaughter” taking place on 19thcentury battlefields.  In making comparison, the article reports that when Titus took Jerusalem, “more than a million Jews are believed to have perished.”

1871(21st of Tishrei, 5632): Hoshanah Rabah

1872(4th of Tishrei, 5633): Fast of Gedaliah is observed since the 3rd of Tishrei fell on Shabbat

1873(15th of Tishrei, 5634): Sukkoth

1873: According to published reports today’s “Jewish festival of ‘Succoth’ or the Feast of Tabernacles…is the harvest feast of the Jews and is a season for rejoicing and thanksgiving…The observance of this festival is not general, being confined almost entirely to the orthodox portion of the Jewish community.

1873: At meeting of leading Christians held at Steinway Hall in New York City a person from Cincinnati claimed “the Jews in that section of the country asserted that America was their promised land, and they no longer believed the ideas taught by their forefathers.” [Cincinnati was the stronghold of the Reform Movement.]

1874: Jacques Lang married There Cowvan today.

1877: In New York City, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association sponsored a program at the Lyric Hall that was attended by “the elite of Jewish society.  Mr. I.S. Isaacs presided over the event. He was joined on the platform by Dr. De Sola Mendez and Rabbi Henry S. Jacobs. General Stewart L. Woodford, who had served with distinction in the Civil War and was active in the New York State Republican Party delivered an address entitled “Toleration.”  Professor J.L. Rice played a piano solo and Miss Gertrude Emanuel sang a ballad.  The evening ended with a recitation of “Phil Blood’s Leap by Joseph Michaels.

1878(9th of Tishrei, 5639): Erev Yom Kippur

1878: Seventy-eight year old Maria Michael who passed away yesterday was interred at the Bath Jewish Burial Ground today.

1878: “The Hebraic Day of Atonement” published today reported that “the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement, commences at sundown this evening.  This fast is more generally observed than any other o the numerous fasts and feasts in the Hebraic calendar…This is particularly the case among the orthodox Jews who keep a strict fast for 24 hours…The Reformed Jews, while they have discarded the fast, still regard the day as one of solemn import…”

1879: On the Gregorian calendar, birthdate of Russian born Yiddish author Nohum Shtif who wrote under the pseudonym of Baal Dimon (Master of Imagination)

1880: In Los Angeles, founding of the University of Southern California whose original benefactors were a “Protestant nurseryman, Ozro Childs, an Irish Catholic former-Governor, John Gately Downey, and a German Jewish banker, Isaias W. Hellman”

1880: Just 3 weeks before his 49th birthday, Philadelphia born Colonel Myer Asch was “transferred to the Commandery of New York of the Loyal Legion of the United States.

1880: Godfrey Isaacs married Amelia Aarons at the Hambro Synagogue.

1882(23rd of Tishrei, 5643): Simchat Torah

1883: In New York City, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association hosted a meeting of Jewish immigrants from Germany and Russia at the Five Points House of Industry.  The YMHA shared its plans to start classes in English and American social customs.

1884: Gabriel Richter, a Hebrew teacher, who had been arrested on charges of setting fire to his apartment at 219 Division Street was released today following a hearing at the Tombs Police court during which he said he was innocent because he was not at home and the police officer “could not swear” that the defendant “was the man whom had seen descending the stoop after the alarm was given.

1884: It was reported today that three alleged accomplices of Gabriel Richter who have conspired to set the three fires in the last 15 months set one at 203 East Broadway, “a three story tenement, occupied by” three Jewish families from Poland.

1884: Birthdate of Felix Weltsch, a German-speaking Jewish librarian, philosopher, author, editor, publisher and journalist who was a close friend of Max Brod and Franz Kafka, he was one of the most important Zionists in Bohemia.

1887: In Chicago, Samuel and Sarah (Fernberg) Ehrlich gave birth to Elma Ehrlich who became Elma Ehrlich Levinger, when she married Rabbi Lee J. Leving, the name she used as the author of over thirty children’s books. (As reported by Joan Moelis Rappaport)

1887: “Dr.M’Glynn and the Jews” published today briefly described the views of Edward McGlynn about religious doctrine stating that the difference between Judaism and Christianity was that the former placed a premium on universal justice while the latter placed a premium on “blind faith.”  (McGlynn was a Roman Catholic priest who had been excommunicated earlier in the year because of his political positions including the support of Henry George.)

1889: Attorney Alexander Rosenthal, representing Joseph Linkowitz, the President of the synagogue at 91 Delaney has charged Officer Gebhard of entering the institution as the second day of Rosh Hashanah was ending and Shabbat was beginning and turning out the lights thus forcing the worshippers out into the street.

1889: Birthdate of Miguel Mariano Gómez, the President of Cuba who Representative William I. Sirovich met with in July of 1936 in an attempt to get “Cuba to open her doors for at least 100,000 persecuted German Jews.”

1889: “Talk of the Day Abroad” published today described the latest act of anti-Semitism in Leipzig as transcending “the ordinary in sheer stupidity.”  In response to the thousands who visit the home of Mendelssohn, the citizenry raised money for a stained-glass window at the church of St. Thomas, to honor the composer of “Elijah.”  However, the project came to a grinding halt when “somebody started an outcry that the Mendelssohns were Jews.

1890(22nd of Tishrei, 5651): Shmini Atzeret

1890: During today’s meeting of the Trustees of Columbia University, it was a reported that Jesse Seligman had donated another $1,000 for the Seligman Fellowships.

1892(15th of Tishrei, 5653): Sukkoth

1892: Birthdate of U.S. diplomat Laurence Steinhardt

1893: Birthdate of Milton Ager the Chicago native and song writer who served in the US Army’s Morale Division in Fort Greenleaf, Georgia and cranked out a slew of hits, including the “anthem of the Democratic Party, “Happy Days are Here Again.

1894: Mrs. Elke Rubenstein, the widow of convicted murderer Pesach N. Rubenstein and her sister Basche Ragleski were sent back to Jerusalem today after having been denied entrance to the United States because they “had only $50 and government authorities are not permitted to land anyone who may become a public charge.

1894: Those in charge of the Bureau of Elections are concerned that they will have completed their list of polling places in time for the first day of voter registration which begins on October 9 and continues on October 10.  Several the locations used in the past are owned by Jews and they do not want to sign a lease that will have their property being used Erev Yom Kippur and Yom Kippur.

1894(6th of Tishrei, 5655): Shabbat Shuvah

1894(6th of Tishrei, 5655): Seventy year old German botanist Nathanael Pringsheim who ranks as the founder of our scientific knowledge of the algae” passed away today.

1895: “Prof. Haupt’s Literary Treasures” published today described the return of “Professor Paul Haput of the Oriental department of Johns Hopkins University” to Baltimore from Europe, where among other things he met with Professor Howard Furness who is working on a the new translation of “The Hebrew Bible” of which Professor Haupt is the editor in Chief.

1895: Professor Cyrus Adler explained how the United States National Museum acquired two Persepolitan cast one of which he says resembles “a frieze of enameled bricks found at Susa which is now in the Louvre.

1896: The list of gifts received by Columbia University published today provided by the Secretary of the Board included $5,000 from Jacob F. Schiff to aid needy students get through college.”

1896(28th of Tishrei, 5657): Dr. Moriz Schiff, the native of Frankfort-on-the-Main whose services as a surgeon in the rebel army during the Baden Revolution of 1849 led to him being labeled a “dangerous student” which forced him to pursue his medical career in Switzerland where he passed away today at Geneva.

1897(10th of Tishrei, 5658): Yom Kippur

1897: In Camden, NJ, Yom Kippur services “were held in Newton and Furey Halls.

1897: “Jew’s Greatest Fast Day” published today included a description of the preparation for Yom Kippur by “the orthodox Jew” who has for the past nine days been preparing himself for this day by doing “penance” which has entailed rising early “every morning since the New Year’s festival and repairing to the Beth Hamiderash (house of learning)” where he recited psalms and prayers for forgiveness and seeking “out his enemies” and making “peace with them” while discharging “all his worldly obligations.

1897: Dr. Gustav Gottheil led the services at Temple Emanu-El

1897: “There was a general suspension of business among the” Jewish merchants in Camden, NJ, because they were attending Yom Kippur Services.

1897: At Temple Elohim in Brooklyn Rabbi Taubernhaus delivered a sermon based on the Sayings of the Father that begin “Bear in mind three things and thou shalt escape sinning.

1897: At Temple B’nai Jeshurun, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise delivered a sermon entitled “Moses and Aaron.

1897: At Temple Rodoph Sholom, Dr. Rudolph Grossman delivered a sermon entitled “Home, Religion and Reconciliation.”

1897: At Temple Beth-El, Dr. Kauffman Kohler delivered a sermon on the “Dove of Peace.”

1897(10th of Tishrei, 5658): Fifty-three year old Lewis Stark, successful clothing merchant, passed away today at the home of his sister today from the effects of Bright’s disease.

1898: In London, Sime Zamremba and Avroam Kohen, a tailor from Lodz gave birth to Jacob Edward Kohen who gained fame as Jack Cohen, the founder of Tesco Supermarket Chain – an accomplishment that led to him being Sir John Edward Cohen.

1898: Herzl arrives in Berlin for another conversation with Graf Eulenberg.

1901(23rd of Tishrei, 5662): Simchat Torah

1902(5th of Tishrei, 5663): Eighty-three year old Austrian Rabbi Jacob Jacques Heinrich Hirschfeld, the son “Marie and Emanuel Isak Hirschfeld” and the husband of Pauline Hirschfeld passed away today in Vienna.

1903(15th of Tishrei, 5664): Sukkoth

1903: In Wiesbaden, Dr. Georg Honigmann and his wife gave birth to journalist Georg Honigmann.

1903: The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.  In the early 1930’s Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs would be the first Jew to serve as Chief Justice of Australia. 

1904: In New York, Felix Mortiz Warburg and Frieda Fanny Warburg, the daughter of Jacob and Theres Schiff, gave birth to Paul Felix Solomon Warburg.

1907: Birthdate of Salome Gluecksohn-Waelsch, a German-born geneticist and co-founder of developmental genetics who fled Hitler’s German to pursue her career in the United States. Winner of the Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal in 1993 and the National Medal of Science in 1996, she passed away in November of 2007, a month after celebrating her 100th birthday.

1909(21st of Tishrei, 5670): Hoshanah Rabah

1909: In Philadelphia, Irving Kohn and Rebekah Kohn, the daughter of Simon and Florence Liveright gave birth to Florence Kohn who became Florence Abrahams after she married Robert David Abrahams.

1909: The funeral for Rabbi Falk Vidaver who passed away yesterday at the age of 65, is scheduled to be held today at his home in New York City. Burial will take place in the cemetery belonging to the Temple at 72ndand Lexington Avenue where Falk served as rabbi for twelve years.

1909: Miss Clara L. Clemens, daughter of Samuel L. Clemens, (Mark Twain,) was married at noon to-day to Ossip Gabrilowitsch, the Russian pianist. The wedding took place in the drawing room at Stormfield, Mr. Clemens's country home, with the Rev. Dr. Joseph H. Twitchell of Hartford, a close friend of Mr. Clemens, as officiating clergyman. The groom was Jewish.  The bride was not.

1910(3rd of Tishrei, 5671): Tzom Gedaliah

1912(25th of Tishrei, 5673): Sixty-six year old philanthropist Simon Newman passed away today in San Francisco.

1914(16th of Tishrei, 5675): Second Day of Sukkoth

1914: The battleship U.S.S. North Carolina brought $50,000 from the Jews of the United States to the Jewish community in Palestine. 

1914: It was reported today that U.S. government officials in the United States have not decided how to deal with reports of that a large part of the population of Jerusalem is facing starvation.

1914: Gilbert Frankau, the London born Jew who was baptized at the age of 13 and whose father Arthur converted to Roman Catholicism “a few months before his death” “was first commissioned in the 9th Battalion of the East Surrey Regiment” today.

1914: It was reported today that Henry Morgenthau, the U.S. Ambassador at Constantinople “has appealed to the State Department for additional funds for the relief of American in the Ottoman Empire.”


1915: In Woodmere, NY, attorney Edward Drucker and his wife gave birth to Carolyn Elizabeth Drucker who became Carolyn Goodman after marrying civil engineer Robert W. Goodman which was the name she was known as when she gained gamed fame as the Manhattan clinical psychologist and mother of murdered civil rights worker Andrew Goodman. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1916(9th of Tishrei, 5677): Erev Yom Kippur and Erev Shabbat

1916: Appeals for funds are being made this evening in all Jewish houses of worship on “behalf of the Russian and Polish Jews in the war zones of Europe.”

1916: At Congregation Pincus Eliza on 95th Street General Sessions Judge Rosalsky “made an appeal for contributions to the fund for the aid of Jewish men, women and children affected by the war” which produced pledges of approximately $10,000.

1916: “Simon Samuel Frug, Yiddish Poet” published today reported the recent death of the Jewish poet from the Ukraine who following pogroms “circulated a poetic appeal asking for bread for the living and shrouds for the dead.”

1917(20th of Tishrei, 5678) Sixth day of Sukkoth and Shabbat

1917: As politicians sought to appeal to the Jewish vote on the Lower East Side William Hard, a supporter of New York Mayor John Mitchell wrote in today’s New Republic that Socialist Morris Hillquist who was Jewish had “a very considerable skill in the management of practical negotiations and an excellent command of quotations from standard authorities of his intellectual club and a manifest dislike for new and painful ideas.

1917: Today, during World War I, the 65th U.S. Congress passed an act that allowed for the creation of an additional twenty chaplains to serve in the United States Army.  These positions were for representatives of "religious sects" not usually represented in these positions.  The language of the act was convoluted but what Congress was really doing was creating positions to be filled by Jewish and Unitarian chaplains - religious sects that had hitherto been under-represented or unrepresented in chaplaincy.

1918: In Philadelphia, Manuel and Blanche (née Bergman) Korn gave birth to the Reform Rabbi Bertram Wallace Korn whose service as a chaplain began with the U.S. Navy in WW II and led to him reaching the rank of Rear Admiral in 1975.

1918: Birthdate of Abraham Robinson the German born, Israeli trained mathematician who earned his first degree from Hebrew University after he made Aliyah in 1933.

1918: While serving “on liaison duty with a battalion of the 308thInfantry which was surrounded by the enemy north of the Forest de la Buironne in the Argonne forest” and “after patrols had been repeatedly shot down while attempting to carry back word of the battalion’s position and condition” Abraham Krotoshinsky “volunteered for the mission and successfully accomplished it” in such a manner that he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.

1918: On the Lower East Side of Manhattan the former Jennifer Garlick and her first husband gave birth to Joseph Nathaniel Glassman who gained fame as Joseph Frank author of the five volume life of Fydor Dostoevsky which is viewed as one of the greatest literary biographies of the 20thcentury. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1920: Theresa Bruckner, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Max Bruckner is scheduled to marry Stanley Lee Weil this evening at the St. Regis in New York City.

1920: The High Commissioner for South Africa and Mrs. Blankenberg  are scheduled to attend a dinner for Dr. Hertz, the Chief Rabbi of England and Albert M. Woolf today.

1921: In Tel Aviv, Samuel Lewin-Epstein, the “son of Judith and Eliyahu Ze’ev Lewin Epstein” and his wife “Madeline Lewin-Epstein” gave birth to “Noah Lewin-Epstein”

1921: Great Britain, the mandatory power governing Palestine, announced that Haifa will become a free port and that a new harbor will be constructed by a British company with a loan from the Palestine Mandatory Government of 10,000,000 English pounds. As part of a tariff agreement reached with the French, the mandatory power governing Syria, goods entering Haifa bound for Syria will be treated as duty free.  This should be a boon to trade with those living in Mesopotamia as well.

1921: Birthdate of Soviet mathematician Yvgeny Landis who is known for his work on partial differential equations.  (I do not have clue as to what that means)

1923: In Oshkosh, Wisconsin,  scrap metal dealer Isadore Block and his wife gave birth to Allan Forrest Block  “a leather craftsman and fiddler who made sandals and music in his Greenwich Village shop — which became a bubbling hub of folk music during the 1950s and ’60s.”  (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1925(17th of Tishrei, 5686): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1925(17th of Tishrei, 5686): “The noted Jewish scholar, Dr. Israel Abrahams, reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic literature at Cambridge University passed away today in Cambridge” (UK) at the age of 66. Dr. Abrahams came from a family of scholars.  “His father, Barnett Abrahams, was the Dayan of the Spanish & Portuguese Congregation in London.”  Two of his brothers are rabbis including Dr. Joseph Abrahams, the Chief Rabbi of Melbourne, Australia. Dr. Abrahams has been at Cambridge for the last twenty three years.  He was the first President of the Union of Jewish Literary Societies and held several leadership positions with the Jewish Historical Society of England. Dr. Abrahams was a prolific author whose best known work maybe “Jewish Life in the Middle Ages” which was published in 1896.  In his later years he identified with the more liberal wing of Judaism.  Abrahams’ first speaking tour in the United States was in 1912. He returned again in 1924. [Abrahams comment that anti-Semitism is on the wane in Germany made in 1912 stands in stark contrast to the reality of the post war years.]

1925: In Manhattan, on his 32ndbirthday, “Milton Ager, a successful composer whose tunes included ‘Happy Days Are Here Again’” and his wife “Cecilia, a film critic gave birth to Shana Ager who gained famed as journalist Shana Alexander between known as the liberal part of the Point/Counterpoint segment on “Sixty Minutes” with conservative columnist James Kirkpatrick. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1926(28th of Tishrei, 5687): Fifty-four year old Horki native Israel Joseph Zevin who gained fame as “a humorist and pioneer of the Yiddish press in America” using the pseudonym “Tashrak” passed away today.

1926(28th of Tishrei, 5687): Eighty year old Simon Bamberger the fourth governor of Utah who was the first non-Mormon to hold the post and the third Jew to be elected to a state chief executive position passed away today

 1927(10thof Tishrei, 5688): Yom Kippur

1927: The era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of ''The Jazz Singer,'' starring Al Jolson.

1927: Jewish editor Herman Bernstein post a $15,000 bond so that Mordechai Golinkin, conductor of the Palestine Opera and former director of the Petrograd Opera, his wife Lea and a fellow traveler can be released from their three day detention on Ellis Island.  Authorities detained the party because Golinkin had no contracts to perform in the United States which meant he did not meet the legal requirement of being able to demonstrate that he had a means of support.

1928: In the aftermath of the Massena (NY) Blood Libel that Assemblyman Julius Berg said that the apology by Mayor Gilbert Hawes “showed conclusively that he had been guility of a serious injustice against the Jews of Messina. Berg said no apology could make up for the wrong done and that unless the mayor resigned he would go to court to have him removed from office. When a four year child had been reported missing on the eve of Yom Kippur, the mayor had suggested that the disappearance might be due to a ritual murder.  This resulted in Rabbi Brennglass being summoned to the police station for questioning.

1928:The Wedding March” an “American silent romantic drama film written and directed by and starring Erich von Stroheim which was produced by Adolph Zukor and Jesse Laskey  and edited by Josef von Sternberg was released in the United States today by Paramount Pictures.

1933: Birthdate of Ludwik Begleiter, the native of Stryj, Poland who survived the Holocaust ,graduated from Harvard Law School and who as Louis Begley became a successfully and author whose first book Wartime Lies was published in 1991.

1934: Birthdate of Philadelphia born, Ivy League educated philosopher and author Jacob Needelman.

1934(27th of Tishrei, 5695): Parashat Bereshit – The Cycle beings again

1934(27th of Tishrei, 5695): Max Yuditzky, who joined the Jewish Legion in 1918 and served in Palestine with the 38thRoyal Fusiliers passed away today in Winnipeg, Canada, where his passing is mourned by “his wife Katee and four son” Dave, Harold, Joseph and Bernard.”

1935(9th of Tishrei, 5696): Erev Yom Kippur

1935(9th of Tishrei, 5696): Eighty-three year old composer and conductor Sir Frederic Hymen Cowen passed away.

<u>1935:</u> <u>Daniel Persky, editor of the Hebrew-language newspaper Hadoar and its sister publication for youth, Doar L’Noar wrote to Aliza Dworkin that ““In my opinion, Sara Kucikowicz’s future will be that of a great Hebrew poet,” who wrote “The Cruel Winter” and “The Vicious Spring.”</u>

1936(20thof Tishrei, 5697): Sixth Day of Sukkoth

1936: Birthdate of Budapest native John Bienenstock, “one of the fathers of mucosal immunology” whose parents escaped to England where he received his medical education before eventually settling in Canada

1936: Sir Oswald Mosley planned a provocative meeting of his British Union of Fascists in the East End for today. The inhabitants of the area determined that ''They shall not pass!'' and congregated at Gardner's Corner. When in response Mosley and his Black Shirts, with a fair degree of police support, changed direction, the protesters dashed along the Commercial Road, surged down Christian Street and turned right into Cable Street. At the junction with Royal Mint Street, now marked by a plaque, the Fascists indeed ''did not pass.'' They were later ordered to disperse, and Mosley thundered: ''The government surrenders to Red violence and Jewish corruption. We never surrender.'' In fact, Fascism in Britain, at least as an organized political movement, was soon a dead letter.

1936: Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson led the funeral services for Jesse Isidor Straus this morning at Temple Emanuel which were attended by an array of dignitaries from several walks of life including Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt who represented the President, Governor and Mrs. Lehman, Mayor La Guardia and Andre de Laboulaye, the French Ambassador which served as a reminder of the close links that Straus had forged with that country while serving as the U.S. Ambassador in Paris.

1936: The New York City Public School system announced today that it is beginning a series of radio broadcasts as part of its educational efforts. Among the broadcasts will be a series aimed at language students including those studying Hebrew who will hear programs about Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, and the Waves of Galilee.

1936: In Geneva, at a meeting of the League of Nations, the Polish representative said that it was becoming increasingly necessary to find outlets other than Palestine for the “immense reservoir of the Jewish population in Central and Eastern Europe” and that includes Poland where “overpopulation creates a need for new immigration outlets for the Jewish masses whose economic structure makes it difficult to integrate them in Poland’s contemporary social evolution.”

1936: It was reported that Judge Bleakly, the Republican running against Herbert Lehmann for Governor of New York and who had “described David Dubinsky” the Jewish labor leader “as a renegade Socialist who sent money to the Reds in Spain” was making an erroneous charges since “the funds raised by the president of the of International Ladies Garment Workers went not to the Reds but to the Red Cross

1937:  The Palestine Post reported from Berlin that German Jews might soon be ordered to wear yellow badges. Jews were ordered to report to local police stations where they were forced to stand for hours, facing the wall, until they collapsed and were ready to give up their property for nothing.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that he Arab Defense Party, which had broken away from the Husseini-run Arab Higher Committee, was allowed to meet in Jerusalem, under the chairmanship of Ragheb Bey Nashashibi.

1938: “Fast and Furious, a mystery comedy” written by Harry Kurnitz was released in the United States today by MGMm

1938: The last casualty of the International Brigades, Haskel Honigstern, was given a state funeral in Barcelona. The Spanish poet Jose Herrera wrote of him: "Haskel Honigstern, Polish worker of the Jewish race, son of an obscure land, killed in the light of my homeland." Coincidentally, the first casualty of the International Brigades was Leon Baum, a Jew from Paris

1939: In an address to the Reichstag,Hitler offers peace to England and France, but only if Germany's former colonies are returned, Germany is